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half of the Æneid, and the coast from beyond dam, and thence trickles over into the Digentia.
the mouth of the Tiber to the headland of Cir- But we must not bope
cæum and the Cape of Terracina.

The site of Cicero's villa may be supposed “To trace the Muses upwards to their spring,"
either at the Grotta Ferrata, or at the Tusculum by exploring the windings of the romantic valley
of Lucian Buonaparte.

in search of the Bandusian fountain. It seems The former was thought some years ago the strange that any one should have thought Banactual site, as may be seen from Middleton's dusia a fountain of the Digentia ; Horace has Life of Cicero. At present it has lost something not let drop a word of it; and this immortal of its credit, except for the Domenichinos. Nine spring has in fact been discovered in possession monks, of the Greek order, live there, and the of the holders of many good things in Italy, the adjoining villa is a Cardinal's summerhouse. The monks. It was attached to the church of St. other villa, called Rufinella, is on the summit Gervais and Protais near Venusia, where it was of the hill above Frascati, and many rich re- most likely to be found. We shall not be so mains of Tusculum have been found there, be- lucky as a late traveller in finding the occasionsides seventy-two statues of different merit and al pine still pendant on the poetic villa. There preservation, and seven busts.

is not a pine in the whole valley, bat there From the same eminence are seen the Sabine are two cypresses, which he evidently took, or bills, embosomed in which lies the long valley mistook, for the tree in the ode. The truth is, of Rustica. There are several circumstances that the pine is now, as it was in the days of which tend to establish the identity of this valley Virgil, a garden-tree, and it was not at all likely with the “Usticaof Horace; and it seems pos- to be found in the craggy acclivities of the valBible that the mosaic pavement which the pea- ley of Rustica. Horace probably had one of sants uncover by throwing up the earth of a them in the orchard close above his farm, immevineyard, may belong to his villa. Rustica is diately overshadowing his villa, not on the rocky pronounced short, not according to our stress heighis at some distance from his abode. Tho upon “Usticæ cubantis."-It is more rational 10 tourist may have easily supposed himself to havo think that we are wrong than that the inhabitants seen this pine figured in the above cypressce, of this secluded valley have changed their tone in for the orange and lemon trees which throw this word. The addition of the consonant pre- such a bloom over his description of the royal fixed is nothing : yet it is necessary to be aware gardens at Naples, unless they have been since that Rustica may be a modern name which the displaced, were assuredly only acacias and other peasants may have caught from the antiquaries. common garden-shrabs. The extreme disappoint

The villa, or the mosaic, is in a vineyard on ment experienced by choosing the Classical Tour. a knoll covered with chesnut trees. A stream ist as a guide in Italy must be allowed to find runs down the valley, and although it is not true, vent in a few observations, which, it is asserted as said in the guide-books, that this stream is without fear of contradiction, will be confirmed called Licenza, yet there is a village on a rock by every one who has selected the same conducat the head of the valley which is so denominat- tor through the same country. This author is ed, and which may have taken its name from in fact one of the most inaccurate, unsatisfactory the Digentia. Licenza contains 700 inhabitants. writers that have in our times attained a temOn a peak a little way beyond is Civitella, con- porary reputation, and is very seldom to be taining 300. On the banks of the Anio, a little trusted even when he speaks of objects which he before you turn up into Valle Rustica, to the must be presumed to have seen. His errors, left, about an hour from the villa, is a town from the simple exaggeration to the downright called Vico-varo, another favourable coincidence misstatement, are so frequent as to induce a suswith the l'aria of the poet. At the end of the picion that he had either never visited the spots valley, towards the Anio, there is a bare hill, described, or had trusted to the fidelity of forcrowned with a little town called Bardela. Atmer writére. Indeed the Classical Tour has every the foot of this hill the rivulet of Licenza flows, characteristic of a mere compilation of former and is almost absorbed in a wide sandy bed notices, strung together upon a very slender before it reaches the Anio. Nothing can be more thread of personal observation, and swelled out fortunate for the lines of the poet, whether in a by those decorations which are so easily supmetaphorical or direct sense:

plied by a systematic adoption of all the common. Mc quoties reficit gelidus Digentia rivus,

places of praise, applied to every thing and Quem Mandela bibit rugosu8 frigore pagus.

therefore signifying nothing.

The style which one person thinks cloggy and The stream is clear high up the valley, but cumbrous, and unsuitable, may, be to the taste before it reaches the hill of Bardela looks green of others, and such may experience some salaand yellow like a sulphur rivulet.

tary excitement in ploughing through the periode Rocca Giovane, a ruined village in the hills, of the “Classical Tour." It must be said, however, half an hour's walk froin the vineyard where the that polish and weight are apt to beget an ex. pavement is shown, does seem to be the site of pectation of value. It is amongst the pains of the fane of Vacuna, and an inscription found the damned to toil up a climax with a huge round there tells that this temple of the Sabine victory stone. was repaired by Vespasian. With these helps, The tourist had the choice of his words, but and a position corresponding exactly to every there was no such latitude allowed to that of his thing which the poet has told us of his retreat, sentiments. The love of virtue and of liberty, we may feel tolerably secure of our site.

which must have distinguished the character, 'The hill which should be Lucretilis is called certainly adorns the pages of Mr. Eustace, and Campanile, and by following up the rivulet to the gentlemanly spirit, so recommendatory either the pretended Bandusia, you come to the roots in an author or his productions, is very conspiof the higher mountain Gennaro. Singularly cuous throughout the Classical 'Tour. But these enough, the only spot of ploughed land in the generous qualities are the foliage of such a perwhole valley is on the knoll where this Bandasia formance, and may be spread about it so promirises,

nently and profusely, as to embarrass those who Tu frigus amabile

wish to see and find the fruit at hand. The Fessis vomere tauris

unction of the divine, and the exhortations of Præbes, et pecori vago."

the moralist, may have made this work some

thing more and better than a book of travels, but The peasants show another spring near the mo- they have not made it a book of travels ; and saic pavement, which they call "Oradina," and this observation applies more especially to that which flows down the hills into a tank, or mill-enticing method of instruction conveyed by the

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perpetual introduction of the same Gallic Helot | ping of the copper from the copola of St. Po to rcel and bluster before the rising generation, teräs, must be much relieved to find that sacréand terrify it into decency by the display of lege out of the power of the French, or any all the excesses of the revolution. An animosity other plunderers, the cupola being covered witá Against atheists and regicides in general, and lead. ) Frenchmen specifically, may be honourable, and If the conspiring voice of otherwise rival ett may be useful, as a record; but that antidote tics had not given considerable currency to the should either be administered in any work ra- Classical Tour, it would have been annecessary ther than a tour, or, at least, should be served to warn the reader, that, however it may aderi up apart, and not so mixed with the whole mass his library, it will be of little or no service te of information and reflexion, as to give a bitter- him in his carriage ; and if the judgmeat el neds to every page: for who would choose to those critics had hitherto been suspended, m have the antipathies of any man, bowever just, attempt would have been made to anticipate for his travelling companions ? A tourist, unless their decision. As it is, those who stand in the he aspires to the credit of prophecy, is not an- relation of posterity to Mr. Eustace may be swerable for the changes which may take place permitted to appeal from cotemporary praises, in the country which he describes; but his rea- and are perhaps more likely to be just in pro der may very fairly esteem all his political por- portion as the causes of love and hatred are the traits and deductions as so much waste paper, farther removed. This appeal had, in some the moment they cease to assist, and more par- measure, been made before the above renaris ticularly if they obstruct, his actual survey. were written; for one of the most respectable

Neither encomium nor accusation of any, go of the Florentine publishers, who had been pervernment, or governors, is meant to be here suaded by the repeated inquiries of those es offered, but it is stated as an incontrovertible their journey soothwards, to reprint a cheap fact, that the change operated, either by the edition of the Classical Tour, was, by the coraddress of the late imperial system, or by the curring advice of returning travellers, induced disappointment of every expectation by those to abandon his design, although he had already who have succeeded to the Italian thrones, has arranged his types and paper, and had struck of been so considerable, and is so apparent, as not one or two of the first sheets. only to put Mr. Eustace's Antigallican philippics The writer of these notes would wish to part entirely out of date, but even to throw some (like Mr. Gibbon) on good terms with the Pope suspicion upon the competency and candour of and the Cardinals, but he does not think it althe author himself. A remarkable example may cessary to extend the same discreet silence to be found in the instance of Bologna, over whose their humble partisans. papal attachments, and consequent desolation, the tourist pours forth such strains of condolence and revenge, made louder by the borrowed trum- *) “What then will be the astonishment, a pet of Mr. Burke. Now Bologna is at this mo- rather the horror, of my reader, when I inment, and has been for some years, notorious form him.

the French Committee amongst the states of Italy for its attachment to turned its attention to Saint Peter's, and enrevolutionary principles, and was almost the

ployed a company of Jews to estimate and only city which made any demonstrations in purchase the gold, silver, and bronze that favour of the unfortunate Murat. This change adorn the inside of the edifice, as well as the may, however, have been made since Mr. Eastace copper that covers the vaults and dome on the visited this country ; but the traveller whom he outside." The story about the Jews is positire. has thrilled with horror at the projected strip. ly denied at Roma


0 U

That tomb which, gleaming o'er the cliff. (p. 57. tempted in description, but those who have, will

A tomb above the rocks on the promontory, by probably retain a painful remembrance of that some supposed the sepulchre of Themistocles. singular beauty which pervades, with few er

ceptions, the teatures of the dead, a few hours, Sultana of the Nightingale. [p. 57. after the spirit is not there." It is to be reThe attachment of the nightingale to the rose marked in cases of violent death by gun-sket is a wellknown Persian fable. if I mistake not, wounds, the expression is always that of languat, the “Bulbul of a thousand tales" is one of his whatever the natural energy of the sufferer's appellations.

character ; but in death from a stab the coun

tenance preserves its traits of feeling or ferocity, Till the gay mariner's guitar. [p. 57, and the inind its bias, to the last. The guitar is the constant amusement of the Greek sailor by sht: with a steady fair wind, Slaves-nay, the bondsmen of a slove. and during a calm, it is accompanied always by Athens is the property of the Kislar Aga (the the voice, and often by dancing.

slave of the seraglio and guardian of the women)

who appoints the Waywode. A pander and Where cold Obstruction's apathy. [p. 58. eunach-these are not polite, yet trae appella“Ay, but to die and go we know not where

tions-now governs the governor of Athens! To lie in cold obstruction."

In echoes of the far tophaike.

[p. 59. Measure for Measure, Act. 111. Sc. 1. “Tophaike," musquet.—The Bairam is announ

ced by the cannon at sunset; the illuminatica The first, last look by death reveal'd. [p. 58. of the Mosques, aud the firing of all kinds of

I trust that few of my readers have ever had small arms, loaded with ball, proclaim it during an opportunity of witnessing what is here at- the night.

(p. 50.

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Swift as the hurld on high jerreed. (p. 59. Though on Al-Sirat's arch I stood. (p. 61.

Jerreed, or Djerrid, a blunted Turkish javelin, Al-Sirat, the bridge of breadth less than the which is darted from horseback with great force thread of a famished spider, over which the and precision. It is a favourite exercise of the Mussulmans must skate into Paradise, to which Mussulinans ; but I know not if it can be called it is the only entrance; but this is not the worst, a manly one, since the most expert in the art the river beneath being hell itself, into which are the black Eunuchs of Constantinople I think, as may be expected, the unskilful and tender of next to these, a Mamlouk at Smyrna was the foot contrive to tumble with a "facilis descensus most skilful that came within my observation. Averni," not very pleasing in prospect to the

next passenger. There is a shorter cut downHe came, he went, like the Simoon. (p. 59. wards for the Jews and Christians. The blast of the desert, fatal to every thing living, and often alluded to in eastern poetry. And keep that portion of his creed. (p. 61.

A vulgar error; the Koran allots at least a To bless the sacred "bread and salt." (p. 60. third of Paradise to well - behaved women; but

To partake of food, to break bread and salt by far the greater number of Mussulmans interwith your host, insures the safety of the guest; pret the text their own way, and exclude their even though an enemy, his person from that moieties from heaven. Being enemies to Platomoment is sacred.

nics, they cannot discern "any fitness of things"

in the souls of the other sex, conceiving them to Since his turban was cleft by the infidel's sabre. be superseded by the Houris.

(p. 60. I need hardly observe, that Charity and Hos- The young pomegranate's blossoms strew. (p. 61. pitality are the first duties enjoined by Mahomet; An oriental simile, which may, perhaps, and to say truth, very generally practised by though fairly stolen, be deemed "plus Arabe his disciples. The first praise that can be be- qu'en Arabic." stowed on a chief is a panegyric on his bounty ; the next, on his valour.

Her hair in hyacinthine flow. (p. 61.

Hyacinthine, in Arabic, “Sunbul," as common And silver-sheathed ataghan. (p. 60. a thought in the eastern poets as it was among The ataghan, a long dagger worn with Pistols the Greeks. in the belt, in a metal scabbard, generally of silver; and, among the wealthier, gilt, or of gold.

The loveliest bird of Frangueatan.

[p. 61.

Franguestan," Circassia. An Emir by his garb of green.

(p. 60. Green is the privileged colour of the prophet's Bismillah! now the per il's past,

[p. 62. numerous pretended descendants; with them, as Bismillah-"In the name of God;" the comhere, faith (the family inheritance) is supposed mencement of all the chapters of the Koran but to supersede the necessity of good works : they one, and of prayer and thanksgiving. are the worst of a very indifferent brood.

Then curld his very beard with ire.

[p. 62. Ho! who art thou ? - this low salam. (p. 60. A phenomenon not uncoinmon with an angry Salam aleikoum! aleikoum salam! peace be Mussulman. In 1809, the Capitan Pacha's whiswith you; be with you peace - the salutation kers at a diplomatic audience were no lces lively reserved for the faithful :to a Christian, “Ur- with indignation than a tiger-cats, to the horror larula," a good journey; or saban hiresem, saban of all the dragomans; the portentous mustachios serula'; good morn, good even; and sometimes, twisted, they stood erect of their own accord, "may your end be happy;" are the usual salutes. and were expected every moment to change their

colour, but at last condescended to subside , The insect-queen of eastern spring: (p. 60. which probably saved more heads than they con

'The blue-winged butterfly of Kashmeer, the tained hairs. most rare and beautiful of the species.

Nor raised the craven cry, Amaun !
Or live like scorpion girt by fire.

[p. 61.

“Amaun," quarter, pardon. Alluding to the dubious suicide of the scorpion, so placed for experiment by gentle philosophers. I know him by the evil eye. Some maintain that the position of the sting, The "evil eye," a common superstition in the when turned towards the head, is merely a con- Levart, and of which the imaginary effects are vulsive movement; but others have actually yet very singular on those who conceive thembrought in the verdict “Felo de se." The scor- selves affected. pions are surely interested in a speedy decision of the question; as, if once fairly established as A fragment of his palampore. {P. 63. insect-Catos, they will probably be allowed to The flowered shawls generally worn by perlive as long as they think proper, without being sons of rank. martyred for the sake of an hypothesis.

His calpac rent--his caftan red. [p. 63. When Rhamazan's last sun was set.

[p. 61.

The “Calpac" is the solid cap or centre-part The cannon at sunset close the Rhamazan. of the head-dress; the shawl is wound round it,

and forms the turban.
By pale Phingari's trembling light.
Phingari, the inoon.

A turban carved in coarsest stone.

The turban, pillar, and inscriptive verse, deBright as the jewel of Giamschid. [p. 61. corate the tombs of the Osmanlies, whether in The celebrated fabulous ruby of Saltan Giam- the cemetery or the wilderness. In the mounschid, the embellisher of Istakhar; from its tains you frequently pass similar mementos; and splendour, named Schebgerag, “the torch of on enquiry you are informed that they record night;" also, the "cup of the sun." — In the some victim of rebellion, plunder, or revenge. first editions “Giamschid" was written as a word of three syllables, so D'Herbelot has it; but I At solemn sound of Alla Hu!" am told Richardson reduces it to a dissyllable, “Alla Hu!" the concluding words of the Muezand writes “Janishid." I have left in ihe text zin's call to prayer from the highest gallery on the orthography of the one with the pronuncia- the exterior of the Minaret. On a still evening, tion of the other.

whes the Muezzin has a fine voice, which is

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frequently tho case, the effect is solemn and Turkish, Italian, and English were all everetsad beautiful beyond all the belle in Christendom. in various conceits, upon the unfortunate Mar

sulman. While we were contemplating the beat They come-their kerchiefs green they wave. (p. 63. tiful prospect, Dervish was occupied about the The following is part of a battle-song of the columns. I thought he was deranged into a Turks :-“I see—I see a dark-eyed girl of Para- antiquarian, and asked him if he had become a dise, and she waves a handkerchief, a kerchief

Palaocastro" man: "No," said he, “but there of green ; and cries aloud: Come, kiss me, for I pillars will be useful in making a stand;" at love thee."

added other remarks, which at least evinced bi

own belief in his troublesome faculty of fere Beneath avenging Monkir's scythe.

[p. 63.

hearing. On our return to Athens, we beant Monkir and Nekir are the inquisitors of the from Leone (a prisoner set ashore some day dead, before whom the corpse undergoes a slight after) of the intended attack of the Maintes

, noviciate and preparatory training for damnation mentioned, with the cause of its not taking If the answers are none of the clearest, he is place, in the notes to Childe Harold, Cante 21 hauled up with a scythe and thamped down with

was at some pains to question the man, and a red hot mace till properly seasoned, with a he described the dresses, arms, and marks variety of subsidiary probations. The office of

the horses of our party so accurately, that, with these angels is no sinecure; there are but two other circumstances, we could not doubt of his and the number of orthodox deceased being in á having been in "villanons company,". and our small proportion to the remainder, their hands selves in a bad neighbourhood." Dervish became are always full.

a soothsayer for life, and I dare say is not hearing more masquetry than ever will be fred,

to the great refreshment of the Arnauts of Be To wander round lost Eblis' throne, [p. 63. rat, and his native mountains.-I' shall bention Eblis, the oriental Prince of Darkness.

one trait more of this singular race. In March 1811

remarkably stout and active Arnas But first, on earth as Vampire sent.

came (I believe the 50th on the same errand) to The Vampire superstition is still general in offer himself as an attendant, which was decliathe Levant. Honest Tournefort tells a long ed: “Well, Affendi," quoth he, “may you live! story, which Mr. Southey, in the notes on Tha

--you would have found me useful.' I shall laba, quotes about these · Vroucolochas," as he leave the town for the hills to-morrow; in the calls them. The Romaic term is “Vardoulacha." | winter I return, perhaps you will then receive I recollect a whole family being terrified by the me."—Dervish, who was present, remarked as a scream of a child, which they imagined must thing of course, and of no consequence, "in the proceed from such a visitation. The Greeks mean time he will join the Klephtes" (robbers never mention the word without horror. I find which was true to the letter.-If not cut of that “Broucolokas " is an old legitimate Hellenic they come down in the winter, and pass it us. appellation-at least is so applied to Arsenius, molested in some town, were they are often who, according to the Greeks, was after his well known as their exploits. death animated by the Devil. The moderns, however, use the word I mention.

Look: not to priesthood for relief. (P 61.

The monk's sermon is omitted. It seems to Wet with thine oun best blood shall drip. (p. 64. have had so little effect upon the patient, that

The freshness of the face, and the wetness of it could have no hopes from the reader. It may the lip with blood are the never failing signs of be sufficient to say, that it was of a custamary a Vampire. The stories told in Hungary and length (as may be perceived from the interrepGreece of these foul feeders are singular, and tions and uneasiness of the penitent), and was some of them most incredibly attested.

delivered in the nasal tone of all orthodos

preachers. It is as if the desert-bird.

[p. 65. The pelican is, I believe, the bird so libelled, And shining in her white eymar. by the imputation of feeding her chickens with “Symar"-shroud. her blood.

This broken tale was all we knew Deep in whose darkly boding ear.

Of her he loved or him he sleu. (P. This superstition of a second-hearing (for I The cireumstance to which the above story never met with downright second-sight in the relates was not very uncommon in Turkey. Å East) fell once under my own observation. On few years ago the wife of Muchtar Pacha commy third journey to Cape Colonna, early in 1811, plained to his father of his son's supposed infias we passed through the desile that leads from delity; he asked with whom, and she had the the hamlet between Keratia and Colonna, I ob- barbarity to give in a list of the twelve bandserved Dervish Tahiri riding rather out of the somest women in Yanina. They were seized, path, and leaning his head upon his hand, as if fastened up in sacks, and drowned the sans in pain. I rode up and inquired. “We are in night! One of the guards who was present inperil," he answered. “What peril? we are not formed me, that not one of the victims uttered now in Albania, nor in the passes to Ephesus, a cry, or showed a symptom of terror at so sudMessalunghi, or Lepanto ; there are plenty of 'den a “wrench from all we know, from all we us, well armed, and the Choriates have not cou- love." The fate of Phrosine, the fairest of this rage to be thieves."—"True, Affendi; but never- sacrifice, is the subject of many a Romaie and theless the shot is ringing in my ears.—"The Arnaut ditty. The story in the text is one shot!—not a tophaike has been fired this morn- told of a young Venetian many years ago, and ing."-"I hear it notwithstanding-Bom-Bom- now nearly forgotten. I heard it by accident as plainly as I hear your voice.'—"Psha."—“As recited by one of the coffec-house story-tellers you please, Affendi; if it is written, so will it who abound in the Levant, and sing or recite be."-1 left this quick-eared predestinarian, and their narratives. The additions and interpolarode up to Basili, his Christian compatriot, whose tions by the translator will be easily distinears, though not at all prophetic, by no means guished from the rest by the want of Eastera relished the intelligence. We all arrived at imagery; and I regret that my menory has reColonna, remained some hours, and returned tained so few fragments of the original. leisurely, saying a variety of brilliant things, in For the contents of some of the notes I am more languages than spoiled the building of Ba- indebted partly to D'Herbelot, and partly to bel, upon the mistaken scer; Romaic, Arnaut, tha: most castern, and, as Mr. Weber justly

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[p. 66.

titles it, "gublime tale," the “Caliph Vathek.") pean imitations ; and bears such marks of originwand do not know from what source the author of ality, that those who have visited the East will that singular volume may have drawn his ma- find some difficulty in believing it to be more

terials; some of his incidents are to be found than a translation. As an Eastern tale, even in the "Bibliothèque Orientale ;" but for cor- | Rasselas must bow before it; his "Happy Val

rectness of costume, beauty of description, and ley” will not bear a comparison with tho "Hall power of imagination, it far surpasses all Euro. I of Eblis."

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War fatni o'er the gardens of Gul th her other, on the same errand, by command of the Bloom.

[p. 68. refractory patient; if, on the contrary, he is “Gul," the rose.

weak or loyal, he bowg, kisses the Sultan's re

spectable signature, and is howstrong with great Can ho smile on such deeds as dis children complacency. In 1810, several of these presents have done?

[p. 69. were exhibited in the niche of the Seraglio-gate; Souls made of fire, and children of the Sun,

among others, the head of the Pa Bagdad, With whom Revenge is Virtue.

a brave young man, cut off by treachery, after

a desperate resistance. Young's Revenge.

Thrice clapp'd his hands, and call d his steed. With Mejnoun's tale, or Sadi's song. [p. 69.

Mejnoun and Leila, the Romeo and Juliet of Clapping of the hands calls the servants. The the East. Sadi, the moral poet of Persia. Turks hate a superfluous expenditure of voice,

and they have no bells. Till I, who heard the deep tambour. Tambour, Turkish drum, which sounds at sun- Resign'd his gem-adorn'd Chibouque. (p. 70. rise, noon, and twilight.

Chibouque, the Turkish pipe, of which the

amber mouth-piece, and sometines the ball which He is an Arab to my right. (p. 70. contains the leaf, is adorned with precious stones, The Turks abhor the Arabs (who return the if in possession of the wealthier orders. compliment a hundredfold) even more than they hate the Christians.

With Maugrabee and Mamaluke.

Maugrabee, Moorish mercenaries. The mind, the Music breathing from her face.

His way amid his Delis took.

(p. 70. This expression has met with objections. I will Deli, bravos who forin the forlorn hope of the not refer to “Him who hath not Music in his cavalry and always begin the action. soul," but merely request the reader to recollect, for ten seconds, the features of the woman whom Careering cleave the folded felt.

(p. 71. he believes to be the most beautiful; and if he A twisted fold of feli' is used for scimitarthen does not comprehend fully what is feebly practice by the Turks, and few but Mugsulman expressed in the above line, I shall be sorry for arms can cut through it at a single stroke: us both. For an eloquent passage in the latest sometimes a tough turban is used for the same work of the first female writer of this, perhaps, of purpose. The jerreed is a game of blunt javelive, any age, on the analogy (and the immediate com- animated and graceful. parison excited by that analogy) between "painting and music," see vol. 111. chap. 10. De l`ALLE- Nor heard their Ollahs wild and loud- (p. 71. MAGNE. And is not this connexion still stronger “Ollahs,” Alla il Allah, the “Leilies," as the with the original than the copy? with the co- Spanish poets call them, the sound is Ollah ; a louring of Nature than of Art? After all, this cry of which the Turks, for a silent people, are is rather to be felt than described ; still I think somewhat profuse, particularly during the jerthere are some who will understand it, at least reed, or in the chase, but mostly in battle. they would have done, had they beheld the coun- Their animation in the field, and gravity in the tenance whose speaking harmony suggested the chamber, with their pipes and comboloios , form Idea ; for this passage is not drawn from imagin- an amusing contrast. ation but memory, that mirror which Affliction dashes to the earth, and, looking down upon the The Persian Atar-guts perfumo. fragments, only beholds the reflection multiplied! “Atar-gul, ottar of roscs. The Persian is

the finest. But yet the line of Carasman.

(p. 70. Carasman Oglou, or Kara Osman Oglou, is the The pictured roof and marble floor. principal landholder in Turkey; he governs The ceiling and wainscots, or rather walls, of Magnesia: those who, by a kind of feudal tenure, the Mussulman apartments are generally painted, possess land on condition of service, are called in great houses, with one eternal and highly Timariots: they serve as Spahis, according to coloured view of Constantinople, wherein the the extent of territory, and bring a certain principal feature is a noble contempt of pernumber into the field, generally cavalry. spective; below, arms, scimitars, are in general

fancifully and not inelegantly disposcd. And teach the messenger what fate.

[p. 70. When a Pacha is sufficiently strong to resist, A message from the Bulbul beare. the single messenger who is always the first It has been inuch doubted whether the notes bearer of the order for his death, is strangled of this "Lover of the rose, are sad or merry; instead, and sometimes live or six, ono after thc and Mr. Fox's remarks on the subject have pro

(p. 11.

[p. 71.

(p. 71.

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