Globalization: Myth, Miracle, Mirage

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University Press of America, 2005 - 249 頁
Despite its daily appearance in the media, official pronouncements, and publications of all sorts, globalization is a poorly defined concept. Globalization is usually defined in economic and financial terms such as foreign investments, trade, income flows, industrial development, employment, and the production of value added. But cultural, political, demographic, and other forces that receive less attention, because they are beset with difficulties of precise definition and measurement, also drive globalization.
Because it is nearly impossible to weigh all the various components of the globalization process at once, this study limits its focus to three major questions. First, what have the different national industries contributed to the globalization process, and how has this affected the rankings of national economies as both active and passive participants in it? Second, considering the trillions of dollars spent on foreign direct investments alone as a main driver of the economic integration of the world, how significant have their contributions been to the production of the world's output of products and services, commonly measured in terms of gross domestic product? Finally, the third question addresses the political implication for globalization's future stemming from America's recently developed neo-conservative doctrine of the new world order or the New American Century. Is the open declaration of U.S. superior economic and military strength indisputable legitimation for America's political supremacy over all nations of the world?
 

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The Background of Globalization
1
THE SIZE AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF THE GLOBAL ECONOMY
3
NATIONAL OWNERSHIP OF THE GLOBAL MARKET
6
CHARACTERISTICS OF NATIONAL COMPETITIVENESS
9
OECDA Surrogate Global Economy
14
ECONOMIC MARKET DENOMINATORS
15
THE ECONOMIC PROFILE OF OECD
18
B OECD Employment
19
IIb The Role of Trade in Affiliate Business
127
IIc A Comparative Trade Profile for US Outward and Inward FDI
131
IId The Global Scope of FDI Trade
132
III FDIRELATED TRADE OF FRANCE
133
IIIb Trade Connected with French Outward FDI
136
SUMMARY
138
National BOP Flows of FDIRelated Income
141
DEVELOPMENT OF BOP INVESTMENT INCOME FLOWS IN OECD COUNTRIES
144

C OECD in World Trade
21
Foreign Direct InvestmentA Fundamental Globalization Strategy
23
FDI CAPITAL FLOWS
27
FDI POSITIONS
31
NET FDI POSITIONSINDICATORS OF RELATIVE GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS
34
OECDS DISTRIBUTION OF FDI POSITIONS BY MEMBER COUNTRY
38
FDI POSITIONS OF MAJOR OECD INDUSTRIES
41
The Economic Dimensions of US Outward FDI
44
THE DEVELOPMENT OF MAJORITYOWNED AFFILIATE GROSS PRODUCT
45
THE ROLE OF US OUTWARD FDI FOR THE GENERATION OF OECD GDP
50
US FDI SHARE IN INDUSTRIAL EMPLOYMENT OF OECD COUNTRIES
51
US OUTWARD FDI COMPARED TO THE US ECONOMY
55
CONCLUSIONS
58
FDI Impact on National Economies
61
Inward FDIs Role in US Industry
64
The Profile of Inward FDI by Nationality and Industrial Sector
70
US Parent Organizations in the US Economy
76
II FRANCE
81
III GERMANY
89
Foreign Share in Germanys Industry
92
Germanys Share in OECD Industries
94
Foreign Direct Investments Role in the US Balance of Payments
98
FDI AND THE US BALANCE OF TRADE
99
FDI AND THE US BALANCE OF SERVICES
104
FDI AND THE US CAPITAL ACCOUNT
107
CONCLUSIONS
110
Foreign Direct Investment and Foreign Trade
113
I US TRADE ASSOCIATED WITH OUTWARD FDI
115
Ib US FDIAssociated Imports from Outward Affiliates and Others
119
Ic The Role of US Trade in Affiliate Business Operations
122
II US TRADE ASSOCIATED WITH INWARD FDI
124
GLOBAL INCOME FLOWS FROM FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENTS
148
FDI INCOME FLOWS
149
FDI INCOMES ROLE IN TOTAL BOP INCOME FLOWS
156
THE NET FLOW EFFECT OF FDI INCOME BY COUNTRY
158
FDI and Globalization
164
I US FDI AS THE CORNERSTONE OF GLOBAL FDI
166
B US Inward FDI
168
II IMF INFORMATION
169
B FDI Position and GDP
170
III GLOBAL FDI AND INTERNATIONAL TRADE
172
NATIONAL CONTROL OVER THE GLOBAL ECONOMY AND TRADE VIA FDI
176
MIRAGE STATISTICS
180
Evaluating Globalization
185
FREE TRADE INVESTMENT AND GLOBALIZATION
186
ECONOMIC SLOWDOWN
190
INCREASED INDUSTRIAL CAPACITY CREDITS AND DEBTS
193
NEW TECHNOLOGIES
199
SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES
201
WORLD TRADE
202
GOVERNMENT EXPANSION
204
DEFLATION
205
CONCLUSION
206
Globalization in Conflict
211
THE NEW AMERICAN CENTURY
212
APPENDICES
225
Exhibits and Tables
227
INDUSTRY CLASSIFICATION IN US FDI BENCHMARK SURVEYS
230
Glossary
237
Bibliography
243
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關於作者 (2005)

Rolf Hackmann is Professor of Marketing at Western Illinois University. Professor Hackmann holds a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Graz, Austria.

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