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Mercy colleague with justice, fending the
Man's friend, his mediator, his design'd
Both ransom and redeemer voluntary,
And destin'd man himself to judge man fall’n.

So spake the Father, and unfolding bright
Tow'rds the right-hand his glory, on the Son
Blaz'd forth unclouded Deity; he full
Resplendent all his Father manifest
Express'd, and thus divinely answer'd mild:

Father Eternal, thine is to decree;
Mine both in heav'n and earth to do thy will
Supreme, that thou in me, thy Son belov’d, 720
May'st ever reft well pleas'd. I go to judge
On earth these thy tranfgressors; but thou know'st,
Whoever judg'd, the worst on me must light,
When time shall be, for so I undertook
Before thee; and not repenting, this obtain
Of right, that I may mitigate their doom
On me deriv'd ; yet I shall temper so
Justice with mercy, as may illustrate most
Them fully satisfied, and thee appease.
Attendance none shall need, nor train, where none
Are to behold thejudgment, but the judg’d,
Those two; the third, beit absent, is condemn’d,
Convict by flight, and rebel to all law:
Conviction to the serpent none belongs.

Thus laying, from his radiant seat he rose Of high collateral glory : him thrones and powers, Princedons, and dominations, ininiftrant Accompanied to heav'n gate, from whence Eden, and all the coast, in prospect lay. Down he descended Itrait : the speed of gods 90 Time counts not, though with twiftest minutes wing d. Now was the fun in weltern cadence low From noon, and gentle airs due at their hour To fan the earth now wak'd, and usher in The ev'ning cool, when he from wrath more cool 95 Came the mild judge and intercessor both To sentence man. The voice of God they heard, Now walking in the garden, by soft winds,




Brought to their ears, while day declin d; they heard,
And from his presence hid themselves among
The thickelt trees, both man and wife, till God
Approaching, thus to Adam call’d aloud :
Where art thou, Adam, wont with joy to meet
My coming feen far off ? I miss thee here,
Not pleas'd thus entertain'd with folitude, 105
Where obvious duty ere while appear'd unfought :
Or come I less conlpicuous, or what change
Absents thee, or what chance detains ? Come forth.

He came, and with him Eve, more loath, though first
Toffend, discountenanc'd both, and discompos'd :
Love was in not their looks, either to God
Or to each other, but apparent guilt,
And shame, and perturbation, and despair,
Anger, and obstinacy, and hate, and guile,
Whence Adam falt’ring long, thus answer'd brief:
I heard thee in the garden, and of thy voice 116
Afraid, being naked, hid myself. To whom
The gracious judge without revile reply'd :
My voice thou oft haft beard, and haft not fear'd,
But still rejoic'd : how is it now become
So dreadful to thee? That thou art naked, who
Hath told thee? haft thou eaten of the Tree,
Whereof I gave thee charge thou Mouldit not eat ?

To whom thus Adam fore befet reply'd : O Heav'n! in evil ftrait this day I stand

I 25 Before my Judge, either to undergo Myself the total crime, or to accule My other self, the partner of my life; Whose failing, while her faith to me remains, I should conceal, and not expose to blame

139 By my complaint ; but strict neceflity Subdues me, and calamitous contraint, Lest on my head both sin and punishment, However insupportable, be all Devolv’d; though, fhould I hold my peace, yet thou Wouldst easily detect what I conceal.

136 This Woman, whom thou mad'st to be my help, And gav'it me as thy perfect gift, so good,

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So fit, so acceptable, so divine,
That from her hand I could suspect no ill,

And what she did, whatever in itself,
Her doing seem'd to justify the deed;
She gave me of the tree, and I did eat.

To whom the Sov’reign Presence thus reply'd:
Was she thy God, that her thou didst obey 145
Before his voice; or was she made thy guide,
Superior, or but equal, that to her
Thou didst resign thy manhood, and the place
Wherein God let thee above her, made of thee,
And for thee, whose perfection far excell'd 150
Hers in all real dignity? Adorn’d
She was indeed, and lovely to attract
Thy love, not thy subjection; and her gifts
Were such as under government well seen’d,
Unseemly to bear rule, which was thy part 155
And perfor, hadit thou known thyself aright.

So having said, he thus to Eve in few :
Say, woman, what is this which thou hast done?

To whom sad Eve, with shame nigh overwhelm'd
Confessing soon, yet not before her Judge

Bold or loquacious, thus abash'd reply'd:
The serpent me beguild, and I did eat.

Which, when the Lord God heard, without delay
To judgment he proceeded on th’accus'd
Serpent, though brute, unable to transfer
The guilt on him who made him instrument
Of mischief, and polluted from the end
Of his creation ; juftly.then accurs’d,
As vitiated in nature: more to know
Concern’d not man (since he no further knew) 170
Nor alter'd his offence; yet God at last
To Satan first in sin his doom apply'd,
Though in mysterious terms, julg'd as then beft;
. And on the serpent thus his curle let fall :
Because thou hast done this, thou art accurs d 175
Above all cattle, each bealt of the field;
Upon thy belly grovelling thou shalt go,
And dutt Malt eat all the days of thy life.




Between thee and the woman I will put
Enmity, and between thine and her feed;

180 Her feed shall bruise thy head, thou bruile his heel.

So spake this Oracle, then verify'd When Jesus, Son of Mary, second Eve, Saw Satan fall like lightning down from heav'n, Prince of the air; then rising from his grave, Spoil'd principalities and powers, triuinph'd In open thow, and with ascension ight Captivity led captive through the air, The realm itself of Satan long usurp'd, Whom he shall tread at lalt under our feet ; 190 E'en he who now foretold his fatal bruise, And to the woman thus his sentence turn'd: Thy forrow I will greatly multiply By thy conception; children thou shalt bring In forrow forth ; and to thy husband's will Thine shall subrnit: he over thee shall rule.

On Adam last thus judgment he pronounc'd : Because thou hast hearkend to th' voice of thy wife, And eaten of the tree, concerning which

199 I charg‘d thee, saying, Thou thalt not eat thereof, Curs’d is the ground for thy fake; thou in sorrow Shalt eat thereof all the days of thy life ; Thorns also and thistles it thall bring thee forth Unbid ; and thou shalt eat th' herb of the field, In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread

205 Till thou return unto the ground;

for thou Out of the ground was taken ; know thy birth, For dust thou art, and shalt to dust return. So judg’d he Man, both Judge and Saviour sent, And th' instant stroke of death denounc'd that day Remov'd far off; then pitying how they stood Before him naked to the air, that now Must suffer change, disdain'd not to begin Thenceforth the form of servant to affume, As when he wash'd his servants feet; so now, 215 As father of his family, he clad Their nakedness with skins of beasts, or flain, Or as the snake with youthful coat repaid ;


And thought not much to clothe his enemies :
Nor he their outward only with the skins
Of beasts, but inward nakedness, much more
Opprobrious, with his robe of righteousness
Arraying, cover'd from his Father's sight.
To him with Twift ascent he up returnd,
Into bis blissful bosom reassum'd

In glory as of old , to him appeas'd
All, though all-knowing, what had pass’d with man
Recounted, mixing intercession sweet,

Meanwhile ere thus was finn'd and judg'd on Earth, Within the gates of Hell, sat Sin and Death, 230 In counterview within the gates, that now Stood open wide, belching outrageous flame Far into Chaos, since the Fiend pass'd through, Sin opening, who thus now to Death began:

o Son, why sit we here each other viewing 235 Idly, while Satan, our great author, thrives In other worlds, and happier feat provides For us his offspring dear? It cannot be But that success attends him; if mishap, Ere this he had returnd, with fury driven 240 By his avengers, since no place like this Can fit his punishment, or their revenge. Methinks I feel new strength within me rise, Wings growing, and dominions giv'n nie large Beyond this deep; whatever draws me on, 245 Or sympathy, or some connatural force, Powerful at greatelt distance to unite With secret amity things of like kind By fecreteft conveyance. Thou my shade Inseparable must with me along;

250 For Death from Sin no power can separate ; But left the difficulty of passing back Stay his return perhaps over this gulf Impassable, impervious, let us try Adventrous work, yet to thy power and mine 255 Not unagreeable, to found a path Over this main from hell to that new world Where Satan now prevails, a monument

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