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American amount annual appear average banks become canal capital carried cause cent circulation coal coin commerce compared cost cotton course crop currency debt demand deposits dollars duty effect England entered equal estimated exchange exports fact feet five foreign four France give gold hand human hundred important improvement increase interest iron Island January labor land less light Manufactures March matter means merchants Michigan miles millions months natural nearly notes operation paid passed past payment persons political population port pounds present produce quantity Railroad reason receipts received regard remarks result River roads ships silver society South specie supply taken thousand tion tons trade United vessels West whole York
第 149 頁 - What is the species of domestic industry which his capital can employ, and of which the produce is likely to be of the greatest value, every individual, it is evident, can, in his local situation, judge much better than any statesman or lawgiver can do for him.
第 149 頁 - The statesman who should attempt to direct private people in what manner they ought to employ their capitals would not only load himself with a most unnecessary attention, but assume an authority which could safely be trusted, not only to no single person, but to no council or senate whatever, and which would nowhere be so dangerous as in the hands of a man who had folly and presumption enough to fancy himself fit to exercise it.
第 150 頁 - ... cheaper than it can be made at home. It could, therefore, have been purchased with a part only of the commodities, or, what is the same thing, with a part only of the price of the commodities, which the industry employed by an equal capital would have produced at home, had it been left to follow its natural course. The industry of the country, therefore, is thus turned away from a more to a less advantageous employment, and the exchangeable value of its annual produce, instead of being increased,...
第 587 頁 - ... chargeable with duty, the same rate of duty which is levied and charged on the enumerated article which it most resembles in any of the particulars before mentioned...
第 149 頁 - ... make it, better buy it of them with some part of the produce of our own industry, employed in a way in which we have some advantage. The general industry of the country, being always in proportion to the capital which employs it, will not thereby be diminished, no more than that of the above-mentioned artificers; but only left to find out the way in which it can be employed with the greatest advantage.
第 700 頁 - It is not intended to say that these words comprehend that commerce which is completely internal, which is carried on between man and man in a State, or between different parts of the same State, and which does not extend to or affect other States. Such a power would be inconvenient and is certainly unnecessary. Comprehensive as the word "among" is, it may very properly be restricted to that commerce which concerns more States than one.
第 700 頁 - The genius and character of the whole government seem to be, that its action is to be applied to all the external concerns of the nation, and to those internal concerns which affect the states generally ; but not to those which are completely within a particular state, which do not affect other states, and with which it is not necessary to interfere for the purpose of executing some of the general powers of the government.
第 587 頁 - ... article which it most resembles in any of the particulars before mentioned; and if any non-enumerated article equally resembles two or more enumerated articles, on which different rates of duty are chargeable, there shall be levied, collected, and paid, on such non-enumerated article, the same rate of duty as is chargeable on the article which it resembles paying the highest duty ; and on all articles manufactured from two or more materials, the duty shall be assessed at the highest rates at...
第 149 頁 - It is the maxim of every prudent master of a family, never to attempt to make at home what it will cost him more to make than to buy.