Travels of the Russian Mission: Through Mongolia to China, and Residence in Peking, in the Years 1820-1821, 第 2 卷

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Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, and Green, 1827 - 496 頁
 

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第 361 頁 - ... in length, constantly following the motion of the plough in the furrows. Behind, is a small wooden roller, which covers the seed which has been sown ; it supplies the place of a harrow. This plough is so light that it may be lifted with one hand. If the harvest in China produces fifty, seventy, and even a hundred fold, the cause will be found in the care with which they manure the ground, and the custom of sowing early, of weeding and watering ; besides, the furrows are from seven to fourteen...
第 75 頁 - ... conferred upon him, is careful of his reputation amongst his children. " On the 30th April, 1819, a hurricane from the southeast, brought prodigious quantities of sand from the seacoast to the capital. The whole air looked like a thick yellow mass ; at the same time a cloud covered the sun, so that Pekin was suddenly involved in darkness ; it was impossible to distinguish objects at the distance of a few paces. " The philosophy of the Chinese, founded upon their classical books, teaches them...
第 10 頁 - There were likewise found' various buttons distinguishing princely rank, carved out of precious stones, such as his situation by no means entitled him to wear. Many score of these gems were discovered, besides pieces of the same kind in the rough state, to an incalculable amount, and in an endless variety, unknown even among the imperial treasures.
第 187 頁 - ... pheasants, and game of all kinds. But it is necessary to be very careful in purchasing provisions, for the Chinese dealers mix plaster or sand in the flour to increase the weight. Often they sell the flesh of animals that have died of some disorder, or of such as are not generally used for food ; for instance, asses, mules, camels, &c. They improve the appearance of ducks and chickens by blowing. the air between the skin and flesh, which makes them look very white and plump.
第 429 頁 - ... was one of the rooms of every house mentioned. On the 15th day of May, 1821, Mr. Timkowski set out for his native country, and passing again through Mongolia, arrived at Kiakhta on the 1st of August. " Thus [concludes he] our journey was accomplished : it is really one of the most troublesome, fatiguing, and even dangerous to health that it is possible to make by land. The uniformity of the steppes, and the slow manner in which we traversed them, have, perhaps, given an appearance of monotony...
第 19 頁 - The Chinese and Manchu soldiers are chiefly exercised in the use of the bow, as well on horseback as on foot ; then in that of the matchlock ; and lastly, of artillery. The Chinese soldiers do not acquire much dexterity in any of these exercises. Naturally of weak constitutions, and accustomed to a tranquil and idle life, they lack the strength necessary to draw the bow. They are indifferent looking soldiers. When their artillerymen fire a gun, they cautiously apply a light to the...
第 45 頁 - Before the house there is a deep ditch, which during the rainy season is filled with water, and as there is no outlet, it becomes a large stagnant pool. In general, this quarter of Peking is very poor, though it contains the palace of a prince, which is situated to the southwest of our church. The descendants of the Albazins live at present in the western part of the city, which is assigned to the division of Mantchoo troops to which they belong. They have lost all attachment to their former countrymen,...
第 290 頁 - Ktirakorum has not a wall standing. Probably they were all composed of fragile materials, which yielded easily to time. Both Marco Polo and Rubruquis agree that the walls of Karakorum were clay or mud.* Make Brunt is wrong in saying, " the usual drink of the Mongols is water." " They never drink water except on pressing occasions ; brick tea is the principal beverage of the rich as well as the poor. In every tent there is always a kettle on the fire, full of tea, mixed with butter, salt and milk....
第 75 頁 - In a few minutes the air and the inside of the houses tiiePCh1nese! ° were so filled with sand, that it was impossible to distinguish objects without the help of a candle. This event is very extraordinary. Seized with terror at the bottom of my heart, I passed the night without sleep, endeavouring to divine the cause of the anger of heaven. According to signs laid down in the Great Model, to discover perversity, a long continued wind indicates infatuation. In our days the human heart is perverse...
第 137 頁 - ... nose small, the eyes prominent and oblique ; the complexion, the black and stiff hair, the scanty whiskers and beard, indicate the connection of the Chinese with the Mongole, which must be dated from the time of the Mongolian conquest of China. The difference between the Chinese and the Mandschoos is almost imperceptible ; the latter are however fatter and more robust." " Though the physiognomy of the women is more agreeable than that of the men they are very far from, possessing the beauty which...

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