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lest satan get an advantage against you. For he would have you neg lect this duty, and remain displeased ; and as such a neglect is giving place to the devil, so, by doing your duty in this respect, he is resisted. This paraphrase agrees with the design of the apostle ip the context, which is, to persuade the brethren to abstain from lying, idleness, theft, sinful anger, and every other sin. That anger, which is sinful, seeks no reconciliation with the person offending, but to widen the breach by doing him an injury instead of a favour. Anger is frequently ascribed to God in the sacred pages. Sin displeases him. It shows, that sin is opposed to the feelings of his heart. His displeasure is attended with a desire or determination to bring offenders to repentance, or to promote the good of his kingdom, by their punishment sooner or later. How happy it would be for the world if all men would attend to the apostle's injunction in the passage under consideration! Then, instead of returning evil for evil, a practice which is very common, they would diligently use appointed means, early as possible, to bring each other to repentance for every offence. Such conduct would be useful and beautiful, and more agreeable to the spirit of the gospel, than justifying like my neighbour, sinful anger, by an abuse of sacred writ. W.
From the Bengal Hurkaru, Oct. 23, 1822.
IMMOLATION AT HOWRAH.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE JOURNAL.
KNOWING that you are a philanthropist, I beg leave to inforte you, that directly opposite to Fort William, and not above 100 yards to the southward of the late Mr. William Jones's dwellinghouse at Seebpore, on Monday morning at gun-fire, a widow, the mother of a large family, was put on a pile of combustibles, and burned to death, attended with circumstances of cruelty at which human nature shudders; which I shall endeavour to describe, partly as seen by myself, and as I was informed by others.
On Friday, the 11th instant, about noon, an old Brahmin died, and at the time of his death was possessed of considerable riches. He had two wives, one of whom was many years younger than the other, and by each of these wives he had a large family of children, boys and girls, now living. The moment the man expired, his eldest son, heir to all his property, posted off to Allypore, and applied to C. R. Barwell, Esq. Magistrate of the suburbs of Calcutta, for a license to burn his own mother and his step-mother, with the body of his father; but it appears, Mr. Barwell then granted licence for one wife only, the eldest, to be burned. Confident, however, that by another application, leave would be obtained to burn the other wife also, the pile was raised, and every preparation made to burn them both on the following day at noon, but at the hour of noon, on Saturday, no license from Mr. 'Barwell for the destruction of the youngest woman had arrived, and no license was granted during the whole of that day.
The news of this rather novel circumstance soon spread along Seebpore and Howrah, and thousands of people of all descriptions were assembled to learn the particulars, and many of them, and to me, the family and Brahmin friends voluntarily confessed, that either both wives must be burned, or neither of them could be burned, as the one for whom the license was obtained had declared that she would not be burned alone.
On Sunday, circumstances remained just the same as on Saturday, for Mr. Barwell was inflexible, and no license to burn the youngest wife could the. obtain from him, notwithstanding they used every art, artifice and invention, which the craft and cunning of a Brahmin could conceive.
On Sunday, as on Saturday, crowds of people were in attendance from morning till night, and to all the Europeans who enquired, the declaration of the deceased's family, and attending Brahmin, were the same, that the one wife could not be burned alone, she having dissented therefrom, and great hopes began now to be entertained by the humane, that Mr. Barwell's firmness would save them both; but the poor creatures were all this time, from the moment their husband had breathed his last on Friday at noon, kept locked up and not allowed to taste a morsel of victuals of any description ; and the hope which had been entertained of their being saved from the flames was greatly damped by the fear that both would be starved to death by their merciless keepers.
On the following morning, Monday the 14th instant, at gunhre, notwithstanding the previous repeated acknowledgments and confessions of the attending Brahmin, and the family and friends of the deceased, that they could not burn the one wife alone, at that selected period, when they thought few eyes would be open to view their proceedings, the elder woman was dragged from her prison of starvation, made to mount the pile, and clasp the putrid carcase of her so long deceased husband in her arms, the stench of which at that time was intolerable. Two thick ropes, previously prepared, were then passed over the bodies, and two long levers of bamboo crossing each other, were likewise employed to pinion her down; the unconsumed fuur ends of which are still to be seen on the spot.
All things being thus arranged, the eldest son and heir, who was to succeed to the property, set fire to the pile, which speedily burnt and consumed his own mother, and at this act, it is said, he triumphantly exulted!
The other poor woman being still kept in confinement, and no nourishment supplied, is now seized with delirium, and a few hours more will no doubt end her existence also; actually starved to death.
Who are they, who can read this statement without being filled with horror and disgust ? And who are they, who can with ease avert and prevent similar occurrences, who ought to hesitate a moment?
A Friend to Humanity. Calcutta, Oct, 16, 1822.
LETTER FROM MR. BYINGTON. SABBATH afternoon we have a sabbath school, where the chidren appear very lovely indeed. Your heart would erult with joy, could you see my little boys,- for so I always call them. As soon as the sabbath school is out, they have, for several sabbaths, come to my door and said, “Mr. Bineton, I want a book, if you please Sir; I want a primmer; I want a little Henry; I want Our Father," &c. I give them little books, and they will set down on the steps, on a wheel-barrow, on a box, a bear skin, or on the grass, or else stand up and read for a long time. It is delightful to see and hear this, on the return of every sabbath. And in the meeting, to see them look up, listen, and try to understand what I am saying-it is refreshing to my soul. Here let me live, and here let me labour-and, with children around my door, and around my bed, let me take my departure from this world, and by the grace of God, ascend to behold the Redeemer. And oh ! hundreds of children might be gathered into mission families and schools, if means were provided. I have seen these dear children at home, naked, dirty, hungry, wretched, and ignorant of all the inspiring hopes of religion. The habitations of the Choctaws are filthy. But here these children are as sweet and interesting as any of my acquaintance—so obedient, so willing to labor-to live on the plainest food, and then to sleep on the floor with a blanket.”
“I am much gratified to hear that the spirit of benevolence is kindling into a flame in many hearts. I long to see the Redeemer's kingdom spreading far and wide, with rapid sway. Easy, it does appear to me, would it be for the people of God, to extend the knowledge of the Saviour to all lands."
ZEALOUS ATTACHMENT TO THE MISSIONARY CAUSE.
A MINISTER in England, having formed a juvenile auxiliary missionary society, writes to the parent institution as follows:
« The zeal of these poor children to come forward in this good and great cause quite gratified and affected me. I took an opportunity in the most familiar manner of describing to them the object which the society had in view, and the use which would be made of their money; their attention and subsequent conduct convinced me that they understood what was said. As an encouragement to juvenile societies, I think it right to name to you one pleasing fact which came under my notice :-Two little boys who came to hear the address, presented me, at the close of it, with sixpence each. I asked them if they knew for what purpose they were giving their
money. “O) yes," they replied, “that heathen 'children may be taught to read the Bible as well as ourselves.” The tears started from the eyes of one of them while he spoke. When inquiry was made of their parents, it was ascertained that the suin they gave was a gift, which they had received at Christmas, with permission to do what they pleased with it.
" It is certainly pleasing to witness such instances of early benevolence. I am happy to inform you that our Society keeps up (owing to the perseverance of the ladies) remarkably well; there is scarcely a falling off among the poorest of the people. If at any time a week or two should pass before any of them are called upon, several have deposited in a small box their pence, lest they should be tempted to use it for any other purpose. Others will bring their money to meeting when the weather is bad, to save the Ladies the inconvenience of the walk. Examples, these, worthy of being generally imitated."
Another says :-"I am attempting to do a little among a very poor people here, and I trust no exertion will be wanting on my part in a cause which has appeared of the first magnitude from the commencement of the Missionary Society, and is seen to be more important every year.
“I am inducing very poor people to dedicate something to the great work at their marriages, and to devote an offering to the glorious cause whenever they dedicate a child to God in baptism, nor have these efforts been in vain. We will beg from door to door, rather than not do something more for you."
A minister in Wales writes thus:-"In consideration of the greatness of the expenses that are always inseparably connected with the important work of sending Missionaries to the dark regions of the world, and that the defraying of such expenses does in a great measure depend on our faithfulness in contributing our mites, and also in soliciting the help of our friends and the public at large. 1, and my friends here, feel a desire of entering into covenant with each other for a more mutual co-operation and diligence in the work of soliciting weekly and quarterly collections towards the Missionary cause.
Thus (says the Editor of the London Missionary Chronicle) to see the principle of obligation to support the cause of Missions, recognised by the friends of Christ, and extending its commanding inAuence in different ranks of society, is very gratifying to the Directors : for it is only as this principle is felt and acknowledged, and prevails, that they can calculate on their continued liberality, permanent co-operation and acceptable services in the great work of evangelizing the world.
Extract of a Letter from the Rev. J. C. Sedgwick to a gentleman in
the City of Washington.
PUTNAM, (OHIO,) JAN. 15, 1823. DEAR SIR,
I beg leave to communicate an account of the progress of a very happy revival of religion in the neighbourhood of Salt Creek Church, which I attend once a month ; situated about seven miles east of Zanesville. This revival coinmenced last spring. The first appearances were unusually large congregations and great attention to the ministry of the word. The church, which had almost lost her visibility, awoke as from sleep, and arose as from among the dead, and Christ gave her light.' Prayer meetings were soon formed and well attended; and the church resolved to have a prayer meeting on the first Monday of each month, to implore Divine aid upon all missionary exertions. These meetings have been highly favoured with the gracious presence of God. Brethren have found it good to wait upon the Lord in prayer.
This blessed work still progresses, and gradually increases. Our last meetings were the happiest we have had. On the last Lord's day I baptised five, of which were two young daughters and a mother ; the scene was truly interesting The day was unusually cold : but the hearts of many were comfortably warm.
Young persons are mostly the subjects of this revival, among whom are many of the children of the old members of the church, which greatly endears the work to their aged hearts. During the progress of this good work, twenty have been baptized upon a profession of their faith in Christ, and ten have joined by letters, making our number now fifty-three. Although this may appear to those who live in a populous part of the world like the day of small things, yet we, here in Ohio, realize that the Lord has done great things for us, whereof we are glad.
We have a good log meeting house on Salt Creek, furnished with a stove, which renders it very comfortable at this season of the year. Our stated Saturday and Sabbath meetings are well attended, and we humbly hope the Lord has great mercy in store for us. I must add, before I close this communication, that the church on Salt Creek may be regarded as the offspring of the church in Zanesville, though much older in point of constitution. The happy revival which we have experienced here for two years past, seems now to be extending itself to the east of us over that church. Our young brethren of the Zanesville church have been very useful during this revival in our vicinity, in attending prayer meetings. O how much might be done for the cause of God, if private brethren would turn out and have prayer meetings! We are, my dear brother moving on very comfortably here, (in Zanesville and Putnam.) We have about ninety members in our church, many have moved away, none have been excommunicated, and only one has died: and she died in peace. We can look back and retrace the goodness of God, and excalim, what hath God wrought! Let every thing that ath breath praise the Lord. Praise ye the Lord.
To Correspondents—DULCIMUS and W. H. P. are received; D. P. is inadmissible; X shall be inserted. Ecclesia, is informed that in future, Ao communication, which is to be continued, will be inserted until the whole is received.