Representing Reality: Discourse, Rhetoric and Social Construction
SAGE, 1996年10月14日 - 253 頁
How is reality really manufactured? The idea of social construction has become a commonplace part of much social research, yet precisely what is constructed, how it is constructed, and what constructionism means are often left unclear or taken for granted. In this major work, Jonathan Potter explores the central themes raised by these questions. Representing Reality explores the different traditions in constructivist thought--including sociology of scientific knowledge; conversation analysis and ethnomethodology; and semiotics, poststructuralism, and postmodernism--to provide a lucid introduction to several key strands of work that have overturned the way we think about facts and descriptions. Potter illustrates his points throughout with varied and engaging examples taken from newspaper stories, relationship counseling sessions, accounts of paranormal events, social workers' assessments of violent parents, informal talk between program organizers, political arguments, and everyday conversations. Representing Reality offers the student and scholar in social psychology, rhetoric and discourse, and related fields a critical introduction to constructivism.
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actions analytic argued argument Austin Barthes cancer category entitlement Cetina chapter claims cognitive Collins concern Connie consensus consider constructionism constructionist context contrast controversy conversation analysis critical Critical Discourse Analysis Derek Edwards Derrida described descriptions detail developed discussion distinction emphasize empiricist repertoire epistemological ethnomethodology example Extract fact construction factual accounts factual discourse focus focused formulation gerrymandering Harvey Sacks idea important interaction interest interview involved issues Jimmy kind language linguistic metaphor methodological relativism Mulkay narrative nature Note notion objects participants particular philosophical post-structuralism post-structuralist postmodernism potential Potter practices problem produced programme question Quine-Duhem thesis range realist reflexive relation relationship counselling representations rhetoric role scientific knowledge scientists semiology sense simple social science sociology of science sorts speaker specific speech act stake story suggests talk themes theory things tion topic traditional treated truth undermined understanding utterances versions Wooffitt Woolgar