The Character and Logical Method of Political Economy
W. McGee, 1869 - 184 頁
The work on the “Character and Logical Method of Political Economy” may be recommended to students as a safe guide to help them through the mazy labyrinths which the earlier stages of the study present. The purpose of the work is to ascertain the true relation of Political Economy to the Physical Sciences on the one hand, and to the Moral Sciences on the other, both as regards method and compass. The supporters and opponents of Political Economy have each done it injustice by misapprehending its aims and limits. The study, as Professor Cairnes points out and explains with inimitable clearness, does not consist in an investigation into the causes of physical facts or the evolution of psychological processes. Political Economy begins at the point at which physical science and psychological science each end.
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To have met the current objections to the principles which I assumed , by
stopping on each occasion to discuss them in the text , would have
inconveniently broken the sequence of ideas , and hopelessly weakened the
force of the general ...
The discussions of Political Economy have been constantly assuming more of a
statistical character ; results are now appealed to instead of principles ; the rules
of arithmetic are superseding the canons of inductive reasoning ; t till the true ...
I shall only remark that these objections almost all resolve themselves into this —
that there are matters of importance which are not included within the range of
Political Economy - an objection which seems to proceed upon the assumption ...
This has been the source of much error in Ricardo . He assumed the land of
every country to be of different degrees of fertility , and rent to be the value of the
difference between the fertility of the best and of the worst land A
He assumed that wages naturally amount to neither more nor less than the
amount of commodities which nature or habit has rendered necessary to
maintain the labourer and his family in health and strength . He assumed that , in
the progress ...