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afforded afterwards amid animal appeared approach Arctic arrived attempt bear began boats body brought called Cape Captain carried cause climate close coast cold considered continued course covered crew Davis depth direction discovered discovery early England entered entirely expedition extended extreme farther favourable feet fire fitted fogs follow formed former Frobisher frozen gave Greenland ground heat hope Island land latitude length LIBRARIES masses means miles natives nature navigators northern obliged observed ocean party passage passed period pieces Polar present probably produced progress proved reached received regions rocks sailed sailors season seems seen sent ship shore showed side snow soon sound species spirit Strait success summer surface thick turned vessels voyage weather western whale whole wind winter
第28页 - ... the sound of voices which, during the cold weather, could be heard at a much greater distance than usual, served now and then to break the silence which reigned around us : a silence far different from that peaceable composure which characterizes the landscape of a cultivated country ; it was the death-like stillness of the most dreary desolation, and the total absence of animated existence.
第62页 - The bear on seeing his intended prey, gets quietly into the water, and swims until to leeward of him, from whence, by frequent short dives he silently makes his approaches, and so arranges his distance, that at the last dive he comes to the spot where the seal is lying. If the poor animal attempts to escape by rolling into the water, he falls into the bear's clutches ; if on the contrary he lies still, his destroyer makes a powerful spring, kills him on the ice, and devours him at leisure.
第62页 - ... from whence, by frequent short dives, he silently makes his approaches, and so arranges his distance, that at the last dive he comes to the spot where the seal is lying. If the poor animal attempts to escape by rolling into the water, he falls into the paws of his enemy ; if, on the contrary, he lies still, his destroyer makes a powerful spring, kills him on the ice, and devours him at leisure.
第38页 - It is very difficult to ascertain the precise condition of the weather in distant ages. The thermometer was not invented till 1590, by the celebrated Sanctorio ; nor was that valuable instrument reduced to a correct standard before the year 1724, by the skill of Fahrenheit. We have hence no observations of temperature which go farther back than a century.
第32页 - The ice which obstructs the navigation of the Arctic seas, consists of two very different kinds ; the one produced by the congelation of fresh, and the other by that of salt water. In those inhospitable tracts, the snow which annually falls on the . , islands or continents, being again dissolved by the progress of the summer's- heat, pours forth numerous rflls and limpid streams, which collect along the indented shores, and in the deep bay* enclosed by precipitous rocks.
第81页 - Forasmuch as the great and Almighty God hath given unto mankind above all living creatures, such an heart and desire, that every man desireth to join friendship with other, to love and be loved, also to give and receive mutual benefits...
第62页 - Though the voracity of the bear is such, that he has been known to feed on his own species, yet maternal tenderness is as conspicuous in the female as in other inhabitants of the frozen regions. There is no exertion which she will not make for the supply of her progeny. A she-bear, with her two cubs, being purSued by some sailors across a field of ice, and finding that, neither by example, nor by a peculiar voice and action, she could urge them to the requisite speed, applied her paws and pitched...
第136页 - ... soon as the mutineers had time to reflect, rueful musings began to arise. Even Green admitted that England at this time was no place for them, nor could he contrive any better scheme than to keep the high sea till, by some means or other, they might procure a pardon under his Majesty's hand and seal. The vessel was now embayed, and detained for a fortnight amid fields of ice, which extended for miles around it; and, but for some cockle-grass found on. an island, the crew must have perished by...
第33页 - ... an immense rampart, which presents to the mariner a sublime spectacle, resembling, at a distance, whole groups of churches, mantling castles, or fleets under full sail. Every year, but especially in hot seasons, they are partially detached from their seats, and whelmed into the deep sea. In Davis...