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according agreed allowed American appears application Armed attempt authority belligerent belonging blockade Britain British cargo carried chapter claim commerce conduct confiscated consideration considered contraband convention courts Denmark discussion enemy enemy's engaged England English established Europe exception exercise existing fact force foreign France French given gives Grotius hostile important instances interest International Italy justice justified latter Law of Nations limits maritime Martens means measures ment morality nature naval necessary neutral never obligation observed obtain occasion opinion parties peace period persons port position practice present principle prisoners prize Provinces provisions published question reason reference regard relations remarked reprisals respect result rule Russia says ships similar Spain stipulation Sweden taken term territory tion trade treaty United usage usually Vattel vessels writers
第 73 頁 - Let it simply be asked, where is the security for property, for reputation, for life, if the sense of religious obligation desert the oaths which are the instruments of investigation in courts of justice ? And let us with caution indulge the supposition that morality can be maintained without religion.
第 xxiv 頁 - A neutral Government is bound — " First, to use due diligence to prevent the fitting out, arming, or equipping, within its jurisdiction, of any vessel which it has reasonable ground to believe is intended to cruise or to carry on war against a Power with which it is at peace...
第 376 頁 - ... to the enemies of the other, shall be deemed contraband, so as to induce confiscation or condemnation and a loss of property to individuals.
第 375 頁 - Majesty shall judge capable of being converted into or made useful in increasing the quantity of military or naval stores, provisions, or any sort of victual which may be used as food by man, and if any goods so prohibited shall be exported from the United Kingdom or carried coastwise, or be water-borne to be so exported or carried, they shall be forfeited.
第 xxiii 頁 - The neutral flag covers enemy's goods, with the exception of contraband of war; 3. Neutral goods, with the exception of contraband of war, are not liable to capture under enemy's flag; 4. Blockades, in order to be binding, must be effective — that is to say, maintained by a force sufficient really to prevent access to the coast of the enemy.
第 508 頁 - She constitutes a part of the military force of her nation; acts under the immediate and direct command of the sovereign; is employed by him in national objects. He has many and powerful motives for preventing those objects from being defeated by the interference of a foreign state.
第 236 頁 - If any person within Her Majesty's dominions, etc., (1) Builds or agrees to build, or causes to be built, any ship with intent or knowledge or having reasonable cause to believe that the same shall or will be employed in the military or naval service of any foreign State at war with any friendly State ; or " (2) Issues or delivers any commission for any ship with intent or knowledge, etc.
第 238 頁 - ... jurisdiction, of any vessel which it has reasonable ground to believe is intended to cruise or to carry on war against a Power with which it is at peace ; and also to use like diligence to prevent the departure from its jurisdiction of any vessel intended to cruise or carry on war as above, such vessel having been specially adapted, in whole or in part, within such jurisdiction, to warlike use.
第 439 頁 - ... ships inconsistent with amity or neutrality; and if they consent to accept this pledge, no third party has a right to quarrel with it any more than with any other pledge which they may agree mutually to accept. But surely no sovereign can legally compel the acceptance of such a security by mere force. The only security known to the law of nations upon this subject, independent of all special covenant, is the right of personal visitation and search to be exercised by those who have the interest...
第 xxxv 頁 - The inhabitants of a territory which has not been occupied, who, on the approach of the enemy, spontaneously take up arms to resist the invading troops without having had time to organize themselves in accordance with Article 1, shall be regarded as belligerents if they carry arms openly and if they respect the laws and customs of war.