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abstract Adam Smith admirable affection amongst attention beautiful bestowed biographer cause character course David Hume death disquisition distinguished doctrine Dugald Stewart Duke of Buccleugh Edinburgh endeavour enlightened equally express genius ginal habits happiness History honour human Hume Hume's illustrated Inquiry institutions interest John Home judgment Kirkaldy labour laws learning lectures letter literary literature Lord Lord Kames mankind manner Memoirs ment merit mind moral and political Moral Sent Moral Sentiments nature never Numbers object occasion origin Oxford passage perhaps period philosophy political economy principles professor profound published reader reason reference regard regret remarkable says Scotland shew Sir Gilbert Elliot society spect speculations spirit Stewart stitutions tained taste Theory of Moral tion Treatise tremely truth Turgot University of Glasgow virtue Wealth of Nations whole wisdom writings XENOPHON zeal
第 22 頁 - Little else is requisite to carry a state to the " highest degree of opulence from the lowest barbarism, but " peace, easy taxes, and a tolerable administration of justice ; " all the rest being brought about by the natural course of
第 28 頁 - The liberal reward of labour, as it encourages the propagation, so it increases the industry of the common people. The wages of labour are the encouragement of industry, which-, like every other human quality, improves in proportion to the encouragement it receives.
第 29 頁 - He will accommodate, as well as he can, his public arrangements to the confirmed habits and prejudices of the people ; and will remedy, as well as he can, the inconveniences which may flow from the want of those regulations which the people are averse to submit to.
第 10 頁 - How selfish soever man may be supposed, there are evidently some principles in his nature, which interest him in the fortune of others, and render their happiness necessary to him, though he derives nothing from it except the pleasure of seeing it.
第 28 頁 - That a little more plenty than ordinary may render some workmen idle, cannot well be doubted ; but that it should have this effect upon the greater part, or that men in general should work better when they are ill fed than when they are well fed, when they are disheartened than when they are in good spirits, when they are frequently sick than when they are generally in good health, seems not very probable.
第 20 頁 - Labour was the first price, the original purchase money that was paid for all things. It was not by gold or by silver, but by labour, that all the wealth of the world was originally purchased; and its value, to those who possess it, and who want to exchange it for some new productions, is precisely equal to the quantity of' labour which it can enable them to purchase or command.
第 22 頁 - Little else is requisite to carry a state to the highest degree of opulence from the lowest barbarism, but peace, easy taxes, and a tolerable administration of justice; all the rest being brought about by the natural course of things. All governments which thwart this natural course, which force things into another channel, or which endeavour to arrest the progress of society at a particular point, are unnatural, and to support themselves are obliged to be oppressive and tyrannical.
第 12 頁 - ... principles we are led to advance those ends which a refined and enlightened reason would recommend to us, we are very apt to impute to that reason, as to their efficient cause, the sentiments and actions by which we advance those ends, and to imagine that to be the wisdom of man, which in reality is the wisdom of God. Upon a superficial view, this cause seems sufficient to produce the effects which are ascribed to it; and the system of human nature seems to be more simple and agreeable, when...
第 20 頁 - I should in another discourse endeavour to give an account of the general principles of law and government, and of the different revolutions which they have undergone in the different ages and periods of society; not only in what concerns justice, but in what concerns police, revenue, and arms, and whatever else is the object of law.