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lution, 4 vols., Boston, 1853; The Diplomatic Correspondence of the American Revolution, 12 vols., Boston, 1829-30. For further detail, both biographical and bibliographical, see Herbert B. Adams's The Life and Writings of Jared Sparks, 2 vols., Boston, 1893. Sparks's MSS. may be seen in the reading room of Harvard College Library.

Prescott's History of the Reign of Ferdinand and Isabella, the Catholic, 3 vols., appeared at Boston in 1838; his History of the Conquest of Mexico, etc., in 3 vols., at New York in 1843; 3

Prescott. his Biographical and Critical Miscellanies, at New York in 1845; the History of the Conquest of Peru, etc., 2 vols., New York, 1847; and the History of the Reign of Philip the Second, King of Spain, 3 vols., Boston, 1855-58. The best biography of Prescott is George Ticknor’s Life of William Hickling Prescott, Boston, 1864.

Motley's Merry-Mount; A Romance of the Massachusetts Colony, 2 vols., appeared at Boston and Cambridge, in 1849; The Rise of the Dutch Republic. A History, 3 vols., New York, 1856;

Motley. History of the United Netherlands, etc., 4 vols., New York, 1861-68; The Life and Death of John of Barneveld, etc., 2 vols., New York, 1875. Motley's letters have been edited by George William Curtis, in 2 vols., New York, 1889. See also the Memoir by Dr. Holmes, Boston, 1879.

George Bancroft's A History of the United States, etc., vols., was published at Boston and London, 1834-74;

Bancroft. “ The Author's Last Revision," in 6 vols., was published at New York, 1883-85. RICHARD HILDRETH's The History of the United States of

Hildreth. America was published, in 6 vols., at New York, 1851-56. Palfrey's History of New England, in 5 vols., Boston,

Palfrey. 1858-90. Palfrey died in 1881; the fifth volume was edited by his son, F. W. Palfrey.

FRANCIS Parkman's works, of which he personally retained the copyright, are published, in various editions, by Little, Brown & Co., of Boston. For accounts of Parkman's life and estimates

Parkman. of his work, see John Fiske’s A Century of Science and Other Essays, Boston, 1899; and Mass. Hist. Soc. Proceedings for 1893, 2d series, Vol. VIII. pp. 349-369. The authorized biography of Parkman, by C. H. Farnham, has just been published in Boston.

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UNITARIANISM

Book V. Chapter IV. On Unitarianism in general, see the article by Dr. Andrew P. Peabody in WINSOR's Memorial History of Boston, Vol. VIII. Chap. XI.

CHANNING's works may be found in a convenient one-volume edition published at Boston in 1886. For his life, see William H. CHANNING's Memoirs of William Ellery Channing, 3 vols., Boston, 1848, also published in one volume called the “ Century Memorial Edition,” at Boston in 1880.

The biography of George Ripley has been written by O. B. Frothingham for the series of American Men of Letters, Boston, 1882.

TRANSCENDENTALISM

Book V. Chapter V. On Transcendentalism in general one should consult O. B. FROTHTranscen

INGHAM's Transcendentalism in New England: A History, dentalism

New York, 1876; and, if possible, The Dial: A Magazine for Literature, Philosophy, and Religion, 4 vols., Boston, 1840-44

The life of Margaret Fuller Ossoli has been written by Col. Margaret

Thomas Wentworth Higginson for the series of American Fuller.

Men of Letters, Boston, 1884. Of several books on Brook Farm, the best is Mr. LINDSAY SWIFT's

Brook Farm: Its Members, Scholars, and Visitors, New

Brook Farm. York, 1900.

Ralph WALDO EMERSON

Book V. Chapter VI. The standard edition of Emerson's works is the Riverside, in 12 vols. See also the two volumes of Carlyle-Emerson letters, edited by Prof. Charles Eliot Norton. The standard biography of Emerson is the Memoir, in two volumes, by James Elliot CABOT, Boston, 1887. Holmes's Ralph Waldo Emerson, Boston, 1884, in the American Men of Letters series, is valuable. GARNETT's Life of Ralph Waldo Emerson, London, 1888, in the Great Writers series, has a considerable bibliography. Important critical estimates of Emerson are Matthew Arnold's Emerson, in his Discourses in America ; Lowell's Emerson the Lecturer, in his Works, Riverside edition, Vol. I. pp. 349 ff. ; and John Jay Chapman's Emerson, Sixty Years After, originally published in the Atlantic Montbly for January and February, 1897, and since reprinted in Emerson and Otber Essays, New York, 1898.

.

THE LESSER MEN OP CONCORD

Book V. Chapter VII. Bronson Alcott's chief works, with their dates of publication, are : Observations on the Principles and Methods of Infant Instruction, 1830; The Doctrine and Discipline of Human Culture, 1836; Conversations with Children on the Gospels, 2 vols., 1836–37 ; Tablets, 1868 ; Concord Days, 1872; Table Talk, 1877; New Connecticut. An Autobiographical Poem, 1881; Sonnets and Canzonets, 1882; Ralph Waldo Emerson, An Estimate of bis Character and Genius, etc.,

1882. There is a Memoir of Alcott, in 2 vols., by Messrs. F. B. SANBORN and William T. Harris, Boston, 1893.

The standard collection of Thoreau's works is the Riverside edition, in 10 vols., published at Boston. With Mr. F. B. SANBORN's Henry David Thoreau, Boston, 1882, and Emerson's

Thoreau. Thoreau, in the Riverside edition of his works, Vol. X. pp. 421-452, compare LOWELL's Thoreau, in his Works, Riverside edition, Vol. I. pp. 361 ff. See also Stevenson's essay on Thoreau, in his Familiar Studies in Men and Books (Works, Thistle edition, Vol. XIV. pp. 116–149). Mr. H. S. Salt's Life of Thoreau, London, 1896, contains a bibliography.

Theodore Parker's collected works, in 14 vols., were published at London, 1863–65; his Speeches, Addresses, and Occasional Sermons were published in 2 vols., Boston, 1852. For the life

Parker. of Parker, see John Weiss: Life and Correspondence of Theodore Parker, 2 vols., New York, 1864, and O. B. FROTHINGHAM's Theodore Parker : a Biography, Boston, 1874.

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THE ANTISLAVERY MOVEMENT

Book V. Chapter VIII. On the Abolition movement in general, see Winsor's Memorial History of Boston, Vol. III. Chap. VI., and Col. Thomas Wentworth

Garrison.

Higginson's Contemporaries, Boston, 1899; for bibliographic notes on the subject, consult Channing and Hart's Guide, $ 187 ff. Selections from Writings and Speeches of William Lloyd Garrison

were published at Boston, in 1852. The best biography of

Garrison is that by Wendell Phillips Garrison and Francis Jackson Garrison, 4 vols., New York, 1885-89.

Charles Sumner's works, in 15 vols., were published at Boston in 1874-83. The most complete biography is EDWARD L. Pierce's

Memoir and Letters of Cbarles Sumner, 4 vols., Boston,

1879-93; a shorter book is Mr. MoorfieLD STOREY's Charles Sumner, Boston, 1900, in the American Statesmen series. On the Sumner-Brooks affair, see J. F. Rhodes's History of the United States, Vol. II. Chap. VII.

The standard collections of Mrs. Stowe's writings is the lately published Riverside edition in 16 vols. Mrs. J. T. Fields has

written The Life of Harriet Beecher Stowe, Boston, Mrs. Stowe.

1897.

Sumner.

JOHN GREENLEAF WHITTIER

Book V. Chapter IX. The standard collection of Whittier's writings is the Riverside edition in 7 vols. The best biography is SAMUEL T. PICKARD's Life and Letters of John Greenleaf Whittier, 2 vols., Boston, 1894. William J. Linton's Life of Whittier (London, 1893, in the Great Writers series) contains a bibliography. For a more extended expression of the views set forth in this chapter, see B. WENDELL : Stelligeri, New York, 1893, pp. 149–201.

THE “ ATLANTIC MONTHLY”

Book V. Chapter X. One gets an interesting impression of the general temper of the early “ Atlantic Monthly” by glancing over the Atlantic Index, 1857-88, published at Boston in 1889.

The writings of James T. Fields are chiefly : Poems, 1849; resterdays with Authors, 1872 ; Hawthorne, 1876; Old Acquaintance.

Barry Cornwall and Some of bis Friends, 1876; In and Fields.

Out of Doors with Charles Dickens, 1876; Under brusb, 1877; Ballads and Other Verses, 1881.

Henry Wadsworth LONGFELLOW

Book V. Chapter XI. The standard collection of Longfellow's works is the Riverside edition in ii vols. Samuel Longfellow's Life, etc., 3 vols., Boston, 1891, includes all the materials in the Life of 1886 and in the Final Memorials of 1887. Eric S. Robertson's Life of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, London, 1887, in the Great Writers series, has a bibliography.

James Russell Lowell

Book V. Chapter XII. Lowell's works are collected in the Riverside edition, i vols., Boston. See also the Last Poems, edited by Prof. Charles Eliot Norton. Lowell's Letters, also edited by Professor Norton, were published in 2 vols., at New York, 1894. For the facts of Lowell's life see the memoir by A. Lawrence Lowell, in Mass. Hist. Soc. Proceedings, 2d series, Vol. Xl. pp. 75 ff., and Dr. Edward Everett Hale's James Russell Lowell and his Friends, Boston, 1899. Mr. Horace E. Scudder is preparing a biography of Lowell for the American Men of Letters series. For a sketch of Lowell as teacher, see B. WENDELL : Stelligeri, pp. 205–217.

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Oliver WENDELL HOLMES

Book V. Chapter XIII. The standard collection of the writings of Dr. Holmes is the Riverside edition in 13 vols.; the best biography is that by Mr. John T. Morse, Jr., the Life and Letters of Oliver Wendell Holmes, 2 vols., Boston, 1896.

NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE

Book V. Chapter XIV. Hawthorne's works are collected in the Riverside edition, 12 vols.,

Perhaps the most notable biographies are Julian HawTHORNE's Nathaniel Hawthorne and his Wife, 2 vols., Boston, 1885, and Mr. Henry James's Hawthorne, London, 1879, in the English Men of Letters series.

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