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NPOVE TIGATE, Wy(ORKS

JOHN MILTON.

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PoEMS ON SEVERAL OCCASIONS.
On the death of a fair Infant, - - -
At a Vacation Exercise in the College, - -
On the morning of Christ's Nativity, - -

The Passion, -

On Time, - - Upon the Circumcision, At a solemn Music,

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An Epitaph on the Marchioness of Winchester,

Song on May Morning, On Shakspeare,

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Paga. On the University Carrier, - - - - - 151 Another on the Same, - - - - - ib. L'Allegro, - - • - - - b. Il Penseroso, - - - - - - • 153 Arcades, - - - - - - - • 54 Lycidas, - - - • - - - 155 On the New Forcers of Conscience under the Long Parliament, - - . 157 sONNETS. To the Nightingale, - - - . 158 On his being arrived at the age of twenty-three, . Ih. When the Assault was intended to the City, - b. To a Virtuous Young Lady, - - - - b. To the Indy Margaret Ley, - - - sh On the Detraction which followed upon my writing certain Treatises, - - - On the same, - - - - - - - 159 To Mr. 11. Lawes, on the Publishing of his Airs, ib. On the Religious Memory of Mrs. Catherine Thomson, - - - - - - - ib. To the Lord General Fairfax, - - - - ib. To the Lord General Cromwell, - - - b. To Sir Henry Vane, the younger, - - - ib. On the late Massacre at Piemont, - - - 160 On his blindness, - - - - - - b. To Mr. Lawrence, - - - - - - ib. To Cyriac Skinner, - - - - - - in On his deceased wise, - - - sh. To Cyriac Skinner, - - - • "El TRANSLATIONS. Horace to Pyrrha, - - - • - 161 Fragments, - - - - - - - th Psalms, - - - - - - . 162 Paraphrase of Psalm criv, - - - . 170 Paraphrase of Psalm crxxvi, - . . . ib.

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It is agreed among all writers, that the family of Milton came originally from Milton in Oxfordshire; but from which of the Miltons is not altogether so certain. Some say, and particularly Mr. Philips, that the family was of Milton near Abington, in Oxfordshire, where it had been a long time seated, as appears by the monuments still to be seen in Milton-church. But that Milton is not in Oxfordshire, but in Berkshire; and upon inquiry | find, that there are no such monuments in that church, nor any remains of them. It is more proballe, therefore, that the family came, as Mr. Wood says, from Milton near Halton and Thame m Oxfordshire: where it flourished several years, till at last the estate was sequestered, one of the finily having taken the unfortunate side in the civil wars between the houses of York and Lantaster. John Milton, the poet's grand-father, was, according to Mr. Wood, an under-ranger or keeper of the forest of Shotover, near Halton, in Oxfordshire; he was of the religion of Rome, and such a bigot that he disinherited his son only for being a protestant. Upon this, the son, the poet's father, named likewise John Milton, settled in London, and became a scrivener by the advice of a friend eminent in that profession: but he was not so devoted to gain and to business, as to lose all taste of the politer arts, and was particularly skilled in music, in which he was not only a fine performer, but is also celebrated for several pieces of his comPosition: and yet, on the other hand, he was not * fond of his music and amusements, as in the kut to neglect his business, but by his diligence and economy acquired a competent estate, which onabled him afterwards to retire, and live in the ountry. He was, by all accounts, a very worthy man; and married an excellent woman, Sarah, of the ancient family of the Bradshaws, says Mr. Wood; but Mr. Philips, our author's nephew, who *** more likely to know, says, of the family of the Castons derived originally from Wales. Who"or she was, she is said to have been a woman of *parable virtue and goodness; and by her *and had two sons and a daughter. The elder of the sons was our famous poet, who ** born in the year of our Lord 1608, on the 9th “Poember, in the morning between six and seven *ck, in Bread-street, London, where his father * at the sign of the spread eagle, which was

also the coat of arms of the family. He was named John, as his father and grand-father had been before him; and from the beginning discovering the marks of an uncommon genius, he was designed for a scholar, and had his education partly under private tutors, and partly at a public school. It has been often controverted whether a public or private education is best, but young Milton was so happy as to share the advantages of both. It appears from the fourth of his Latin elegies, and from the first and fourth of his familiar epistles, that Mr. Thomas Young, who was alterwards pastor of the company of English merchants residing at Hamburg, was one of his private preceptors: and when he had made good progress in his studies at home, he was sent to St. Paul's school to be fitted for the university under the care of Mr. Gill, who was the master at that time, and to whose son are addressed some of his familiar epistles. In this early time of his life such was his love of learning, and so great was his ambition to surpass his equals, that from his twelfth year he commonly continued his studies till midnight, which (as he says himself in his second Defence) was the first ruin of his eyes, to whose natural debility too were added frequent headaches: but all could not extinguish or abate his laudable passion for letters. It is very seldom seen, that such application and such a genius meet in the same person. The force of either is great, but both together must perform wonders. He was now in the seventeenth year of his aga, and was a very good classical scholar and master of several languages, when he was sent to the university of Cambridge, and admitted at Christ's College (as appears from the register) on the 12th of February, 1624–5, under the tuition of Mr. William Chappel, afterwards bishop of Cork and Ross, in Ireland. He continued above seven years at the university, and took two degrees, that of Bachelor of Arts in 1628–9, and that of Master in 1632. It is somewhat remarkable, that though the merits of both our universities are perhaps equally great, and though poetical exercises are rather more encouraged at Oxford, yet most of our greatest poets have been bred at Cambridge, as Spenser, Cowley, Waller, Dryden, Prior, not to mention any of the lesser ones, when there is a greater than all, Milton. He had given early

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