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duals—that we avoid all offensive expressions, and such arguments as have no immediate connexion with the subject, and can only serve to retard the progress of discovery; and that we never allow ourselves for a moment to forget that we are engaged in a solemn religious disputation.

As religion consists in a code of duties which the creature believes he owes to his Creator, and as “ God has no respect for persons ; but in every nation, he that fears him and works righteousness, is accepted with him;" it must be considered

presumptuous and unjust for one man to attempt to interfere with the religious observances of others, for which he well knows, he is not held responsible by any law, either human or divine. Notwithstanding, if mankind are brought into existence, and by nature formed to enjoy the comforts of society and the pleasures of an improved mind, they may be justified in opposing any system, religious, domestic, or political, which is inimical to the happiness of society, or calculated to debase the human intellect; bearing always in mind that we are children of ONE Father, “who is above all, and through all, and in

us all.

Calcutta, January 30, 1823.

INDEX.

CHAPTER I.

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Page THANKS to the Reverend Editor for his labours .......... 349 Author's Vindication of himself from the charge of presumption ...

350 Necessity has driven the Author to these publications...... ib. Quotation of a part of “ The Introduction to the Precepts of Jesus," in proof of this

ib. Author's precaution in the Second Appeal

351 Quotation of some parts of the First Appeal .....

ih. The assertion of the Editor as to his ignorance of the Author's belief

352 Author's public avowal of his faith

353 Author's vindication of himself from the charge of vanity .. ib. Unbiassed common sense suffices to find the unscripturality of the Trinity

354 Experiment proposed

ib. The Editor's ridiculing of the suggestion offered as to the study of the Bible

ib. The reason assigned for his disapproval of the suggestion .. ib. Impossibility of a belief in the Trinity and Hindoo Polytheism, unless inculcated in youth

.... 355 No liberal parent can take advantage of the confiding credulity of his children

ib. The duties of liberal parents The force of early-acquired prejudices

357 Traditional instructions inculcated in childhood one of the causes of prevailing errors in Christianity

ib. The Editor's ironical remarks on the success of the Author in scriptural studies; noticed

358

ib.

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Page The reason assigned by the Editor for his omission of several arguments in the Second Appeal, noticed.

359 The Editor's position of the insufficiency of the Precepts of Jesus to procure men salvation, noticed

360 The irregular mode of arguing adopted by the Editor ...... 361 The sufficiency of the Precepts of Jesus for salvation, proved 362 Mark xii. 29, “ Hear O Israel, the Lord our God is one Lord,” referred to

id. Matthew vii. 24, “ Whosoever heareth these sayings of mine," referred to

363 John xv. 10, “ If ye keep my commandments," &c., and ver. 14, referred to .....

ib, Matthew xxv. 31, et seq., referred to ...

36. The argument adduced by the Editor to depreciate the weight of the passage, “This do, and thou shalt live,"

. examined The Editor's question, “ Did Jesus regard the lawyer as sinless ?" answered .......

...... 365 The verse “ If righteousness came by [the] law," &c, explained

.. 366 The Editor's omission to notice those passages that repre

sent repentance as a sufficient means for procuring pardoni . Luke v. 32, xxiv, 47, xjii. 3, referred to

... 367 The Parable of the Prodigal Son, referred to Psalm li. 17, “The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit," &c., Ezekiel xviii. 30, referred to

... 368 Prov. xxi. 6, “ By mercy and truth iniquity is purged," &c., Isaiah i, 18, referred to...nemo

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il. Human justice referred to ...

ib.

CHAPTER II.
Inquiry into the doctrine of the Christian Atonement. A

change of arrangement by the Editor...... ........ 370 Genesis ii. 15, “ I will put enmity between thee and the woman," &c, examined

ib.

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Page Genesis iv. 4, The sacrifice offered by Abel, and approved

of God, in preference to his brother Cain's, examined • . 373 John viii. 56, noticed

ib. Hebrews xi. 26, noticed

374 Hebrews xi. 4, referred to .....

ib. How far sacrifices are divine institutions

6. 375 Micah vi. 7, 8, Hosea vi. 6; Isaiah i. 11, [16-18,] re

; ferred tor

376 Psalm 1. 8, [8–15,] referred to

i••• 377 [1] Sam. xv. 22; Prov. xxi. 3; Eccles. v. 1, referred to .. ib. In what sense such expressions as “ This man after he had

offered one sacrifice for sins," and others like them, should be taken

.. 377, 378 Common notions of justice

380 Exodus xx. 5; Matthew xviii. 8, referred to

ib. Numbers xiv. 19, 20; 2 Chronicles xxx. 18-20; Psalın cvi. 23, xxxii. 5, referred to

380, 381 Psalm cxli. 2; Isaiah lv. 7; Jeremiah vii. 21-23, referred to ••

381, 382 Hebrews x. 4, “ It is not possible that the blood of bulls," &c., examined

ib. Genesis xxii. 3, (13,] referred to

383 Hebrews x. 5, is referred to

384 The death of Jesus was a spiritual and virtual sacrifice ib. Sach terms as sacrifice,

," "atonement for sin," &c., being familiar to the Jews, were adopted by the apostles... ib. Priesthood without sacrifice exists under the Christian dispensation

385 1 Peter ii. 4, 5, quoted in proof of spiritual sacrifices ..... ib. Revelation i: 6, XX. 6; i Peter ii. 5, referred to

386 Protestants explain such phrases as, “ Unless ye eat his flesh," &c., in a spiritual sense

ib. The Editor's reference to Noah's sacrifice, and God's promise

to Abraham, and his quoting Job, [xix. 25,] "I know
that
my Redeemer liveth," &c., examined

386, 387

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Page Matthew v. 3—11; Luke xi. 28, referred to

387 Isaiah Ixiii. 16, Ix. 16, referred to

388 Job xix. 24-26; referred to

... 389 The sense in which the application of the term “ Lamb" is made to Jesus, discussed

ib. John xxi. 15; Luke x. 3; Genesis xxii. 7, 8; Jeremiah

xi. 19, “ But I was like a Lamb," &c., referred to . 390 The account of the scape-goat examined

... 391 Exodus xxviii. 38, referred to

ib. Psalm ii. 1, compared with Acts iv. [25, 26,) and Psalm xvi.

8-11, compared with Acts ii. 25, 27, &c. &c., noticed as

bearing no relation to the vicarious sacrifice of Jesus 392 Psalm xl. 6—8, examined by referring to their context 393 The object of Jesus's mission was to deliver divine instructions..

394, 395 John x. 17, “ Therefore doth my Father love me," &c., examined

ib. Jesus's aversion to death like many other prophets

396 Matthew xxvi. 36, (37–39,] 42, referred to

ib. Mark xiv. 36; Luke xxii. 42–44, referred to 396, 397 The assertion of the Editor that “This iniquity, if it be such, the Father willed," examined

ib. The Editor's objection to the application of human notions

of justice to judge the unsearchable things of God, examined

399 The Editor's applying human notions of justice to divine things

400 The orthodox divines, like the Editor, have recourse to human

notions of justice in their attempt to prove the atonement of Christ

... 401 Examination of Isaiah vii. 14, deferred to the subsequent chapter ..

.... 402 Isaiah xi. [3], " And he shall make him of quick understanding," &c. examined

ib. Isaiah xix. 19, 20, noticed

ib,

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