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according agriculture annual marriages appear average births to deaths births to marriages burials calculated Captain Cook causes Charlevoix Checks to Population China consequence considerable considered Cook's crease cultivation degree diminished effect emigration enumerations epidemic estimated f Id famine foundling hospitals France George Staunton greater number habits healthiness increase of population infanticide inhabitants labour land Lettres Edif live to marry lower classes males means of subsistence meration misery mortality Muret nations nature nearly neral Nootka Sound Norway number of births number of children number of marriages observed occasioned Pallas parish perhaps period plague polygamy popu present prevail preventive check principal probably produce proportion of births proportion of marriages pulation reason registers riages Robertson Russian Russian Empire savage Scotland shew Siberia society suppose Sussmilch Sweden take place tion Tobolsk torn towns tribes Vaud villages Voyage whole population women
第 3 頁 - Necessity, that imperious, all-pervading law of nature, restrains them within the prescribed bounds. The race of plants and the race of animals shrink under this great restrictive...
第 24 頁 - Population invariably increases where the means of subsistence increase, unless prevented by some very powerful and obvious checks. 3. These checks, and the checks which repress the superior power of population, and keep its effects on a level with the means of subsistence, are all resolvable into moral restraint, vice, and misery.
第 92 頁 - Is not the whole land before thee? separate thyself, I pray thee, from me: if thou wilt take the left hand, then I will go to the right; or if thou depart to the right hand, then I will go to the left.
第 16 頁 - Promiscuous intercourse, unnatural passions, violations of the marriage bed, and improper arts to conceal the consequences of irregular connections, are preventive checks that clearly come under the head of vice.
第 2 頁 - The cause to which I allude, is the constant tendency in all animated life to increase beyond the nourishment prepared for it.
第 454 頁 - ... which requires fewer hands, this effect has chiefly taken place; and I have little doubt that in estimating the decrease of the population since the end of the last, or the beginning of the present century...
第 21 頁 - It very rarely happens that the nominal price of labour universally falls; but we well know that it frequently remains the same, while the nominal price of provisions has been gradually rising.
第 4 頁 - Whether the law of marriage be instituted or not, the dictate of nature and virtue seems to be an early attachment to one woman; and where there were no impediments of any kind in the way of a union to which such an attachment would lead, and no causes of depopulation afterwards, the increase of the human species would be evidently much greater than any increase which has been hitherto known.
第 218 頁 - The natural tendency to increase is every where so great that it will generally be easy to account for the height, at which the population is found in any country. The more difficult as well as the more interesting part of the inquiry is, to trace the immediate causes, which stop its further progress.
第 7 頁 - When acre has been added to acre till all the fertile land is occupied, the yearly increase of food must depend upon the melioration of the land already in possession. This is a stream, which, from the nature of all soils, instead of increasing, must be gradually diminishing.