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The obvious need by the Government of the Southern Coast, the popular conof the possession of a series of harbors jectures of the precise locality to be ason the Southern Coast, to serve as the sailed ranging widely from North Corostations and places of refuge of the block-lina to Texas, with a special inclination, ading fleet during the approaching in- in view of their value, to the harbors of clement season, as well as to provide a Georgia and South Carolina. In the basis of operations for future military month of October the enterprise which movements against the Southern States, had been energetically forwarded by the and afford protection to loyal citizens, Secretary of the Navy and his efficient required the prosecution of those naval assistant, Mr. Fox, began to take definite undertakings which had been commenced shape to the eye of the public, in the with such success in the victory at Hat- gathering of a large squadron in Hampteras Inlet. The attention of the Navy ton Roads, and the collection of a conDepartment had been early directed to siderable body of troops at a convenient this necessity, and in June a special board point for embarkation at Annapolis. It of army and Navy officers was ordered for was, of course, an object, as far as posthe thorough investigation of the whole sible, to keep these movements secret subject. The board was composed of Cap- from the enemy, and the press was contains Samuel F. Dupont and Charles H. sequently put under restraint in reportDavis of the Navy, Major John G. Bar- ing the progress of the Expedition. At nard of the Engineer Corps of the Army, length, however, the completeness and and Professor Alexander Bache of the unavoidable publicity of the preparaCoast Survey. The Commission pre- tions rendered secrecy no longer practipared several elaborate reports, exhibit- cable, and the public, a few days before ing the position and advantage of almost the departure of the fleet, were made every available point on the Coast, and acquainted with its military proportions it was in accordance with their recom- and resources, though its particular desmendations that the expeditions to the | tination was sedulously kept secret even Southern Coast in the summer and au- in official circles. tumn of 1861 were undertaken. The At the head of the Naval Expedition rapidly increasing resources of the De- was placed Commodore Samuel F. Dupartment, in connection with the larger pont, the chairman of the board of Inrequirements of the war, demanded the quiry, just mentioned, who consequently equipment of a Naval Expedition on a was in full possession of the knowledge larger scale, and one productive of more acquired by the Government in reference important results than that which had so to the opportunities of the enterprise, readily gained possession of the forts at and largely shared with the AdministraHatteras. Accordingly, for the month ortion the responsibility of its success. Intwo following that event, there were ru- deed, so thoroughly had he studied the mors of the preparation of a fleet to be matter, and so confident was the reliance accompanied by a military force and to on his judgment, that the selection withbe directed against some important point | in certain limits, of the place where the
inns that the expeditions no qual in official circles: the Naval Expedition
assault should first be made, was left to the Sioux. His battery of Light Artilhis discretion. This officer now assigned lery, “Sherman's Battery," had a wide to so important a command, was born in reputation for the skill and efficiency New Jersey about the year 1802. He with which it was handled. At the outentered the navy from the State of Del- | break of the rebellion he was promoted aware in 1815, and had consequently Lieutenant-Colonel of the new 5th Regibeen attached to the service some forty- ment of Artillery, and was presently apsix years, nearly half of which had been pointed Brigadier-General of Volunteers. passed in active duty at sea. He had He was in command of his brigade on held many responsible commands in the the battle-field of Bull Run, where, it West Indies, on the Pacific, the Coast of will be remembered, he had charge of California, where he served with distinc- some of the most important operations tion in the Mexican War, and elsewhere, of the day. His experience pointed him having attained the rank of Captain in out as one peculiarly fitted to organize 1855. His last service at sea was in the land forces of the projected Southern command of the Minnesota on the China Expedition, and he was accordingly enStation in 1859. He was subsequently trusted with the work. Previously to commander of the Philadelphia Navy the gathering at Annapolis, a camp of Yard. The naval vessels of the expedi- instruction was formed under his direction assembled at Hampton Roads, con- tion at Hempstead, Long Island. sisted of the flag-ship, the Wabash, of The army -division under General 44 guns, accompanied by a fleet of six- Sherman in the Southern Expedition teen gun-boats, the Pawnee, Ottawa, was divided into three brigades, comSeminole, and others, some of which had manded respectively by Brigadier-Genbeen newly purchased, and all of which erals Egbert S. Viele, Isaac J. Stevens were provided with powerful armaments. and Horatio G. Wright. General Viele, Other larger and more effective vessels a native of New York, was born in Saraof the Navy were expected to join the toga County in 1825. He was a graduexpedition from the Southern Stations as ate of West Point of 1846, served in the it approached the scene of operations. Mexican War, and was subsequently ap
The land forces of the Expedition pointed Chief Engineer of the State of numbered about 15,000 men, and were New Jersey, in which capacity he made placed under charge of Brigadier-Gen- a trigonometrical survey of the State. eral Thomas W. Sherman, as acting Ma- He was afterward Chief Engineer in the jor-General. This officer, a native of preliminary laying out of the Central Rhode Island, was a graduate of the Park in New York. On the 17th of Military Academy of the year 1836, August, 1861, he was appointed Brigawhen he was appointed 2d Lieutenant in dier-General of Volunteers. His brigthe 3d United States Artillery. Having ade in the new Southern Expedition was served with distinction in the Indian composed of the 3d New Hampshire, Wars in Florida, he was promoted to 8th Maine, 46th, 47th and 48th New a Captaincy in May, 1846, at the open- | York Regiments. ing of the Mexican War, joined the army / Brigadier-General Stevens, the comof General Taylor, and was brevetted mander of the Second Brigade, a man of Major for gallant and meritorious con- eminent capacity and worth, was born at duct on the battle-field of Buena Vista. Andover, Massachusetts, in 1818. graduHe had since been employed in the In- ated at the head of his class at West dian country in the West, where in 1857 Point in 1839, and was appointed First he distinguished himself by his prudence Lieutenant of Engineers the following and fitness in preventing a war with year. He was on the staff of General Scott in the Mexican war, was brevetted land regiments, a battalion of Volunteer Captain for gallant and meritorious con- Engineers under Colonel Serrell, and a duct at Contreras and Cherubusco, and battery of six rifled cannon, formerly Major for his gallantry before the city of Sherman's, now commanded by Captain Mexico. After the war he was engaged Hamilton. upon the United States Coast Survey, and The fleet of transport and merchant subsequently was at the head of the ships for carrying the troops with the Government Survey of the Northern various supplies of ammunition, equiprailway route to the Pacific, in which he ments, cavalry horses, and quartermaswas associated with General, then Cap-ter's stores, numbered some thirty-five tain, McClellan. In 1853 he was ap- vessels, including not a few of the most pointed Governor of Washington Terri- distinguished in the United States Mertory, and in 1857 represented the Terri- cantile service. The steamships Atlantic tory in Congress. Associated with the under Captain Oliver Eldridge, the headSouthern democracy in the late canvass quarters of this division, and the Baltic, for the Presidency, he was chairman of Captain Joseph Comstock, of the New the National Executive Committee. This, York and Liverpool Collins' Line, carhowever, did not hinder a prompt ex- ried each a full New Hampshire regipression by him of loyalty to the Gov- ment, and were laden with vast quantities ernment, on the outbreak of the rebel- of stores. These vessels bore also a lion. He offered his services to the number of rifled cannon, surf boats to Government and entered the army with land troops, a launch to take ashore the the appointment of Colonel of the 79th heavy guns, and the frames of houses, New York Highland regiment of Volun- bricks for building, etc. The fast sailing teers, as the successor of Colonel Came- Vanderbilt, the Ericsson, Empire City, ron, on the death of that officer at Bull Daniel Webster, Ocean Queen, ard the Run. His appointment of Brigadier- New York Ship Great Republic of 3350 General of Volunteers was dated 28th tons, which had been employed in similar of September, 1861. His brigade in the service by the British Government in the expedition consisted of the 8th Michigan, Crimean war, were among the vessels of 50th Pennsylvania, the Round-Head this feet, which fully represented the amPennsylvania, and 79th New York regi- ple resources of the well-furnished Amments.
erican Mercantile Marine. Bringing up Brigadier-General Horatio G. Wright, the rear in this naval inventory, were a the commander of the Third Brigade, a half-dozen ferry boats, such as are emnative of Connecticut, graduated at West ployed in the harbor of New York, capaPoint second in his class, in 1841, when cious, admirably constructed vessels of he was appointed 2d Lieutenant of En-their class, of the lightest draft, admirably gineers. For the three following years adapted for the transportation and landhe was Acting Assistant Professor and ing of troops in peaceful waters, but litAssistant Professor of Engineering, in tle fitted to breast the stormy waves of the Military Academy, was made 1st the Atlantic in a tempestuous season. Lieutenant in 1848, Captain of Engin- The total tonnage of the transport steameers in 1855, attained the rank of Major ers, it was calculated, amounted to 32, in the Engineer corps in August, 1861, and 391 tons, and of the Great Republic and the next month was appointed Brigadier- other sailing vessels, 7,151 tons. General of Volunteers. His brigade in On the 21st of October the embarkthe expedition was composed of the 6th ation of the troops having been completand 7th Connecticut, the 9th Maine, the ed, and the weather, which had been 4th New Hampshire, the 3d Rhode Is- foggy for the last few days, permitting
His appointment was dated 28th tons; ce by the British Runeral of Volunteer His brigade in man. Crimean Wahich fully rep
For the three cutenant of En- their admirably constructe