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of peace, still carry bullets as well as pression of the rebellion. “Fellow citiballots in their pockets." Of the senti- zens," said he in conclusion, “amid all ment of the North he said, speaking from the discouragements which surround us, his observations in a recent tour through I have still an unfaltering faith in human the region, he had “nowhere found any progress and in the capacity of man for feeling of exasperation against the people self-government. I believe that the blood of the South-no bluster, no threatening; which the true lovers of our race have but at every point a solemn determina- shed on more than a thousand battletion to uphold the Government, connect-fields has borne fruit, and that that fruit ed, at the same time, with a sadness and | is the Republic of the United States. It with a depth of tenderness I would in came forth on the world like the morning vain endeavor to describe. Strong and sun from his chamber. Its pathway has brave men, when speaking to me of the been a pathway of light and glory. It unhappy distractions which rend our has brought blessings upon its people in country, have wept in my presence, and the brimming fullness with which the I have honored these men for this un- rivers pour their waters into the sea. I wonted exhibition of deep feeling, for if cannot admit into my bosom the crushing a brave man cannot weep over the thought that, in the full light of the threatened ruin of such a country and Christian civilization of the nineteenth such a Government as this, where is century, such a government is fated to there a catastrophe or a sorrow that can perish beneath the swords of the guilty touch his heart? Everywhere, and in all men who are now banded together for its places, the people seem now to realize overthrow. I cannot, I will not believe the fact that this is not a war upon the that twenty millions of people, cultivated, people of the South, but a war undertak- loyal, courageous, will ignominiously sufen for their defence and for their deliv- fer their institutions to be overturned by erance." In accordance with this earnest- ten millions, nearly half of whom are ness and sympathy was the speaker's helpless slaves with fetters on their appeal to the sense of duty of the North hands. Let us, then, rouse ourselves to play their part manfully in the conflict fully to this great work of duty. If it is for the preservation of the Government to be done well, it should be done quickof their fathers—while foreign nations ly. If we would economise both blood were looking to its destruction. “How and treasure, we should move promptly, gladly," he exclaimed, “would the ene- we should move mightily. At this very mies of freedom behold a monument of us moment, were it possible to precipitate in the skies, could they see inscribed the whole physical force of the loyal upon it these words : ‘In memory of the States on the fields of the South, it would great Republic of the United States, be a measure not only of wisdom, but of founded by Washington and destroyed economy and humanity also." by Toombs, Twiggs and Floyd !'” With On the 20th of August General Mcequal scorn he denounced disloyal men Clellan formally entered upon command at the North who would, by sowing dis- of the army of the Potomac, which, as scnsion, weaken the force of the Govern- at that time constituted, comprised the ment, which stood pledged to the sup- | troops serving in the former departments GENERAL MCCLELLAN'S SABBATH ORDER.
of Washington and North-eastern Vir- shall be made on that day; that the ginia, in the valley of the Shenandoah, I men shall, as far as possible, be perand in the States of Maryland and Dela-mitted to rest from their labors; that ware. The following officers were at they shall attend Divine service after tached to his staff : Major S. Williams, | the customary Sunday morning inspecAssistant Adjutant - General ; Captain tion, and that officers and men shall Alexander V. Colburn, Assistant Adju- alike use their influence to insure the uttant-General ; Colonel R. B. Marcy, In- most decorum and quiet on that day. spector-General; Colonel T. M. Key, The General Commanding regards this
ide-de-Camp; Captain N. B. Swetser, as no idle form. One day's rest in 1st Cavalry, Aide-de-Camp; Captain seven is necessary to men and animals. Edward McK. Hudson, 14th Infantry, More than this, the observance of the Aide-de-Camp; Captain L. A. Williams, | Holy Day of the God of mercy and of 10th Infantry, Aide-de Camp; Major A. battles is our sacred duty." J. Myers, Signal Officer ; Major Stewart | Among other camp incidents which ocVan Vliet, Chief Quartermaster ; Cap-curred while the army on the Potomac tain H. F. Clarke, Chief Commissary ; was in formation, was a visit on the 10th Surgeon C. S. Tripler, Medical Director ; of September of President Lincoln, acMajor J. G. Barnard, Chief Engineer ; companied by Secretary Cameron, GovMajor J. M. Macomb, Chief Topographi- ernor Curtin, and others to the Pennsylcal Engineer ; Captain Charles P. Kings- vania regiments. After the ceremony bury, Chief of Ordnance ; Brigadier- of presentation by Governor Curtin of General George Stoneham, Volunteer a set of flags, provided by the Cincinnati Service, Chief of Cavalry ; Brigadier Society of Philadelphia, to the brigade General W. S. Barry, Volunteer Ser- under command of General McCall, the vice, Chief of Artillery.”
| distinguished party crossed the river by As a further and most important the Chain Bridge, where a scene oc. means of raising the morale, and adding curred at one of the new forts which is to the efficiency of the army, General remembered by the few words, often reMcClellan, on the 6th of September, cited afterwards, addressed by General issued the following order, enjoining the McClellan to the troops : “Soldiers," special observance of the Sabbath in the said he, “we have had our last retreat. camp : “ The Major-General Command- | We have seen our last defeat. You ing desires and requests that in future stand by me and I will stand by you, and there may be a more perfect respect for henceforth victory will crown our efforts.” the Sabbath on the part of his command. | Words like these, incidentally spoken, We are fighting in a holy cause, and were eagerly caught up by the public should endeavor to deserve the benign and treasured as sure promises of the favor of the Creator. Unless in the case success of the young General, upon whom of an attack by the enemy, or some the expectation of the war was now other extreme military necessity, it is placed. At this early period of the contest commended to commanding officers, that there was certainly no ground of comall work shall be suspended on the Sab- plaint of the want of confidence in those bath ; that no unnecessary movements entrusted with its conduct, on the part
of the people. They yielded all frankly regard is rather saturnine, and, if not and freely to those in authority, and so melancholic, is of a grim gayety ; MCfar from withholding credit where it was Clellan is genial even in his reserve. due, were rather disposed, so sure were The density of the hair, the squareness they of results, of paying the tribute of of the jaw, the firmness and regularity fame and admiration in advance. Gen- of the teeth, and the outlines of the feaeral McClellan, in particular, was ac- tures, are points of similarity in both, cepted as the hero of the future ; the which would be more striking if Beaurenewspapers eulogized him; the printgard were not of the true Louisianian shops were filled with his portraits : Creole tint, while McClellan is fair-comeverything was hoped from his conduct plexioned. Beauregard has a dark, dull, of the war. Se sirong was this impres- student's eye, the dullness of which sion that the correspondent of the Lon- arises, however, from its formation, for don Times, Mr. Russell, whose letters it is full of fire, and its glances are quick were reprinted everywhere, presented and searching. McClellan has a deep, his portrait at full length to the world, clear eye, into which you can look far with a minuteness of description and and deep, while you feel it searches far personal detail applied usually only to and deep into you. Beauregard has long-established and well-tried celebri- something of pretension in his mannerties. “When I had the pleasure," he not hauteur, but a folding-armed, mediwrote, in an ingenious parallel between tative sort of air, which seems to say, the two most talked-of men in the North- Don't disturb me ; I'm thinking of miliern and Southern armies, “of conversing tary movements. McClellan seems to with General McClellan for the first time be always at leisure ; but you feel at the he asked me several questions, with evi- same time that you ought not to intrude dent interest and friendly curiosity--not too much upon him, even when you seek unusual on the part of Generals in refer- in vain for the grounds of that impresence to their antagonists — respecting sion in anything that he is doing or sayGeneral Beauregard. In his case there ing. Beauregard is more subtle, crafty was all the more reason for such in- and astute ; McClellan is more comprequiries, in the fact that they were old hensive, more learned, more impressionfellow-students and class-mates. To my able. Beauregard is a thorough soldier; mind there is something of resemblance McClellan may prove he is a great genbetween the men. Both are below the eral. The former only looks to military middle height. They are both squarely consequences, and disregards popular built, and famed for muscular power manifestations ; the latter respects the since their college days. Beauregard, opinions of the outer world, and sees indeed, is lean and thin-ribbed ; McClel. political as well as military results in lan is full and round, with a Napoleonic what he orders. They are both the tendency to embonpoint, subdued by in- creatures of accident, so far as their precessant exercise. Beauregard sleeps lit- sent positions are concerned. It remains tle ; McClellan's temperament requires a to be seen if either can control the curfull share of rest ; both are spare and rent of events, and if in either the artilSpartan in diet, studious, quiet. Beau- | leryman or the cavalry officer of the old
GENERAL MCCLELLAN'S HEADQUARTERS.
United States' army there is the stuff land sundry gentle Cerberi bar the enaround which history is moulded, such trance to his presence, nor is he desas that of which the artilleryman of Bri- titute of the art of making himself inenne or the leader of the Ironsides were visible when he pleases. His staff are made.”
excellent men, I am told, and most “General McClellan's headquarters courteous and gentlemanly I know, so are in a pleasant house at the corner of far as my personal experience goes, nor a square-not unlike that of Gordon or could any commander be served more Euston. By day, the door and windows efficiently than the General is by such are open ; a sentry in blue tunic, blue men, as Brigadier-General Vanvliet, or cap, blue trowsers, all without which are Colonel Hudson, notwithstanding the called facings, brass buttons, with a dis- absence of a good deal of the stiffness tracted eagle thereupon, and a waistbelt which marks the approaches to some with a brass buckle inscribed ‘U. S.,' headquarters, as General McClellan found walks up and down, generally with a when he and his brother Commissioners pipe or cigar in his mouth, and his fire-sought in vain to obtain access to Marlock carried horizontally over his should shal Pelissier in the Crimea. The Gener, so as to bring the bayonet on a level eral, a short time ago an employee on the with any eye of which the unwary owner Central Illinois Railway, but still with may be coming round the corner. Sev- so much of the old spirit in him that he eral dragoon horses are hitched up by studied closely all the movements of that the rail and the trees along the pave- short Italian campaign of which he is not ment, standing patiently and good-na- doomed to give a counterpart in this part turedly, as American horses are wont to of the world, is a nocturne, and at the do, or, at most, stamping and ficking off close of long, laborious days, works hard the flies which in the United States try and fast late into the night till sleep purpatience and temper so very hardly. sues and overtakes him, when he surrenAt the door are ready orderlies, two ders readily, for he has one of those naquick, intelligent young men, who are tures which need a fair share of rest, cacivil without being servile, and who, in pable though they be of great exertion being so, afford some contrast to the va- without it on occasion. He works hard, rious very independent soldiers lounging too, in the saddle, and, when the business or sitting on the steps reading news of the morning has been dispatched, off papers, and waiting for answers to their he goes, attended by a few officers and a messages. There is a sort of Open small escort of orderlies and troops, Sesame' air about the place which does across the Potomac, visiting the camps, not prevent the secrets inside being well examining positions, eating where forkept. In the parlors are seated officers tune spreads the board, and returning, and visitors smoking or talking. The generally after nightfall, to look over the tables are covered with a litter of reports, to issue orders, to baffle little papers and journals and torn envelopes, politicians, and to stand on the defensive and the clacking tongue of the telegraph against those of larger dimensions. Here instrument resounds through the build- he is natural, but vigilant-candid, but ing. The General is generally upstairs, prudent, tobacco ruminant or fumant, full of life, and yet contemplative--of a tem- screened by the woods from Lewinsville, per, indeed, which seems to take some and a few hundred yards from the place, of its color from that of the accidents of I sent forward, under Major Terrill, a its surroundings in time and place.”* portion of his command, stealthily to
On the 11th September a reconnois- reach the wood at a turn in the road, and sance was made to Lewinsville, four or reconnoitre beyond. This was admirafive miles from Camp Advance at the bly done, and the Major soon reported to Chain Bridge, by General William F. me that the enemy had a piece of artilSmith, commanding the brigade at that lery in position in the road just at Lewpost. He had with him the 79th High- insville, commanding our road. I directlanders, New York State Militia, battal- ed him immediately to post his riflemen ions of Vermont and Indiana volunteers, so as to render it impossible for the canand of the 1st United States Chasseurs, noneers to serve the piece, and, if possia cavalry company, and Griffin's West ble, to capture it. During subsequent Point battery-in all about 2,000 men. operations the cannoneers tried ineffectA topographical survey was accomplish- ually to serve the piece ; and finally, ed, and the party was about returning in after one was shot through the head, the the afternoon, when they were attacked piece was taken off. While this was goby a body of the enemy-the 13th Vir- ing on, a few shots from Rosser's section, ginia Volunteers, 305 men ; a section of at a cluster of the enemy a quarter of a Rosser's battery, Washington Artillery ; mile off, put the entire force of the enemy and a detachment of the 1st Cavalry ; in full retreat, exposing their entire colthe whole under command of Colonel J. umn to flank fire from our pieces. Some E. B. Stuart. The dispositions of the wagons and a large body of cavalry first enemy, who were favored by the ground, passed in hasty flight, the rifle piece and - were skillfully made, their battery being howitzer firing as they passed ; then
placed so as to command the road over came a flying battery, eight pieces of arwhich the Union troops were returning. tillery (Griffin's), which soon took posi
My intention," says Colonel Stuart in tion about six hundred yards to our his report of the affair, “was to sur- front and right, and rained shot and prise them, and I succeeded entirely, shell upon us during the entire engageapproaching Lewinsville by the enemy's ment, but with harmless effect, although left and rear, taking care to keep my striking very near. Then passed three small forces an entire secret from their regiments of infantry at double-quick, observation. I at the same time care- receiving in succession, as they passed, fully provided against the disaster to Rosser's unerring salutation, his shells myself which I was striving to inflict bursting directly over their heads, and upon the enemy, and felt sure that, if ne- creating the greatest havoc and confusion cessary, I could fall back successfully in their ranks. The last infantry regibefore any force the enemy might have ; ment was followed by a column of cavalfor the country was favorable to retreat ry, which at one time rode over the rear and ambuscade. At a point nicely of the infantry in great confusion. The * Correspondence of the London Times, Washington,
field, general, and staff officers were seen October 7-20, 1861.
exerting every effort to restore order in