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timely notice. It was my desire to have servable the next morning, in the dead time to give the corps of General Sigel men and horses, and broken gun-carall the rest possible after their forced riages of the enemy's batteries, which had march, and to bring forward all the forces been advanced against it. Our troops at my disposal. The artillery of the en- rested on their arms during the night in emy was opened early in the afternoon, line of battle, the heavy shelling being but he made no advance until nearly five kept up on both sides. until midnight. At o'clock, at which time a few skirmishers daylight the next morning, the enemy were thrown forward on each side, under fell back two miles from our front, and cover of the heavy wood in which his force still higher up the mountain. Our pickwas concealed. The enemy pushed for-ets at once advanced and occupied the ward a strong force in the rear of his skir-ground. The fatigue of the troops from mishers, and General Banks advanced to long marches and excessive heat, made the attack. The engagement did not it impossible for either side to resume the fairly open until after six o'clock, but for action on Sunday. The men were, therean hour and a half was furious and un- fore, allowed to rest and recruit the ceasing. Throughout the cannonading, whole day, our only active operations which, at first, was desultory, and direct- being of cavalry on the enemy's flank
ed mainly against the cavalry, I had con- and rear. Monday was spent in burying - tinued to receive reports from General the dead, and in getting off the wounded.
Banks that no attack was apprehended, The slaughter was severe on both sides, and that no considerable infantry force most of the fighting being hand to hand. of the enemy had come forward. Yet, The dead bodies of both armies were towards evening, the increase in the ar- found mingled together in masses over tillery firing having satisfied me an en- the whole ground of the conflict. The gagement might be at hand, though the burying of the dead was not completed lateness of the hour rendered it unlikely, until dark on Monday, the heat being so I ordered General McDowell to advance terrible that severe work was not possiRicketts' Division to support General ble. On Monday night the enemy fled Banks, and directed General Sigel to from the field, leaving many of his dead bring his men upon the ground as soon unburied, and his wounded on the ground, as possible. I arrived, personally, on and along the road to Orange Court the field at seven P. M., and found the House. A cavalry and artillery force, action raging furiously. The infantry under General Buford, was immediately fire was incessant and severe. I found thrown forward in pursuit, and followed General Banks holding the position he the enemy to the Rapidan, over which he took up early in the morning. His losses passed, with his rear guard, by ten were heavy. Ricketts' division was im o'clock in the morning. mediately pushed forward, and occupied "The behavior of General Banks' the right of General Banks, the brigades corps during the action was very fine. of Crawford and Gordon being directed No greater gallantry and daring could to change their position from the right be exhibited by any troops. I cannot and mass themselves in the centre. Be- speak too highly of the coolness and infore this change could be effected it was trepidity of General Banks, himself, durquite dark, though the artillery fire con- ing the whole of the engagement. He tinued at short range without intermis- was in the front, and exposed as much as sion. The artillery fire at night by the any man in his command. His example 2d and 5th Maine batteries, in Ricketts' was of the greatest benefit to his troops, division, of General McDowell's corps, and he merits and should receive the was most destructive, as was readily ob- commendation of his government. Generals Williams, Augur, Gordon, Craw- this statement, under-estimated the force ford, Prince, Green, and Geary, behaved of the enemy, thinking he would be able with conspicuous gallantry. Augur and to crush their advance before their main Geary were severely wounded, and body could come up from the direction Prince, by losing his way in the dark, of the Rapidan. while passing from one flank to another, A brief report from the Confederate fell into the hands of the enemy. I de- General Jackson, thus, characteristically sire, publicly, to express my apprecia- records this engagement: “On the evention of the prompt and skillful manner in ing of the 9th God blessed our arms with which Generals McDowell and Sigel another victory. The battle was near brought forward their respective com- Cedar Run, about six miles from Culpepinands, and established them on the field, er Court House. The enemy, according and of their cheerful and hearty coöpera- to the statement of prisoners, consisted tion with me, from beginning to end. of Banks', McDowell's, and Sigel's comBrigadier-General Roberts, Chief of Cav- inands. We have over 400 prisoners, alry of this army, was with the advance including Brigadier - General Prince. of our forces on Friday and Saturday, While our list of killed is less than that and was conspicuous for his gallantry, of the enemy, yet we have to mourn the and for the valuable aid he rendered to loss of some of our best officers and men. Generals Banks and Crawford. Our loss Brigadier-General Charles S. Winder was about 1,500 killed, wounded and was mortally wounded, while ably dismissing, of whom 290 were taken prison-charging his duty at the head of his comers. As might be expected, from the mand, which was the advance of the left character of the engagement, a very wing of the army. We have collected large proportion of these were killed. about 1,500 small arms, and other ordThe enemy's loss in killed, wounded, and nance stores.'* prisoners, we are now satisfied, is much The disastrous engagement at Cedar in excess of our own."*
Mountain, in which the corps of General In the subsequent account of this bat- Banks had suffered so severely, was not tle, in his prolonged account of the entire followed by the withdrawal of General campaign, General Pope “approximate- Pope's army from the region. On the ly" brings up his losses to about 1,800 contrary, the enemy fell back towards killed, wounded, and prisoners, “ besides Gordonsville, to await the arrival of the which, fully 1,000 straggled back to main army of General Lee, while GenCulpeper Court House, and beyond, and eral Pope, immediately reinforced by never entirely returned to their com- General Rufus King's division from Falmands.” General Pope, also, in this re- mouth, and, on the 14th, by 8,000 men port, intimates that General Banks, of General Burnside's forces, under Genwhile acting with that consummate cour-eral Reno, again firmly held the line of age, which particularly distinguished the the Rapidan, with Sigel on the right, Massachusetts regiments under his com- McDowell in the centre, at Cedar Mounmand, had shown some rashness in leav- tain, and Reno on the left. General ing a strong position, and attacking the Banks' shattered corps was at Culpeper. enemy, who were in superior force, and It being presently ascertained that the strongly posted, sheltered by woods and enemy were advancing in greatly superidges, before the whole disposable force rior numbers, General Pope retired, with of the army was brought up for the en- his forces, on the 19th, to the north bank gagement. General Banks, according to of the Rappabannock, in the vicinity of
* General Pope to General Halleck. Cedar Mountain, Va., Aug. 13, 1862.
Headquarters, Major-General T. J. Jackson to Colonel R, H. Chilton,
| A. A. G. Headquarters, Valley District, Aug. 12, 1862.