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A SUCCESSFUL MOVEMENT.
tion, with orders to land as rapidly as taking possession of the steamers not possible on the opposite shore and push sunk or injured, he remained until the forward to Tiptonville, to which point forces landed. As Colonel Buford was the enemy's forces were tending from in command of these forces, Colonel Elevery direction. I sent no force to oc- liott turned over to his infantry force the cupy the deserted batteries opposite Is- prisoners, batteries, and captured propland No. 10, as it was my first purpose erty for safe keeping, and proceeded to to capture the whole army of the enemy. cross the country in the direction of At eight or nine o'clock that night (the Tiptonville, aloug Reelfoot Lake, as di7th), the small party abandoned on the rected. island, finding themselves deserted, and “It is almost impossible to give a fearing an attack in the rear from our correct account of the immense quantity land forces, which they knew had crossed of artillery, ammunition, and supplies the river in the morning, sent a message of every description which fell into to Commodore Foote, surrendering to our hands. Three generals, two hunhim. The divisions were pushed for- dred and seventy-three field and comward to Tiptonville as fast as they were pany officers, six thousand seven hunlanded, Paine leading. The enemy at- dred prisoners, one hundred and twentytempted to make a stand several times three pieces of heavy artillery, all of the near that place, but Paine did not once very best character and of the latest deploy his columns. By midnight all our patterns, seven thousand stand of small forces were across the river and pushing arms, several wharf-boat loads of proforward rapidly to Tiptonville. The visions, an immense quantity of ammuenemy retreating before Paine, and from nition of all kinds, many hundred horses Island No. 10, met at Tiptonville during and mules, with wagons and harness, the night in great confusion, and were etc., etc., are among the spoils. Very driven back into the swamps by the ad- few if any of the enemy escaped, and vance of our forces, until at four o'clock only by wading and swimming through A. M. on the 8th, finding themselves com- the swamps. The conduct of the troops pletely cut off, and being apparently un- was splendid throughout, as the results able to resist, they.laid down their arms of this operation and its whole progress and surrendered at discretion. They very plainly exhibit. We have crossed were so scattered and confused that it the great river, the banks of which were was several days before anything like an lined with batteries and defended by accurate account of their number could seven thousand men ; we have pursued be made. Meantime I had directed Col- and captured the whole force of the eneonel W. L. Elliott, of the 2d Iowa cav- my and all his supplies and material of alry, who had crossed the river after war, and have again recrossed and occudark, to proceed as soon as day dawned pied the camp at New Madrid, without to take possession of the enemy's aban- losing a man or meeting with an accident. doned works on the Tennessee shore, Such results bespeak efficiency, good conopposite Island No. 10, and to save duct, high discipline, and soldierly dethe steamers if he possibly could. He portment of the best character, far betreached there before sunrise that morn- ter than they can be exhibited in pitched ing (the 8th), and took possession of the battles or the storming of fortified places. encampments, the immense quantity of Patience, willing labor, endurance of hardstores and supplies, and of all the ene- ship and privation for long periods, cheermy's batteries on the main land. He ful and prompt obedience, order and disalso brought in almost two hundred priscipline, bravery and spirit, are the qualioners. After posting his guards and I ties which these operations have developed in the forces under my command, command, a few days before the surrenand which assure for them a brilliant and der. “Soldiers : We are strangers, comsuccessful career in arms. It is difficult mander and commanded, each to the to express the feeling which such conduct other. Let me tell you who I am. I am has occasioned me, fortunate enough to be a general made by Beauregard—a genthe commander of such troops. There eral selected by Beauregard and Bragg are few material obstacles within the for this command, when they knew it was range of warfare which a man of courage in peril. They have known me for and spirit would hesitate to encounter twenty years ; together we have stood on with such a force.”
the fields of Mexico. Give them your The final dispatches of Commodore confidence now; give it to me when I Foote to the Department at Washington have earned it. Soldiers : The Missiscomplete the history of this memorable sippi valley is entrusted to your courage, siege. At dawn on the morning of the to your discipline, to your patience. Ex7th, when General Pope was about to hibit the vigilance and coolness of last cross the river with his forces, for the de- night, and hold it.” “I regret," Commocisive attack on their rear, two officers dore Foote added, referring to his wound of the rebel navy boarded the flag-ship, received in the naval attack on Fort stating that, by order of their command- Donelson," that the painful condition of ing officer, they were ordered to surren- my feet, still requiring me to use crutches, der Island No. 10 to the commander of prevented me from making a formal exthe fleet. Captain Phelps was thereupon amination of the works."* sent to ascertain the position of the bat- To this welcome dispatch, announcing teries on the Tennessee shore, and re- a conclusion so satisfactory of a siege turned with the information that they watched with no little interest by the had been hastily evacuated. General public, and over the inevitable delays of Buford, commanding the troops, was then which they had shown some impatience, ordered by Commodore Foote to proceed Secretary Welles responded in a cheering immediately, in company with two of the bulletin. “Flag-Officer A. H. Foote, gunboats, and take possession of the Commanding Gunboats on Western island. Communication was then had Waters, Sir: A nation's thanks are due with General Pope ; and, in place of the you and the brave officers and men of combined attack of the naval and land the flotilla on the Mississippi, whose forces, for which all was prepared, the labors and gallantry at Island No. 10, two commanders had the less onerous which surrendered to you yesterday, duty to perform of receiving rebel officers, have for weeks been watched with incalculating the number of men surrend- tense interest. Your triumph is not the ered, and investigating the extent of the less appreciated because it was protracted military preparations of the enemy, the and finally bloodless. To that Being forts and batteries, which it had required who has protected you through so many twenty-three days of courageous and perils, and carried you onward to succesmost ingenious effort, on land and water, sive victories, be the praises for his conLo gain possession of.
tinued goodness to our country, and esAs a trophy of the occupation, Com-pecially for this last great success of our modore-Foote had the satisfaction of en arms. Let the congratulations to yourclosing, in his official report to Secretary self and your command be also extended Welles, a copy of the order of Brigadier- to the officers and soldiers who coöperGeneral W. D. McCall, the rebel com-ated with you." mander of the forces to which he had
* Flag Officer Foote to the Hon. Gideon Welles. F'ag-ship been opposed. It was issued on taking Benton, Island No. 10, April 8, 1862.
BATTLE OF PEA RIDGE, ARKANSAS, MARCH 6TH AND 7TA, 1862.
In a recent chapter on the military | Jefferson C. Davis and Colonel E. A. affairs of General Halleck's Department Carr and Generals Sigel and Asboth, of Missouri, we traced the brief and bril-was pushing on rapidly from Rolla, the liant campaign of General Pope in his termination of the railway communicadefeat of the rebel forces gathering to tion with St. Louis, by way of Lebanon, the command of the Confederate General toward Springfield, where the rebel GenPrice, on the central portion of the State. eral Price had, since his retreat from the This successful movement threw the in-Osage, established his headquarters, in surgents back upon their old resting place his own language, “ for the purpose of in the southwesterly region, whence they being within reach of supplies, protectwere presently driven into Arkansas by ing that portion of our State from both the rapid pursuit of the Union forces Home Guard depredations and Federal from Rolla, under the command of Gen-invasion, as well as to secure a most valeral Samuel R. Curtis.
uable point for military movements." He This officer, born in Ohio, of a Con- had received from Grand Glaze supplies necticut family, in 1807, was a gradu- of clothing, camp and garrison equipage, ate of West Point of the year 1831. built huts, and congratulated himself on He resigned his commission the follow- | the comfortable condition of the army of ing year for the study of the law, prac-four thousand men, which, "Missouri bavticed for a while, then turned his atten- ing been admitted as an equal member tion to engineering, and was employed of the Confederate States," he had been as chief engineer of the Muskingum enabled to raise and equip for the ConWorks. When the Mexican war broke federate service.* From this state of seout, he volunteered for duty in the field, curity, General Price was roused by reand accompanied General Taylor in his ports of the gathering army of General campaign, with the rank of Colonel. He Curtis. He called upon the commanders was for a time governor of Monterey, of the confederate troops in Arkansas and filled other positions of the kind re- for reinforcements, with the expectation quiring administrative ability. At the of holding his position ; but the Union close of the war he returned home, was force descended too rapidly upon him, engaged in his professions of law and and after some sharp skirmishing on the engineering, particularly in reference to 12th of February between his pickets the western railroads. He settled at and the advance of General Curtis: Keokuk, Iowa, and was elected from troops, fearing to be outnumbered and that state to Congress in 1858, and defeated, he prudently avoided the imagain in 1860. He resigned his seat to pending engagement by a sudden retreat enter the army, his name occurring in during the night. At daylight the Union the first list of appointments of Briga- advance entered the town, found there dier-Generals of the 17th of May, 1861. six hundred sick who had been left be
Early in February, General Curtis' | hind, captured a large amount of stores army in Missouri, formed in divisions
* General Price to C. F. Jackson, Giovernor of Missouri. under acting Brigadier-Generals Colonel | Arkansas, February 28, 1862.
and equipage, and, to the delight of the Missouri cavalry were poisoned at Mud loyal inhabitants, raised the flag of the Town by eating poisoned food which the Union once more over the court house. rebels left behind them. The gallant The retreating army was immediately Captain Dolfert died, and Lieutenantpursued by the whole Union force, and Colonel Van Deutzh and Captain Schwan driven by forced marches beyond the have suffered much, but are now recovborder of the State. They took the ering. The indignation of our soldiers route by Cassville to Benton county, the is very great, but they have been reextreme north-westerly corner of Ark- strained from retaliation upon the prisansas, the troops of General Curtis press-oners of war." ing closely upon their rear with frequent On the 1st of March, General Curtis skirmishing. At the old battle-ground was led, by the misrepresentations which at Wilson's Creek, where there was some had been made by the enemy of the expectation the rebels might make a purposes and conduct of his army, to stand, the Union troops found only the issue an “ Address to the People of the deserted camp-fires of the enemy, who Southwest.” In it he set forth the diffibad left but a few hours before. The culties of the situation, and his desire chase was very exciting. After reach- that the burdens of war should fall as ing Cassville, for four days there was a lightly as possible upon the innocent. continual series of attacks. The whole The only legitimate object of the war, march into Arkansas of over two hun- said he, was peace, and peaceable citidred miles from Rolla, was, in the words zens should be protected. The flight of of the tribute of General Curtis to his the citizens from their homes, however, troops, “attended with continual exhibi- " leaving their effects abandoned, as it tions of toil, privation, conflict, and gal- were, for their victors,” he admitted, lantry." The report of General Price, “had much embarrassed him in his efalready cited, bears equal testimony to forts to preserve discipline in his comthe ardor of the pursuit. “Retreating mand, as these circumstances offered exand fighting,' says he, "all the way to traordinary temptations. The burning the Cross Hollows in this State (Arkan- of farms and fields of grain in Missouri, sas), I am rejoiced to say, my command, and extensive barracks and valuable under the most exhausting fatigue, with mills in Arkansas by the enemy. has inbut little rest for either man or horse, duced some resentments on the part of and no sleep, sustained themselves and my troops, which I have severely puncame through, repulsing the enemy upon ished. Necessary supplies for my comevery occasion with great determination mand could not keep up with my rapid and gallantry." The Federal troops movements, and peaceable citizens not crossed the Missouri line into Arkansas being at home to sell them to my quaron the 18th, with cheers for the restora- termasters, I am compelled to take them tion of the Union. On the 23d of Feb- without purchase, making settlement difruary, General Curtis entered and took ficult and doubtful ; occasioning irregupossession of Fayetteville, capturing a larities which I have always labored to number of prisoners, stores, and baggage. counteract. If peaceably disposed citiThe enemy burnt part of the town before zens will stay at home, or return home, leaving on their fight over the Boston and check the clandestine, stealthy warMountains. A barbarous incident of the fare that is carried on under the cover war is thus recorded by General Hal- and cloak of peaceable citizens, much of leck in his dispatch to General Mc- the havoc of war will be avoided, and Clellan, informing him of the capture. many poor families can be protected "Forty-two officers and men of the 5th from distress and misery. I have folGENERAL CURTIS' APPEAL.
lowed the war-path through the entire eral Halleck, from his headquarters at St. State of Missouri, have seen the havoc Louis :-"Soldiers of the Army of the and devastation surrounding it, and I South-west! You have nobly performed deplore the prospect of these disasters the duties assigned to you. You have in the virgin soil of Arkansas.
made a long and fatiguing march in mid“We have restored,” he added, in an winter, over almost impassable roads, earnest appeal, “ the Stars and Stripes through snow, deep mud, and swollen to Northwestern Arkansas, where I am streams. You have driven the enemy glad to find many who rejoice to see the from Missouri into the barren mountains emblem of their former glory, and hope of Arkansas. It was not your fault that for a restoration of the peace and happi- he did not stay to give you battle. Fightness they have enjoyed under its folds. ing, however, is but a small part of a A surrender to such a flag is only a re- soldier's duty. It is discipline, endurance, turn to your natural allegiance, and is activity, obedience to orders, as much as more honorable than to persist in a re- steadiness and courage on the battle-field, bellion that surrendered to the National that distinguishes the veteran from the power at Forts Henry and Donelson, at recruit. Let not the honor you have Nashville and at Roanoke, and through- won in this campaign be tarnished by any out the most powerful Southern States. excesses or improprieties. All officers Why then shall the West be devastated must maintain order and enforce discito prolong a struggle which the States pline in their commands. You have an of Maryland, Virginia, Kentucky, North active foe before you. Be vigilant and Carolina, and Tennessee cannot success- ready to take advantage of the first opfully maintain ? Disband your compan-portunity to fight him." ** ies; surrender your arms, for in all in- Though he had thus freed Missouri stances where men in arms have volun- from the presence of a confederate army, tarily surrendered and taken the oath of General Curtis was well aware that he allegiance to our common country, they could hold the advantage which he had have been discharged. No prisoners gained for the State only by an obstinate have, to my knowledge, been shot or further contest with the foe, whose haunts hung, or cruelly treated by us. I know he had invaded. General Price, though of no instance where my troops have sorely pressed, had carried off his army treated females with violence, and I have with comparatively little loss in his flight; not heard of a complaint of any kind. I and, indeed, had greatly recruited his enjoin on the troops kindness, protection ranks, by gathering in by the way a conand support for women and children. I siderable portion of the population whom shall, to the best of my ability, maintain his misrepresentations of the Union army our country's flag in Arkansas, and con- had induced to abandon their homes. He tinue to make relentless war on its foes, was now within easy reach of the regibut shall rejoice to see the restoration of ments in Arkansas whom he had vainly peace in all the States and Territories of called to his aid at Springfield. A new our country—that peace which we for- Confederate army, in fact, was rapidly merly enjoyed and earnestly desire ; and assembling, with the hope of destroying I implore for each and all of us that ul the Union forces and regaining the lost timate, eternal peace 'which the world ground in Missouri. It was the calculacannot give or take away.'"
tion of General Curtis at this time that The services rendered by the Union General Price was reinforced by at least troops in the long and arduous pursuit of eleven regiments, brought to the field by the rebels was handsomely acknowledged General McCulloch, and five commanded in a bulletin issued by command of Gen-! *Bulletin of Gen. Halleck, St. Louis, March 5, 1862.