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they abet and countenance these acts in not being considered a military contribuothers. Although less bold they are tion levied upon the enemy, but merely equally guilty. It is, therefore, ordered a collection to be made from friends of and directed that the Provost Marshal the enemy for charitable purposes.” Any immediately inquire into the condition person so assessed might file with the of the persons so driven from their Provost Marshal an affidavit of his loyhomes, and that measures be taken to alty, and be allowed one week to vindiquarter them in the houses and to feed and cate his character. If at the end of clothe them at the expense of avowed that time he should not be able to satisfy secessionists, and of those who are found the Board of his loyalty, the assessment guilty of giving aid, assistance and en- was to be increased ten per cent., and couragement to the enemy." A further made immediately. Any one attemptorder of General Halleck issued Decem- | ing to resist the execution of these orders ber 12th, stated that the suffering fami- was to be immediately imprisoned, and lies driven by the rebels from southwest tried by a inilitary commission. The Missouri, which had already arrived, had order was not suffered to remain a dead been supplied by voluntary contribu-letter. The tax was imposed upon a tions made by Union men ; that others number of the wealthiest sympathizers were on their way, to arrive in a few with the rebellion. days, who “must be supplied by charity To meet the mischievous insurrectionfrom men known to be hostile to the ary spirit of a portion of the people of Union.” A list would be prepared of the State, General Halleck by his Genthe terms. Upon those who did not eral Order of December 4th, provided voluntarily furnish their quota a con- for the treatment of rebels and spies tribution was directed to be levied of within the camps and lines of the army, ten thousand dollars, in clothing, pro- who were engaged in giving aid to the visions and quarters, or money in lieu enemy by sending him information, laythereof. The levy was to be made upon ing waste the country and harassing three classes of persons “in proportion loyal citizens. “ All such persons," was to the guilt and property of each indi- the language of the Order, "are by the vidual : first, those in arms with the laws of war in every civilized country, enemy who have property in St. Louis ; liable to capital punishment. The mild second, those who have furnished pecu- and indulgent course heretofore pursued niary or other aid to the enemy, or to toward this class of men, has utterly persons in the enemy's service ; third, failed to restrain them from such unlawthose who have verbally, in writing or ful conduct. The safety of the country by publication, given encouragement to and the protection of the lives and propthe insurgents and rebels." Brigadier- erty of loyal citizens, justify and require General Curtis, B. G. Farrar, Provost the enforcement of a more severe policy. Marshal, and Charles Berg, Assessor of Peace and war cannot exist together. the county, were appointed a Board of We cannot at the same time extend to Assessors to levy the contributions. In rebels the rights of peace, and enforce case they were not promptly delivered, against them the penalties of war. They an execution was to issue, and sufficient have forfeited their civil rights as citizens, property taken to satisfy the assessment. by making war against the Government, Where buildings, or parts of buildings, and upon their own heads must fall the were used, or the sufferers quartered on consequences.” Commanding officers were families, care, it was enjoined, should be directed to arrest all such persons, and taken “to produce as little inconvenience their arms and their personal property to the owners or families as possible, this required by the army were to be taken
possession of, and after condemnation partment, General Pope was assigned to by a military commission, to be applied the command of the forces in Northern to the public use. “All persons found Missouri. His Proclamation at St. in disguise as pretended loyal citizens Charles, on the 19th of July, on entering or under other false pretences, within upon this duty announced his determinaour lines, giving information to or com- tion to maintain the authority of the municating with the enemy, will be Government in that region, which was arrested, tried, comdemned, and shot much disturbed by insurgent marauders, as spies. It should be remembered that by the most effective measures. “I warn in this respect, the laws of war make no all persons," said he,“ taken in arms distinction of sex. All are liable to the against the Federal authority, who at
regulations prescribed by General Hal- or private property, or who molest unofleck for the protection and preservation fending and peaceful citizens, that they of the State of Missouri. To enforce will be dealt with in the most summary them, or rather to prevent the occasion manner, without awaiting civil process." for their enforcement, it was necessary for the safety of the important line of that he should at once send a sufficient communication of the Hannibal and St. army into the insurgent districts, and to Joseph's railroad, he assigned Brigadierthis he earnestly directed his efforts. General Hurlburt to the command of a The most important of the military move- sufficient force, stationed at different ments which, before the end of the points, for the protection of the road. month, effectually arrested the depreda- General Pope's plan in case of a contions of the enemy, was entrusted to an tinuance of the outrages committed, was officer destined to become a prominent to hold the people of the country where actor in the War for the Union.
they occurred responsible. Committees General John Pope, who was employed of Safety were appointed in the districts, to defeat the plans of General Price and and influential Secessionists placed upon his associates, was born in Kentucky, them charged to preserve the peace. about the year 1822. He entered the Accordingly, when on the 18th of AuMilitary Academy at West Point from gust, General Pope received word that a Illinois, in 1838, and graduated in due train conveying troops on the railroad, course in 1842, with the appointment of had been fired into by a band of secesBrevet 2d Lieutenant of Engineers. He sionists near Palmyra, and one soldier was with the army of General Taylor in killed and several wounded ; he immedithe Mexican war, was brevetted 1st Lieu- ately ordered General Hurlburt to take tenant, for gallant and meritorious con- a sufficient force to Marion county and duct at Monterey, and also received the quarter them on the people, levying a brevet rank of Captain for like services contribution of horses, mules, and provi. at Buena Vista. In 1856, he was ap- sions, and other things of use to the pointed to the full rank of Captain in soldiers, to the amount of ten thousand the corps of Engineers. When the army dollars, and five thousand dollars on the was called into the field for the suppres- citizens of Palmyra as a penalty for the sion of the Rebellion, Captain Pope's outrage. The result of this was, that name was on the first list of appointments the citizens set themselves earnestly at of May 17th, 1861, as Brigadier-General work to hunt out the miscreants and reof Volunteers. He was immediately en- press the disorder. An infamous outrage gaged in active service in Missouri. Con the 3d of September, in the partial
In July, shortly after the appointment destruction by fire, by the insurgents of of General Fremont to the Western De- the railway bridge, at Little Platte river, near St. Josephs, so that a passenger Allowances were to be made for a detrain at night was precipitated into the fective military organization, the supabyss, killing 17, and wounding many posed want of arms, the enforced retreat others, exhibited the necessity for tlie southward, the blockade of the river, strong measures of suppression set on and the presence of an armed foe. But. foot by General Pope.
six months had passed, the harvests had On the 7th of December, General been reaped, the Confederate army had Pope was assigned by General Halleck sustained itself in the field, the country to the command of all the national forces was groaning from the inflictions of the between the Missouri and Osage, em- enemy, and where were the fifty thousbracing a considerable part of the army and men ? In every form of adjuration, led by General Fremont to Springfield. by appeals to patriotism, to pride, to General Price was then on his advance interest, the fifty thousand were sumfrom the South, threatening to occupy moned. “Where,” he asked, “are those this central region with his marauders ; fifty thousand men ? Are Missourians and it was with the view of interposing no longer true to themselves ? Are they between his army on the Osage and the a timid, time-serving race, fit only for recruits, represented as between four subjugation to a despot ? Awake, my and six thousand strong, with a large countrymen, to a sense of what constitrain of supplies, on their way to him tutes the dignity of true greatness of a from the Missouri river, that General people! A few men have fought your Pope projected an expedition which was battles. A few have dared the dangers attended with the most brilliant success. of the battle-field. A few have borne It was an important moment in the the hardships of the camp,—the scorchaffairs of Missouri. The rebel General ing of the sun of summer, the frosts of Price, with indomitable energy, was winter, the privations incident to our straining every effort to rouse the dis- circumstances, fatigue, hunger and thirst, affected to arms. His proclamation of often without blankets, without shoes, November was one of the most stirring with the cold, wet earth for a bed, the appeals of the war : if words could have sky for a covering, and a stone for a mustered a great army, the Confederate. pillow ; glad only to meet the enemy in cause would have been assured in Mis- the field, where some paid the noblest souri. He began by reminding his "fel- devotion known among men on earth to low-citizens" of his call in June to the cause of your country and your " command a handful of Missourians, rights with their lives. But where one who nobly gave up home and comfort has been lost by battle, many have been to espouse, in that gloomy hour, the lost by disease induced by privation. cause of their bleeding country, strug- During all these trials we murmured gling with the most causeless and cruel not. We offered all we had on earth despotism known among civilized men.” at the altar of our common country, our Their chief magistrate, he said, alluding own beloved Missouri ; and we only now to Governor Jackson, has called for fifty ask our fellow citizens, our brethren, to thousand men, “and to that call less come to us, and help maintain what we than five thousand responded out of a have gained, to win our glorious inherimale population exceeding two hundred | tance from the cruel hand of the spoiler thousand. One in forty only stepped and oppressor. Come to us, brave sons forward to defend with their persons and of the Missouri valley! Rally to our their lives the cause of constitutional standard! I must have fifty thousand liberty and human rights." There were men. I call upon you, in the name of difficulties, he admitted, at the outset. your country, for fifty thousand men.
Do you stay at home to take care of us my country. I will ask for six and a and your property ? Millions of dollars half feet of Missouri soil on which to have been lost because you stayed at repose, for I will not live to see my peohome. Do you stay at home for protec- ple enslaved. Are you coming? Fifty tion ? More men have been murdered thousand men of Missouri shall move to at home than I have lost in five succes- victory with the tread of a giant. Come sive battles. Do you stay at home to on, my brave fifty thousand heroessecure terms with the enemy? Then I gallant, unconquerable Southern men ! warn you, the day may soon come, when We await your coming.” you will be surrendered to the mercies What might have been the success of of that enemy, and your substance given this appeal under more favorable circumto the Hessians and the Jayhawkers. . . stances we know not ; that a considerBoys and small property-holders have able number of the population of westin the main fought the battles for the ern and central Missouri were disposed protection of your property, and when to meet the requisition, there is evidence they ask, where are the men for whom enough. It was to break up the comwe are fighting, how can I explain, my bination and prevent the new force takfellow-citizens? I call upon you, by ing the field, that General Pope set his every consideration of interest, by every command in motion. The history of the desire of safety, by every tie that binds movement is thus given in his official you to home and country, delay no longer. report. “I encamped," he writes, “on Let the dead bury the dead. Leave the 15th of December, eleven miles southyour property to take care of itself. west of Sedalia. That the enemy might Come to the army of Missouri—not for be thoroughly misled as to the destinaa week, or a month, but to free your tion of the expedition, it was given out country.
that the movement was upon Warsaw, « Strike, till each armed foe expires!
and the troops pursued the road to that Strike, for your country's altar fires !
place several miles beyond Sedalia. I Strike, for the green graves of your sires, threw forward on Clinton four compaGod and your native land !"
| nies of the 1st Missouri Cavalry, under “The burning fires of patriotism lead Major Hubbard, with orders to watch us on just at the moment when all might any movement from Osceola, to prevent forever be saved. Numbers give strength. any reconnoissance of our main column, Numbers intimidate the foe. Numbers and to intercept any messengers to the save the necessity of often fighting bat- enemy at Osceola. On the 16th I pushed tles. Numbers make our arms irresisti | forward by forced march twenty-seven ble. Numbers command universal re- miles, and with my whole force, occupied spect and insure confidence... Come at sunset a position between the direct with your guns of any description, that road from Warrensburg to Clinton, and can be made to bring down a foe. If the road by Chilhowee, which latter is you have no arms, come without them. the road heretofore pursued by returnBring cooking utensils and rations for a ing soldiers and by recruits. Shortly few weeks. Bring no horses to remain after sunset, the advance consisting of with the army, except those necessary four companies of Iowa Cavalry, under for transportation. We must have fifty Major Torrence, captured the enemy's thousand men. . . . Be yours the office pickets at Chilhowee, and learned that to choose between the glory of a free he was encamped in force (about twentycountry and a just government, or the two hundred) six miles north of that bondage of your children. I, at least, town. ... After resting the horses and will never see the chains fastened upon men for a couple of hours, I threw forward ten companies of cavalry, and a In these operations sixteen wagons, section of artillery, under Lieutenant- loaded with tents and supplies, and one Colonel Brown, Seventh Missouri regi- hundred and fifty prisoners, were capment, in pursuit, and followed with my tured. The enemy's force was thorwhole force, posting the main body be- oughly dispersed. tween Warrensburg and Rose Hill, to “On the morning of the 18th Lieusupport the pursuing column. I, at the tenant-Colonel Brown's force rejoined the same time, reinforced Major Hubbard command. Knowing that there must with two companies of Merrill's Horse, still be a large force of the enemy north and directed him, in order to secure our of us, I moved forward slowly, on the dank in the pursuit, to push forward as 18th, toward Warrensburg, and, when far as possible toward Osceola. This near that town, the spies and scouts I officer executed his duty with distin- had sent out before marching from Sedaguished ability and vigor, driving back lia, in the direction of Lexington, Waand capturing the pickets, and one entire verly, and Arrow Rock, reported to me company of the enemy's cavalry, with that a large force was moving from the tents, baggage, and wagons. One of the two latter places, and would encamp pickets and two wagons were captured that night at the mouth of Clear Creek, within the lines of Rains' division, en- just south of Milford. ... I posted the camped north of the Osage River. ... main body of my command between The column under Lieutenant-Colonel Warrensburg and Knob Noster, to close Brown continued the pursuit vigorously all outlet to the south between those two all night of the 16th, all day of the 17th, points, and despatched seven companies and part of the night of the same day, of cavalry, (five of the Ohio lst and his advance consisting of Foster's com- two of the 4th regular cavalry,) afterpany of Ohio Cavalry, and a detach- ward reinforced by another company of ment of thirty men of the 4th regular regular cavalry, and a section of artilcavalry, Occupying Johnstown in the lery, all under command of Colonel J. course of the night. The enemy began C. Davis, Indiana Volunteers, to march to scatter as soon as the pursuit grew on the town of Milford, so as to turn the close, disappearing in every direction in enemy's left and rear, and intercept his the bushes, and by every by-path, driv- retreat to the northeast, at the same time ing their wagons into farm-yards remote directing Major Marshall, with Merrill's from the road, and throwing out their regiment of horse, to march from Warloads. As these wagons were all two- rensburg on the same point, turning the horse wagons of the country, and had enemy's right and rear, and forming been in fact taken by force from the junction with Colonel Davis. ... The farm-houses, it was impossible to iden- main body of my command occupied a tify them. When our pursuit reached point four miles south, and ready to adJohnstown, about midnight on the 17th, vance at a moment's notice, or to interthe enemy, reduced to about five bun- cept the enemy's retreat south. Colonel dred, scattered completely, one portion Davis marched promptly and vigorously fleeing precipitately toward Butler, and with the forces under his command, and the other toward Papinsville. ... The at a late hour in the afternoon came upon main body of my command moved slowly the enemy encamped in the wooded bottoward Warrensburg, awaiting the re-tom-land on the west side of Blackwater, turn of the force under Lieutenant-Colo- opposite the mouth of Clear Creek. His nel Brown, which proceeded from Johns- pickets were immediately driven in across town to scour the country south of Grand the stream, which was deep, miry, and River to the neighborhood of Clinton. impassable, except by a long, narrow