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VISIT OF PRINCE NAPOLEON.
their broken ranks, and my cavalry vi- The summer and autumn saw the ardets, observing their flight, reported that rival of several distinguished persons they finally rallied a mile and a half be- from the old world. In July, Prince low, and took position up the road, Jerome Napoleon visited New York in where they supposed our columns would his steam yacht, accompanied by his be pursuing them Captain Rosser, wife, the Princess Clotilde. He avoided having no enemy left to contend with, at ceremony on his travels, and interested his own request was permitted to review himself, as a cultivated student in many the ground of the enemy's flight, and lands, in the inspection of what the counfound the road ploughed up by his solid try had to show at this time best worthy shot and strewn with fragments of shells; of observation. Immediately presenting two men left dead on the road, one mor- himself at Washington, he was entertaintally wounded, and one not hurt taken ed by the President, visited the houses prisoner. The prisoner said the havoc of Congress, inspected the camps, and in their ranks was fearful, justifying what passed beyond the lines to the encampI saw myself of the confusion. Major ment of the enemy. He was accompaTerrill's sharpshooters were by no means nied by General McDowell, with an idle, firing wherever a straggling Yankee escort of cavalry, beyond Alexandria to showed his head, and capturing a lieuten- the Confederate pickets before Fairfax ant, (captured by Major Terrill himself,) Court-House, where he was received by one sergeant and one private, all belong- Colonel Stuart, and conducted thence by ing to the 19th Indiana (Colonel Mere- way of Centreville to Manassas. There dith's). . . . Our loss was not a scratch he was entertained by Generals Beaureto man or horse. We have no means of gard and Johnston, and after a day knowing the enemy's, except that it spent in the camps and reviewing the must have been heavy, from the effect of troops, returned to Washington without the shots. We found in all four dead extending his journey further in the reband mortally wounded, and captured el States. He then rejoined the Princess four. Of course they carried off all they at New York, visited the western praicould."
ries, Niagara and Canada, and about the On the other hand, General McClel- middle of September left New York in lan reported to the Secretary of War his yacht for Boston and Halifax on his that Griffin's battery silenced the enemy's return to Europe. His journey was battery, while Adjutant Ireland of the thought to have some political signifi79th regiment, reported the retreat of cance from his relationship to the Emthe enemy under a well directed fire peror Louis Napoleon, though it was
the left wing, while the right cap- | probably only of importance in this way tured a Major of Colonel Stuart's cavalry in the information of the country which regiment. The lowest estimate of the an intelligent observer carried to a Euroenemy's loss, he added, was four killed, pean court, where it was thought his intwo wounded, and one prisoner. “Our fluence was not unfriendly to the North men,” said General McClellan in his des- The correspondence of a meinber of the patch, "behaved most admirably under party with the Opinion Nationale of
Paris, was noticeable for its candid criti.
cism of public events during the Prince's As the Union army gained strength, visit to the United States.
and symptoms of an approaching moveA few days before the departure from ment in the ranks began to be evident, New York of Prince Jerome Napoleon, the enemy, apparently well advised of several other visitors, also distinguished the condition of affairs in the camps, reby relations to the French throne, arriv- called their advanced pickets and receded at the city. The new party included ed from some of their posts of observathe Prince de Joinvilie, son of Louis tion in the immediate neighborhood of Philippe, who came to place his son, the Washington. Munson's Hill, in the vi Duke de Penthievre, a youth of sixteen, cinity of Alexandria, their occupation of in the United States naval school at which had been something of a scandal to Newport. He also brought with him his the army in its front, was thus evacuated two nephews, sons of the late Duke of by them on the morning of the 28th of SepOrleans—the Count de Paris and the tember, when the position was formally Duke de Chartres. Presently proceed- taken possession of by the Union troops. ing to Washington, the two young Princes On their arrival they were surprised at tendered their military services to the the slight construction of works Government, were accepted, and duly had been represented to the public as of commissioned with the rank of Captain, a really formidable character. A corwere assigned to the staff of General respondent who visited the spot immediMcClellan. It was expressly stipulated ately after its abandonment by the eneby them that they would receive no pay my, thus describes the scene on the sumfor their services. Their motive in at- mit of the bill. "Everybody, was taching themselves to the army was laughing. The utter absurdity of the undoubtedly to secure the military ex works as means of defence, their smallperience which the organization of the ness, meanness, insignificance, touched large force before Washington was so everybody's sense of the ludicrous. The well calculated to yield, and to gain for enclosure comprises about four acres, themselves, by actual service, that pres- around which earth is roughly thrown to tige of reputation in war which no nation a height of perhaps four feet. Of course values more highly than the French. It there is no ditch, no glacis—nothing, in was a valued tribute also to the national fact, to give it the character of a fortificause, that the representatives of so dis- cation of any kind. It is not even regutinguished a house, with a possible future lar in form, but coils loosely and waverin the politics of Europe, should, in so ingly about the ground, as a huge snake marked a manner, identify themselves might enfold it. In every respect it with its interests. The Princes remained looks a squirmy piece of work. There in the service, faithfully fulfilling the ob- are no embrasures for guns, but upon ligations they had assumed, and were two of its projections are mountedwith the army through the winter, in what! guns? No, indeed, but old logs, the forward movement in the spring, with a black circle painted in the middle and in the battles before. Richmond, in of the sawed part to represent a formidwhich they were honorably distinguish- able armament. At such a distance as ed, to the close of the campaign.. . Ithat of Bailey's Roads, the deception.
FORTS AROUND WASHINGTON.
might very easily have remained unde-“Fort Richardson ;" that known as Fort tected. In the middle of this wretched Albany, "Fort Albany ;" that near the 'fort,' the remains of a hastily-constructed end of Long Bridge, “Fort Runyon ;" hut still stood ; but, with the exception the work next on the right of Fort Albaof a few trees, it contained nothing else. ny, “Fort Craig ;" the work next on the Behind it, on the slope of the hill, were a right of Fort Craig, “ Fort Tillinghast ;" group of irregular shanties, thrown to the work next on the right of Fort Tilgether for the protection of troops. Their linghast, "Fort Ramsay ;" the work next number was sufficient for the accommoda- on the right of Fort Ramsay, “Fort tion of about one regiment, certainly not Woodbury :” that next on the right of more. A considerable quantity of straw Fort Woodbury, “Fort De Kalb ;" the and a few forgotten rations lay about. work in rear of Fort Corcoran and near The usual offensive odors of a rebel Vir- the canal, “Fort Haggerty;" that known ginia camp were heightened in this case as Fort Corcoran, “Fort Corcoran ;" by the stench from a wead and decaying that to the north of Fort Corcoran, horse, which the rebels apparently had "Fort Bennett ;" that south of Chain not energy enough to remove, but left to Bridge on the height, “Fort Ethan rot among them.”
Allen;" that near the Chain Bridge on An enumeration of the military works the Leesburg road, “Fort Marcy ;" that in the vicinity of Washington, in the on the cliff north of the Chain Bridge, General Orders issued by General Mc- " Battery Martin Scott;" that on the Clellan on the 30th of September, will height near the Reservoir, “Battery afford some idea of the organized labor Vermont;" that near Georgetown, “ Batperformed by officers and men of the tery Cameron;" that on the left of Tenarmy in the brief period of two months— nallytown, “Fort Gaines ;" that at Tenduring which, it should be remembered, nallytown, “Fort Pennsylvania ;" that the hastily collected levies were being at Emory's Chapel, “Fort Massachureceived, armed, equipped, and instruct- setts ;" that near the camp of the 2d ed in the elements of military service. Rhode Island regiment, “Fort Slocum ;" The toil thrown upon the engineering that on Prospect Hill, near Bladens
ent was immense in this work of burg, “Fort Lincoln ;" that next on the encircling the capital, on both sides of left of Fort Lincoln, “Fort Saratoga ;' the Potomac, with a chain of mutually that next on the left of Fort Saratoga, supporting fortified posts and intrench- “Fort Bunker Hill ;" that on the right ments. The following names were given of General Sickles' camp, “Fort Stanto these works in the "order" alluded to. ton;" that on the right of Fort Stanton, The work south of Hunting Creek, “Fort “Fort Carroll ;" that on the left towards Lyon;" that on Shuter's Hill, “Fort Bladensburg, “Fort Greble." Ellsworth ;" that on the left of the Semi- A grand review of artillery and cavalnary, "Fort Worth ;" that in front of ry, on the 8th of October, described in Blenker's brigade, “Fort Blenker ;' that the reports of the day as the grandest in front of Lee's House, “ Fort Bard ;" spectacle of the kind ever witnessed on that near the mouth of Four Mile Creek, this continent, was accepted by the pub"Fort Scott." that on Richardson's Hill, lic as an indication of the strength and spirit of the national army on the Potom- once, by the blessing of God, united. ac, and its rapidly advancing efficiency prosperous, and happy, is now afflicted for the early resumption of hostilities. with faction and civil war, it is peculiarSix thousand cavalry and one hundred ly fit for us to recognize the hand of and twelve guns, with an artillery force God in this visitation, and in sorrowful of fifteen hundred men, appeared in this remembrance of our own faults and spectacle, at which President Lincoln, crimes as a nation and as individuals, to the Secretary of State, the Prince de humble ourselves before Him, and to Joinville, and other celebrities were pray for His mercy—to pray that we present. General McClellan was on the may be spared further punishment, field with his staff. General Stoneman though justly deserved ; that our arms conducted the review, the artillery being may be blessed and made effectual for commanded by General Barry, and the the reëstablishment of law, order, and cavalry by General Palmer. The area peace throughout our country, and that for the movements embraced about two the inestimable boon of civil and religious hundred acres.
liberty, earned, under His guidance and In accordance with the resolution of blessing, by the labors and sufferings of the recent Congress, President Lincoln, our fathers, may be restored in all its on the 12th of August, had issued the original excellence; Therefore, I, ABRAfollowing Proclamation for a National HAM LINCOLN, President of the United Fast-Day : “ Whereas, a Joint Commit- States, do appoint the last Thursday in tee of both Houses of Congress has September next as a day of Humiliation, waited on the President of the United Prayer, and Fasting for all the people of States, and requested him to recommend the Nation, and I do earnestly recoma day of Public Humiliation, Prayer, and mend to all the people, and especially to Fasting, to be observed by the people of all Ministers and Teachers of religion of the United States with religious solemni- all denominations, and to all heads of ties, and the offering of fervent supplica- families—to observe and keep that day tions to Almighty God for the safety according to their several creeds and and welfare of these States, His blessings modes of worship, in all humility, and on their arms, and a speedy restoration with all religious solemnity, to the end of peace; And whereas, It is fit and be- that the united prayer of the Nation may coming in all people at all times to ac- ascend to the Throne of Grace, and knowledge and revere the Supreme Gov- bring down plentiful blessings upon our ernment of God, to bow in humble sub- own country.” mission to His chastisements, to confess As the appointed day approached, the and deplore their sins and transgres- recommendation was seconded by various sions in the full conviction that the fear Proclamations of Governors of States, of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom, Mayors of cities, and Pastoral Letters and to pray with all fervency and con- and forms of prayer issued by the clergy. trition for the pardon of their past All breathed a serious, reverent spirit, offences, and for a blessing upon their and were calculated to impress upon the present and prospective action ; And heart of individuals a sense of the calamwhereas, When our beloved country, lity which had befallen the land, and at.
miesto 2 118, and to
states, His a
A NATIONAL FAST-DAY.
the same time nerve them for further United States, which had broken out efforts in support of the Government. within the States of South Carolina, "In this momentous hour," was the lan- | Georgia, Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, guage of the Proclamation of Governor Louisiana, and Texas, and in pursuance Morgan of the State of New York, of the provisions of the act entitled 'An "when rebellious hands have kindled the act to provide for calling forth the militia flames of civil war in our land, avowedly to execute the laws of the Union, supfor the purpose of overthrowing a Goy- press insurrections, and repel invasions, ernment peculiarly blessed of God, it is and to repeal the act now in force for most fitting that we should publicly re- that purpose,' approved February 28, cognize our dependence upon the favor of 1795, did call forth the militia to supHim whose authority is supreme, and press said insurrection, and cause the whose jurisdiction is universal; who laws of the Union to be duly executed, raiseth up and casteth down nations, but and the insurgents have failed to diswho maketh not inquisition for blood of perse by the time directed by the Presithem that put their trust in Him ; that dent; and whereas, such insurrection has we supplicate Him not to remember since broken out and yet exists within against us our former iniquities, which the States of Virginia, North Carolina, have justly provoked Him to inflict these Tennessee and Arkansas ; and whereas, heavy judgments.” The fast thus pro- the insurgents in all the said States claim claimed was generally observed through- to act under authority thereof, and such ont the Northern States with unusual so-claim is not disclaimed or repudiated by briety. There was comparatively little the person exercising the functions of in the sermons delivered to agitate or in- government in each State or States, or in flame the public mind. The political ne- the part or parts thereof in which combicessity of the struggle had been too fully nations exist, nor has such insurrection discussed to furnish much new material for | been suppressed by said States ; now, the pulpit. The war was an admitted fact, therefore, I, ABRAHAM LINCOLN, Presiundertaken and accepted as a matter of dent of the United States, in pursuance duty, and with prayer and penitence the of an act of Congress, July 13, 1861, do religious public sadly bowed to the dis- hereby declare that the inhabitants of pensation, supplicating deliverance for the said States of Georgia, South Carolithe nation.
na, Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, On the 16th of August President Lin-Alabama, Louisiana, Texas. Arkansas, coln issued a Proclamation marking an Mississippi, and Florida (except the inimportant stage in the progress of the habitants of that part of the State of war. It was another application of the Virginia lying west of the Alleghany blockade, with stringent provisions for Mountains, and of such other parts of non-intercourse, with penalties of confis- that State, and the other States hereincation for its infringement. It ran thus: before named, as may maintain a loyal " Whereas, On the 15th day of April, adhesion to the Union and the Constituthe President of the United States, in tion, or may be from time to time occuview of an insurrection against the laws, pied and controlled by the forces engaged Constitution, and the Government of the in the dispersion of said insurgents), are