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GLOSSARY

ABBREVIATIONS, ETC. J.=Johnson.

H. É. D.=New “English Dictionary on Historical Principles" (Murray, Bradley).

Webster International Dictionary.

Greenhill =Glossary to edition of “Hydriotaphia and Garden of Cyrus" (1896). ABRUPT, to break off.

AMPHIDROMICAL FEASTS, held at the ABSTERSION, cleansing.

naming of a child. ABSUMPTION, consumption.

ANAXAGORAS. Several editors have ACCEPTIONS, acceptations.

wrongly printed Anaxarchus," ACCUMINATED, sharp-pointed.

who actually held the opinions atACTIVES, sub., active principles.

tributed by Browne to Anaxagoras. ACULEOUS, needle-like.

ANGUSTIAS, agonies (J.). ADAM, QUID FECISTI ? Adam, what ANIMA EST DEI," the soul is the angel hast thou done ? 2 Esdras vii.

of man, the body of God." ADRASTE AND NEMESIS, the powers of ANIMOSITY, courage. vengeance (J.).

ANTICHRIST (“ should be born of the ADRIANUS ("the moles of "), A tribe of Dan "). A belief held by

stately mausoleum or sepulchral the Ancient Church, based partly pile, built by Adrianus in Rome, on the omission of the name of Dan where now standeth the castle of from the list of tribes in the

St. Angelo." (Note by Sir T. B.] Apocalypse, and partly on the menADUMBRATION, faint resemblance, as tion of him as “adder ” and “ ser

of a shadow to the object it repre pent" in Jacob's last blessing of bis sents.

sons. (Condensed from Greenhill.) ADVISOES, admonitions.

ANTICIPATIVELY, prematurely. ÆQUICRURAL, of equal length of leg. ANTICKS, clowns. ÆSON'S BATH. Son of Cretheus and ANTINOMIES, contradictions to law.

Tyro, and father of Jason ; accord ANTIPODES, opposites (J.). ing to Ovid, he survived the return APOGEUM, to the utmost point of disof the Argonauts, and was made tance from earth and earthly things young again by Medea,

(J.). AFFECTION, influence.

APPARITIONS, appearances

without AFFECTIONS, qualities, passions, feel realities (J.). ings, men of affection.

APPREHEND, to dread, to conceive, ALCMENA's nights, “one night as long comprehend.

as three.” (Note by Sir T. B.) APPREHENSION, reason, conception ; AMAZED, confounded.

PASSED APPREHENSION, former AMBIDEXTEROUS, able to use both opinion; GROSSER APPREHENSIONS, hands alike.

men of grosser apprehension. AMBITIONS, ambitious men.

This use ARCANA, mysteries. of the abstract for the concrete in ARCHIDOXIS, a work of Paracelsus, the plural occurs frequently in Sir translated into English in 1662. Thomas Bi ne, “ desires,” ARCHIMIME, chief jester "affections," “ devotions," " zeals," AREFACTION, drying. etc.

AREOPAGY, the great court, like the AMISSION, loss.

Areopagus at Athens ().). AMPHIBOLOGY, an ambiguous phrase. ARUSPEX, soothsayer, diviner.

as

a

ASCENDENS ... NATURÆ (i.e., OPERA BOTTOM, a ship, a ball of yarn.
Dei). "A planet in the ascendant BOUFFAGE,

satisfying meal " reveals to those who seek many of (H. E. D.). the great things of nature (i.e., the BRAVACHE (French), boaster. The works of God).”

Paracelsus, “De characteristic Scotchman. Imaginibus." “ Thereby is meant BREEZE, gad-fly. our good Angel appointed us from BUSHES, alluding to the bushes or

our nativity.” (Note by Sir T. B.] wreaths of ivy formerly hung by ASPEROUS, rough.

vintners at their doors. ASPHALTICK LAKE, Lake of Sodom,

the waters of which, being very salt, Cacus's OXEN, stolen from Hercules, and therefore heavy, will scarcely and drawn backwards by Cacus suffer an animal to sink (J.).

into his cave to avoid suspicion of ASPIRES, aspirations.

theft. ASQUINT, askance.

CALDA, warm water (J.). ASSASSINE, vb., to assassinate.

CALICULAR, in form of calix or cup. Assize (" to call to "), to summon to CALLOSITIES, “ calluses," or hard spots judgment.

in the soul. ASSUCFACTION, habituation.

CANDLE,“ by the candle," term borASTERISK, small star.

rowed from the auction-room where ATTENDANCE, accompaniment.

certain sales were held, at which the ATTENUABLE, liable to diminution. bidding went on as long as a small ATTRITION, friction.

piece of candle continued to burn. AUDACITIES, bold persons.

CANDOUR, whiteness. AUDITORIES, lecture-rooms.

CANTONS, corners of a shield in AURELIA, chrysalis, aurelion."

heraldry. AVE-MARY bell. "A church-bell;

CARIOLA. “That part of the skeleton that tolls every day at six and of a horse which is made by the twelve of the clock, at the hearing haunch-bones.” [Note by Sir T. B.) whereof, everyone, in what place Carnous, fleshy. soever, either of house or street, CARRACK, large merchantman. betakes himself to bis prayer, which CASTRENSIAL, belonging to a camp. is commonly directed to the Virgin." CATHOLICON, universal medicine. [Note by Sir T. B.)

CAUSALLY, for a special reason

(Greenhill). BASILISO, a piece of ordnance.

CAUSES (" 'four second "), of all BELIEFS, believers.

things. That is, the efficient," BELISARIUS AND BAJAZET, the former, the “ material,” the “ formal," and

after many victories, said, owing to the “ final." incurring the Emperor's displeasure, CAUTELOUS, cautious. to have been reduced to beggary ; CEBES' TABLE, an allegorical reprethe latter to have been made cap sentation of the characters and tive by Tamerlane and shut up in conditions of mankind (J.). cage ; “ both stories are false" (J.). Centoes, patched garments, used BENEPLACIT, good pleasure.

metaphorically. BENEVOLOUS, favourable.

CERTUM EST QUIA IMPOSSIBLE, “it is Bevis, a famous giant-killer of South certain, because it is impossible "

ampton, a hero of medieval English fi.eu, to human reason). Tertullian,

romances. BEZO LES MANOS, a salute, a kiss of CHIASMUS, decussation (Greenhill). the hand.

CHIONIA "the King of "), GuinBISHOP (“the miserable "). Virgi brates, King of Chionia, a country

lius, Bishop of Salzburg in the near Persia.
eighth century, said to have been CHIROMANCY, palmistry,
burnt for asserting the existence of CHORAGIUM, dance (J.).
Antipodes.

CHOROGRAPHY, description of places Bivioos, which open different tracks and countries.

to the mind ; lead two ways (J.); CHYMICKS, chemists. “ bivious theorems."

CIRCENSES, Roman horse-races (J.). BLOOD, though we behold our own CIRCINNATIONS, spherical rounds

blood,” though we bleed when we (Greenhill). are wounded (J.).

CIRCUMSTANTIAL, accidental, BOLARY, of the nature of bole, a clayey CIRROUS, bearing tendrils. substance,

CIVILITY, state of civil society.

* Who

CLAMATION, shouting.
CLAWING, tickling, Xattering.
CLIMACTER, the point in a man's life

(supposed to be his sixty-third

year) when his powers begin to fail. CODRUS, the last King of Athens. COMMISSURE, juncture, joining. COMMODITIES, advantages. COMPAGE, framework or system of

conjoined parts (H. E. D.). COMPLEMENT, completeness. COMPLEMENTAL, slight and subsidiary,

merely making up weight. COMPLEXIONALLY, by temperament. COMPOSITION, compounding, but in

the next line (by a play of words)

composed=created. COMPRODUCTION, joint production. COMPROPORTIONS,

proportions gether. COMPUTE, computation. CONCEIT, conception, idea, jest. CONCEIT, to imagine. CONCLAMATION, noise made by several

people shouting together. CONCOMITANCIES, accompaniments. CONCOURSE, help. CONSIDERATION ONTO, value when

compared with. CONSIDERATIONS, considerers. CONSORTION, the consorting with

others. CONSTELLATED ONTO, by the constel

lation of my birth adaptive to. CONTEMPERED, diluted. CONTIGNATION, framing together of

beams. CONTINGENCY (angles of), the smallest

angles. CONTRACTION, we cannot be pun

ished but contraction," by having punishment brought to bear

upon ourselves. CONVERSATION,

behaviour. CONVERSION, revolution, annual

conversion."
CONVINCIBLE, demonstrable.
CORNIGEROUS, horned.
CORPULENCY,

solid character of bodies. CRAMBE, tiresome repetitions ;

CRAMBE REPETITIA (Juvenal). CRANY, cranium, skull. CRAsis, lit. mixture; here, mixture

of bodily humours. CRUCIATED, crossed. CRUCIFEROUS, marked with a cross. CRUSERO, Southern Cross (Greenhill). CRYSTALLINE, alluding to the crystal

line humour of the eye (J.). CUNCTATION, delay. COPELS, refining glasses used in the

melting down of gold and silver with lead,

DAMOCLES,a flatterer of Dionysius (J.). DASTARD, vb., to make craven. DECIMATION, selection of every tenth

man for punishment (J.). DECIPIENCY, state of being deceived,

hallucination (Webster). DECOSSATION, crossing of lines in the

form of the figure X. DELATOR, informer. DEMONSTRATIONS, truths capable of

demonstration, DEPRAVE, to malign, to spoil ; DE

PRAVEDLY, in a corrupt form. DERIVED, secondary in source (i.c.,

from the sun ?) DESIRES, desirers. DEVOTIONS, devout men. DIAMETER WITH (to stand in), to be

diametrically opposed to. DICHOTOMY, division into two. DIFFERENCE, vb., to show the differ

ence between, to define. DIGLADIATION, fencing match (J:)... DIOGENES (testament of). willed his friend not to bury him, but to hang him up, with a staffe in his hand, to frighten_away the

crowes." [Note by Sir T. B.] DISCRUCIATING, excruciating. DISSENTANEOUS unto, contrary to. DITTY, speech. DIUTURNITY, long duration. DONATIVES, gifts. DORADO, a fish, probably either the

gilt-head or dorade or the gold-fish. IGNORANT DORADOES are rich men of no education. [Condensed fruia

Greenhill.) DORMATIVE, sleeping draught. DRAUGHT, drawing. ECLIPTICALLY, in the direction of the

sun's apparent motion. EDIFIED, formed. EPFRONT, to embolden. ELATER, spring,"

" elasticity" (H. E. D.). ELEEMOSYNARIES, beggars. ELEMENTAL COMPOSITION, composi

tion of elements” (Greenhill). ELIAS (prophecy of), " That the world

may last but six thousand years.

[Note by Sir T. B.] EMPHATICAL,“ designated emphatic

ally, or par excellence" (H. E. D.). EMPYREAL, in old astronomy, all

beyond the tenth heaven. ENOCH'S PILLARS. “ Josephus does

not mention Enoch, but says the descendants of Seth erected two pillars, on which were engraven all the discoveries then known to mankind. (Condensed from Greenhill.]

FICTILE, moulded.
FILED, placed in order.
FINGER (“one little"). According

to the ancient arithmetick of the
hand, wherein the little finger of tho
right hand contracted, signified an

hundred.” [Note by Sir T. B.] Flaw, sudden gust of wind. Flux, flow. Fol, mad, of the characteristic Eng

lishman. FORAMINOUS, full of holes. FORM, the essence of anything apart

from the actual material of which

it is composed. FOUGADE, a small mine for blowing

up walls" (Greenhill). FRUSTRUM, any part except the vertex

cut off from a cone (Greenhill). FULCIMENT, fulcrum. FUNAMBULATORY, narrow, like the

walk of a rope-dancer (J.). FURDLING, furling. Fosil, heraldic

term, elongated lozenge.

ENQUIRIES, enquirers.
ENTELECHIA, the realized, as distinct

from the merely possible being of

anything. EPHEMERIDES, NOT OLYMPIADS, par.

ticular journals of every day, not abstracts comprehending several

years under one notation (J.). EPHEMERIDES, schedules showing the

position of the heavenly bodies from day to day, used for purposes

of divination. EPICYCLE, a small revolution made

by one planet in the wider orbit of

another planet (J.). EQUABLE, just. EQUAL, impartial ; equitable. EQUIVOCAL, doubtful. ERGOTISMS, conclusions deduced ac

cording to the forms of logic (J.). ETHNICK, gentile. EVULSION, extraction by force. EXALTATION, refining. EXCEPTING ONE (king). Christian

IV., King of Denmark, who began to reign in 1588, and was still on the

throne when the book was written. EXCEPTION, objection or reservation. EXENTERATION, disembowelling. EXEQUIES, funeral rites. EXILITY, smallness. EXISTIMATION, estimation. EXOLUTION, in medicine, great phy.

sical weakness ; in mystical the

ology, dreamy exaltation of mind. EXPANSED, expanded. EXPATIATE, to be about EXPILATORS, pillagers. EXPLICATION, unfolding. EXPRESSIONS, marks. Exsoccous, dry. EXTANCES, existences. EXTEMPORARY, intuitive. EXTENUATION, emaciation. EXTRAMISSION, by the passage of sight

from the eye to the object (J.). EXUPERANCES, exaggerations. FACES (“ so many imperial”), an

allusion, probably to his collection

of coins. Faculty, authority, power. FAITH, believer, abstract for concrete. FAMILIST, a member of the “ family of

love," a religious sect which ap

peared about 1575. FASCIATIONS, bandages. FATHER (“ that great "), probably

St. Chrysostom.
FAVAGINOUS, cellular, like a honey-

comb.
FERITY, ferocity, savageness.
FESTINATION, baste.
FIAT LOX, let there be light.

GALLATURE, germ in an egg. GALLIARDISE, mertiment. GARAGANTUA, or Gargantua, Rabe

lais' giant. GEOMANCER, one who divines by the

earth. GERMANY (“defection of the Maid

of "). Nothing is known of this personage except that she is men. tioned in one of the MSS. as having “ lived without meat on the smell of a rose." In default of any evidence concerning the Maid, the precise meaning of the word “defection” is not clear ; detection has been suggested in place of it,

[Condensed from Greenhill.] GLOME, a clue of yarn.

OMPHOSIS, immov articulations like teeth in their sockets (Green

hill). GORDIANUS (“the epitaph of "). “In

Greek, Latin, Hebrew, Arabic,
Egyptian, defaced by Licinius the

Emperor. [Note by Sir T. B.]
GRAFFs, grafts.
GRAIN, dye in grain. “Not grain'd,"

not deeply tinged (J.). GRAPHICAL, composed of letters. GUSTATION, tasting. HAGGARD, wild, untamed, a term in

falconry. HANGING PLAYED BEFORE THEM. A

barbarous pastime at feasts [among the Thracians), when men stood upon a rolling globe, with their Decks in a rope, and a knife in their

significant matters; of arguments,

exact balance. INDIFFERENT, impartial. INFLEXURES, bends or folds (Green

hill). INGENUITIES, people of ingenuous dis

position. INGRESSION, entrance. INHUMATION, burying. INNITENCY, leaning, pressing, or rest

ing upon something (H. E. D.). INORGANICAL, without organs. INQUINATED, defiled (J.). INSENSIBLE, too small to be felt. INSERVIENT TO, conducive to. INSTANCES, instants. INTELLIGENCES,

unbodied angelic spirits. INTENTIONS, persons who intend. IRONICALLY (“ live ironically"), with

dissimulation or personation

(H. E. D.): ITEM, earnest, specimen. ITERATELY, repeatedly. JUDGMENTS, men of judgment. KELL, caul. KINGDOMS, “fatal periods of.” Ac

cording to Plato about 500 years.

hands, ready to cut it when the stone was rotied away; wherein if they failed they lost their lives, to the laughter of their spectators."

[Note by Sir T. B.]. HELIACAL, spiral. HELIX, a screw or spiral line : to run

upon a helix, to be continually moving spirally, HELLOOS, gluttons (J.). HELMONT OR PARCELSUS, enthusiastic

authors romantic chemistry

(J.). HERMES' ROD, which procured sleep by

a touch (J.). HERMETICAL PHILOSOPHERS, followers

of Hermes Trismegistus, addicted

to chemistry and alchemy. HIPPOCRATES PATIENTS. In some of

the treatises of the Hippocratic collection rough notes of cases are found giving the names and addresses of the patients. The point of the comparison lies in its showing how the dead live only in their names; nothing more is known of

them. HISTRIONISM (of happiness), theatrical

representation, mere show. HORA COMBUSTÆ, the time when the

moon is in conjunction and obscured by the sun. HOUR-GLASSES, "call for many hour.

glasses." Ancient pleaders talked by a clepsydra, or measurer of

time. HUMOUROUS, the result of some

humour or individual trait. HYDROPICAL, dropsical. HYPOSTASIS, distinct substance. IDEATED, pictured in idea, in fancy. IDES, time when money laid out at

interest was commonly repaid.

(J.). INMORTALITY, exemption from death. IMPASSIBLE, impregnable to suffering

and decay. IMPOSTORS (the three). The Emperor Ferdinand II. was accused by Pope Gregory I. of maintaining that the world had been deceived by three impostors-Jesus Christ, Moses, and Mahomet. A book with this title was said to have existed, but no

trace of it remains (Greenhill). IMPROPERATIONS, insulting language. INCESSION, progression. INCINERABLE, reducible to ashes ; IN

CINERATED, reduced to ashes. INCRASSATION, thickening, INCREMABLE, incombustible. INCURVATE, to make crooked. INDIFFERENCY, impartiality ; (pl.) in

ur, in

LACONISM, short sentence written on

wall of Belschazzar (J.). LACRYMATORIES, tear-bottles. LARRON (French), thief. The charac

teristic Gascon. LASH, soft and watery, but without

flavour (Forby's vocabulary of

East Anglia). LAUREAT DRAUGHT, a picture with

laurel (Greenhill). LAZY OF BRAZIL, sloth (J.). LIGATION, binding. Lion (“ we sleep in lions' skins "), in ar

a state of military vigilance (J.). LIPARA, the Liparæan Islands, near

Italy, being volcanoes, were fabled to contain the forges of

Cyclops (J.). LIQUATION, melting. LIVELY, vividly. LIVERY(" without a "), without

recompense or fee. LiXivious, impregnated with alkaline

salts. LURE, bait, a term used in falconry, LUX EST UMBRA DEI, “ light is the

shadow of God." MAGNæ... VITIA, “Great virtues, and

no smaller vices." MAGNALITIES, great works from small

beginnings (Greenhill).

the

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