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Or from a judge turn pleader, to persuade
Yes, nature's road must ever be preferr'd;
The Eternal Art, educing good from ill,
As fruits, ungrateful to the planter's care,
of wit and honesty appear
Nor virtue, male or female, can we name,
Thus Nature gives us (let it check our pride)
200 The same ambition can destroy or save, And makes a patriot as it makes a knave.
IV. This light and darkness in our chaos join'
Fools! who from hence into the notion fall,
V. Vice is a monster of so frightful mein,
Virtuous and vicious every man must be, Few in the extreme, but all in the degree; The rogue and fool by fits is fair and wise ; And e'en the best, by fits, what they despise. 'Tis but by parts we follow good or ill; For, vice or virtue, self directs it still; Fach individual seeks a several goal ; But Heaven's great view, is one, and that the whole. That counterworks each folly and caprice; That disappoints the effects of every vice; 240 That, happy frailties to all ranks applied, Shame to the virgin, to the matron pride; l'ear to the statesman, rashness to the chief; To kings presumption, and to crowds belief : That, virtue's ends from vanity can raise, Which seeks no interest, no reward but praise ; And build on wants, and on defects of mind, The joy, the peace, the glory of mankind.
Heaven forming each on other to depend A master, or a servant, or a friend,
250 Bids each on other for assistance call, Till one man's weakness grows the strength of all. Wants, frailties, passions, closer still ally The common interest, or endear the tie. To these we owe true friendship, love sincere, Each home-felt joy that life inherits here; Yet from the same we learn, in its decline, Those joys, those loves, those interests, to resign. Taught half by reason, half by mere decay, To welcome death, and calmly pass away. 260
Whate'er the passion, knowledge, fame, or pelf, Not one will change his neighbour with himself. The learn'd is happy nature to explore, The fool is happy that he knows no more; The rich is happy in the plenty given ; The poor contents him with the care of Heaven. See the blind beggar dance, the cripple sing, The sot a hero, lunatic a king;
The starving chemist in his golden views
See some strange comfort every state attend
Behold the child, by nature's kindly law,
280 Pleased with this bauble still, as that before; 'Till tired, he sleeps, and life's poor play is o'er.
Meanwhile opinion gilds with varying rays,
290 E'en mean self-love becomes, by force divine, The scale to measure others' wants by thine. See! and confess, one comfort still must rise; 'Tis this, Though man 's a fool, yet GOD IS WISE.
ARGUMENT OF EPISTLE III. Of the Nature and State of Man with respect to
Society. I. The whole universe one system of society, ver. 7, &n
Nothing made wholly for itself, nor yet wholly for another, ver. 27. The happiness of animals mutual ver. 49. II. Reason or instinct operate alike to tha good of eaoh individual, ver. 79. Reason or instinct operate also to society in all animals, ver. 109. III.
Ilow far society carried by instinct, ver. 115. How much farther by reason, ver. 128. IV. or that which is called the state of nature, ver. 144. Reason instructed by ina stinct in the invention uf arts, ver. 166, and in the forms of society, ver. 176. V. Origin of political societies, ver. 196. Origin of monarchy, ver. 207. Patriarchal govern. ment, ver. 212. VI. Origin of true religion and government, from the same principle of love, ver. 231, &c. Ori. gin of superstition and tyranny, froin the same principle of fear, ver. 237, &c. The influence of self-love operating to the social and public good, ver. 266. Restoration of true religion and government, on their first principle, ver. 225. Mixed government, ver. 288. Various fornis of each, and the true end of all, ver. 300, &c.
I. Look round our world; behold the chain of love
10 Attract, attracted to, the next in place Form'd and impell'd its neighbour to embrace. See matter next, with various life endued, Press to one centre still, the general good. See dying vegetables life sustain, See life dissolving vegetate again : All forms that perish other forms supply, (By turns we catch the vital breath and die,) Like bubbles on the sea of matter borne, They rise, they break, and to that sea return. 20 Nothing is foreign; parts relate to whole; One all-extending, all-preserving soul