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Statement of muskets, rifles, and carbines issued to the States and Territories, under the law of
April 23, 1803, for arming and equipping the militia, from 1808 to April 15, 1872.
9, 501 2, 328 11, 042 11, 455 5,083 1, 761 16,778 16, 190 13, 267
3,557 22, 764 8, 710 8, 402 12, 280 28, 695 16,972 80, 012 5,548 5, 745 3, 275 15, 583 64, 857 19, 801 21, 261 2, 900
100 5,576 680, 686
Statement of expenditures for permanent improvements at Springfield Armory, from its estab
lishment to the 29th of February, 1872. Purebase of land, including improvements thereon at the time of purchase.
$81, 006 09 Permanent improvements, viz: Erection of buildings..
$1,096, 390 98 New machinery
1, 202, 783 24 Shop-fixtares
162, 077 05 Grading grounds, making roads and walks, planting trees, &c.
176, 113 04 Mill-dams, canals, sewers, &c....
325, 197 70 Iron fence...
50, 327 78 Pederal Square fence..
3,022, 479 71 Total for permanent improvements..
3, 103, 485 80
Statement of the cost of Springfield rifle-muskets, from 1861 to 1865, inclusive, made at the
From the above statements it appears that during the rebellion, or from 1861 to 1865, inclusive, there were made, at the Springfield Armory, 805,537 rifle-muskets, at a cost of $11.70 each.
This sum included the cost of all the labor, materials, direct supervision, inspection, condemnation of defective parts, 6 per cent. on plant, and also included the depreciation in value from use of tools, fixtures, machinery, buildings, &c.
This depreciation was about $1,764,569.41, or more than $2 per musket.
As the Government does not insure against fire or accidents, it does what is equivalent, protects the property of the armory by the employment of a large force of watchmen and a steam fire-engine, the cost of maintaining which is included in the $11.70.
The total expenditures at the Springfield Armory, from its establishment to the 1st of March, 1872, amounted to $3,103,485.80 for lands, buildings, iron and wooden fences, mill-dams, canals, sewers, shop-fixtures, and new machinery. The amount charged to the depreciation of these items, as stated above, from 1861 to 1865, was $1,761,569.41, or more than half of the original value.
The cost of contract-arms, as given in the accompanying list, shows that they cost an average of $20 each, to which is to be added $1 each for mspection and proof, making the cost of contract-arms to the United States at $21 each, or about $9 each more than the cost of those made at the armory.
As the United States manufactured 803,537 muskets during the rebellion, the saving of $9 on each makes a saving to the United States of $7,249,833 during the years 1861–65, or a sum more than twice the entire cost of the Springfield Armory since its stablish ment.
Memorandum of contracts made from 1861 to 1865, for Springfield rified muskets, and the
deliveries under the same.
Date of con
Dec. 28, 1861 W. A. Wheeler...
7, 1862 James Millbolland.. Jan, 7, 1862
Lamson, Goodnow & Yale....
....do .. Jan.
6, 1865 do
C. D. Schubarth ..
W. W. Welch
Total Springfield rifled muskets contracted for.
To the above price of each arm one dollar must be added for cost of inspection, proof, &c.
.1, 525, 000 ...643, 439
The cost of altering arms to breech-loaders in years 1869 and 1870 was $5.29 eacl This was pot merely the cost of making the muzzle-loader into a breech-loader, bu included the cost of adding thereto all the modern improvements, and making it equs to the best breech-loading arm now made, viz, a new and shorter barrel of reduced cal ber, a new and lighter ramrod, ramrod stops, and a new and improved sight for lon ranges.
The cost cannot be obtained by dividing the total cost, if by that is meant the tota expenditures at the armory during the year, because the operations at Springfield Ai mory during the year were not confined to the manufacture of complete arins. Th accompanying statement shows about 100,000 arms repaired, and immense quantities a spare parts made for repairs of arms in hands of troops, &c. And in addition to th items reported on the statement a vast qnantity of work was in varions stages a manufacture, and consequently not reported as manufactured. The money-valne a this class of work is very large :
Letter from the Secretary of War, transmitting statement of expenditures at the nationa
armory at Springfield, and of the arms and repairs to arms made at said armory, during the year ending June 30, 1870.-January 12, 1871, ordered to be printed.
Washington City, January 9, 1871. The Secretary of War bas the honor to submit to the House of Representatives, in accorda nce with the act of Congress approved April 2, 1794, the accompanying state ment of expenditures at the national armory at Springfield, and of the arms and te pairs to arms made at said armory, during the year ending June 30, 1870.
WM. W. BELKNAP,
Secretary of Ter. The SPEAKER of the House of Representatives.
Statement of erpenditures at the Springfield Armory, and of the arms, components of arms
and appendages fabricated, altered, and repaired thereat during the year ended June > 1870, in pursuance of the act of Congress of April 2, 1794.
21,6 138, 05979 10,613 93
500 breech-loading rifle-muskets, model of 1866, altered from muzzle-loaders. 47, 419 breech-loading rifle-muskets, model of 1863, altered from inuzzle-loaders.
310 cadet-muskets, model of 1869, manufactured.
3 Remington muskets, (breech-loaders,) manufactured. 500 Remington muskets, (breech-loaders,) shortened. 11 rifle-muskets, model of 1863, converted to Remingtons. 20 wooden guns, for bayonet fencing, fabricated. 1 breech-loading carbine, Remington model, manufactured. 4 breech-loading carbines, Springfield, manufactured. 2 Remington pistols, altered to metallic cartridge.
2 Colt's pistols, altered to metallic cartridge. 39, 837 screw-drivers, altered for breech-loading muskets. 29,911 tompions, altered for musket, caliber .50.
40 bayonet-sockets, for bayonet fencing.