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cer, General Arnold, was wounded, he long sustained the fire of the garrison with unshaken firmness, till at last, receiving a shot in his breast, he immediately expired. *

Such examples of magnanimity filled even adversaries with veneration and esteem. Forgetting the foes in the heroes, they gathered up their breathless remains, and committed them to kindred dust, with pious hands “and funeral honours meet."-So may your own remains, and particularly thine, O! Carlton, be honoured, should it ever be your fate to fall in hostile fields! Or if, amid the various chances of war, your lot should be among the prisoners and the wounded, may you be distinguished with an ample return of that benevolence which you have shewn to others. Such offices of humanity, softening the savage scenes of war, will entitle you to an honour which all the pride of conquest cannot bestow-much less a conquest over fellow-subjects, contending for the common rights of freemen.

By such offices as these, you likewise give a gleam of comfort to those nourners, who mix their tears without ourt Schuylkill and Susquehannah; and to her f especially, on Hudson's river, pre-emi.

• These particulars were certified by General Thompson and Colonel Ma. gaw, his commanders in the Pennsylvania rifle.regiment, and they give me this further character of him in their letter, viz. “No fatigues or duty “ ever discouraged him....He paid the strictest attention to his company, “and was ambitious that they should excel in discipline, sobriety and “order. His social and domestic virtues you were well acquainted with."

† The rivers on which the parents of Major Macpherson and Captain Hendricks live.

1 Mrs. Montgomery.

nent in woe! Ye angels and ministers of grace, complete her consolations! Tell her, in gentlest accents, what wreaths of glory you have entwined, to adorn the brows of those who die for their country; and hovering for a while, on the wing of pity, listen to the mournful strain, flowing to a deceased husband.

• Sweet ivy twin'd with myrtle, form a shade
Around the tomb where brave Montgomery's laid!
Beneath your boughs, shut from the beams of day,
My ceasless tears shall bathe the warrior's clay ;
And injur'd “Freedom shall a while repair,
To dwell, with me, a weeping hermit there."

Having now paid the honours due to the memo. ries of our departed friends, what need I add more? Illustrious, although short, was their race!“But old age is not that which standeth in length of time, nor is measured by number of years—wisdom is the grey hair to man, and an unspotted life is old age.

To such men, Rome in all her glory would have decreed honours; and the resolve of Congress to transmit the memory of their virtues, is worthy of that magnanimity which ought to characterize public bodies. Jealous and arbitrary rulers are sparing of honours to those who serve them, lest their own should be thus eclipsed. But your lustre, gentlemen, can suffer no diminution this way; and the glory you justly bestow upon others, will only be reflected to encrease your own!

• The original lines, for which these were substituted and performed to music, are well known, viz.

" Wind htle ever-green form a shade,

“ Around the tomb where Sophocles is laid, &c. Part of the two last lines is from an ode of Collins.

OF THE

AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY.

ON motion, resolved unanimously, that the thanks of this Society be given to the Rev. Dr. William Smith, for preparing, and delivering at their desire, the ORATIon or EULOGJUN, as a tribute to the memory of their illustrious president Dr. BenJAMIN FRANKLIN; and that he be requested to furnish the society with a copy of the same, for publication.

ORDERED, that a transcript of this resolution be forth with made, and delivered to Dr. SMITH, by one of the secretaries.

Extract from the Minutes,

SANUEL MAGAW, SECRETARY MARCH 4, 1791.

TO THE PUBLIC. THE assistance derived by the author in the composition of the following EULOGIUM, from the friendly communications of some of his learned colleagues, among the officers of the American Philosophical Society, requires his public acknow, ledgments to be made to them, viz.

To David RITTENHOUSE, Esq. L. L. D. president of the society, for sundry papers, which have been digested into the account of Dr. Franklin's electrical and philosophical discoveries, from page 64 to 71.

To Thomas JEFFERSON, Esq. L. L. D. one of the vice presidents of the society, and secretary of the United States, for his letter, concerning Dr. Franklin's ministry at the court of France, page 75 to 77.

To JONATHAN WILLIAMS, Esq. one of the secretaries of the society, for the original letter, page 80, 81; and some papers in the appendix.

To BENJAMIN Rush, M. D. one of the council of the society, for some sketches of Dr. Franklin's character, of which the author has availed himself, p. 50.

The length of time, which (from some necessary avocations Boch of the author and publisher) has intervened between the delivery of this Eulogium, and its issuing from the press, requires an apology; and might induce an expectation of its appearing at lust in a more improved state. But if either the auibor's leisure or abilities had permitted the attempt of improvemenis, by a deviation from the original work, he would have considered them as unjustifiable on such an occasior; and therefore, it is submitted to the public candor, without the least addition, excepting the appendix, and the alteration only of a few words.

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President of the American Philosophical Society, Fellow of the

Royal Society of London, Member of the Royal Academy of Sciences at Paris, of the Royal Society at Gottingen, the Batavian Society in Holland, and of many other Literary Societies in Europe and America; late Minister Plenipotentiary for the United States of America at the Court of Paris, sometime President, and for more than half a century a revered citizen, of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.

DELIVERED MARCH 1, 1791,

IN THE

GERMAN LUTHERAN CHURCH

OF THE CITY OF PHILADELPHIA,

BEFORE

THE AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY,

AND

AGREEABLY TO THEIR APPOINTMENT.

THIS SOLEMNITY WAS ALSO HONOURED WITH THE PRESENCE OF

THE PRESIDENT, SENATE, AND HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, TIE CORPORATION, AND MOST OF THE PUBLIC BODIES, AS WELL AS RESPECTABLE PRIVATE CITIZENS, OP PHILADELPHIA.

ORATION, &c.

CITIZENS OF PENNSYLVANIA! LUMINARIES OF SCIENCE!

ASSEMBLED FATHERS OF AMERICA!

HEARD you not that solemn interrogatory?

Who is He that now recedes from his labours among you?

What citizen, super-eminent in council, do you now deplore?

What luminary, what splendid sun of science, from the hallowed walks of philosophy, now withdraws his beams?

What father of his country, what hero, what statesman, what law-giver, is now extinguished from your political hemisphere; and invites the mournful obsequies?

Is it He-your FRANKLIN?-It cannot be!— Long since, full of years, and full of honours, hath he submitted to the inexorable call, and proceeded on his fated journey*. From west to east, by land and on the wide ocean, to the utmost extent of the civil. ized globe, the tale hath been told— That the vene

He died April 17, 1790.

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