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with those for widows and orphans of officers and others since the revolution, to admit of a separate arrangement, have been permitted to go with them, but are distinguished by asterisks, thus, [*] 3. Those provisions for widows and orphans of invalids, and persons slain in the naval service and privateer service, since the revolution, have received a distinct arrangement.

V. OF BOUNTY Lands.-In relation to the legislative provisions for granting military bounty lands, the like blending, as of those for invalids and for widows and orphans already adverted to, have left us no alternative but to retain the continuous order of time in which they were made, and in lieu of any change of that arrangement, to refer to the classification of them given in the "Introduction," and the policy of land bounties generally," as there represented. And the contrast thrs exhibited, shows the practicability of discriminating between subjects having an essential difference of character, notwithstanding the confusion occasioned by legislative commingling of their parts, which, in another sense, are necessarily left to abide in that commingled State.

Finally, we do not recommend an implicit reliance on the expounding of the laws by the abstracts of this index, or on any other expounding of them, more than to aid the reader in expounding for himself, and taking appeals, when he thinks he has not bad bis right. Indeed, the expounding of the laws by the opinions and decisions, as shown in Part II and Part III of this index, frequently calls for comparisons of the same with the laws themselves, as pointed out in Part I, by turning from the items in the one to the like items in the other-particularly as these expoundings may, nay do, sometimes contravene the laws and traverse themselves—which may also be seen by turning from one opinion and decision to another in the corresponding division, to which they belong.

The arrangement of this index in several parts, requires that the examination of it for any subject, should be made in each, commencing always with Part I,* (the law in the case being the starting point,) to find the class of laws, in its alphabetical order, to which the particular act the examiner is in quest of may belong. The class of laws being found in Part I, say that on bounty lands, for example, it would be advisable to turn immediately to the end of that class to find the abstract of the last act on that subject, and then proceed backwards towards the beginning, inverting the chronological order of the class, until the abstract of the particular act on the subject of inquiry presents itself: and this will, nine times in ten, be nearer to the end than the beginning, because the more recent legislation is generally most in demand, the earlier acts being for the most part obsolete.

Proceeding in like manner with the examination of Part II, for the like class of opinions, and finding “bounty lands," by turning to the end of the class, and inverting the chronological order, as before, the examiner may find an opinion applicable to his case. But it will presently be perceived by him, that opinions of Attorneys General are not called for in relation to claims under every bounty land act. And the like discovery will also be made in examining for opinions on claims under the various denominations or classes of pensions.

The same remark will be found applicable to the like examination of Part III, for decisions, regulations, and forms, &c., on claims for pensions and bounty lands, as very few acts require special decisions, regulations, and forms for their execution-far the greater portion of those acts being mere extensions, explanations, or modifications of principal acts, and are executed, for the most part, under the same decisions, regulations, and forms; and yet a greatly diminished number might suffice for all practical purposes.

* Except as to regulations, forms, and decisions, of which the two former will only be found in Part III, under accounts, bounty lands, and forms; and the latter, also, in Part III only, under the respective denominations of pensions, or bounty lands, to which they may relate—the laws and opinions rarely taking any part in them.

PART I.
[REFERS TO THE LAWS. 1

Jos The references in this index are made to the NUMBERS of the acts and resolutions,
instead of the PAGES, because, in many instances, there are several acts on a page, which
can be better distinguished by the numbers. The dates of the acts being also given in
each abstract, will assist in following the numbers to the proper page.

A.

1836.

183

AGENTS AND AGENCIES FOR THE PAYMENT OF PENSIONS.
Agents, in districts where there are none, pensions to be paid at seat of govern-

ment-act 7th January, 1809..
required to give bond-act 25th April, 1812........
to be appointed where there are no commissioners of loans-act 24th April, 1816
additional, for East Tennessee-act 3d March, 1819......
required to give bond not over $500—act 15th May, 1820............
with two or more sureties-act 4th February, 1822........
agency for, established at Pittsburg—act 20th May, 1826...........
agents for, required to give bond with two or more sureties—act 24th May, 1828 97
agency for paying navy pensions at Washington, formerly in the hands of com-
mander of the navy yard, transferred to a permanent navy agent appointed for

rma
under direction of the Secretary of the Navy-act 28th June, 1832.....
agents to be appointed in lieu of the Bank of the United States—act 20th April,
1836 .............

............ 174
agencies to be established in certain parts of Virginia and Ohiomact 7th June,

178
agency in Decatur, Alabama-act 5th July, 1838..............
agents authorized to administer oaths to pensioners, attorneys, and others, and

receive the same fees as officers of the State in which they reside act 22d Feb-
ruary, 1840.....

.................... 187
their compensation to be fixed by the Secretary of War, not to exceed 2 per cent.

on their disbursements, nor to be over $2,000 a year, but to be in full for con-
tingent expenses-act 20th February, 1847..............

.......................... 208
remittances made to them to be kept within reasonable bounds-act 20th Feb-
ruary, 1847................................................

................ 208
having a deputy or clerk authorized by law, said clerk or deputy shall have like
power to administer oaths, &c.-act 19th February, 1849.....

.......... 214
APPROPRIATIONS FOR MILITARY PENSIONS.
appropriations for the various denominations of pensions (military) previons to

14th April, 1820, were made in very irregular and various forms, which need
not be specified here; and the annual appropriations from 1820 to 1852 can
easily be referred to by turning to the pages in which they will be found for
the corresponding year desired to be consulted, without giving a list of them

in this place, respecting which see the note on this—act 14th April, 1820....... 74
APPROPRIATIONS FOR NAVY PENSIONS, &c.
appropriations for the payment of navy pensioners, invalids, and others, to sup-

ply the deficiency of the navy pension fund, (which had been set apart as an
indefinite appropriation and had been exhausted,) commenced by appropria-
ting $139,666 06 “ for the payment of pensions chargeable on the navy pension

fund"-act 16th August, 1841
again, to supply a deficiency in the navy pension fund, $84,000, for the semi-

annual payments on 1st July, 1842–act 23d August, 1842........... ............. 285
again, for the payment of navy pensions due for the fiscal year of 1843–44-act
3d March, 1843........

............. 286
for the payment of navy pensions for the fiscal year of 1844–45—act 15th June,

1844 ............
for the payment of navy pensions for the fiscal year of 1845-46—act 1st March,
1845 .................

............. 290
for the payment of navy pensions for the fiscal year of 1846-47-act 10th Au-
gust, 1846............................................................

292
for the payment of nary pensions for the fiscal year of 1847–48—act 3d March

............

284

1847 .........................

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** ......... 182

APPROPRIATIONS FOR NAVY PENSIONS, &c.—Continued.
for the payment of privateer pensions under the privateer fund, as pledged by

Congress on the 26th June, 1812-act 3d March, 1847.....
for the payment of navy pensions for the fiscal year of 1849-50-act 2d March,
1849 ............

............................................ 296
for the payment of navy pensions for the fiscal year of 1850-51-act 17th Au-
gust, 1850, $43,000......

..............2964
for the payment of navy pensions for the fiscal year of 1851-52-act 3d March,
1851 .............

................. 297
balance of, for pensions unclaimed and remaining in the bands of agents during

eight months, to be transferred to the Treasury, by draft of the Commissioner
of Pensions upon the agents for paving pensions, the form of which draft to
be prescribed by the Secretury of War, and all guch unclaimed pensions to be
thereafter payable on application at the Treasury out of any money not other-

wise appropriated-act 6th April, 1838....
The aforesaid provision in relation to the transfer of unclaimed pensions after

remaining in the hands of agents during eight months, is extended to four-
teen months, under the same forms, restrictions, and provisions contained in
the said act-act 23d August, 1842..

1842........................................................... 285
ARREARS.
Arrears of pensions due before the 5th of March, 1789, shall be paid in such man-

ner as Congress may hereafter provide for paying the arrears of pensions, (see
act of the same date following.) And the pensions due, or to become due,
from the 5th March, 1789, shall be paid according to such laws as have been
made, or shall be made relative to invalid pensions, (see the next act of this

date)act 11th August, 1790....
of pensions due to officers and others disabled in the service of the United

States, (during or since the Revolution,) not having been heretofore provided
for, all such officers, &c., now on the books of the Secretary of War, to whom
pensions are due, or for whom provision has not been made by any State, and
to the widows and orphans or legal representatives of such officers, shall be
assumed by Treasury “Certificates," in sums equal to the annual payments
due to each, to be issued by the Register of the Treasury, and to be liquidated

as the Secretary of the Treasury shall direct-act 11th August, 1790.............
of invalid pensions due to a deceased pensioner, to be paid to his widow, or

orphans, or legal representative-act 2d March, 1829................. ................
of invalid pensions are to be paid to the widows of certain pensioners mention-
ed-act 20th May, 1849.............

104
of revolutionary pensions under this act, to go to the widows and orphans of the
deceased-act 7th June, 1832.....

129
of pensions due to deceased pensioners not considered as assets, but to be paid

to the widow, or to the administrator or executor, for the benefit of the chil-
dren, or to each of them, pro rata, without the intervention of an administra-
tor or executor-act 19th June, 1840..........

.............. 189
ARREARAGES.
Arrearages of various pensions, (military, naval, marine, &c.) having remained

unclaimed during eight months, (subsequently extended to fourteen months,
and then returned to the Treasury, to be paid through the Second and Third
Auditors' Offices, as the case may be, on appropriations made to meet their
future demand-act 18th February, 1841.............

............... 190
payable through the Second and Third Auditors' Offices, as the case may be act

14th February, 1843.....
payable through the Third Auditor's Office, with restrictions-act 30th April,
1844 ....

109
payable through the Accounting Officers-act 20th February, 1845.

203
payable through the Third Auditor's Office-act 7th May, 1846.......

205
payable through the Third Auditor's Office-act 20th February, 1847.............. 208
payable through the Second and Third Auditors' Offices-act 26th June, 1848... 210

payable through the Third Auditor's Office-act 19th February, 1849.............. 214
ARTIFICERS AND LABORERS.
In the Ordnance Corps allowed pensions and bounty lands on the same footing

as officers, &c., in the regular army-act 10th August, 1848..
ASYLUM.
Military, founded : Invalid pensioners entitled to the privileges of, on surrender-
ing their certificates of pension for the time being-act 3d March, 1851.......... 222

.

.

..... 197

........... 295

ATTORNEYS.

No.
For receiving pensions, &c., to make oath of disinterestedness—act 220 Februa-
ry, 1840....

........ 187

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...........

BOATSWAINS AND BOATSWAINS' MATES.
See "Invalids" of the Navy, (including boatswains and seamen, provided for

under various acts.)
BOUNTY LANDS—from page 299 to 341.

The legislative provisions for granting “military bounty lands,” are here referred to in the chro
nological order of their enactment, waiving all attempt at any classification of them in this place,
having given our views fully on that subject in the Introduction)
Bounty Land, Congress promised to make provision for granting bounty lands,

in certain proportions, to officers and soldiers who should engage in the revo-
lutionary service, and continue to the end of the war, or until discharged, to
enure to the representatives of such as might be slain-resolution 16th Sep-
tember, 1776, page 299............

............
said land bounty is extended to all who shall enlist for said term-resolution

18th September, 1776, page 299..............
said land bounty is extended to general officers in certain proportions—resolu-

tion 12th August, 1780, page 300.............
said land bounty is extended to officers of the medical department in certain

proportions--resolution 29th September, 1780, page 300.............
said land bounty is extended to supernumerary officers (on the reduction of the

armv) agreeably to the resolution of the 16th September, 1776-resolution 3d

October, 1780, page 300............
said land bounty to be drawn for and located in territory ceded by the several

States and pnrchased from Indian tribes, with certain reservations, and under

certain regulations--ordinance of Congress 20th May, 1785, page 301...........
one million of acres, with certain boundaries, are set apart and exclusively re

served to satisfy said bounties--resolution 22d October, 1787, page 303.........
the Secretary of War is authorized to issue military bounty land warrants, un-

der certain regulations-act 15th April, 1806, page 303........
the time allowed for issuing said military land warrants, and for locating the

same on lands reserved, is extended to times specified-act 21st March, 1808,

page 304........
the time allowed for the same is further extended to times specified-act 19th

December, 1809, page 305........
each non-commissioned officer or soldier discharged from service, with certifi-

cate from commanding officer, to be allowed one hundred and sixty acres of
land-act for completing the existing military establishment, 24th December,

1811, page 305.......................
the same provision is repeated by--act to raise an additional military force, 11th
January, 1812, page 306..........

12
the heirs and representatives of non-commissioned officers or soldiers who shall

have enlisted under the provisions of this act, (to accept and organize certain
volunteer companies,) and shall have been killed, or die, in the service, shall be
entitled to one hundred and sixty acres of land, to be designated, &c., as may
be provided by law-act 6th February, 1812, section 6. See statutes at large,

page 307............................................................................ ................ 12
is denied or inhibited to dragoons, artillery, and infantry, (not exceeding 15,000

men,) enlisted for eighteen months-act 8th April, 1812, page 88................. 7
the Secretary of War is authorized to issue the warrants for military land boun-

ties promised by certain acts above mentioned, to be applied for within five
years, and to be located on lands set apart in certain Territories, (Michigan,
Illinois, and Louisiana,) of 2,000,000 acres in each, under certain regula-
tions-act 6th May, 1812, page 307..........

............. 13
the time allowed in the aforesaid act of May 6th, for making applications for

said bounty lands, is extended to 1st May, 1820, in behalf of heirs and repre-
sentatives of deceased persons entitled thereto-act 27th March, 1818, page
316....

................ 19%
each effective "able bodied man," enlisted in different military corps, to serve

five years after the lst February, 1813, allowed one hundred and sixty acres-
act 20th January, 1813, page 309...........

..............

... 14

NO.

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17

BOUNTY LANDS—Continued.
the time allowed for issuing and locating military land warrants, on lands reser-

ved, is further extended to time specified-act 5th July, 1813, page 310........ 15
is allowed to corps of infantry raised for the protection of the seaboard, on the

same footing with other regular troops enlisted for five years, or during the

war of 1812-act 5th July, 1813, page 343..............
men enlisted (under this act) for five years, or during the war, entitled to the

same quantity of land (one hundred and sixty acres) as the regular troops of

the United States-act 28th January, 1814, page 102..........
volunteers authorized by act of 6th February, 1812, who shall engage for five

years, or during the war, entitled to the same quantity of land (one hundred

and sixty acres) as the regular troops-act 24th February, 1814, page 102...... 534
able bodied men, between eighteen and fifty years of age, recruited for filling

the ranks of the army, allowed three hundred and twenty acres, instead of

one hundred and sixty acres-act 10th December, 1814, page 310................ 154
granted to Canadian volunteers, who were citizens of the United States, (see
· Canadian volunteers)-act 5th March, 1816, page 312...............

...... 16
said act amended, (see Canadian volunteers)-act 3d March, 1817, page 315..... 18
to which the children of officers and soldiers of the regular army in the war of

1812, are entitled to, under former act, may be relinquished in one year, for

balf pay for the term of five years—act 16th April, 1816, page 315.............. 17
to soldiers over forty-five and under eighteen, who enlisted for five years or dur-

ing the war, one hundred and sixty, or three hundred and twenty acres, ac-
cording to term of service,act "making further provisions for military ser-

vices during the Revolutionary war," 16th April, 1816, page 313........
the time allowed for issuing and locating military land warrants on land re-

served, is further extended to time specified; at the expiration of which time,
measures to be taken to offer unlocated lots for public sale-act "extending
the time for issuing and locating military land warrants, &c., 16th April,

1816,* page 311.....
warrants lost, may, on satisfactory evidence of the fact, be located and patented,

notwithstanding-act 27th April, 1816, page 314.......
ertificates of soldiers' discharge and faithful service, lost, neglected, or miscon-

strued, &c., such deficiency not to prevent the issuing of warrants, or patents,

on proof of the fact-act 27th April, 1816, page 314.........
ime allowed for guardians of minor children to relinquish their claims to boun-
ty land for five years' half pay, is further extended-act 3d March, 1817, page
124..........
de relinquishment of said land title, to entitle said children to four dollars per

month, for five years—act 3d March, 1817, page 124............
the time allowed for said relinquishment is further extended, and the pension to

commence from date of relinquishment-act 3d March, 1819, page 130.........
the time allowed by act 16th April, 1816, for issuing and locating military land

warrants, is further extended to time specified-act 9th March, 1818, page 316
the authority by acts 6th May, 1812, and 10th December, 1814, to issue military
bounty land warrants, is continued ; also the time allowed for issuing and lo-

cating the same, is extended-act 24th February, 1819, page 317.............
the time allowed by the aforesaid act, for issuing and locating said warrants, is

extended for five years--act 26th May, 1824, page 318..................
the time allowed by the 2d section of the act 24th February, 1819, for issuing

and locating said warrants for officers of the revolutionary army, is extended

to specified time-act 3d March, 1825, page 318........
certain soldiers, or their beirs, to whom bounty lands have been patented in Ar

kansas, unfit for cultivation, are authorized to receive in exchange, the like
quantities, to be located in any military district in said Territory-act 22d May,

1826, page 319.................
the time allowed by act of 24th February, 1819, for issuing military land war-

rants to officers and soldiers of the revolutionary war, is extended to time

specified-act 2d March, 1827, page 320.............
the time allowed by acts of 26th May, 1824, and 24th May, 1819, is extended,

and the provisions of those acts re-enforced, for five years-act 5th February,
1829, page 320........................................................................................ 26

* There are so many bounty land and pension laws of this date, 16th April, 1816, that it seems ne-
cessary in this index to distinguish them by their titles.

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