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the house, for their consideration, by Mr. Randolph, be referred to the said committee. Ti rogut sody

Mr. Charles Pinckney, one of the deputies of South Carolina, laid before the house, for their consideration, the draft of a federal government to be agreed upon between the free and independent states of Ame

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MR. CHARLES PINCKNEY'S DRAFT OF A FEDERAL GO. VERNMENT.

. ?o We the people of the states of New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsyl. vánia, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia, do ordain, declare, and establish the following constitution for the government of ourselves and posterity. bas Ditt

ARTICLE 1.

The style of this government shall be the United States of America, and the government shall consist of supreme legislative, executive and judicial powers.

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The legislative power shall be vested in a Congress, 10 consist of two separate houses; one to be called the house of delegates; and the other the senate, who shall meet on the

day of year.

in every

ARTICLE III.

The members of the house of delegates shall be

* Paper furnished by Mr. Pinckney.

chosen every

years; shall

year by the people of the sea veral states; and the qualification of the electors shall be the same as those of the electors in the several states for their legislatures. Each member shall have been a citizen of the United States for be of

years of age, and a resident in the state he is chosen for

until a census of the people shall be taken in the manner hereinafter mentioned. The house of delegates shall consist of

to be chosen from the different states in the following proportions : for New Hampshire, for Massachusetts,

for Rhode Island, for Connecticut, for New York,

for New Jersey, for Pennsylvania, for Delaware, for Maryland, for Virginia,

for North Carolina, for South Carolina, for Georgia,

and the legislature shall hereafter regulate the number of delegates by the number of inhabitants, according to the provisions herein after made, at the rate of one for every

thousand. All money bills of every kind shall originate in the house of delegates, and shall not be altered by the senate. The house of delegates shall exclusively possess the

power of impeachment, and shall choose its own officers; and vacancies therein shall be supplied by the executive authority of the state in the representation from which they shall happen.

ARTICLE IV.

The senate shall be elected and chosen by the house of delegates; which house, immediately after their meeting, shall choose by ballot senators from among the citizens and residents of New Hampshire,

from among those of Massachusetts, from

from among

among those of Rhode Island, from among those of Connecticut, from among those of New York, from among those of New Jersey, those of Pennsylvania, from among those of Delaware, from among those of Maryland, from among those of Virginia, from among those of North Carolina, from among those of South Carolina, and from among those of Georgia. The senators chosen from New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut, shall form one class; those from New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvadia, and Delaware, one class; and those from Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia, one class. The house of delegates shall number these classes one, two, and three ; and fix the times of their service by lot. The first class shall serve for

years; the second for the third for

years. As their times of service expire, the house of delegates shall fill them up by elections for years; and they shall fill all vacancies that arise from death, or resignation, for the time of service remaining of the members so dying or resigning. Each senator shall be years of age at least; shall have been a citizen of the United States four years before his election ; and shall be a resident of the state he is chosen from. The senate shall choose its own officers.

years; and

ARTICLE V.

Each state shall prescribe the time and manner of holding elections by the people for the house of dele. gates ; and the house of delegates shall be the judges

of the elections, returns, and qualifications of their members.

fa each house a majority shall constitute à quorum to do business. Freedom of speech and debate in the legislature shall not be impeached, or questioned, in any place out of it; and the members of both houses shall in all cases, except for treason, felony, or breach of the peace, be free from artest during their attendance on Congress, and in going to and returning from it. Both houses shall keep journals of their proceedings, and publish them, except on secret occasions ; and the yeas and nays may be entered thereon at the desire of one of the members present. Neither house, without the consent of the other, shall adjourn for more than

days, nor to any place but where they are sitting.

The members of each house sball not be eligible to, or capable of holding any office under the union, during the time for which they have been respectively elected, nor the members of the senate for one year after. The members of each house shall be paid for their services by the states which they represent. Every bill, which shall have passed the legislature, shall be presented to the President of the United States for his revision; if he approves it he shall sign it; but if he does not approve it, he shall return it, with his objections, to the house it originated in; which house, if two thirds of the members present, notwithstanding the President's objections, agree to pass it, shall send it to the other house, with the President's objections ; where, if two thirds of the members présent also agree to pass it, the same shall become a law; and all bills sent to the President, and not returned by

him within days, shall be laws, unless the legislature, by their adjournment, prevent their return; in which case they shall not be laws.

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ARTICLE yi. The legislature of the United States shall have the power to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises ;

To regulate commerce with all nations, and among the several states;

To borrow money and emit bills of credit;
To establish post offices ;
To raise armies ;
To build and equip fleets ;

To pass laws for arming, organizing, and disciplining the militia of the United States;

To subdue a rebellion in any state, on application of its legislature;

To coin money, and regulate the value of all coins, and fix the standard of weights and measures ;

To provide such dock yards and arsenals, and erect such fortifications as may be necessary for the United States, and to exercise exclusive jurisdiction therein;

To appoint a Treasurer, by ballot ;

To constitute tribunals inferior to the supreme court;

To establish post and military roads ;

To establish and provide for a national university at the seat of the government of the United States;

To establish uniform rules of naturalization ;

To provide for the establishment of a seat of government for the United States, not exceeding

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