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the legislatures of the respective states may recal their senators or either of them, and elect others in their stead, to serve the remainder of the time for which the senators so recalled were appointed.
That no senator or representative sball, during the time for which he was elected, be appointed to any office under the authority of the United State s.
That the authority given to the executives of the states to fill the vacancies of senators be abolished, and that such vacancies be filled by the respective legislatures.
That the power of Congress to pass uniform laws concerning bankruptcy, shall only extend to merchants and other traders; and that the states respectively may pass laws for the relief of other insolvent debtors.
That no person shall be eligible to the office of president of the United States, a third time.“
That the executive shall not grant pardons for treason, unless with the consent of the Congress ; but may, at his discretion, grant reprieves to persons convicted of treason, until their cases can be laid before the Congress.
That the president, or person exercising his powers for the time being, shall not command an army in the field in person, without the previous desire of the Congress.
That all letters. patent, commissions, pardons, writs and process of the United States, shall run in the name of the people of the United States, and be tested in the name of the president of the Voited States, or the person exercising his powers for the time being, or the first judge of the court out of which the same shall issue, as the case may be.
. That the Congress shall not constitute, ordain, or establish any tribunals or inferior courts, with any other than appellate jurisdiction, except such as may be necessary for the trial of causes of admiralty, and maritime jurisdiction, and for the trial of piracies and felonies .committed on the high seas“; and in all other cases, to which the judicial power of the United States extends, and in which the supreme court of the United States has not original jurisdiction, the causes shall be heard, tried, and determined, in some one of the state courts, with the right of appeal to the supreme court of the United States, or other proper tribunal, to be established for that purpose, by the Congress, with such exceptions, and under such regulations as the Congress shall make.
That the court for the trial of impeachments sball consist of the senate, the judges of the supreme court of the United States, and the first or senior judge, for the time being, of the highest court of general and ordinary common law jurisdiction in each state ; that the Congress shall, by standing laws, designate the courts in the respective states answering this description, and in states having no courts exactly answering this description, shall designate some other court, preferring such, if any there be, whose judge or judges may hold their places during good behaviour : provided that no more than one judge, other than judges of the supreme court of the United States, shall come from one state.
That the Congress be authorized to pass laws for compensating the judges for such services, and for compelling their attendance; and that a majority at least of the said judges shall be requisite to constitute the said court. That no person impeached shall sit as a member thereof; that each member shall, previous to the entering upon any trial, take an oath or affirmation, honestly and impartially to hear and determine the cause; and that a majority of the members present shall be necessary to a conviction.
That persons aggrieved by any judgment, sentence or decree of the supreme court of the United States in any cause in which that court has original jurisdiction, with such exceptions and under such regulations as the Congress shall make concerning the same, shall upon application, have a commission, to be issued by the president of the United States, to such men learned in the law as he shall nominate, and by and with the advice and consent of the senate appoint not less than seven, authorizing such commissioners, or any seven or more of them, to correct the errors in such judgment, or to review such sentence, and decree as the case may be, and to do justice to the parties in the premises.
That no judge of the supreme court of the United States shall hold any other office under the United States, or any of them.
That the judicial power of the United States shall extend to no controversies respecting land, unless it relate to claims of territory or jurisdiction between states, or to claims of land between individuals, or between states and individuals under the grants of different states.
That the militia of any state shall not be compelled to serve without the limits of the state for a longer term than six weeks, without the consent of the legislature thereof,
That the words without the consent of the Congress, in the seventh clause of the ninth section of the first article of the constitution be expunged.
That the senators and representatives, and all executive and judicial officers of the United States, shall be bound by oath or affirmation not to infringe or violate the constitutions or rights of the respective states.
That the legislatures of the respective states may make provision by law, that the electors of the election districts, to be by them appointed, shall choose a citizen of the United States, who shall have been an inhabitant of such district for the term of one year immediately preceding the time of his election, for one of the representatives of such state.
Done in convention, at Poughkeepsie, in the county
of Duchess, in the state of New York, the 26th
GEO. CLINTON, President. Attested. John M‘Kesson,
AB. B. BANKER, Secretaries.
STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA.
In Convention, August 1, 1788. RESOLVED, That a declaration of rights, asserting and securing from encroachment the great principles of civil and religious liberty, and the unalienable rights of the people, together with amendments to the most ambiguous and exceptionable parts of the said constitution of government, ought to be laid before Congress, and the convention of the states that shall or may be called for the purpose of amending the said constitution, for their consideration, previous to the ratificaation of the constitution aforesaid, on the part of the state of North Carolina.
DECLARATION OF RIGHTS. 1. That there are certain natural rights of which men, when they form a social compact, cannot deprive or divest their posterity, among which are the enjoyment of life and liberty, with the means of acquiring, possessing, and protecting property, and pursuing and obtaining happiness and safety.
II. That all power is naturally vested in, and consequently derived from the people ; that magistrates therefore are their trustees and agents, and at all times amenable to them.
II. That government ought to be instituted for the common benefit, protection, and security of the people; and that the doctrine of non-resistance against arbitrary power and oppression is absurd, slavish, and destructive to the good and happiness of mankind.
IV. That no man or set of men, are entitled to exclusive or separate publick emoluments or privileges from the community, but in consideration of publick services; which not being descendible, neither ought the offices of magistrate, legislator, or judge, or any other publick office, to be hereditary.
V. That the legislative, executive and judiciary powers of government should be separate and distinct, and that the members of the two first may be restrained from oppression, by feeling and participating the publick burdens, they should, at fixed periods, be reduced to a private station, return into the mass of the people ; and the vacancies be supplied by certain and regular elections; in which all or any part of the former