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suggestion ; and that no treaty is to be construed, so to operate, as to alter the constitution of any state.
Under these impressions, and declaring that the rights aforesaid cannot be abridged or violated, and that the explanations aforesaid are consistent with the said constitution, and in confidence that the amendments which shall have been proposed to the said constitution, will receive an early and mature consideration : We, the said delegates, in the name and in the behalf of the people of the state of New York, do, by these presents, assent to and ratify the said constitution. In full confidence, nevertheless, that until a convention shall be called and convened for proposing amendments to the said constitution, the militia of this state will not be continued in service out of this state for a longer term than six weeks, without the consent of the legislature thereof; that the Congress will not make or alter any regulation in this state, respecting the times, places, and manner of holding elections for senators or representatives, unless the legislature of this state shall neglect or refuse to make laws or regulations for the purpose, or from any circumstance be incapable of making the same; and that in those cases such power will only be exercised until the legislature of this state shall make provision in the premises ; that no excise will be imposed on any article of the growth, production or manufacture of the United States, or any of them, within this state, ardent spirits excepted; and that the Congress will not lay direct taxes within this state, but when the moneys arising from the impost and excise shall be insufficient for the publick exigencies, nor then, until Congress shall first have made a requisition upon this state, to assess, levy and pay the amount of such requisition, made agreeably to the census fixed in the said constitution, in such way and manner as the legislature of this state shall judge best ; but that in such case, if the state shall neglect or refuse to pay its proportion, pursuant to such requisition, then the Congress may assess and levy this state's proportion, together with interest at the rate of six
per centum per annum, from the time at which the same was required to be paid.
Done in convention, at Poughkeepsie, in the county of Duchess, in the state of New York, the 26th day of July, in the year of our Lord 1788. By order of the convention.
GEO. CLINTON, President. Altested. JOnn M'Kesson,
AB. B. BANKER, Secretaries.
AND the convention do, in the name and behalf of the people of the state of New York, enjoin it upon their representatives in the Congress, to exert all their influence, and use all reasonable means to obtain a ratification of the following amendments to the said constitution, in the manner prescribed therein ; and in all laws to be passed by the Congress, in the mean time, lo conform to the spirit of the said amendments, as far as the constitution will admit.
That there shall be one representative for every thirty thousand inhabitants, according to the enumeration or census mentioned in the constitution, until the whole number of representatives amounts to two hundred ; after which that number shall be continued or increas
ed, but not diminished, as Congress shall direct, and according to such ratio as the Congress shall fix, in conformity to the rule prescribed for the apportionment of representatives and direct taxes."
That the Congress do not impose any excise on any article (ardent spirits excepted) of the growth, pro- # duction or manufacture of the United States, or any of them.
That Congress do not lay direct taxes, but when the moneys arising from the impost and excise shall be insufficient for the publick exigencies, nor then, until Congress shall first have made a requisition upon the states, to assess, levy and pay their respective proportions of such requisition, agreeably to the census fixed in the said constitution, in such way and manner as the legislature of the respective states shall judge best; and in such case, if any state shall neglect or refuse to pay its proportion, pursuant to such requisition, then Congress may assess and levy such state's proportion, together with interest at the rate of six per centum per annum, from the time of payment, prescribed in such requisition.
That the Congress shall not make or alter any regulation, in any state, respecting the times, places and manner of holding elections for senators or representatives, unless the legislature of such state shall neglect or refuse to make laws or regulations for the purpose, or from any circumstance be incapable of making the same, and then only, until the legislature of such stale shall make provision in the premises; provided that Çongress may prescribe the time for the election of representatives.
That no persons, except natural born citizens, or such as were citizens on or before the 4th day of July, 1776, or such as held commissions under the United Slates during the war, and have at any time, since the
4th day of July, 1776, become citizens of one or other of the United States, and who shall be freeholders, shall be eligible to the places of president, vice president, or members of either house of the Congress of the United States.
That the Congress do not grant monopolies, or erect any company, with exclusive advantages of commerce.
That no standing army or regular troops shall be raised, or kept up in time of peace, without the consent of two thirds of the senators and representatives present in each house.
That no money be borrowed on the credit of the United States, without the assept of two thirds of the senators and representatives present in each house.
That the Congress shall not declare war, without the concurrence of two thirds of the senators and rep resentatives present in each house.
That the privilege of the habeas corpus shall not by any law be suspended for a longer term than six months, or until twenty days after the meeting of the Congress next following the passing the act for such suspension.
That the right of the Congress to exercise exclusive legislation over such district, not exceeding ten miles square, as may by cession of a particular state, and the acceptance of Congress, become the seat of the government of the United States, shall not be so exercised as to exempt the inhabitants of such district from paying the like taxes, imposts, duties and excises, as shall be imposed on the other inhabitants of the state in which such district may be ; and that no person shall be privileged within the said district from arrest for crimes committed, or debts contracted out of the said district.
That the right of exclusive legislation with respect to such places as may be purchased for the erection of forts, magazines, arsenals, dock yards, and other needful buildings, shall not authorize the Congress to make any law to prevent the laws of the states respec. tively in which they may be, from extending to such places in all civil and criminal matters, except as to such persons as shall be in the service of the United States ; nor to them with respect to crimes committed without such places.
That the compensation for the senators and representatives be ascertained by standing laws ; and that no alteration of the existing rate of compensation shall operate for the benefit of the representatives, until after a subsequent election shall have been had.
That the journals of the Congress shall be published at least once a year, with the exception of such parts relating to treaties or military operations, as in the judgment of either house shall require secrecy ; and that both houses of Congress shall always keep their doors open during their sessions, unless the business may in their opinion require secrecy.
That the yeas and nays shall be entered on the journals whenever two members in either house may require it.
That no capitation tax shall ever be laid by the Congress.
That no person be eligible as a senator for more than six years in any term of twelve years ; and that