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cut, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina

9 Nays-New Jersey, Georgia

2 On' the question to agree to the clause of disqualification, as amended, It passed in the negative. Yeas-North Carolina, Georgia

2 Nays-New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, South Carolina

9 It was moved and seconded to agree to the following resolution, namely,

Resolved, That it be an instruction to the com“ mittee to whom were referred the proceedings of the “ convention for the establishment of a national go

vernment, to receive a clause or clauses for prevent"ing the seat of the national government being in the " same city or town with the seat of the government of

any state, longer than until the necessary publick “ buildings can be erected."

It was moved and seconded to postpone the consideration of the last resolution.

It was moved and seconded to refer such proceedings of the convention, as have been agreed on since Monday last, to the committee of detail

Which passed unanimously in the affirmative.

And then the house, by unanimous vote, adjourned till Monday, August 6..

RESOLUTIONS OF THE CONVENTION

REFERRED, ON THE TWENTY-THIRD AND TWENTY-SIXTH

OF JULY, 1787, TO A COMMITTEE OP DETAIL, (MESSRS. RUTLEDGE, RANDOLPH, GORHAM, ELLSWORTH, AND WILSON) FOR THE PURPOSE OF REPORTING A CONSTITUTION.

JOURNALS,
June 20. 1. Resolved, That the government of the

United States ought to consist of a
supreme legislative, judiciary, and ex-

ecutive. June 21. 11. Resolved, That the legislature consist

of two branches. Ill. RESOLVED, That the members of the

first branch of the legislature ought to be elected by the people of the

several states, for the term of two June 22.

years; to be paid out of the publick treasury; to "receive an adequate

compensation for their services; to June 23. be of the age of twenty-five years at

least; to be ineligible and incapable of holding any office under the authority of the United States (except those peculiarly belonging to the functions of the first branch) during the term

of service of the first branch. June 25. iv. Resolved, That the members of the

second branch of the legislature of the United States ought to be chosen by the individual legislatures; to be

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of the age of thirty years at least; to hold their offices for six years, one third to go out biennially ; to receive a compensation for the devotion of their time to the publick service; to be ineligible to and incapable of holding any office, under the authori. ty of the United States (except those peculiarly belonging to the functions of the second branch) during the term for which they are elected, and

for one year thereafter. v. RESOLVED, That each branch ought to

possess the right of originating acts. VI. RESOLVED, That the national legisla

ture ought to possess the legislative rights vested in Congress by the confederation; and moreover, to legislate in all cases for the general interests of the union, and also in those to which the states are separately incompetent, or in which the harmony of the United States may be interrupted by the exercise of individual

legislation. VII. RESOLVED, That the legislative acts of

the United States, made by virtue and in pursuance of the articles of union, and all treaties made and ratified under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the respective states, as far as those acts or treaties shall relate to the

- 17.

July 17. said states, or their citizens and in

habitants; and that the judiciaries of the several states shall be bound thereby in their decisions, any thing in the respective laws of the individual states to the contrary, notwith

standing, 16. VII. RESOLVED, That in the original forma

tion of the legislature of the United
States, the first branch thereof shall
consist of sixty-five members; of
which number

New Hampshire shall send three,
Massachusetts

eight, Rhode Island

one, Connecticut

five, New York

six, New Jersey

four, Pennsylvania

eight, Delaware

one, Maryland

six, Virginia

ten, North Carolina

five, South Carolina

five, Georgia

three. But as the present situation of the states may probably alter in the number of their inhabitants, the legislature of the United States shall be arthorized, from time to time, to apportion the number of representatives; and in case any of the states shall hereafter be divided, or enlarg

27

July 16.

ed, by addition of territory, or any two or more states United, or any new

states created within the limits of the : United States, the legislature of the

United States shall possess authority to regulate the number of representatives, in any of the foregoing cases, upon the principle of their number of inhabitants according to the provisions bereaster mentioned, namely, Provided always, that representation ought to be proportioned according to direct taxation. And in order to ascertain the alteration in the direct taxation, which may be required from time to time by the changes in the

relative circumstances of the statesix. ResolvED, That a census be taken

within six years from the first meeting of the legislature of the United States, and once within the term of every ten years afterwards, of all the inhabitants of the United States, in the manner and according to the ratio recommended by Congress in their resolution of April 18, 1783; and that the legislature of the United States shall proportion the direct tax

ation accordingly. x. ResoLVED, That all bills for raising or

appropriating money, and for fixing the salaries of the officers of the government of the United States, shall originate in the first branch of the le

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