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States may be interrupted by the exercise of individual legislation ; to negative all laws passed by the several states contravening, in the opinion of the national legislature, the articles of union, or any treaties sub.

bmw 10 2946 sisting under the authority of the union.

7. Resolved, That the right of suffrage in the f first bais branch of the national legislature ought not to be aecording to the rule established in the artieles of confederation, büt according to some equitable tatio of représentatioh, hamely, In proportion to the whole number of white and other free citizens, and inhabitants of every age, sex, and condition, including those bound to servitude for a term of years, and three fifths of all other persons hot comprehended in the fotegoing description, except Indians not paying taxes in each state.

JOS363991f1991 shorts to so395 8. Resolved, That the rights of suffrage in the second branch of the national legislatore ought be according to the rule established for the firsk.

9. Resolved, That a national executive be instituted to consist of a single person ; to be chosen by Me national legislature, for the term of sëven years ; with power to carry into execution the national laws; to appoint to offices in cafés not otherwise provided for ; to be ineligible à second time; and to be removable on impeachment, and conviction of mal practice, or neglecl of duty ; to receive a fixed stipend, by which he may be compensated for the devotion of his time to publick service; to be paid out of the national treasury.

10. Resolved, That the national executive shall have a right to negative aby legislative act, which

shall not be afterwards passed, unless by two third parts of each branch of the national legislature.

11. Resolved, That a national judiciary be es. tablished to consist of one supreme tribunal; the judges of which to be appointed by the second branch of the national legislature ; to hold their offices during good behaviour ; to receive punctually, at stated times, a fixed compensation for their services, in which no increase or diminution shall be made, so as to affect the persons actually in office at the time of such increase or diminution.

12. Resolved, That the national legislature be empowered to appoint inferior tribunals.

13. Resolved, That the jurisdiction of the national judiciary shall extend to cases which respect the collection of the national revenue ; impeachment of any national officers; and questions which involve the national peace and harmony.

14. Resolved, That provision ought to be made for the admission of states, lawfully arising within the limits of the United States, whether from a voluntary junction of government and territory, or otherwise, with the consent of a number of voices in the national legislature less than the whole.

15. Resolved, That provision ought 10 be made for the continuance of Congress and their authorities, until a given day after the reform of the articles of union shall be adopted; and for the completion of all their engagements.

16. Resolved, That a republican constitution, and its existing laws, ought to be guarantied to each state by the United States.

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17. Resolved, That provision ought to be made for the amendment of the articles of union, whensoever it shall seem necessary.

18. Resolved, That the legislative, executive, and judiciary powers, within the several states, ought to be bound, by oath, to support the articles of union.

19. Resolved, that the amendments which shall be offered to the confederation by the convention, ought, at a proper time, or times, after the approbation of Congress, to be submitted to an assembly or assemblies of representatives, recommended by the several legislatures, to be expressly chosen by the people to consider and decide thereon.

It was then moved and seconded, to postpone the consideration of the first resolution reported from the committee till to-morrow.

And on the question to postpone,
It passed in the affirmative.

And then the house adjourned till to-morrow, at 11 o'clock, A. M.

WEDNESDAY, JUNE 20, 1787. The honourable William Blount, Esq. a deputy from the state of North Carolina, attended and took his seat.

The following credentials were then produced and read. [See p. 45.]

It was moved by Mr. Ellsworth, seconded by Mr. Gorham, to amend the first resolution reported from the committee of the whole house, so as to read as follows, namely,

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“Resolved, That the government of the United States

ought to consist of a supreme legislative, judiciary, " and executive."

On the question to agree to the amendment,
It passed unanimously in the affirmative.

It was moved by Mr. Lansing, seconded by Mr. Sherman, to postpone the consideration of the second resolution, reported from the committee, in order to take up the following, namely,

5. Resolved, That the powers of legislation be vest. is ed in the United States in Congress.”

And on the question to postpone,
It passed in the negative.

Yeas-Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Delaware

4 Nays-Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia

6 DIVIDED—Maryland

1 It was moved and seconded to adjournWhich passed in the negative.

Yeas--New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Mary. land

4 Nays-Massachusetts, Connecticut, Pennsylvania, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia 7

Qn motion of the deputies of the state of Delaware, the determination of the house on the second resolution reported from the committee was postponed until to-morrow.

And then the house adjourned till to-morrow, at 11 o'clock, A. M.

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THURSDAY, JUNE 21, 1787. The honourable Jonathan Dayton, Esq. a deputy of the state of New Jersey, attended and took his seat.

The following credentials were produced and read. [See p. 27.]

It was moved and seconded, to agree to the second resolution reported from the committee, namely, i .) 66 Resolved, That the legislature consist of two * branches"

Which passed in the affirmative.

Yeas-Massachusetts, Connecticut, Pennsylvania, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia 7 | Nays-New York, New Jersey, Delaware

3 DividED-Maryland

1 It was moved by general C. C. Pinckney, and seconded, to amend the first clause of the third resolution reported from the committee, so as to read,

" Resolved, That the members of the first branch of “ the legislature ought to be appointed in such man“ner as the legislature of each state shall direct.”

On the question to agree to the amendment,
It passed in the negative.

Yeas–Connecticut, New Jersey, Delaware, South Carolina

4 Nays-Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, North Carolina, Georgia

6 Divided—Maryland

It was then moved and seconded to agree to the first clause of the third resolution, as reported from the committee, namely,

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