« 上一頁繼續 »
IN COMMITTEE OF THE WHOLE HOUSE.
Mr. Gorham in the chair.
It was moved by Mr. Randolph, seconded by Mr. Madison, to adopt the following resolution respecting the national judiciary, namely,
“ That the jurisdiction of the national judiciary shall 4 extend to cases which respect the collection of the “national revenue, impeachments of any national offi"cers, and questions which involve the national peace " and harmony."
Passed in the affirmative.
It was moved by Mr. Pinckney, seconded by Mr. Sherman, to insert after the words “one supreme tribu"nal," _" the judges of which to be appointed by the 5 second branch of the national legislature."
Passed in the affirmative.
It was moved by Mr. Gerry, seconded by Mr. Pinckney, to add the following words to the fifth resolution adopted by the committee, namely,
“Excepting money bills, which shall originate in the *first branch of the national legislature.”
Passed in the negative.
3 NAYS--Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, North Carolina, South Caro. lina, Georgia,
8 It was then moved and seconded, that the committee do rise, and report the proceedings to the house. The committee then rose.
IN THE HOUSE.
Mr. President resumed the chair.
That the committee, having considered and gone through the propositions offered to the house by the honourable Mr. Randolph, and to them referred, were prepared to report thereon ; and had directed him to submit the report to the consideration of the house.
The report was then delivered in at the Secretary's table, and having been once read,
It was moved by Mr. Randolph, seconded by Mr. Martin, to postpone the further consideration of the report till to-morrow.
And on the question to postpone,
And then the house adjourned till to-morrow at 11 o'clock, A. M.
THURSDAY, JUNE 14, 1787. It was moved by Mr. Patterson, seconded by Mr. Randolph, that the further consideration of the report from the committee of the whole house be postponed till to-morrow; and before the question for postponement was taken,
It was moved by Mr. Randolph, seconded by Mr. Patterson, that the house adjourn.
And then the house adjourned till to-morrow, at 11 o'clock.
FRIDAY, JUNE 15, 1787.
Mr. Patterson submitted several resolutions to the consideration of the house, which he read in his place, and afterwards delivered in at the Secretary's table.
They were then read.
OFPERED TO THE CONVENTION BY THE HONOURABLE
MR. PATTERSON, JUNE 15, 1787.*
1. RESOLVED, That the articles of confederation ought to be so revised, corrected, and enlarged, as to render the federal constitution adequate to the exigencies of government, and the preservation of the union.
2. Resolved, That in addition to the powers vested in the United States in Congress, by the present existing articles of confederation, they be authorized to pass acts for raising a revenue, by levying a duty or duties on all goods and merchandize of foreign growth or manufacture, imported into any part of the United States-by stamps on paper, vellum, or parchment, and by a postage on all letters and packages passing through the general post office-o be applied to such federal purposes as they shall deem proper and expedient; to make rules and regulations for the collection thereof; and the same from time to time to alter and amend, in such manner as they shall think proper. To pass acts for the regulation of trade and commerce, as well
Paper furnished by general Bloomfield.
with foreign nations as with each other; provided, that all punishments, fines, forfeitures, and penalties, to be incurred for contravening such rules and regulations, shall be adjudged by the common law judiciary of the states in which any offence contrary to the true intent and meaning of such rules and regulations shall be committed or perpetrated ; with liberty of commencing, in the first instance, all suits or prosecutions for that purpose, in the superior common law judiciary of such state ; subject, nevertheless, to an appeal for the correction of all errors, both in law and fact, in rendering judgment, to the judiciary of the United States.
3. Resolvéd, That whenever requisitions shall be necessary, instead of the present rule, the United States in Congress be authorized to make such requisitions in proportion to the whole number of white and other free citizens and inbabitants of every age, sex, and condition, including those bound to servitude for a term of years, and three fifths of all other persons not comprehended in the foregoing description, except Indians not paying taxes; that if such requisitions be not complied with in the time to be specified therein, to direct the collection thereof in the noncomplying states ; and for that purpose to devise and pass acts directing and authorizing the same; provided, that none of the powers hereby vested in the United States in Congress, shall be exercised without the consent of at least
states, and in that proportion, if the number of confederated states should be hereafter increased or diminished.
4. Resolved, That the United States in Congress be authorized to elect a federal executive to consist of
persons, to continue in office for the term of
years; to receive punctually, at stated times, a fixed compensation for the services by them rendered, in which no increase or diminution shall be made, so as to affect the persons composing the executive at the time of such increase or diminution; to be paid out of the federal treasury; to be incapable of holding any other office or appointment during their time of service, and for years thereafter ; to be ineligible a second time, and removable on impeachment and conviction for malpractices or neglect of duty, by Congress, on application by a majority of the executives of the several states. That the executive, besides a general authority to execute the federal acts, ought to appoint all federal officers not otherwise provided for, and to direct all military operations ; provided, that none of the persons composing the federal execu. tive shall, on any occasion, take command of any troops, so as personally to conduct any military enter. prise as general or in any other capacity.
5. Resolved, Thai a federal judiciary be established, to consist of a supreme tribunal, the judges of which to be appointed by the executive, and to hold their offices during good behaviour ; lo receive punctually, at stated times, a fixed compensation for their services, in which no increase or diminution shall be made, so as to affect the persons actually in office at the time of such increase or diminution. That the judiciary, so established, shall have authority to hear and determine, in the first instance, on all impeachments of federal officers; and by way of appeal, in the dernier resort, in all cases touching the rights and privileges of am. bassadors; in all cases of captures from an enemy; in all cases of piracies and selonies on the high seas ; in