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HEAR ye now what the Lord saith,
CHAP. VI. ()
Arise, contend thou before the “ mountains (f), and let the hills (f ) hear “thy voice. 2. Hear ye, O mountains 66 the Lord's controversy, and ye strong í foundations of the earth : for the LORD *“ hath a controversy with his people, and
« he will plead with Israel. 3. O my peo« ple, what have I done unto thee, and 66 wherein have I wearied thee? testify " against me. 4. For I brought thee up « out of the land of Egypt, and redeemed
thee out of the house of servants, and I « sent before thee Moses, Aaron, and “ Miriam. 5. O my people, remember
now what Balak king of Moab con“ sulted (g), and what Balaam the son of « Beor answered him from Shittim unto “ Gilgal, that ye may know the righteous
ness of the LORD. 6. “Wherewith shall “ I come before the LORD, and bow my « self before the high God ? shall I come « before him with burnt-offerings, with
“ calves of a year old ? 7. Will the lo “ be pleased with thousands of fas; " with ten thousands of rivers of ol: “ I give my first-born for my transgress " the fruit of my body for the sincs • soul ? 8. He hath shewed thee, (= “ what is good; and what doth the .. “ require of thee, but to do justly !? ; “ to love mercy, and to walk humb.it " thy God? 9. The Lord's voice etics “ unto the city, and the man of
shall see thy name (k): hear ye there " and who hath appointed it
. 10 do " there yet (m) the treasures of wicht: " in the house of the wicked, and the
measure that is abominable? 11. “ I count them pure with wicked bains « and with the bag of deceitful teca.
12. For the rich men thereof (sew " of violence, and the inhabitant “ have spoken lies, and their «z: « deceitful in their mouth. 13.6 or also will I make thee sick in smt;2. “ in making thee desolate becaus 10 “ sins. 14. Thou shalt eat (o), bet ir
(e) Micah prophesied in the days of Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, and was therefore living in the times of Isaiah, Hosea, Amos, and Ze. phaniah, long before Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, Haggai, Zechariah or Malachi.-An expostulation from God with his people, and a denunciation against them for their sins.
(f) v. 1. “ The mountains," and “ the « hills, &c." i.e. “ even the most senseless " things will be convinced of the iniquity of
your ways." (3) v. 5. “ What Balak consulted, &c.” . This and the next three verses have two different interpretations ; one upon the supposition that verses 6 and 7 contain a question from Balak to Balaam ; and verse 8. Balaam's answer; and the other under the idea that verses 6. and 7. are a question now from the people unto God, and verse 8. God's answer. In the former case the only part of Balak's consultation and Balaam's answer to which the attention is called, is included in verses 6. 7. 8. and by “the righteousness of the Lord" is meant “ the righteousness he “ requires,” viz. “ to do justly, &co;" in the latter case, “ what Balak consulted,” refers to his attempt to obtain a curse upon the Israelites from Balaam's mouth, that under the influence
of it he might smite them and drive to of his land, Numb. xxii. 6. 11.17. Biber answer was, “that he had received commands
to bless, and God had blessed, Numb. II. 20.” and “the righteousness of God," si God's kind disposition towards the first people. Bp. Butler and Dr. Hales adore former construction.
Butler's Sern. 1914 2 Hales, 129. Q. Which interpretation is **
(b) v. 8.“ Justly,” or “justice," : 220. A fine summary of man's duties!! (i)
“ Crieth," i. e. « takes extre* nary pains to make known what he recas “ proclaims it aloud, so that every 6 hear it."
“ See thy name,” i. es pot " perceive thy name stamped upon 1 “ mand; be satisfied of its authenticity.
(?) v.9. “ The rod," i.e. "the paradise “ for disobedience."
(m) v. 10. “ Yet," « after this warning; se « God hath cried to the city!"
(n) v. 12. “ Thereof,” i.e. « of the city, so • Jerusalem."
(0) v. 14. “ Eat, &c." i.e. either they food « shall not give thee nourishment," « shalt not have food enough to nourish ther"
(k) v. 9.
HABAKKUK. ho di
2. And the LORD answered me, and said, CHAP. II. (X)
“ Write (a) the vision, and make it plain * WILL stand (y) upon my watch, and “ upon tables, that he may run (b) that and set me upon the tower, and will watch " readeth it. 3. For the vision (c) is Eu see what he (z) will say unto me, and “ yet (d) for an appointed time, but at vusat I shall answer when I am reproved. “ the end it (e) shall speak, and not
"P) v. 14. “ Thy casting down, &c." i.e. ne za
haps, “ thou shalt be visited with inward 20 sickness.”
) v. 14.“ Thou shalt take hold, &c.” i. e. curhaps, “ that which you most value, what you most would wish to save, shall either be
wrested from you, or given to the sword.”
(r) v. 15. « Sow, &c.” “ thou shalt have the toil, not the produce.” Like the
aunciation, Deut. xxviii. 38 to 40.
sweet wine,'' r. “ thou shalt
Israel, Ahab's father ; "he wrought evil in the sight of the Lord, worse than all
that were before him. 1 Kings xvi. 25." (u) v, 16. “My people,” or “ the heathen.”' (*) The exact time when Habakkuk lived is t known: probably before the commenceint of the Babylonish captivity : for he says, ab. i. 6. “ Lo, I raise up the Chaldeans, that bitter and hasty nation ;” and enters o a more minute description of their strength à martial qualities than would have been ely had they before been known in Judea. A prophecy of the great deliverance by the essiah in God's appointed time, but not be-re, of earlier deliverance to the Jews from e Babylonian power, and of the judgments fall upon that nation. (y) v. 1. “I will stand, &c.” He had been (postulating with God in chapter i. for sufring the oppressions and successes of the ticked, perhaps referring to the success of the
Babylonians, and their oppressions upon the Jews; and he here betakes himself to his station, like a watchman of those times, to hear what God will answer.
(z) v. 1. “ He,” i.e. “ God."
(a) v. 2. “ Write, &c." This implies that it was of great importance, and that persons not then born were concerned in knowing it.
(6) v. 2. “ May run, &c." so that it was to be short as well as clear, that it might be seen and understood at a single glance.
(c) v. 3. “ The vision,” i. e. (probably) “ the great subject of prophecy from the fall, “ the deliverance by the Messiah.”
(d) v. 3. “ Yet, &c.” i. e. (probably) " there is an interval, a fixed and settled time “ which must elapse before this great event.”
(e) v. 3. “ It,” or “he," "him," so in all the antient versions. Bp. Chandler's Defence of Chrisianity 163. and so cited Hebr. X. 37. The antient rabbins considered this a prophecy of the Messiah, and the Talmudists do the same. Chandl. 166. 7. Bp. Chandler thus renders the passage ;
“ And at the end he “ shall break forth,” (i. e, as the sun) " and
not deceive : though he tarry, expect him, “ because he that cometh will come, he will “ not go beyond (God's appointed time.] “ Behold, if any man draw back, the soul of “ him (God) shall have no pleasure in him, “ but the just shall live by faith." Chandl. Def. 162. "The citation Hebr. x. 37. 38. as far as it goes, agrees nearly with Bp. Chandler. “ For yet a little time, and he that shall come, “ will come, and will not tarry: now the just
“ lie (f): though it(e) tarry, wait for it(e); “ because it (e) will surely come, it (e) will • not tarry. 4. Behold, his soul which is “ lifted up(g) is not upright in him: but the “ just shall live by his faith (h). 5. Yea “ also (i), because he (k) transgresseth " by wine, he (l) is a proud man, neither “ keepeth at home (m), who enlargeth his « desire as hell, and is as death, and can“ not be satisfied, but gathereth (n) unto “ him all nations, and heapeth unto him “ all people : 6. Shall not all these take “ up a parable against him, and a taunting “ proverb against him, and say, “Woe to “ him that increaseth (0) that which is not “ his : how long (o) ? and to him that “ ladeth himself with thick clay (9). 7. Shall “ they not rise up suddenly (n) that shall « bite thee, and awake that shall vex or thee, and thou shalt be for booties unto “ them? 8. Because (s) thou hast spoiled
many nations; all the remnant of the “ people shall spoil thee : because of men's « blood, and for the violence of (t) the land,
“ of (t) the city, and of (t) all that dwell " therein. 9. Woe to him () that coveteth
evil covetousness to his house, that “ he may set his nest on high, that he may « be delivered from the power of epi. “ 10. Thou(x) hast consulted shame (1) to “ thy house by cutting off many people, and « hast sinned against thy soul (3). 11. For “ the stone(a) shall cry out of the wall, and “ the beam(a) outof the timber shall answer
12. Woe to him (w) that buildeth a < town with blood, and stablisheth ad “ by iniquity. 13. Behold, is it not of “ the LORD of Hosts, that the people ste “ labour in the very fire (b), and the people « shall weary themselves for very vanity (!
14. For the earth shall be filled with the “ knowledge of the glory of the Lord, a " the waters cover the sea. 15. Woe anto “ him(u) that giveth his neighbour drick: “ that puttest thy bottle to bim (c), and “ makest him drunken also, that thon “ mayest look (d) on their nakedness. « 16. Thou art filled with shame for (1)
« shall live by faith; but if any man draw « back,
soul shall have no pleasure in him.” () v. 3:
Speak, and not lie," or appear,
and not deceive." (8) v.4.
“ Lifted up," or " drawn aside,” doubting God's promises.
(b) 0.4. “ Shall live by his faith,” i, e. (probably), his confidence in God shall secure « him life.”
(i) v.5. “ Also," i. e. (probably) “ in ad“ dition to this prophecy as to Christ, I will “ state what shall happen to the Babylonians."
(k) v. 5. “ Because, &c.” reasons fully justifying the judgment upon them.
(1) v. 5. “ He," i, e. “ the Babylonish “ nation," spoken of as one man.
(m) v. 5.“ Neither keepeth at home," i.e. « does not confine himself within his own limits."
(n) v. 5. “ Gathereth, &c." extending his dominions far and wide. () v. 6. “ Increaseth," i. e.
< taketh to “ himself," “ increasing his own possessions by " taking those of others.”
(o) v. 6. “ How long," i. shall this be permitted ?" (9) v. 6. “ Thick clay,” i.e. “ wealth.”
() v. 7. “ Suddenly." It was probably in less than a century after this prediction, that Babylon was taken by Cyrus, and the Babylonian monarchy suppressed.
(s) v. 8. “ 'Because, &c." as a return for your outrages and cruelties.
() 0. 8. “ of” or “ to"
(u) v. 9. 12. 15. 19. “ To him," referring to the people of Babylon.
(x) v.10. “ Thou," i. e. " the Babylonian “ people."
(y) v. 10. “ Shame, &c." "disgrace and « destruction to thyself instead of security wil “ be the consequence of your cruelties." (z) v. 10. “
Against thy soul," i.e. " to “ thy own destruction."
(a) v. 11. “ The stone," and “the beam." The most inanimate things shall cry out against your conduct ; probably proverbs.
(6) v. 13.“ In the very fire," and " for very vanity,"
," i. e. probably, “ with great unes. ness, and to no purpose.” This and the next verse probably look forward to the taking of Babylon by. Cyrus, and the inefficacy of allt tempts to resist him. In Jer. li. 58. where the downfall of Babylon is expressly mentired, similar expressions occur. Thus saith tie Lord of Hosts, “ The broad walls of Babylon shall “ be utterly broken, and her high gates “ be burned with fire; and the people shall “ labour in vain, and the folk in the fore,
they shall be weary."
" " Not for hospitality, but that he may expose “ himself, and you may over-reach him.".
(c) v. 16. “'For," 'i. e. " instead of."
“ glory: drink thou also (f), and let thy " foreskin be uncovered : the cup of the “ LORD's right hand (8) shall be turned “ unto thee, and shameful spewing shall be “ on thy glory. 17. For the violence of “ Lebanon (b) shall cover (i) thee, and the “ spoil of beasts, which made them « afraid (k), because of men's blood (l), and « for the violence of the land, of the city, " and of all that dwell therein. 18. What “ profiteth the graven image (m), that the
“ maker thereof hath graven it; the molten « image, and a teacher of lies, that the « maker of his work trusteth therein, to “ make dumb idols ? 19. Woe unto him (u) " that saith to the (n) wood, “Awake;" to " the dumb (n) stone, “ Arise, it shall " teach :” behold, it is laid over with gold " and silver, and there is no breath at all in 66 the midst of it. 20. But the LORD is in « his holy temple (6): let all the earth “ keep silence () before him.
() > 16." Drink thou also,” or
" thou “ also shalt drink," what thou hast done to others shall be done to thee
(8) v. 16, “ The cup of the Lord's right “ hand," i.e. “ God's vengeance.”
(h) v. 17. “ The violence of Lebanon," i. e. the outrages you committed at the destruction of the temple at Jerusalem ; see v. 8. Jeremiah calls the destruction of Babylon "the vengeance “ of the Lord, the vengeance of his temple." Jer. li. 11. and so Jer. I. 28. The temple is here called “ Lebanon,” because many of the cedars of Lebanon were used in building it.
(?) v. 17. “ Cover,” i. e. “ overcome you * with dread," overwhelm you.
(k) v. 17. Read “shall make thee afraid,&c." “ The manner in which thou hast spoiled others "shall bring upon thee the fear of being spoiled “ in a like manner thyself.”
(1) v. 17. “ Because of men's blood, &c."
the same expressions as in verse 8. “ as a rea “ turn for your outrages and cruelties.”
(m) v. 18. “ The graven image, &c." after these denunciations, what more natural than to contrast the imbecillity of idols with the ome nipotence of God: the weakness of the trust of Babylon, with the irresistible strength of the trust of Israel? This was probably added to keep the Jews from falling into the idolatrous practices of the Babylonians.
(n) v. 19. “ Wood,” « and dumb stone,” i. e. “ idols."
(c) v. 20. “ His holy temple" not in a tem. ple made with hands, as idols are, but in heaven. is Behold, the heaven and heaven of heavens « cannot contain him ; how much less a house “ which man can build. See 1 Kings viii. 27."
() v.20. “Keep silence,” in reverence and submission.
THIS Work is now brought to its con. clusion. It was commenced under a firm conviction, after doubt and examination, of the Divine Origin of the Christian Dispensation, and of the importance, both to individuals and to the nation, of a general practice of its duties. That conviction has received additional strength during the progress of the Work. The series of prophecies respecting the Messiah, the conversion of the Gentiles, and the coming in of all nations to God's worship ; the repeated warnings and affectionate exhortations God from time to time gave bis people, to keep them stedfast in his faith and service, and the denunciations he pronounced, and the judgments he inflicted, for their apostacies, form one body of proofs, sufficient to satisfy
every unprejudiced and considerate mind, that Christianity is the scheme and work of God, and that God's favour or displeasure depends upon the faith and worship man adopts. And may He, from whom all light and knowledge comes, open our eyes that we may know what is truth, and dispose our hearts to fulfil its dictates, that we may be a wise and understand. ing people, a thankful, bumble, and religious nation, and that no private or national vices or neglect, may prevent the Lord our God from being near unto us in all that we call upon him for, or obstruct the arrival of those times, when nation shall no longer lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.
Page. GENESIS . i.
489. ix. to v. 20. 490. xii.
491. xviii. 493• xix. to v.30. 494. xxii.
504. Exodus iii.
513 NUMBERS xvi.
521. DEUTER. iv.
525. vi. vii.
535. JOSHUA X.
540. 1 SAMUEL i.
Page. I SAMUEL H.
550. 2 SAMUEL xii.
558. I KINGS xiii.
565 xxii. . 567 2 KINGS - ïi
580. PROVERBS i.
585. xi. xii.
587. 588. 589.
594 ISAIAH i.
601. vii. 10 to 17.603. ix. to v.8. 604. xi.
Chap ISAIAH XXV.
xxvi. 610. XXX
612. Xxxii. - 615. Xxxvii. ib, Xxxviii. ib. xl. to v. 11. 172. xli. 617. xliii.
619. xliv, 622 xlvi. 625 1. 5
to ll. 104 li. 625. lii. 628. ly. 631. lvi. 632 lvü. 634 lviii. 636 lix.
637 Ixiii. to v. 19.97 Ixiv. 699 Ixv. 640.
lxvi. 64. JEREMIAH v.
645 xxii. . xxii. 5 to 8.222. XXху. . 649.
Xxxvi. • 650. EZEKIEL
653 xiii. ib.
655 xviii. 657 XX.
xxiv. DANIEL - iii.
vi. 665. JOEL ii.
vi. 60 HABAKKUK Ü. 671.
62. MALACHI ü. to 0.5.