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THE CONGRESSIONAL JOURNALS OF THE UNITED STATES
PART I OF THE
The Journal of
The Journal of
of the Senate
GEORGE WASHINGTON ADMINISTRATION 1789-1797
FIRST CONGRESS, SECOND SESSION;
MICHAEL GLAZIER, INC.
1210 A King Street
© 1977 Michael Glazier, Inc.
Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 77-76813
International Standard Book Numbers
Printed in the United States of America.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
JOURNAL OF EXECUTIVE PROCEEDINGS
• For the complete list of and biographical notes on the members of the Senate,
John Fenno was born in Boston on August 12, 1751. After his failure as an importer at the close of the Revolution, he fled to New York to avoid his creditors. He became acquainted with some Federalists, and when he started the Gazette of the United States on April 11, 1789, he had their backing and the paper served them well.
Fenno moved his Gazette to Philadelphia in April, 1790. Even though its circulation never topped 1400 copies, a quarter of which were distributed gratis, he was supported by Hamilton, who became a regular contributor. He attracted the wrath of Jefferson and Benjamin Bache's Aurora and the National Gazette of Philip Freneau. Hamilton used Fenno and his Gazette for his own purposes and saved it from bankruptcy in 1793. On December 13 of the same year Fenno began the publication of an evening paper and the title was changed to the Gazette of the United States and Evening Advertiser.
John Fenno was a talented editor and was regarded as a competent printer, who took pride in doing work for Congress. He, like his competitors, sought and received government printing through his political connections.
John Fenno died in Philadelphia, during a yellow fever epidemic, on September 14, 1798. His nineteen-year old son, John Ward Fenno, succeeded him as printer and as editor of the Gazette, which he sold in 1800.
DUFF GREEN Printer of the original edition of the Executive Proceedings of the Senate (the appropriate part of which is included as a supplement in this volume)
Duff Green was born in Woodford County, Kentucky, in 1791. He prospered as a land speculator, merchant, and lawyer in Missouri. In 1825 he moved to Washington and purchased and edited the United States Telegraph.
In 1828 he was designated to print the Journal of the Executive Proceedings of the Senate "from the Commencement of the First, to the termination of the Nineteenth Congress."
Duff Green wielded great influence in Democratic circles, and became a member of Andrew Jackson's “Kitchen Cabinet." He supported J. C. Calhoun in his split with Jackson; in 1832 he backed Henry Clay and thereafter stood with the Whigs. He supported the Confederacy in the Civil War, and in the post-bellum years he strove strenuously to raise capital for the revival of the South's economy. He died in Georgia in 1875.