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bids us be obedient, both from fear of punishment, and that we may fulfil what is our duty; for this is what he means by conscience' sake, 6. For, for this cause pay ye tribute also ; for they are God's ministers attending continually upon this very thing. For while thou art asleep he is bearing about him the common care ; and while thou sittest at home, he is meeting the war which brings thee peace. 7. Render therefore to all their dues; tribute to whom tribute is due ; custom to whom custom ; fear to whom fear ; honour to whom honour. By tribute he means the taxes arising from land, but by custom the excise or duty from merchandise ; nor are these only what he calls dues, but fear and honour also ; for these are owing from the ruled to the rulers. 8. Owe no man any thing, but to lore one another. Not that we are not to pay the debt of love, for this we ought to discharge before any thing else, but that we should increase it by that payment; for such discharge augments the debt, in that it makes love the warmer; for he that loveth another hath fulfilled the law. How, and in what manner? 9. For this, thou shalt not commit adultery, thou shalt not kill, thou shalt not steal, thou shalt not covet, and if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. For he who is kindly disposed towards any one, kills not him whom he thus loves, commits not adultery with his wife, steals not any thing belonging to the object of his affectionate regard, nor does any other thing which might give him pain ; for so he subjoins, 10. Love worketh no ill to his neighbour ; and then drawing his conclusion, therefore love is the fulfilling of the law. And so also the Lord, being asked which was the first commandment, mentioned the first, and joined the second to it, (Mark xii. 30,) “ Thou shalt love the Lord thy God, with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy strength, and with all thy mind; and thy neighbour as thyself;" and shews that in the former is established perfect theoretical, and in the second perfect practical virtue ; and so, in like manner, the holy Apostle, therefore love is the fulfilling of the law; and then he goes on to say, 11. And that, knowing the time, that now it is high time for us to awake out of sleep; that is, especially as this is not a time for sleep, but for arousing ourselves from slumber; for now is our salvation nearer than when we believed; for each day we draw nearer to the coming of the Lord (in judgment.) 12. The night is far spent, the day is at hand. By night be means the season of ignorance ; * by the day the time since the appearance of the Lord among us. For the Sun of righteousness having arisen, has enlightened the whole world with the rays of divine knowledge. Let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light. By darkness he means ignorance; and by the works of darkness evil actions; and knowledge is what he calls light; and the performance of good deeds the armour of light. 13. Let us walk honestly, as in the day. By natural things he sets forth spiritual, for so they that embrace a life of sin commit such sin in the night, while in the day time they put on the appearance of orderly conduct. He intends, then, that the night having as it were passed away, and ignorance ceased, we should depart from evil deeds. And what these are he goes on to specify. Not in lasciviousness, and drunkenness; not in chambering and wantonness ; not in strise and enrying. For in their feasts some were
Compare Acis xvij. 30.-E. B.
wont to act lewdly, and defile their tongues with obscene songs, all of which drunkenness provokes, as it is also the parent of wantonness, and the teacher of strife and quarrelsomeness. 14. But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ. Not that they should receive another baptism, but consider the garment where with they were already clothed.* And make not provision for the flesh, to fulfil the lusts thereof. Here lie stops the mouths of those heretics who condemned the flesh itself,t for he denounces not care for the body, but forbids luxurious indulgence and intemperance ; saying not, make no provision for the body, but make it not for the lusts ; that is, prepare it not by luxurious living to play the wanton. Having thus in its turn fully spoken of practical virtue, he now returns again to doctrinal instruction. And here it is first necessary to explain the scope of the Apostle's arguments, that the exposition of what he says may be more clearly understood. The Gentile believers, then, embraced the polity prescribed by the gospel; while many of the Jews who had become proselytes to the gospel, persisted still in submission to the institutions of the law, keeping still to the observation of particular days, and partaking of such food (only) as the law directed. llence a disunion arose, and indeed positive quarrels, these latter condemning the Gentile believers for their indiscriminate use of all foods, and the former despising them in their turn on account of their extreme and superfluous adherence to the law. To correct all this, therefore, the holy Apostle offers such admonitions as are suited to both parties; and first he exhorts the Gentile believers to brotherly love.
(To be continued.)
No. LXXIV.-AN ABSTRACT OF AN ACT (3 & 4 VIC. cap. 118,) To carry into effect the Fourth Report of the Ecclesiastical Commissioners.
(Concluded from page 628.) 61. The Rectory and five Prebends may be transferred to St. David's, at of Chulmleigh, Devon, shall imme- Lampeter, in exchange for Benefices diately become united, and forin one with cure of souls, now connected with entire Rectory (subject to any existing the college; and the college may conlease or leases of the Prebendal houses, vey such Benefices to such person or Glebes or Tithes); and the Rev. body corporate, and in such manner George Hole, the present Incumbent as shall be directed. of the Rectory and Prebends, and all 63. Out of the endowments befuture incumbents, shall hold the Rec- longing to the suspended Prebends in tory with all the emoluments, rights, Lichfield, after setting apart from the and privileges, of the Prebends at- Prebend of Sawley so much as has tached to it, as one benefice; and the heretofore been contributed to the Rector may grant leases as heretofore, Fabric Fund of the Cathedral, certain except of the house in which the pre- provision shall be made for the Rector sent Rector resides, or of the gardens; of St. Philip's, Birmingham, and for the which shall be deemed in future the Perpetual Curate of Christ Church, residence of the Rector, and repaired Birmingham; and out of the endowaccordingly.
ments belonging to the Collegiate 62. Any of the property which shall Churches of Wolverhampton, Heytesbe vested in the Ecclesiastical Com- bury, and Middleham, better provision missioners from St. David's or Brecon, shall be made for the cure of souls in
Compare on Ch. vi. 10; and Gal. iii. 27.-E. B. + See on Ch. viii. 13.-E. B. the districts with which they are con- application to the Ecclesiastical Coinnected.
missioners, under the hand and seal of 64. Out of the property of the Col. such Body, and if a Chapter, with legiate Church of 'Wimborne Minster, consent of the Visitor, be directed to Dorsetshire, better provision shall be be sold, and sold accordingly; the made for the cure of souls in that produce to be applied, so as most to parish.
conduce to the permanent benefit of 65. The Ecclesiastical Commis- the Body; and any arrangement may sioners shall inquire and report to the
be made with consent of any Bishop or Queen in council, the state of all hos- Chapter for the sale, transfer, or expitals which were promotions spiritual change of any Lands, Tithes, or other in the reign of King Henry VIII.; and Hereditaments, belonging to the See where the endowinents, after fulfilling or Chapter, or for the purchase of other the Founder's intentions, can afford a Lands, Tithes, &c. in lieu thereof, or hetter provision for the cure of souls for substituting Lands, Tithes, &c. for in those parishes, the Commissioners any money payment. may suggest it in their Report.
69. Arrangements may be made for 66. Subject to certain provisions the sale of livings, annexed to the respecting Durham University, and Headships of Colleges in Oxford and the Canonries in Westminster annexed Cambridge; or the Colleges may purto St. Margaret's and St. John's, fixed chase the advowsons of such benefices, annual sus shall be paid to the Ec- the proceeds to be invested in proper clesiastical Commissioners by the Deans securities, and the interests and anand Canons of Durham, St. Paul's, nual profits paid to the respective Westminster, and Manchester, as shall Heads of Colleges. The existing inleave to the Dean of Durbam 30001. cumbents may, on resigning the same, per annum; and to each of the Deans receive the interest and annual proof St. Paul's, Westminster, and Man- ceeds of the sales. chester, 20001. per annum; and to each 70. The University of Cambridge of the Canons of the said four churches may sell any or all the advowsons of 10001. per annum.
And fixed sums the Benefices annexed to the Regius shall be paid by the Ecclesiastical Com- Professorship of Divinity, and invest missioners, or deductions allowed out the proceeds in securities-providing of suspended Canonries, as shall give for the payment of the interest and to the Dean and Canon of every other annual profits to the Regius Professor; Cathedral in England 10001. and 5001. and on the completion of the sale the per annum respectively, and to each of existing incumbent, on resigning the the Deans and Canous of St. David's Benefice, may receive the interest and and Llandaff, 700/. and 350l. per an- annual profits. num respectively; and also enable the 71. Any benefice with Cure of souls, Chapters of Chester and Ripon to pro- which is held with or in the patronage vide for the efficient performance of of the holder of a Prebend or other the duties in these churches, and the Sinecure Preferment belonging to a maintenace of the fabrics.
College in either University or a Pri67. With some exceptions, all money vate Patron, may, with consent of paid to the Ecclesiastical Commis- patrons, be united to such preferment sioners, and all rents, and profits, &c. under certain provisions. vested in them, shall, with interest, be 72. With respect to a parish in carried to a common fund, by payments which the profits and spiritual charge from which, or by conveying Lands, are divided between two or more inTithes, or other Hereditaments, ad- cumbents, each having a portion of ditional provision shall be made for the the benefice, the Bishop with consent cure of souls where such assistance is of patrons, and having regard to the required, due consideration being had interests of any existing incumbent, to the wants of the place in which may frame a plan for forming such such Tithes may arise.
portions into separate benefices or con68. Any sum invested in the funds solidating them into one, or making or other securities in trust for an Ec- such arrangements as he may judge clesiastical Body Corporate, may, on
best for the parishes - nothing to re
strain the Bishop from doing any act which he may now lawfully do.
73. Arrangements may from time to time be made for improving the value, or making better provision for the spiritual duties of ill-endowed parishes or districts, by the exchange of Advowsons or such alterations in Patronage as the Patrons with consent of Bishop (or Bishops if the benefices are in different dioceses) may agree to: and (where a Bishop is Patron) with consent of the Archbishop.
74. The income of two benefices belonging to the same Patron, may be apportioned between the Incumbents or Ministers of the benefices, or the Churches or Chapels connected with them-such arrangement with respect to benefices in Lay Patronage to require the consent of Patrons, and not to prejudice the interest of existing Incumbent, and to have the consent of Bishop (or Bishops if the benefices are in different dioceses); and of the Archbishop, where a Bishop is Patron.
75. Nothing in this Act respecting the division of Corporate property, the diminution of income of a Deanery or Canonry, the severance of property or the limitation of patronage, shall affect any Dean, Canon, Prebendary, Dignitary or officer in possession at the passing of this Act, except as before enacted; but every one hereafter appointed shall be subject to its regulations, and the provisions respecting the qualification of persons to be presented to a benefice in the gift of a Chapter, or the apportionment of the income of such benefice shall not affect the Chapter so long as any person who shall be a member at the passing of this Act shall continue such; and with respect to benefices in the gift of the Chapters of St. Paul's and Lincoln, the fourth or Junior Canon for the time being shall have no voice in their disposal while any one of the present members shall continue such.
76. Nothing in this Act shall affect any provisions of 1 & 2 Gul. IV. c. 45; except that after its passing, no augmentation by any Bishop or Chapter whose revenues are affected shall be valid without the consent of the Ecclesiastical Commissioners.
77. The Ecclesiastical Commis.
sioners shall cause to be amended ihe Valuation of the Revenues of Bishoprics, Cathedrals, Collegiate Churches, Ecclesiastical Corporations, Aggregate and Sole Benefices in England and Wales, as specified in the Report of June 16, 1835: and such amended valuation, when approved by the Queen in Council, shall be printed by the Queen's printer, and be evidence of the value for all the purposes of this Act.
78. In addition to the Commissioners appointed, the following shall be Ecclesiastical Commissioners for England. All the Bishops of England and
Wales for the time being.
of Common Pleas,
chequer, The Judge of the Prerogative Court
of Canterbury, The Judge of the High Court of
Admiralty, (being Members of the United Church of England and Ireland.)
The Deans of Canterbury, St. Paul's, and Westminster.
Four Lay Persons (Members of the Church) appointed by the Queen, under her Sign Manual.
Two Lay Persons (Members of the Church) appointed by the Archbishop of Canterbury under his hand and seal.
79. Any Vacancy in the six last mentioned Commissioners shall be filled up by the Queen or the Archbishop, as the case may be.
80. Every Lay Commissioner shall subscribe the declaration required by the first recited Act.
81. Every Ecclesiastical Commissioner shall hold his appointment so long as he shall well demean himself in the execution of his duties.
82. Due notice of every meeting shall be given to every Commissioner, unless he shall not be within England or Wales, or shall have intimated that he will not be able to attend a meeting at such time : provided that nothing affecting a Commissioner being a Bishop or Dean, or his See, Diocese or Church, shall be done without his consent, or giving him due notice.
83. The Ecclesiastical Commis- but shall be entitled to 3s. on every sioners shall lay before the Queen in search for such order; and for every Council, such schemes as they may copy or extract certified by him, shail think necessary to carry this Act into receive 4d. for every folio of ninety effect : provided that notice be previ- words; such copy to be evidence in ously given to any Corporation aggre- all courts and places. gate or sole which may be affected, 90. The powers vested in the Ecand their objections, if any, accom- clesiastical Commissioners, by 6 & 7 pany the scheme: the Commissioners Gul. IV.c. 77, shall continue and apply being at liberty to propose certain also to those appointed under this Act. modifications or variations.
91. The offices of Treasurer and 84. The Queen in Council may Secretary to the Commissioners shall make an order for ratifying and speci- be united; and the duties performed fying the time when such schemes by one person; and C. K. Murray, shall take effect, and direct the order Esq. Barrister-at-law, shall continue to be registered by the Registrar of in, and hold the office, so long as he the Diocese of which the Bishop, or shall well demean himself; and on within which any Church or person any vacancy, the Ecclesiastical Commay be affected thereby.
missioners shall appoint a successor 85. In any order made by the under their common seal. Queen in Council, it shall be sufficient 92. The temporary provisions of the to refer to the Act under which the first recited Act shall be in force till authority is made.
August 1, 1811 ; and if Parliament be 86. Every such order when made then sitting, till the end of the Session : shall be published in the London provided that any Bishop or ArchGazette, and shall then be of full deacon may hold Visitations of the force and effect.
Clergy within his Diocese or Arch87. A copy of every order of the deaconry, and may then admit ChurchQueen in Council made under this wardens, receive Presentments, and do Act, shall be laid before Parliament in all customary things; and any Bishop January, if sitting; and if not, within may consecrate any new Church or one week of its meeting.
Chapel or Burial Ground, in his dio88. Any Registrar refusing or neglecting to register an order of the 93. The term Canon means every Queen in Council, made under this Residentiary Member of Chapter, exAct, shall forfeit 201. for every day cept the Dean ; and the term Minor during which he shall so offend; and Canon, every Vicar, Vicar Choral, if his offence shall last three months, Priest Vicar, and Senior Vicar being a shall forfeit his office, which shall be Member of the Choir in a Cathedral filled up by the Bishop.
or Collegiate Church. 89. The Registrar shall receive no 94. This Act may be amended or fee or reward for such registration; repealed in the present Session.
SOCIETY FOR THE PROPAGATION OF THE GOSPEL. Extract from a Leiter dated July 28, Unless the Bishop and his clergy work from the Bp. of Madras. together, very little worth doing will be
done in an Indian diocese, where unity of “ The Society will be glad to hear my system in propagating the Gospel, is seopinion of its Missionaries in my diocese. cond only to unity of purpose, and where, I have now had sufficient time to form unless we pursue the same object in the some estimate of the character and con- same way, we shall lose much of our laduct of those reverend gentlemen, and I bour. In this country we are literally the am bound to say, that I have great reason voice crying in the wilderness, to preto be thankful for my fellow labourers. I pare the way of the Lord : and although, have confidence in them, and they in me. as I have already said, India will not be This is a great point, and one which I have made Christian except by a native Chrisaimed at ever since my arrival in India. tian Priesthood, it must look for many VOL. XXII. NO. XI.