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the Health of his own Soul, and the Souls of his Ancestors : See Selden, &c. ibid.. .' ; It appears also out of the Charter of the MOnastery of Reding in Herefordshire; in the cime of King Fobn; thar Walter Clifford, for the Health of his Father's Soul, and of his Wife and Children, gave the whole Tenth of Hamenefca unto the Church of Leinster, as the Author aforesaid informs me. Ibid.' ' * Yet it was long before people were reftrained from giving their Tithes where; or to what place they pleaş'd, which made many Rich Abbies and Monafteries, &c. Till about the Year 1200. or thereabouts, when every one gave his Tithe 'at his pleasure, which made Pope Innocent the Third, fend his Decretal Epistle to the Bishop of Canterbury, Commanding him to enjoyn every Man to pay his Temporal Goods to him thac miniftred Spiritual Things to him, which was enforced by Ecclefiaftical Cenfures: Thus began Parachiøt Payment of Tithes in England ; this Decretal Epiffle being then admiuted, and enjoyned by the Law of the Nation, King and People being chen Papists; see Fr. Howgill, &c. p. 571...nii: ' . 1. This Decree of the Pope was greatly affifted by the Bishops and Priefts, in' whose behalf it was made, and did fo corrupt.the Clergy, that Wickliff, chat Famous Reformer, in Richard the Second's time, complains to the Parliament, in ithese words : Ah, Lord God, where this be . Reafon co.conftrain the poor people to find

a Worldly

a Worldly Priest, somtime unable both of Life and Cunning, in Pomp and Pride, Co

vetise and Envy, Gluttony, Drunkenness and 'Lechery, in Simony and Heresie, with far ''Horses and jolly, and gay Saddles and Bri

dles, ringing by the way, and himself in coftly Cloaths and Pelure, and to suffer their Wives, and Children, and their poor Neighbours, perish for Hunger, Thirst and Cold, and other Mischiefs of the World. Ah, Lord Jesu Chrift, fith within few Years Men paid their Tithes and Offerings at their own Will, free to good Men, and able so great Worship of God, to profic and fairness of Holy Church fighting in Earıh;

where it were lawful and needful, that a 'Worldly Priest should destroy this holy and approv'd Custom, confraining Men to leave

this Freedom, turning Tithes and Offerings *unto wicked Uses. Selden, &c. c. 19.

And in the Days of Henry II. Nicolas Fitz Turold gave the Tithes in Chiltune to the Monaltery at Abingdon; the Form and Contents of his Donation runs thus:

Be it known to those that are present, ' and to those that shall fucceed, that I Nico' las, the Son of Turold, for the Salvation of 'my Soul, and my parents, bc. have grant'ed to the Church at Abingdon, to be held ' for ever, the Tithes of all my Land, which

I possess in the Village of Chiltane; Selden, C., C. II. i ' . , i oni See another, I William Alkiney do grant


. unto God, and to Saint Andreas of Rochester, "and to the Monks having Residence there, all my Tithes, &c. fot the Soul of King William, and for the Soul' of King Henry, and for my own Soul, and for the Soul of my Facher and Mother, and for my Wife; and for my Brother Neale, and for my Nephew Mumphry, and for the Souls of my other Parents, alive and dead, Selden, &c. C. II.,

Again; Know all Men, that I Payne Sheriff, of Surrey, do give and grant the Tithes of ' Geddinges, which my Ancestors gave to God,

and to the Church of St. Andrew of Rochester, • for the Soul of my Father and Mother, and o for me and my Wife, and the same Church

hath granted unto me, that after our Death, ? the Anniversary of me, and of my Wife;

fhall Yearly be performed for ever. Thus á former Grant was confirm'd. ' 111

Again, Richard Trefgoz confirm d to God, Cand the Church of blefled Mary of Boxgrave,

and to the Monks 'there serving God, for ! the Salvation of his Soul, and of his Wife • and Predecessors, that Mass fhould be Cele

brated thrice a Week in the foresaid Church, for his soul, his Wife's Soul, and the Souls of his father and Mother, and Ancestors, all the Donarions which his Facher had given, as well in Lands as in Tithes : Moreover, he gave all the small Tithes of his Mannor of * Hamptunete, of Lambs, Calves, Foals, Chickens, * Pigs, Geese, Wool, Cheese, Apples, Fruit;

in a word, of whatsoever was Titheable; Selden, ibid.


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Now the Pope's Doctrine being received, and Tithes, as is mentioned, given, and for what, and to whom the Pope would, the Narion was divided into Bishopricks, Parishes, &c.. For before that, molt Preachers were seng out of Religious Houses, so called, and People gave their Tithes where they pleased : Bur after Parishes. were settled, then the Priest of the Parish must have the Tithes paid to him ; and tho they had long before been a free Gift; yer now they were claim'd as a Debt, and Prescriprion pleaded by the Priests, as their Just Title. But people seeing themselves run into a Snare, some began to contend, but all too late; for the Pope being grown great, thundred out his Interdict against this Nacion, Excom

municated the King, Affrighted the Subjects > with his Bulls, ftuff'd with Comminations

and Curses, and that against the very point of Arbitrary Disposal of Tithes; and the Pope did highly insuk over Kings and Princes about this time; witness Frederick Barbarossa, Henry 6. and King John, and some others, as Histories mention. So that by the Power of the Pope, Pae rochial Payment came to be settled; yet nocwithstanding that, the English Parliament, not willing wholly to forget the Poor, for whole fakes Tithes were chiefly given, did make divers Laws, that a convenient Portion of the Tithes should be set apart for the poor of the Parish for ever, as in the Statutes of Richard the Second, 15.6. and the 4th of Henry the Fourth. Fr. Howgill, &c. p. 578.


Now after the Pope had thus brought in Tithes, the Priests pretended a Legal Title to them; fet úp Courts, call'd Ecclesiastical Courts, which remain to this day, amongst them that say they are Reform'd, to recover their Tithes by; and 'che Priests themselves being Judges, the People might well think what might be expected from them; yet they that did not pay, no greater Punishment did the Priests at that time inflict upon them, than Excommunication. And yer, notwithstanding this General Decree, the Pope did dispence with, and give Exemption to divers Orders of his Clergy, so called, to free them from Payment, as the Hospitallers, Templars, and generally to all Lands belonging to those call'd Religious Persons and Houses; which is the reason that divers Persons at this day have Lands that are Tithe-free.... 1So the Pope, -by colour of the Fewishi Lari, by which Tithes were given to the Leviti: cal-Priesthood, gained an Universal Payment of them to all his Clergy; and in Imitation of that Eartbly Tabernacle; set up a New Build. ing, after the former Pattern; and therefore to himself he claims the First Fruits and Tenibs, as a Successor of the Jewish High Priest : Sins also he undertakes to Pardon, and appoints Cardinals, as Leaders of families; Mia ters are ordain'd for the Head, as Aaron had, and Synagogues built, fallly called Churches, with Altars, like the Jews, and with Organs, and Instruments of Mufick, with Singers and Porters, &c. . ..

. And

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