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sound and the derivation. See EuGH.] A tree of tough wood, used for bows, and therefore planted in churchyards.

It hath amentaceous flowers, which consist of many apices, for the most part shaped like a mushroom, and are barren; but the embryos, which are produced at remote distance on the same tree, do afterward become hollow bellshaped berries, which are full of juice, and include seeds somewhat like acorns, having, as it were, a little cup to each.

Miller. The shooter eugb, the broad-leav'd sycamore, The barren plantane, and the walnut sound; The myrrhe, that her foul sin doth still de

plore; Alder, the owner of all waterish ground.

Fairfax. Slips of

yew, Silver'd in the moon's eclipse. Sbakspeare.

He drew, And almost join'd the horns of the tough yer.

Dryder. The distinguish'd yew is ever seen Unchang'd his branch, and permanent his green,

Prior. YE'wen. adj. [from yew.] Made of the wood of yew.

His stiff arms to stretch with eugben bow, And manly legs still passing to and fro.

Hubberd's Tale, Yex. n. s. [See Yux.] The hiccough. TO YEx. v. n. To have the hiccough. YEE'RE. adv. Cyrene, Sax.] Together.

Spenser. TO YIELD. v. a. (geldan, Sax. to pay. ] 3. To produce; to give in return for culo tivation or labour.

When thou tillest the ground, it shall not henceforth gield unto thee her strength.

Genceis. No country, for the bigness of it,' can be better watered, or gield fairer fruits. Heylin.

Strabo tells us the mines at Carthagena yirleed the Romans per diem to the value of twenty-five thousand drachms, eight hundred and seven

pounds five shillings and ten pence. Arbulbnet. s. To produce in general.

He makes milch kine yield blood. Shaksp.
The wilderness yieldeth food for them. Fol.

All the substances of an animal, fed even with acescent substances, yield by fire nothing but alkaline salts.

drburbrot. 3. To afford; to exhibit.

Philoclea weuld needs have her glove, and not without so mighty a lour as that face could field.

Sidney. The mind of man desireth ever more to know the truth, according to the most infallible certainty which the nature of things can gicld.

Hooker, If you take the idea of white, which one par, cel of snow yielded yesterday to your sight, and another idea of white from another parcel of snow you see to-day, and put them together in your mind, they run into one, and the idea of whiteness is not at all increased.

Locke. 4. To give, as claimed of right.

I the praise Tield thee, so well thou hast this day purvey'd.

Milton. 5. To allow; to concede,

1 yield it just, said Adam, and submit. Milt.

I that have not only yielded, but challenged the undoubted truth of the proposition, can

make no question of its corollaries. Hammond, 6. To permit; to grant.

Life is but air,
That yields a passage to the whistling sword,
And closes when 'tis gone.

Drysen. 2. To einit; to expire.

Often did I strive To gield the ghost; but still the envious fiood Kepe in my soul, and would not let it forth To find the empty, vast, and wand'ring air.

Sbakspeare: He gathered up his feet into the bed, and yielded up the ghost.

Genuis. 8. To resign ; to give up: sometimes with a particle, as up or over.

He not yielding over to old age his conatry delights, especially of hawking, was, at that time following a merlin, hrought to see this injury offered unto us.

Sidney. Thus I have yielded up into your hand The circle of my glory.

Szakspeare She to realities yields all her shows. Allen.

'Tis the pride of man which is the spring of this evil, and an unwillingness to gield up their own opinions.

Wait. 9. To surrender : sometimes with up.

The enemies sometimes offered unto the sol. diers, upon the walls, great rewards, if they would yield up the city, and sometimes threatened them as fast.

They laugh, as if to them I had quitted all,
At random yielded up to their misrule. Mitez
1. To give up the contest; to submit,

He yields not in his fall;
But fighting dies, and dying kills withal

. Darid, All is not lost: immortal hate, And courage never to submit or yield. Milter.

If the inspiring and expiring organ of any animal be stopt, it suddenly yields to nature, and dies.

Walten, There he saw the fainting Grecians şidld, And here the trembling Trojans quit the Geld, Pursued by fierce Achilles.

Drydes. 2. To comply with any person, or motive


Considering this present age so full of tergue, and weak of brain, behold we gield to the stream thereof.

Hoskrt. I see a gielling in the looks of France: Mark, how they whisper. Sbakspeare.

This supernatural soliciting, if ill, Why hath it given me earnest of success? If good, why do I yield to that suggestion, Whose horrid image doth uptix my hair? Sbais.

With her much fair speech she caused him to gield.

Proverb. The Jews have agreed to desire tbee that thou wouldst bring down Paul; but do not thou yiei unto them.

dets. They shew the world that they are not of a yielding temper, which will be wronged or base fled.

Kettlewelt 3. To comply with things required or enforced.

There could be no secure peace, except the Lacedemonians gielded to those things, which being granted, it would be no longer in their power to hurt the Athenians.

Bacon. If much converse Thee satiate, to short absence I could yield. 4. To concede; to admit; to allow; not to deny.

If we gield that there is a God, and that this God is almighty and just, it cannot be as vided but that, after this life ended, he administers justice unto men.

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5. To give place, as inferiour in excel. YOʻKEFELLOW. n. s. (yoke and fellow,
lence or any
other quality.

YO'KEMATE. $ or mate.]
The fight of Achilles and Cygnus, and the fray 1. Companion in labour.
betwixt the Lapithæ and Centaurs, gield to no

Yokefellows in arms,
other part of this poet.
Dryden. Let us to France.

Tell me in whai more happy fields

2. Mate ; fellow: commonly partner in The thistle springs, to which the lily yields.


You cannot think me fit
YIE'LDER. n. s. [from yield.] One who

To be th' yokefellow of your wit,

Nor take one of so mean deserts
Briars and thorns at their apparel snatch, To be the partner of your parts. Hudibras,
Some sleeves, some hats; from yielders all things Before Toulon thy gokemate lies,

Sbakspeare. Where all the live-long night he sighs. Stepney. Some guard these traitors to the block of Those who have most distinguished themdeath,

selves by railing at the sex, very often chuse Treason's true bed, and yielder up of breath. one of the most worthless for a companion and Shordspeare. okefellow.

Spectator. YOKE, n. s. (geoc, Saxon; jock, Dutch; YOLD, for yielded. Obsolete.

Spenser. jugum, Latin; joug, French.)

Yolk. n. s. (See Yelk.] The yellow 1. The bandage placed on the neck of

part of an egg. draught oxen.

Nature hath provided a large yolk in every Bring a red heifer, wherein is no blemish, and egg, a great part whereof remaineth after the upon which never came joke. Numbers. chicken is hatched; and, by a channel made on

A yearling bullock to thy name shall sinoke, purpose, serves instead of milk to nourish the
Untam'd, unconscious of the galling yokc. Pope. chick for a considerable time.

Ray. 2. A mark of servitude ; slavery.


2 adj. [geond, Sax.) Being at Our country sinks beneath the yoke;

It weeps it bleeds.

Shakspeare. YO'NDER.

a distance within yiew. In bands of iron fetter'd you shall be;

Madam, yond young fellow swears he will An easier yoke than what you put on me. Dryd.

speak with you.

Shakspeare. 3. A chain ; a link; a bond.

Good mother, do not marry me to yon fool. This goke of marriage from us both remove,

Shakspeare. Where two are bound to draw, though neither Would you not laugh to meet a great counlove.

Dryden. sellor of state in a fat cap, his gloves under his 4. A couple; two; a pair. It is used in girdle; and yond haberdasher in a velvet gown

furred with sables? the plural with the singular termina

Ben 70nson. tion:

Tigranes, being encamped upon a hill with

four hundred thousand men, discovered the Those that accuse him in his intent towards

army of the Romans, being not above fourteen our wives, are a joke of his discarded men.


thousand, marching towards him: he made himHis lands a hundred yoke of oxen sill'd.

self merry with it, and said, joruier men are too Dryden. many for an ambassage, and too few for a tight.

A yoke of mules outgoes a yoke of oxen, when

For proof look up,
set to work at the same time; for mules are


And read thy lot in yon celestial sign. Milton.

Ton flow'ry arbors, yonder allies green. Milta TO YOKE. V. a. [from the noun.]

Let other swains attend the rural care, 1. To bind by a yoke to a carriage.

mountain let me tune my lays. This Stetes proprised to do, if he alone would


Then hear me, gracious heav'n, and grant my yoke together two brazen-hoofed bulls, and, plowing the ground, sow dragon's teeth.


L'Estrange. Make yonder man the fav'rite of thy care:
Four milk-white bulls, the Thracian use of old, Nourish the plane with thy celestial deiv,
Were yuk'd to draw his car of burnish'd gold. Like manna let it fall, and still be new. Harte.


If I were to fall down yonder precipice, and

break my neck, I should be no more a man of 2. To join or couple with another.

this world. My name

Beaitie. Be yok'd with his that did betray the best. Yon. adv. At a distance within

Shukspeare. YOND. view. It is used when we
Cassius, you are yoked with a lamb,

YO'NDER. direct the eye from another
That carries anger as the fiint bears fire. Shaks.
Seek not in Latian bands to yoke

thing to the object.
Our fair Lavinia.


The fringed curtains of thine eyes advance,

And say what thou see'st gond. 3. To enslave; to subdue.

Shakspeare. These are the arms

First, and chiefest, with thee bring

Him that yön scars on golden wing,
With which he yoketh your rebellious necks,
Razeth your cities.

Slak peare.

Guiding the tiery-wheeled throne,
The cherab Contemplation.

Milton. 4. To restrain; to confine.

1 onder are two apple-women scolding. Men marry not; but chuse rather a libertine

Arbutinot and Pope single life than to be yoked in marriage; Bacon. Yond. adj. [I know not whence de

Xerxes, the liberty of Greece to joke,
Over Hellespont bridg’d his way. Milton,

rived.] Mad; furious: perhaps transThe words and promises, that geke

ported with rage; under alienation of The conqueror, are quickly broke. Hudibras. mind, in which sense it concurs with OʻKE-ELM. n. s. [carpinus, Lat.) A tree.

the rest. Ainsworth. Then like a lion, which hath long time sought

But nigh on

and yond.

His robbed whelps, and at the last them found But in his motion like an angel sings Amongst the shepherd swains, then waxeth wood Still quiring to the yeung-eyed cherubims. and yond;

SbukspursSo fierce he laid about him.


I firmly am resolvid
Nor those three brethren, Lombards, fierce Not to bestow my youngest daughter,

Fairfax. Before I have a husband for the elder. Sbakip Yore or Of Yore. adv. (geogana, Saxon.]

Thou old and true Menenius,
Thy tears are salter than a jouager

man's, 1. Long

And venomous to thine eyes. Sbakspeare. Witness the burning altars, which he swore,

He ordaind a lady for his prize, And, guilty, heavens of his bold perjury;. Generally praiseful, fair and young, and skill'd Which, though he hath polluted oft and yore,

in housewiferies.

Cbetes. Yet I to them for judgment just do dy. Spenser. In timorous deer he hansels his young paws, 2. Of old time ; long ago : with of be- And leaves the rugged bear for firmer claws. fore it.

Corey. And seated here a sce, his bishoprick of yores Nor need'st thou by thy daughter to be cold, Upon the tarthest point of this unfruitiul shore. Though now thy sprity blood with age be cold,

Thou hast been young.

Thee bright-cred Vesta long of yore

When we say a man is young, we mean that To solitary Saturn bore.


his age is yet but a small part of that wiich There liv'd, as authors tell, in days of yore, usually men attain to: and when we denominace A widow somewhat old, and very poor. Diyd. him old, we mean that his duration is run out alIn times of jøre an ancient baron liv'd;

most to the end of that which nen do not usuGreat gifts bestow'd, and great respect receiv d. ally exceed.

Locks Prior. It will be but an iú example to prove, tha The devil was piqued such saintship to behold, dominion, by God's ordination, belonged to the And long'd to tempt him, like good Job of old; eldest son ; because Jacob the youngest here bad But Satan now is wiser than of gore,


Lacke. And tempts by making rich, not making poor. From earth they rear him struggling now with


death, You. pron. (eop, luh, Saxon; of ze, ye.] And Nestor's joungest stops the vents of breath. 1, The oblique case of ye.

Popes Ye have heard of the dispensation of the grace

2. Ignorant; weak, of God, which is given me to you ward. Epbes.

Come, elder brother, thou art too young in I thought to show


Sbakspeare, your How easy 'twas to die, by my example,

3. It is sometimes applied to vegetable And hansel fate before you.

Dryden. life, 2. It is used in the nominative, in com. There be trees that bear best when they begin

mon language, when the address is to to be old, as almonds; the cause is, jor that all persons; and though first introduced trees that bear must have an oily fruit; and by corruption, is now established. In young trees have a more watry juice, and less


Bacan. the following lines you and ye are used Young. n. s. The offspring of animals ungrammatically in the places of cach

collectively. other; but even this use is customary.

The hedge-sparrow fed the cuckoo so long, What gain you by forbidding it to teaze ye? That it had its head bit off by its young. Sbsesp. It now can neither trouble ye nor please ye.

So many days my ewes have been with young ; Dryden.

So many weeks ere the poor fools will yean. 3. It is the ceremonial word for the se

Sbsispest, cond person singular, and is always The


disclos’d their callow young. Milten. used, except in solemn language.

The reason why birds are oviparous, aad ley In vain you tell your parting lover,

eggs, but do not bring forth their young alire, is You wish fair winds may waft him over. Prior.

because there might be more plenty. Morte But madam, if the ta:es withstand, and you

Not so her young; for their unequal line Are destin'd Hymen's willing victim too.

Was heroes make, half human, halt divine; Pape.

Their earthly mold obnoxious was to fare, 4. It is used indefinitely, as the French

Th' immortal part assum'd immortal state. Dry.

Those insects, far whose young nature hath on; any one; whosoever.

not made provision of sufficient sustenance, do We passed by what was one of those rivers of burung matter: this looks, at a distance, like a

themselves gather and lay up in store for them.

Ray. nov-ploughed lard; but as you come near it, you YouʻNGISH. adj. [from young.) Somesee nothing but a long heap of 'heavy disjointed clods.


what young: . You is used in the subsequent members

She let her second room to a very gesteel of a sentence, as distinguished from ye,

youngish man.

Tatier. Stand forth, ye champions, who tlie gauntlet You'NGLING. 11.s. (from young; yeongwield,

ling, Saxon.] Any creature in the first Or you the swiftest racers of the field.

Fope. YOUNG. adj. [long, jeong, Sax. jong,

More dear unto their God than younglings to

their dam. Dutch.]

"Fairy Queen.

Youngling, thou canst not love so dear as I. 1. Being in the first part of life; not old:

-Grey-beard, thy love doth freeze. Sbedsp. used of animal life.

When we perceive that bats have teats, it is Guests should be initrlarded, after the Per. not unreasonable to infer, they suckle their sian custom, by ages young and old. Carere.

younglings with milk.

Brera There's not the smallest orb which thou be- Encourag'd thus, she brought her yeunings huld'st,



part of life.




The stately beast the two Tyrrheidæ bred, He is forsworn, if e'er those eyes of yours, Snatch'd from his damn, and the tame youngling Echold another day break in the east. Slasp fed.

Dryden. While the sword this monarchy secures, YOU'NGLY. adv. (froin young.]

'Tis manag'd by an abler hand than yours. Drysh 1. Early in life.

My wealth, my city, and myself are yours.
Say we read lectures to you,

How youngi; he began to serve his country,

I: is my employment to revive the old of past How long continued, and what stock he springs

ages to the present, as it is yours to transınit the ot.


young of the present to the future. 3. Ignorantly; weakly.

YOURSELF, 1. s. ( your and self.] YOU'NGSTER. 7 1. s.' [from young.] A

1. You, even you; ye, not others. YOU'NKER.

It it stand, as you yourself still do, s young person: in con.

Within the eye of humour; be assurd, tempt.

My purse, my person, my extremest means, What, will you make a younder of me? sball

Lie !) unlock 'd to your occasions. Sbakspeare. I not take mine ease in mind ivo, but I shall su

O heav'ns! have my pocket pick'd ?

Slid?speare. If you do love old men, if your sweet sway
See how the piorning opes her golden gates, Allow obedience, if yourselves are old,
And takes her farewell of the gloricus sun: Make it your cause.

How well resembles it the prime of youth,

2. In the oblique cases it has the sense of Trim'd like a yonder prancing to his love.


reciprocation, or reference to the same While Ulysses slept there, and close by subject mentioned before : as, you love The other yonkers, he abroad would ly. Chupm. only yourself; you have betrayed your

Fame tells, by age fame reverend grown, selves by your rashness.
That Phæbus gave his chariot to his son;

Whenever you are more intent upon adorn-
And whilst the youngster from the path deciines, ing your persons than upon perfecting of your
Admiring the strange beauty of the signs, souls, you are much more beside yourselves than
Proud of his charge, he drove the fiery horse, he thai had rather a laced coat than a healthful
And would outdo his father in his course. Greech.


Law. The youngster, who at nine and three

3. It is sometimes reciprocal in the nomi. Drinks with his sisters milk and tea,

native. From breakfast reads, till twelve o'clock, Burnet and Heylin, Hobbes and Locke. Prior.

Be but yourselves.

Pops. YOUNGTH. 'no's. (from young.) Youth.

YOUTH. n. s. (yeoguð, Saxon.] Obsolete.

1. The part of life surceeding to child. The mournful muse in mirth now list ne mask,

hood and adolescence; the time from As she was wont in youngth and summer days.

fourteen to twenty-eight. Spenser.

But could


tb last, and love still breed, Your. pronoun. [eoper, Saxon.]

Had joys no date, and age no need; 1. Belonging to you. It is used properly

Then these delights my mind might move,

To live with thee, and he thy love. when we speak to more than one, and


His searry helm unbuckled show'd him prime ceremonjously and customarily when to In manhood, where youtb ended. Milton. only one.

The solidity, quantity, and strength of the Either your unparagoned mistress is dead, or aliment, is to be proportioned to the labour or she's outprized by a trifle. Shuksmeare. quantity of muscular motion, which in youth is Impute your danger to our ignorance;

greater than any other age. Arbuthnot. The bravest men are subject most to chance. 2. A young man.


Siward's son,
Ye dauntless Dardans hear,

And many unrough gouths even now,
Think on the strength which once your fathers Protest their first of manhood. Sbakspeare.


If this were seen, 2. Your is used in an indeterminate sense. The happiest youth viewing his progress through,

Every true man's apparel fits your thief; if it What perils past, what crosses do ensuie, be too little for your thief, your true man thinks. Would shut the book and sit him down and die. it big enough. If it be too big for your thief, your

Sbakspeare. thief thinks it little enough; so every true man's O'er the lofty gate his art emboss'd apparel tits your thief.

Sbakspeare. Androgeo's death, and off'rings to his ghost ; There is a great affinity between coins and

Sev'n gurbs from Athens yearly sent, to meet poetry, and your medallist and critic are much The tatc appointed by revengeful Crete. Dryd. nearer related than the world imagine. addison,

The pious chief
A disagreement between these seldom hap- A hundred youths from all his train elects,
pens, but among your antiquaries and schoolinen. And to the Latian court their course directs.

Dryden. 3. Yours is used when the substantive goes 3. Young men. Collectively,

before or is understood : as, this is your As it is fit to read the best authors to youth book, this book is yours.

first, so let them be of the openest and clearest; Pray for this man and for his issue,

as Livy before Sallust, Sidney before Donne. Whose heavy hand hath bow'd you to the grave,

Ben Jonson And beggar'd yours for ever.

About him exercis'd heroic games That done, our day of marriage shall be yours,

Th’unarmed youth of heav'n. Milton. One feast, one house, one mutual happiness.

Th.e graces put not more exactly on

Tli' attire of Venus, when the ball she won,
This kiss, if it durst speak,

Than that young beauty by thy care is drest,
Would stretch thy spirits up into the air:

When all your youth preiers her to the rest. Conceive and fare thee well.

Waller, Yours in the ranks of death. Sbakspeare. YOU'THFUL. adj. ( youth and full.]





1. Young.

YoʻUTHLY. adj. (from youth.] Young Our army is dispers'd already:

early in life. Obsolete. Like youthful steers unyok'd they took their True be thy words, and worthy of thy praise,

That warlike teats dost highest glority, East, west, north, south. Shakspeare. Therein have I spent all my youtbly days,

There, in a heap of slain, among the rest, And many battles fought, and many frays. Two youtiful knights they found beneath a load

Spenser. opprest

You'Thy. adj. (from youth.] Young; Of slaughter'd foes.

Dryden. 2. Suitable to the first part of life.

youthful. A bad word, Here be all the pleasures

The scribbler had not genius to turn my age, That fancy can beget on youthful thoughts,

as indeed I am an old maid, into raillery, tor When the fresh blood grows lively, and returns

affecting a youtbier turn chan is consistent with Brisk as the April buds in primrose season.

my time of day.

Spectator. Milton. Ypi'ght. part. [y and pight, from pitcb.] In his years were seen

Fixed. A vouthful vigour and autunnal green. Dryden.

That same wicked wight Thenymph surveys him, and beholds the grace

His dwelling has low in an hollow care, Of charning features, and a youthful face. Pope.

Far underneath a craggy clift ypişbi, 3. Vigorous, as in youth.

Dark, doletul, dreary, like a greedy grave. How is a good christian animated by a stedfast

Secaset. belief of an everlasting enjoyment of perfect fe- Yuck. n. s. [jocken, Dutch.] Itch. licity, such as, after millions of millions of age, YULE. n. s. [zeol, yeol, yehul, Saxon.] is still youthful and flourishing, and inviting as at the first! no wrinkles in the face, no grey hairs

The time of Christmas. on the head of eternity.

Bentley. Yux. n. s. [yeox, Saxon; sometimes proYou'THFULLY.adv. [from youthful.] in nounced yex.] The hiccough.

a youthful manner.

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Oh, great restorer of the good old stage, down by grammarians, but is read

Preacher at once, and zany of thy age.

Pets, in no word originally Teutonick: its ZA'RNICH. n. s. A substance in which sound is uniformly that of a hard s.

orpiment is found; it approaches to the No word of English original begins

nature of orpiment, but without its luswith z.

tre and foliated texture. The common ZA'FFAR.

kinds of Zarnich are green and yellow. ZA'FFIR. }r.s.

Hill. Powder the calx of cobalt fine, and mix it ZEAL. 12. S. [3r2os; zelus, Latin.] Paswith three times its weight of powdered flints; sionate ardour for any person or cause, this being wetted with common water, concretes In this present age, wherein seal hath drowned into a mass called zafre, which from its hard- charity and skill, meekness will not now sutier ness has been mistaken for a native mineral.

any man to marvel, whatsoever he shall hear Hill. reproved by whomsoever.

Hooker. Cobalt being sublimed, the flowers are of a If I hid had time to have made new liveries, blue colour; these German mineralists called I would have bestowed the thousand pound I

I!'00.dward. borrowed of you, but it is no matter, this poor The artificers in glass tinge their glass blue shew doch beiter; this doth infer the seal I had with that dark mineral zaphra. Boyle.

to see him.

Sbakspears. ZA’NY. 11.5. [Probably of zanei, the con-

O Cromwell, Cromwell! traction of Giovanni: from sanna, a

Had I but serv'd my God with half the zeal scoff, according to Skinner.] One em

I serv'd my king, he would not in mine age

Have left me naked to mine enemies. Sokse. ployed to raise laughter by his gestures, The bare fervour and zeal is taken in coniactions, and speeches; a merry Andrew; mutation for much other piety, by many the a buffoon.

most eager contenders.

Hemmond. Some carrytale, some pleaseman, some slight

Among the seraphims

Abdiel, than whom none with more zeal ador'd Some mumblenews, some trencher knight, some The Deity, and divine commands obey'd, Dick,

Stood up, and in a fiame of zcal severe, Told our intents before.

Shakspeare. The current of his fury thus oppos'd. Miltak. Then write that I may follow, and so be

Had zeal anciently armed itself against sove Thy echo, thy debtor, thy foil, thy many, reignty, we had never heard of a calendar of I shall be thought, if miné like thine I shape, saints.

Holydır. All the world's lion, though I be thy ape,

We most look our prayers be with zeal and Donne. earnestness: it is not enough that we so far den

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