Helping Children Left Behind: State Aid and the Pursuit of Educational Equity
Federal reform legislation declares, through its title, that no child should be left behind. Despite this, the sad truth is that many children are being left behind, particularly in large, poor, urban school districts. Because of this inequity, state supreme courts have thrown out the education finance systems in eighteen states, and many states have implemented major education finance reforms. These reforms have lessened disparities in educational spending but appear to have had little impact on disparities in educational performance. Helping Children Left Behind explores both the general issues in education finance reform and the experiences of five states to understand why these disparities persist and to design policies that address them. The book is a valuable resource for scholars, public officials, and others interested in education finance reform.
The first part of the book addresses the general issues involved in reform of state aid to education. After a comprehensive introductory chapter that outlines such issues as selecting aid formulas, adjusting for disadvantaged students, district accountability, and school choice, the chapters in part I examine these issues in more depth, discussing court cases involving school finance reform, the relationship between funding and accountability, and the consequences and feedback effects of school aid reform policies, including the effect on residential patterns. The second part of the book consists of detailed case studies of recent ambitious school finance reform efforts in Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Texas, and Vermont. Three appendixes offer valuable reference material, describing significant state court decisions on school finance systems (through June 2003), state operating aid programs, and state building aid formulas.
讀者評論 - 撰寫評論
Views from the Bench
Some Conceptual and Technical
The Impact of School Reform
Evaluating Proposal A
A NeverEnding Story?
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accountability achievement additional adequacy adjustments aid reform allow amount appendix approach assessed average budget capital changes chapter cities clause coefficient constitutional correlation cost decision determine discussed distribution education finance effects enrollment equal equity estimates evidence example existing expenditures finance reform finance system fiscal formula foundation funding grants higher Highest households housing impact improve included income increase indicates inequality issues Kansas Kentucky legislation less levy limit lower matching measures Michigan Note outcomes per-pupil percent percentage performance plaintiffs poor private schools programs Project property tax property wealth public school pupil raise receive reduced relative response result revenues school districts school finance scores share sources spending standard state's student performance supplementation Supreme Court tax rate teacher Texas tion Vermont Voter weights