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saseeptibility is often increased by the nected with gastric aid hepatic derangeadditional irritation of teething.

ments. A typhoid tendency was evident The general character of the diseases in many cases of synochus, and seemed has been much the same as in the pre- only to require confined rooms and stimuceding month. The leading complaints lant diet, with the early exhibition of bark, have been fevers of different kinds; he- wine, and other heating things, to render patic derangements; and disorders of the them intractable and highly dangerous. primæ viæ, as evinced by the titles cho- Cathartics, antimonials, diluent drinks, sera, dysenteria, diarrhea, dyspepsia, and cooling diet, during the first few days, gastrodynia, enterodynia, colica, &c. generally arrested the complaint. ReThese have amounted, conjointly, to al- mittents, in some cases, assumed an inmost half of the total number of patients flammatory character—while, in other intreated at the Dispensary. Of the class stances, they manifested all the sympof intestinal affections, the Dysenteric toms of the true bilious fever, and were forın has been the most prevalent, or at attended with nautia, vomiting, and sponleast the most fatal.

taneous discharges of bile.-Of the cases Disorders of the first passages, and of of intermittents, contained in the foregothe hepatic functions, tending to jaundice, ing catalogue, one halfwere produced durhave een occasionally observed. Serious ing the latter part of the month, subseconsequences sometimes arise from in- quent to the sudden reduced temperature fiammations of the stomach and bowels, of the atmosphere. Two cases of interthat occur in the hot season, being mittents were transformed into remitmistaken for the effects of indigestion, tents; and remittents have, in some indatulence, or acrimonious bile, and starices, degenerated into typhus. treated merely as cases of Gastrodynia, Many cutaneous diseases have been preEterodynia, Colica, or similar gastric and valent in this, as well as in the preceding intestinal affections.

months: but those, usually accompanied Rheumatic complaints,chiefly ofthechro. with much fever, such as Scarlatina, Varinicsort,have been somewhat frequent,con- ola, and Rubeoia, were not observed. sidering the season of the year. They Cases of Prurigo have been common, were much aggravated by the sudden di- and, in several instances, occurred in perminution of temperature, that took place sons considerably advanced in life. towards the termination of the month.- The following deaths, from different Acute diseases of the thoracic viscera diseases, are reported in the New-York haye nearly disappeared. One of the Bills of Mortality, for the month of Aucases of croup, reported in the list, yield- . gusted to the operation of an emetic, which Apoplexy, 3; Asphixia, 1; Asthma, 2; reinedy will not unfrequently, alone, suc- Abscess, 1; Child-bed, 1'; Cholera Morceed in effecting a removal of this disor- bus, 14; Colic, 1;. Consumption, 51; der, in its early or forming stage, whilst Convulsions, 21; Diarrhea, 11: Drinkthe disease is yet local; but when it is ing cold water, 1 ; Dropsy, 8 ; Dropsy in fairly seated, and general excitement has the Head, 8 ; Dropsy in the Chest, 1; supervened, the use of the lancet becomes Drowned, 6; Dysentery, 23; Fever, 2; indispensable.

Inflammatory Fever, 1; Intermittent FeThe relaxing and enervating effects of ver, 1; Remittent Fever, 3 ; Typhus Fethe summer heats bave produced much ver, 11; Herpes, 1 ; Hives, 2; Inflammageneral languor, or idiopathic debility, tion of the Bladder, 1; Inflammation of which has increased the predisposition the Bowels, 4; Inflammation of the Liver, to many morbid symptoms, that are more 1; Jaundice, 1 ; Insanity, 1 ; Intemperpeculiarly connected with different kinds ance, 3; Killed, 4; Marasmus, 10 ; Nervof fevers, of which a considerable aug- ous Disease, 1; Old Age, 7; Obi, 1; mentation is evident. The autumnal in- Palsy, 2; Peripneumony, 1; Rupture, 1: termittent has already begun to prevail; Scrophula, 2 ; Small Pox, 1 ; Spasms. and remittents, as well as synochus and 2; Sprue, 1 ; Still Born, 6 ; Syphilis, 4; typhus, are more general. The nature Teething, 4; Worms, 7'; Ulcer, 1; Unand character of fevers have differed ac- known, 3-Total 241, cording to local circumstances, and to the

JACOB DYCKMAN, M. D. constitutions of the individuals in whom New-York, August 31, 1817. they occured. In some they were cos

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Prom Northcote's Memoirs of Sir Joshua served, that if he was going to Ireland, Reynolds.

that name would be a passport for him.

The stranger smiled, and asked the reason IN TN the Dedication of his “Deserted Vil- why? to which the other replied, that

lage” to Sir Joshua Reynolds, already the memory of Oliver was embalmed noticed, Goldsmith alludes to the death of amongst his countrymen. A tear glistenhis eldest brother, Henry, the clergyman; ed in the stranger's eye, who immediateand his various biographers record an- ly answered, “ I am his brother.". The other, Maurice, who was a younger bro- gentleman who had first made the obther, and of whom it is stated, by Bishop servation on the name, looked doubtingly, Percy, that having been bred to no busi- and said, “He has but one brother livness, he, upon some occasion, complain- ing; I know him well." " True, replied ed to Oliver that he found it difficult to the stranger, for it may be said that I am. live like a gentleman. To this Oliver risen from the dead, having been for wrote him an answer, begging that he many years supposed to be no longer in would, without delay, quit so unprofitable the land of the living. I am Charles, the à trade, and betake himself to some youngest of the family. Oliver I know handicraft employment. Maurice wise- is dead; but of Henry and Maurice I ly, as the Bishop adds, took the hint, and know nothing." bound himself apprentice to a cabinet- On being informed of various particumaker, and when out of his indéntures lars of his family, the stranger then told set up in business for himself, in which he his simple tale; which was, that having was engaged during the viceroyalty of heard of his brother Noll mixing in the the late Duke of Rutland ; and his shop first society of London, he took it for being in Dublin, he was noticed by Mr. granted that his fortune was made, and Orde, since Lord Bolton, the Lord Lieu- that he could soon make a brother's also; tenant's Secretary, who recommended he therefore left home without notice; him to the patronage of the Duke, out of but soon found, on his arrival in London, regard to the memory of his brother. that the picture he formed of his brother's

In consequence of this, he received the situation was too highly coloured ; that appointment of inspector of licenses in Noll would not introduce him to his great that metropolis, and was also employed friends, and, in fact, that, although out of as mace bearer, by the Royal Irish Aca- a jail, he was also often out of a lodging. demy, then just established. Both of Disgusted with this entrance into high these places were compatible with his life, and ashamed to return home, the business : and in the former he gave proof young man left London without acquaintof great integrity by detecting a fraud ing his brother with his intentions, or committed on the revenue in his depart- even writing to his friends in Ireland ; ment ; and one by which he himself and proceeded, a poor adventurer, to Jamight have profited, if he had not been a maica, where he lived, for many years, man of principle. He has now been dead without ever renewing an intercourse not more than fifteen years; I enter more with his friends, and by whom he was, particularly into his history, from having of course, supposed to be dead; though seen the following passage in one of Oli- Oliver may, at first, have imagined that ver's letters to him: “You talked of be- he had returned to Ireland. Years now ing my only brother—I don't understand passed on, and young Charles, by indusyou. Where is Charles ?”

try and perseverance, began to save some This, indeed, was a question which property; soon after which he married Maurice could not answer then, nor for a widow lady of some fortune, when his many years afterwards ; but as the anec- young family requiring the advantages of dote is curious, and I have it from a friend further education, he determined to reon whose authority I can rely, I shall give turn to England, to examine into the it a place here nearly in his own words. state of society, and into the propriety of

My friend informed me, that whilst bringing over his wife and family; on this travelling in the stage coach towards Ire- project he was then engaged, and was land, in the autumn of 1791, he was join- proceeding to Ireland to visit his native ed at Oswestry by a venerable looking home, and with the intention of making gentleman, who, in the course of the himself known to such of his relatives as morning, mentioned that his name was might still be living. His plan, however Goldsncilh ; when one of the party ob. was, to conceal his good fortune until!

should ascertain their affection and esteem ty of making inquiries into the welfare of for him.

the stranger, for whom he had, indeed, On arriving at Dublin, the party sepa- formed a great esteem, even on a few rated; and my friend, a few weeks after- days acquaintance. wards, returning from the north, called at the Hotel where he knew Mr. Goldsmith James Mac Ardell, the mezzotinto enintended to reside. There he met him; graver, having taken a very good print when the amiable old man, for such he from the portrait of Rubens, came with really was, told him that he had put his it one morning to Sir Joshua Reynolds, plan in execution; had given himself as to inquire if he could inform him partimuch of the appearance of poverty as he çularly of the many titles to which Rucould with propriety, and thus proceeded bens had a right, in order to inscribe them to the shop of his brother Maurice, where properly under his print; saying, he behe inquired for several articles, and then sieved that Rubens had been knighted by moticed the name over the door, asking if the kings of France, Spain, and England; it had any connexion with the famous was secretary of state in Flanders, and Dr. Goldsmith.

to the privy council in Spain ; and had "I am his brother, his sole surviving been employed in a ministerial capacity brother," said Maurice.

from the court of Madrid to the court of “What then,” replied the stranger," is London, to negotiate a treaty of peace become of the others?"

between the two crowns, and that he “ Henry has long been dead; and

poor was also a magistrate of Antwerp, &c. Charles has not been heard of for many Dr. Johnson happened to be in the years."

room with Sir Joshua at the time, and “But suppose Charles were alive," understanding Mac Ardell's inquiry, insaid the stranger, “would his friends ac- ' terfered rather abruptly, saying, “ Pooh! knowledge him ?

pooh! put his name alone under the print, “Oh yes !” replied Maurice, “gladly Peter Paul Rubens : that is full sufficient indeed!"

and more than all the rest.”_ib. “ He lives, then; but as poor as when he left you."

Several ladies being in company with Maurice instantly leaped over his coun- Dr. Johnson, it was remarked by one of ter, hugged him in his arms, and weeping them, that a learned woman was by no with pleasure, cried, “Welcome-wel- means a rare character in the present come--here you shall find a home and a age: when Johnson replied, “I have brother.”

known a great many ladies who knew It is needless to add, that this denoue- Latin, but very few who know English." ment was perfectly agreeable to the A lady observed, that women surpassstranger, who was then preparing to re- ed men in epistolary correspondence. turn to Jamaica to make his proposed fa- Johnson said, “ I do not know that." mily arrangements; but my friend hav- “ At least," said the lady,“ they are most. ing been engaged for the next twenty pleasing when they are in conversation." years in traversing the four quarters of the No, Madam,” returned Johnson “I globe, being himself a wanderer, has ne- think they are most pleasing when they rer, since that period, had an opportuni- hold their tongues.”—ib.


These are numerous, we fear, this the department occupies double the space month, from the great hurry with which which we had assigned to it. Whilst this number has been put to press. we are desirous of rendering our work

Page 453, col. 1, we notice the follow- a valuable repository for the learned, we ing:--stec! tyle for steatite ; Caroafor shall not suffer ourselves to forget that larva. We shall not pretend to specify it is on the great body of our fellow-citiall the errors that we have noticed. We zens that we depend for support, and that may observe, however, under this head, their amusement and instruction are that from a mistake in giving out the co- principally to

be consulted in our py of the Museum of Natural Science, pages.


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NO. I.

DAY, 1817.

AUGUST, 1817.

ART. I. Review of Byron's Childe Harold, ART. I. Review of Allston's Poems,

Canto III. &c.

3 II.

Colden's Life of Fulton, 250
Coleridge's Christabel, &c. 12 11.

Mathieu's Version of a Chi-


Maturin's Tragedy of Bertram, 19

nese Poem,



Pierpont's Airs of Palestine, 23 IV.

Reid's Essay on Hypochon-


Silliman's Sketch of Dr. Dwight, 26

driacal and Nervous Affections, 262


- Captain Riley's Narrative, 34 V. Original Communications, viz. Memoir

VII. -Wilkinson's Memoirs,


of Lady Harriet Ackland-Ac-

VIII. Literary and Philosophical Intelligence, 44

count of the New York Institution

IX. Religious Intelligence,


- Preventives and Remedies of

X. Poetry,


the Hydrophobia- An Indian

XI. Thespian Register,


Talk-Dr. Akerly on the Hessian

XII. Monthly Summary of Political Intelli-

Fly, with a Cut-On the Verifica.



tion of Presentiments-Power of

XIII. Domestic Occurrences,


Painting upon Brutes-Reading

XIV. Notices of Proposed Publications, 67

of Macbeth's Soliloquy-On the

XV. Monthly Catalogue of New Publica-

Trade with Russia, &c.



68 VI. Transactions of Learned Societies, 286

XVI. Report of Diseases, &c.

68 VII. Literary and Philosophical Intelligence, 290

XVII. Miscellany,

72 VII Review and Register of the Fine Arts, 294


IX. Religious Intelligence,


X. Poetry,


JUNE, 1817.

ART. I. Pieview of Lieutenant Bowerbank's

XI Thespian Register,


Journal, kept during Bonaparte's

XII. Monthly Summary of Political Intelli-

stay on board the Bellerophon, 81




Warden's Letters written on

XIII. Domestic Occurrences,


board the Northumberland, &c.


XIV. Monthly Catalogue of New Publica.


Report of the Canal Commis-

tions, with Critical Remarks, 313


XV. Mathematical Lucubrations,



- IV.

Noore's Irish Melodies, &c. 113

XVI. Report of Diseases, &c.



The Village, a Poem,

XVII. Cabinet of Varieties,



VI. Transactions of Learned Societies, 122

VII. Literary and Philosophical Intelligence, 131

NO. V.

VIII. Review and Register of the Fine Arts, 135


IX. Religious Intelligence,

135 ART. I. Review of Legh's Journey in

X Poetry,




XI. Thespian Register,

139 II.

Moore's Lalla Rookh,


XII. Monthly Summary of Political Intelli- III.

Lord Byron's Manfred 348


142 IV

Barton's Prodromus,


XIII. Domestic Occurrences,

151 V. Museum of Natural Sciences,


XIV. Monthly Catalogue of New Publica. VI. Original Communications, viz. On the

tions, with Critical Remarks, 153

Cultivation of the Locust Tree

XV. Report of Diseases,


Nautical Observations-- On the


Trade with China-Coffee Houses

-Steam Engines-Hydrophobia, 363

JULY, 1817.

VII. Biography,


ART. I. Review of Harold the Dauntless, 165 VIII. Transactions of Learned Societies, 374


Sampson's Oration,


IX. Literary and Philosophical Intelligence, 379


Cleaveland's Mineralogy, 183

X. Review and Register of the Fine Arts, 383

IV. Biographical Sketch of Dr. Rush,


XI, Religious Intelligence,


V Transactions of Learned Societies, 193 Xli. Monthly Summary of Political Intelli-

VI. Literary and Philosophical Intelligence, 196



VII. Review and Register of the Fine Arts, 198 XIII. Domestic Occurrences,


VIII. Religious Intelligence,


XIV. Monthly Catalogue of New Publica-

IX, Poetry,


tions, with Critical Remarks, 396

X. Thespian Register,


XV. Mathematical Lucubrations,


XI. Monthly Summary of Political Intelli-

XVI. Report of Diseases, &c.



212 XVII. Cabinet of Varieties,

XII. Domestic'occurrences



XIII. Monthly Catalogue of New Publica-


tions, with Critical Remarks, 234

OCTOBER, 1817.

XIV. Mathematical Lucubrations,


ART. I. Review of Phillips's Speeches 405

X". Report of Diseases, &c.



of Miss Edgeworth's Harring.

XVI. Miscellany,

tom and Ormond,




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40 46


FİT. Lord Byron's Lament of Tasso, 422 XII. Thespian Register,

Manual of Botany for the Northshoul

XIII. Monthly Summary of Political

Intelliern States,


gence, for hiv. Museum of Natural Sciences,

431 XIV. Domestic Occurrences, Onyi. Original Communications,

442 XV. Monthly Catalogue of New PublicaÇate "VII. Original Biography,


tions, with Critical Remarks,
VIII. Transactions of Learned Societies, 449 XVI. Mathematical Lucubrations,
IX. Literary and Philosophical Intelligence, 454 XVII. Report of Diseases, &c.
X. Review and Register of the Fine Arts,


XVIlI. Cabinet of Varieties, XI. Religious Intelligence,


47 47 47 48


ON completing the first volume of their work, the Editors cannot withhold their acknowledgments for the distinguished encouragement they have received in an undertaking which is immediately dependent on the favourable opinion and liberal dispositions of the public. The unprecedented support which they have obtained in a few months, renders the establishment of at least one literary journal, in our country, on a broad and permanent basis, no longer problematical. Already the number of subscribers to this publication in the Northern and Middle States amounts to nearly three thousand,three fourths of whom are citizens of the State of New-York. But the AMERICAN Monthly MAGAZINE and CRITICAL Review is intended for general circulation, and addresses itself to national patronage. The experience of the Editors assures them that this appeal will not be in vain. There is not a State, nor a Territory in the Union from which they have not received subscriptions. They trust that their exertions will secure not only a continuance, but an increase of favour. That they may be enabled to give a greater quantity of light reading without curtailing the other departments of the work, they contemplate adding another sheet, in another year, to each Number, to be devoted to miscellaneous selections of an amusive cha acter.

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