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A. D. 31.
MATT. IX. 2-4.
A. D. 31.
for they shall all know me, from the a See parallels on clause 2, ver. 4. least of them unto the greatest of them, chap. ii. saith the LORD: for I will forgive b But there were certain of the their iniquity, and I will remember Scribes sitting there, and reasoning in their sin no more, Jer. xxxi. 33, 34. their hearts, Why doth this man thus And when he saw their faith, he said speak blasphemies? who can forgive unto him, Man, thy sins are forgiven sins but God only? Mark ii. 6, 7. thee, Luke v. 20. Wherefore I say And the Scribes and the Pharisees unto thee, Her sins, which are many, began to reason, saying, Who is this are forgiven ; for she loved much : which speaketh blasphemies? Who but to whom little is forgiven, the can forgive sins, but God alone? Luke same loveth little. And he said unto v. 21. her, Thy sins are forgiven. And they
VER. 4. that sat at meat with him began to
Καίδων ο Ιησούς τας ενθυμήσεις αυτών, say within themselves, Who is this that forgiveth sins also : And he said είπεν: “Ινατί υμείς ενθυμείσθε πονηρά εν to the woman, Thy faith hath saved rais rapdiais üpewv; thee; go in peace, vii. 47–50. Be And Jesus a knowing their thoughts it known unto you therefore, men and said, b Wherefore think ye evil in your brethren, that through this man is hearts? preached unto you the forgiveness of a And Jesus knew their thoughts, sins: And by him, all that believe are and said unto them, Every kingdom justified from all things, from which divided against itself is brought to ye could not be justified by the law of desolation ; and every city or house Moses, Acts xiii. 38, 39. Even as Da- | divided against itself shall not stand, vid also describeth the blessedness | Matt.xii.23. And they reasoned among of the man, unto whom God imputeth themselves, saying. It is because we righteousness without works, Saying, have taken no bread. Which when Blessed are they whose iniquities are Jesus perceived, he said unto them, forgiven, and whose sins are covered. O ye of little faith, why reason ye. Blessed is the man to whom the Lord among yourselves, because ye have will not impute sin, Rom. iv. 6—8. brought no bread ? xvi. 7, 8. For And not only so, but we also joy in thou only knowest the hearts of the God through our Lord Jesus Christ, children of men, 2 Chron. vi. 30. by whom we have now received the Shall not God search this out? for he atonement, v. 11. And be ye kind knoweth the secrets of the heart, Ps. one to another, tender-hearted, for- xliv. 21. Thou knowest my downgiving one another, even as God for sitting and mine up-rising, thou unChrist's sake hath forgiven you, Eph. derstandest my thought afar off, iv.32. Giving thanks unto the Father, cxxxix. 2. And immediately when which hath made us meet to be par- Jesus perceived in his spirit that they takers of the inheritance of the saints so reasoned within themselves, he in light: Who hath delivered us from said unto them, Why reason ye these the power of darkness, and hath things in your hearts? Mark ii. 8. translated us into the kingdom of his And they reasoned among themdear Son: In whom we have re- selves, saying, It is because we have demption through his blood, even the no bread. And when Jesus knew it, forgiveness of sins, Col. i. 12–14. he saith unto them, Why reason ye, Forbearing one another, and forgiving because ye have no bread? perceive one another, if any man have a quar- ye not yet, neither understand? have rel against any: 'even as Christ for- ye your heart yet hardened ? viii. 16, gave you, so also do ye, iii. 13. 17. Shall we give, or shall we not VER. 3.
give? But he, knowing their hypoΚαι ιδού, τινές των Γραμματέων είπον
crisy, said unto them, Why tempt ye εν εαυτοίς ούτος βλασφημεϊ.
me? bring me a penny, that I .
see it, xii. 15. But he knew their And, behold, cerlain of the a Scribes thoughts, and said to the man which said within themselves, • This man blas had the withered hand, Rise up, and phemeth.
stand forth in the midst. And he arose
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MATT. IX. 4, 5.
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and stood forth, Lukevi. 8. Now when hearts: and I will give unto every the Pharisee which had bidden him saw one of you according to your works, it, he spake within himself, saying, Rev. ii. 23. This man, if he were a prophet, would bThus saith the Lord God, It shall have known who and what manner also come to pass, that at the same of woman this is that toucheth him : time shall things come into thy mind, for she is a sinner, vii. 39. Then there and thou shalt think an evil thought, arose a reasoning among them, which Ez. xxxvii. 10. But Peter said, Anaof them should be greatest. And nias, why hath Satan filled thine heart Jesus, perceiving the thought of to lie to the Holy Ghost, and to keep their heart, took a child, and set him back part of the price of the land? by him, ix. 46, 47. But he, knowing While remained, was it not thine their thoughts, said unto them, Every own and after it was sold, was it not kingdom divided against itself is in thine own power? Why hast thou brought to desolation ; and a house conceived this thing in thine heart? divided again: t a house falleth, xi. 17. Thou hast not lied unto men, but unto But Jesus did not commit himself God. Then Peter said unto her, How unto them, because he knew all men, is it that ye have agreed together to And needed not that any should tes. tempt the Spirit of the Lord ? Behold, tify of man : for he knew what was the feet of them which have buried in man, John ii. 24, 25. When Jesus thy husband are at the door, and shall knew in himself that his disciples carry thee out, Acts v. 3, 4. 9. But murmured at it, he said unto them, Peter said unto him, Thy money perish Doth this offend you ? But there are with thee, because thou hast thought some of you that believe not. For that the gift of God may be purchased Jesus knew from the beginning who with money. Thou hast neither part they were that believed not, and who nor lot in this matter : for thy heart should betray him, vi. 61. 64. Now is not right in the sight of God. ReJesus knew that they were desirous pent therefore of this thy wickedness, to ask him, and said unto them, Do and pray God, if perhaps the thought ye inquire among yourselves of that of thine heart may be forgiven thee, I said, A little while, and ye shall not viii. 20—22. see me : and again, a little while,
VER. 5. and ye shall see me? xvi. 19. Now
Τί γάρ έστιν ευκοπώτερον, είπείν 'Αφέare we sure that thou knowest all
ανται . things, and needest not that any man
σοι αι αμαρτίαι: η είπεϊν: "Έγειραι
και περιπάτει ; should ask thee : by this we believe that thou camest forth from God, 30.
For a whether is easier, to say, Thy He saith unto him the third time, sins be forgiven thee; or to suy, b Arise, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me and walk ? Peter was grieved because he said a Whether is it easier to say to the unto him the third time, Lovest thou sick of the palsy, Thy sins be forgiven me? And he said unto him, Lord, thee ; or to say, Arise, and take up thou knowest all things; thou know thy bed, and walk ? But that ye may est that I love thee, xxi. 17. For know that the Son of man hath power the word of God is quick, and power on earth to forgive sins, (he saith to ful, and sharper than any two-edged the sick of the palsy,) I say unto thee, sword, piercing even to the dividing Arise, and take up thy bed, and go asunder of soul and spirit, and of the thy way into thine house. And imjoints and marrow, and is a discerner mediately he arose, took up the bed, of the thoughts and intents of the and went forth before them all; inheart. Neither is there any creature somuch that they were all amazed, that is not manifest in his sight: but and glorified God, saying, We never all things are naked and opened unto saw it on this fashion, Mark ii. 9-12. the eyes of him with whom we have See also, parallels on last clause of to do, Heb. iv. 12, 13. And I will ver. 2. kill her children with death; and all b Then the eyes of the blind shall the churches shall know that I am be opened, and the ears of the deaf he which searcheth the reins and shall be unstopped. Then shall the
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NATT. IX. 5-9.
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lame man leap as an hart, and the were all amazed, and glorified God, tongue of the dumb sing : for in the saying, We never saw it on this fashion, wilderness shall waters break out, Mark ii. 12. And were beyond meaand streams in the desert, Isa, xxxv. sure astonished, saying, He hath done 5, 6. Jesus saith unto him, Rise, all things well : he maketh both the take up thy bed, and walk. And im- deaf to hear, and the dumb to speak, mediately the man was made whole, vii. 37. And they were all amazed, and took up his bed, and walked : and they glorified God, and were filled and on the same day was the sab- with fear,saying. We have seen strange bath, John v. 8, 9. If we this things to-day, Luke v. 26. And there day be examined of the good deed came a fear on all: and they glorified done to the impotent man, by what God, saying. That a great prophet is means he is made whole ; Be it risen up among us; and, That God known unto you all, and to all the hath visited his people, vii. 16. people of Israel, that by the name of b And immediately be rose up beJesus Christ of Nazareth, whom ye fore them, and took up that whereon crucified, whom God raised from the he lay, and departed to his own house, dead, even by him doth this man stand glorilying God, Luke v. 25. And one here before you whole, Acts iv. 9, 10. of them, when he saw that he was And Peter said unto him, Æneas, healed, turned back, and with a loud Jesus Christ maketh thee whole: arise, voice glorified God, xvii. 15. Now and make thy bed. And he arose im- when the centurion saw what was mediately, ix. 34.
done, he glorified God, saying, CerVER. 6.
tainly this was a righteous man, xxiii.
47. So when they had farther threat"lyg dì sl877€ 6Ti ifouslav éxes o vids To ened them, they let them go, finding ανθρώπου επί της γης αφιέναι αμαρτίας | nothing how they might punish them, (Tété aéget To Fapadutiko:) 'Eyegels because of the people : for all men αρόν σου την κλίνην, και ύπαγε εις τον οίκόν | glorified God for that which was
done, Acts iv. 21. But that ye may know that the Son of
VER. 9. man huth power on earth to a forgive sins, (then saith he to the sick of the palsy,)
Και παράγων ο Ιησούς εκείθεν, είδεν Arise, take up thy bed, and
άνθρωπον καθήμενον επί το τελώνιον, " house.
Ματθαίον λεγόμενον· και λέγει αυτά· 'Aκο
λούθει μοι και αναστας ήκολούθησεν αυτώ. a See parallels on last clause of ver.2.
And as Jesus passed forth from thence, VER. 7.
he saw a a man, ilamed Matthew, sitting Kai indels, dra@sv sis tèr olxou aütő. at the receipt of custom : and he saith
And he arose, and departed to his unto him, Follow me. b And he arose, and house.
followed him. VER. 8.
a Whether of them twain did the
will of his father? They say unto him, ιδόντες δε οι όχλοι εθαύμασαν, και idítesen tov Osovsórta igoudiay The first. Jesus saith unto them, Veτοιαύτην τους ανθρώπους. .
rily I say unto you, That the publicans
and the harlots go into the kingdom But a when the multitudes saw it, they of God before you. For John came marvelled, band glorified Gol, which unto you in the way of righteousness, kad given such power unto men. and ye believed him not: but the
2 And all the people were amazed, publicans and the harlots believed and said, Is not this the Son of David? him: and ye, when ye had seen it, Matt. xii. 23. Insomuch that the mul- repented not afterward, that ye might titude wondered, when they saw the believe him, Matt. xxi. 31, 32. And dumb to speak, the maimed to be as he passed by, he saw Levi the sun whole, the lame to walk, and the blind of Alphæus, sitting at the receipt of to see : and they glorified the God of custom, and said unto him, Follow Israel, xv. 31. And immediately he me. And he arose and followed him, arose, took up the bed, and went forth Mark ii. 14. And after these things before them all; insomuch that they he went forth, and saw a publican,
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MATT. IX. 9-12.
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named Levi, sitting at the receipt of murmured, saying, That he was gone custom: and he said unto him, Follow to be guest with a man that is a sinme. And he left all, rose up, and fol- ner,xix.7. I wrote unto you in an epislowed him, Luke v. 27,28. And, be- tle not to company with fornicators: hold, there was a man named Zacchæus, Yet not altogether with the fornicawhich was the chief among the pub- tors of this world, or with the covetous, licans, and he was rich, xix. 2.
or extortioners, or with idolaters; for b See parallels on ver. 20. chap. iv. then must ye needs go out of the VER. 10.
world. But now I have written unto Και εγένετο αυτού ανακειμένου εν τη | you not to keep company, if any man οικία, και ιδού, πολλοί τελώναι και αμαρ- that is called a brother be a fornicatwo ladóvtis, orvavéXELYTO TO 'Inc où xal tor, or covetous, or an idolater, or a τους μαθηταίς αυτού. .
railer, or a drunkard, or an extortionAnd it came to pass, a as Jesus sat at
er; with such an one no not to eat, meat in the house, behold, many publi- 1Cor. v. 9. 11. cans and sinners came and sat down with
VER. 12. him and his disciples.
ο δε Ιησούς ακούσας είπεν αυτοίς· ου a And it came to pass that, as Jesus xpelav čxoúowy oi lc xúertes largoû, aaaoi sat at meat in his house, many publi- xaxãç XOYTES. cans and sinners sat also together
But when Jesus heard that, he said with Jesus and his disciples: for there
unto them, a They that be whole need not were many, and they followed him.
a physician, but ihey that are sick. And when the Scribes and Pharisees saw him eat with publicans and sin. I am weak: 0°Lord, heal me; for my
aHave mercy upon me, O LORD; for ners, they said unto his disciples, How is it that he eateth and drinketh with bones are vexed, Ps. vi. 2. Who have publicans and sinners? Mark ii. 15, said, With our tongue will we prevail;
our lips are our own: who is lord 16. And Levi made him a great feast in his own house: and there was a great in heart, and bindeth up their wounds,
over us ? xii. 4. He healeth the broken company of publicans and of others cxlvii. 3. Heal me, O Lord, and I that sat down with them, Luke v. 29.
shall be healed; save me, and I shall VER. 11.
be saved : for thou art my praise, Jer. Kai Bórtaç oi vapsalos, ETTON TOTS xvii. 14. For I will restore health unto μαθηταίς αυτού Διατί μετά των τελωνών | thee,andl will healthee of thy wounds, και αμαρτωλών εσθίει ο διδάσκαλος υμών; | saith the LoRD; because they called
And when the a Pharisees saw it, they thee an Outcast, suying, This is Zion, said unto his disciples, b Why eateth your whom no man seeketh after, xxx. 17. Muster with publicans and sinners ?
Behold, I will bring it bealth and a'See parallels on clause 1.v.7.ch.iii. cure, and I will cure them, and will
b The Son of man came eating and reveal unto them the abundance of drinking, and they say, Behold a man peace and truth, xxxiii. 6. I will gluttonous, and a winebibber, a friend heal their backsliding, I will love of publicans and sinners. But wis- them freely: for mine anger is turned dom is justified of her children, Matt. away from him, Hos. xiv. 4. When xi. 19. Which say, Stand by thyself, Jesus heard it, he saith unto them, come not near to me; for I am holier They that are whole have no need of than thou. These are a smoke in my the physician, but they that are sick : nose, a fire that burneth all the day, I came not to call the righteous, but Is.lxv. 5. But their Scribes and Phari. sinners to repentance, Mark ii. 17. sees murmured against his disciples, And Jesus answering said unto them, saying, Why do ye eat and drink with They that are whole need not a phypublicans and sinners? Luke v. 30. sician; but they that are sick, Luke Then drew near unto him all the pub- v. 31. The Pharisee stood and prayed licans and sinners for to hear him. thus with himself, God, I thank thee, And the Pharisees and Scribes mur- that I am not as other men are, exmured, saying, This man receiveth tortioners, unjust, adulterers, or even sinners, and eateth with them, xv. as this publican. I fast twice in the 1,2. And when they saw it, they all week, I give tithes of all that I pos
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VER. 13. afar off, would not lift up so much Πορευθέντος δε μάθετε τι έστιν: "Ελεον as his eyes unto heaven, but smote | θέλω, και ου θυσίαν· ου γαρ ήλθον καλέσαι upon his breast, saying, God be mer- doxalous, åra'àpaptados sis metávovar. ciful to me a sinner, xviii. 11. 13. For I was alive without the law once:
But a go ye and learn what that meanbut when the commandment came, sin eth, \ I will have mercy, and not sacrifice: revived, and I died. And the com
for I am not come cto call the righteous, mandment, which was ordained to life, but sinners to d repentance. I found to be unto death. For sin, a But he said unto them, Have ye taking occasion by the commandment, not read what David did, when he deceived me, and by it slew me. was an hundred, and they that were Wherefore the law is holy, and the with him ; Or, have ye not read in commandment holy, and just, and the law, how that on the sabbath days good. Was then that which is good the priests in the temple profane the made death unto me? God forbid. sabbath, and are blameless? But if ye But sin, that it might appear sin, had known what this meaneth, I will working death in me by that which is have mercy, and not sacrifice, ye good ; that sin by the commandment would not have condemned the guiltmight become exceeding sinful. For less, Matt. xii. 3. 5. 7. Jesus saith unto we know that the law is spiritual: them, Did ye never read in the Scripbut I am carnal, sold under sin. For tures, The stone which the builders that which I do I allow not: for what rejected, the same is become the head I would, that do I not; but what I of the corner: this is the Lord's dohate, that do I. If then I do that ing, and it is marvellous in our eyes? which I would not, I consent unto the xxi. 42. But as touching the resurlaw that it is good. Now then it is rection of the dead, have ye not read no more I that do it, but sin that that which was spoken unto you by dwelleth in me. For I know that in God, saying, I am the God of Abrame (that is, in my flesh), dwelleth no ham, and the God of Isaac, and the good thing: for to will is present with God of Jacob? God is not the God of me; but how to perform that which is the dead, but of the living, xxii. 31, good I find not. For the good that I 32. And as touching the dead, that would I do not: but the evil which I they rise : have ye not read in the would not, that I do. Now if I do book of Moses, how in the bush God that I would not, it is no more I that spake unto him, saying, I am the do it, but sin that dwelleth in me. I God of Abraham,and the God of Isaac, find then a law, that when I would do and the God of Jacob? Mark xii. 26. good, evil is present with me. For I He said unto him, What is written delight in the law of God after the in- in the law? how readest thou? Luke ward man: But I see another law in X. 26. Jesus answered them, Is it not my members, warring against the law written in your law, I said, Ye are of my mind, and bringing me into cap- gods ? John X. 34. tivity to the law of sin which is in my b To do justice and judgment is members. O wretched man that I more acceptable to the LORD than saam! who shall deliver me from the crifice, Prov. xxi. 3. For I desired body of this death? Rom. vii. 9--24. mercy, and not sacrifice; and the Because thou sayest, I am rich, and knowledge of God more than burntincreased with goods, and have need offerings, Hos. vi. 6. Wherewith shall of nothing; and knowest not that thou I come before the Lord, and bow myart wretched, and miserable, and self before the high God? shall I come poor, and blind, and naked : I coun- before him with burnt-offerings, with sel thee to buy of me gold tried in the calves of a year old? Will the Lord fire, that thou mayest be rich ; and be pleased with thousands of rams, or white raiment, that thou mayest be with ten thousands of rivers of oil? clothed, and that the shame of thy na- shall I give my first-born for my kedness do not appear; and anoint transgression, the fruit of my body for thine eyes with eye-salve, that thou the sin of my soul ? He hath shewed mayest see, Rev. iii, 17, 18.
thee, O man, what is good; and what