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they request the Grand Lodges of other States to unite with them in suppressing "its circulation and use;" and their reports, sent out as a part of their proceedings, in which reports it is said, the Trestle-Board is a "most offensive, ridiculous, and objectionable book; that it has scarcely one feature, having the most remote resemblance to the work proposed by the Convention; and that it contains the errors of all preceding publications without their excellencies."

In language exhibiting very little of the spirit of Masonry, this unsparing denunciation of a book, which has received the approbation of the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, as a text book, and of several of the oldest, most intelligent, and best instructed Freemasons under its jurisdiction, has induced your committee to inquire, and with special care ascertain, whether it has not been admitted to favor without a sufficiently thorough examination. Your committee have therefore carefully examined the Trestle-Board, and the proceedings of the National Masonic Convention, held at Baltimore, and compared them. The result of such examination and comparison has produced conviction in the minds of your committee, that the work conforms to the ancient land-marks and usages of Freemasonry, and that the Trestle-Board is in agreement with the resolutions and proceedings of the Convention.

On page 35 of the proceedings of the Convention, is the report of the committee on the proposed Trestle-Board, and on page 44, the Brethren are designated who were to prepare the book. The report directs that it "embrace three distinct, full and complete Masonic carpets, illustrative of the three degrees of ancient craft Masonry." The book contains these carpets, and no more. The report requires it to contain "the ceremonies of consecrations, dedications, and installations, the laying the corner stones of public edifices, the funeral service, and order of processions, with the charges, prayers, exhortations, and the selections from scripture, appropriate and proper for Lodge service." The Trestle-Board, from page 9 to page 47, and from page 78 to the end, contains such description of ceremonies, charges, prayers, exhortations, and selections. These parts also contain a short account of the degrees, description of a Lodge, ceremonies of opening and closing, description of the working tools, with their uses, orders of architecture, the senses and the Masonic arts and sciences, all of which, instead of derogating from, in the opinion of your committee, enhance its merit. They are taken from forms recommended in the proceedings of the Convention, in part, and most of the residue, with little alteration, except abridgement, omission of useless sentences, and correction of language, from the Monitor; a work, which in the proceedings of the Convention, is said "to possess the least faults of any, and has a high claim to antiquity, having been in general use as a standard work for nearly half a century." A small portion is taken from the Masonic Constitutions, published by the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, before the commencement of the present century; and this again is found in substance in the more ancient Masonic compilations. In all this your committee do not perceive any departure from the ancient land-marks and usages of the Craft, or any thing contrary to the instructions of the Convention. The remainder of the last part of the book, alluded to, consists of forms, as practised in this Grand Lodge. The rest of the Trestle-Board, from page 47 to page 78, is taken from the proceedings of the Convention, almost without the alteration of a word, excepting that one song in the proceedings is changed for one which expresses more of the spirit of Masonic harmony; and where the proceedings state there should be music, an appropriate ode is inserted in the book.

The principal, and almost sole object of the Convention, was to establish, in this extensive country, a uniform mode of work and lectures, which should correct all deviations from the ancient land-marks and usages, and restore the practice of the Institution to its original simplicity and beauty. With the exception of the charges, definitions, selections, ceremonies, and history, which for ages have been written, printed, and approved in that form by our fathers, and the friends of the Institution, the art has descended to us through a series of centu

ries by tradition alone. It is apparent, that a correct knowledge of it can be best attained by consulting the oldest, most experienced, and most ardent friends of the Order; inquiring into the proceedings and forms used in other countries; and comparing the whole with the well known principles and events, on which the Institution was founded. To these sources the members of the Convention were highly qualified to apply, and, in the opinion of your committee, did apply with industry and distinguished fidelity, as the result of their labors has given general satisfaction, and created the hope and belief of a brighter day to the Craft. The work and lectures, recommended by the Convention, have commended themselves to the approbation and adoption of most of the Grand Lodges in the Union. To give efficiency to the labors of the Convention, and to produce the uniformity desired-the chief object of its assembling-nothing was needed but a book, having such an arrangement of matter, and appropriate selections from those things that lawfully may be, and from time immemorial have been, written, as would be necessary to Lodges and working Masons to carry into effect its recommendations. Such a book, to be denominated the "Masonic TrestleBoard," was ordered by the Convention.

On carefully examining the Trestle-Board, it appears to your committee that it is compiled from the materials ordered by the Convention, and matter necessarily connected with, instructive, and material to Lodge Work, taken from ancient and approved text-books, and in accordance with the principles sanctioned by the Convention; that it contains no new revelations, nothing that has not been before the public with the general sanction of the Fraternity for ages; that it is judiciously arranged, and eminently calculated to produce the uniformity desired; and that it is the book ordered by the Convention, and well worthy to supersede the use of the "clumsy and spurious publications," of which complaint has been made.

The document submitted to your committee has also been examined, to find in what the objections to the Trestle-Board consist. Only one single transgression is specified against it; and that is termed "a glaring fault and serious objection," which is, "the publication of certificates in the work, of Brothers, not members of the Convention." This must allude to the recommendations of the book prefixed and affixed to it; but not in the body of the work. We have no sympathy for that fastidiousness of taste, which can find "a glaring fault" in a book, because recommendations of its merits by persons, qualified for forming a correct judgment, are either prefixed or affixed to it. On the contrary, the Trestle-Board would lose nothing of its utility, or its worth, if there were appended to it the approbation of every Grand Lodge in the Union, including that of Virginia. A bold and general denunciation of a work will have little effect on it, if the writer do not give, and the reader by diligent search cannot discover, the cause of complaint.

Upon a careful examination of the whole subject, your committee are of opinion, that the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts should not unite in, or sanction any attempt to suppress the "circulation and use" of the Masonic Trestle-Board, until some reason therefor is shown. They cannot withhold the expression of their regret, that such a proposition has been made; a proposition, which, if successfully carried into effect, must render nugatory the acts and doings of the National Masonic Convention.

Boston, May 16, 1844.

JOHN ABBOT,
PAUL DEAN,
ROBERT LASH,
E. M. P. WELLS,
BENJAMIN HUNTOON,)

Committ.e.

GRAND LODGE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE.

THE TRESTLE-BOARD.

AT the annual communication of the Grand Lodge of New Hampshire, holden at Concord, June 11th and 12th, A. D. 1844, A. L. 5844:

The proceedings of the Grand Lodge of Virginia, a Circular from R. W. Charles W. Moore, and the proceedings of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania,* relative to the "Trestle-Board," were severally laid before the Grand Lodge, and read, by the Grand Secretary.

On motion of Brother Folsom, of Exeter :

The foregoing papers, together with the "Trestle-Board," were referred to a committee, consisting of Brothers Parker, Eaton, Cressey and Tappan.

The committee to whom were referred the documents aforesaid, made the following report, on Tuesday, June 12th.

To the Grand Lodge of the State of New Hampshire:

The committee to whom were referred a circular, dated at Richmond, Va. Jan. 5, 1844, of Br. John Dove, one of the committee of the Convention of Grand Lodges, at Baltimore, in May, 1843, on the subject of a "Masonic TrestleBoard," a circular from Br. Charles W. Moore, in relation to the same subject, dated January 27, 1844, and a communication from the Grand Lodge, of Pennsylvania, dated March 4, 1844, having had those several papers under consideration, offer the following

REPORT:

That your committee are of opinion that Br. Dove in his communications, has not manifested that courtesy and fraternal regard which the principles of the Masonic Order require; and that from causes which your committee would not undertake to assign, he has been under misapprehension, and has committed great mistakes, in relation to the subject matters of his communications; and that many of the Brethren in Virginia and Pennsylvania, probably through the misapprehension and erroneons statements of Br. Dove, have fallen into the like mistakes; but these mistakes, it is not doubted, will, on further examination and deliberation by the Brethren in those States, be duly corrected. Your committee, from the facts and circumstances which have come under their consideration, find no sufficient ground for changing the opinion heretofore expressed by this Grand Lodge, in relation to the "Masonic Trestle-Board," published by Br. Moore; and your committee would further re-affirm the Resolve of this Grand Lodge, of Dec. 13th, 1843, which is as follows:

"Resolved, That the "MASONIC TRESTLE-BOARD," by R. W. Brothers CHARLES W. MOORE and S. W. B. CARNEGY, adapted to the national system of Work and Lectures, as revised and perfected by the late UNITED STATES MASONIC CONVENTION, be and the same is hereby approved, and it is hereby ordered, that the same be used by the several Lodges under this jurisdiction, as a guide and text book in their labors."

All which is respectfully submitted.

Concord, N. H., June 12, 1844.

DAVID PARKER,
PAGE EATON,

CYRUS CRESSEY,
W. TAPPAN,

Committee.

On motion of Br. Currier, of Portsmouth :-Said report was approved and adopted by an unanimous vote, every member of the Grand Lodge rising in its favor. Attest, ISAAC L. FOLSOM, Grand Secretary.

*The Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania did not unite in the National Convention. The Trestle-Board was not sent to it, nor has it ever been examined by that body. It may therefore well be surprised, that it should be asked to co-operate in a measure, of the merits of which it is entirely ignorant.-ED. MAG.

A DANISH ADDRESS,

Delivered on the Festival of St. John, by Br. K. L. RAHBECK, in the Lodge at Copenhagen, and translated from the Danish, for this Magazine.

MY BRETHREN:

There is a venerable tradition of old times, according to which the evangelist John, when unable to continue the ministry of his congregation on account of his great age, still insisted on attending the meetings of his Brethren, whither they had to carry him, and always made the question, "do you really love one another?" for the purpose of calling it to mind and keeping it before them. And also, that being once asked why he constantly repeated the same question, he made the reply: "because it is the chief principle on which our virtues depend."*

I know full well, my Brethren, that this general celebration of our Order, this our grand festival of peace, does not owe its name to him, but to John, the martyr of truth; whose pilgrimage and doctrines were the aurora announcing the dawning light in the East, and whose life and death ought to be an example to every Mason, if ever the day arrives of which our excellent poet has sung:

"Father if it be thy will,

That in truth's great cause we suffer,
Please, oh please to give us still,
Strength, with cheerfulness to offer,
Any sacrifice that be,

Lord acceptable to thee."

That other gentle defender of peace and love, the disciple and favorite of Jesus, nevertheless, is no stranger to us; he at least belongs to our great invisible church, which embraces every one, who by his doctrines and actions in life, promotes the truth and spirit of our Order, whether he be formally initiated or not. It is he from whose mouth we have the important and impressive words, contained in the great light in Masonry. In his hands, we might almost say, do we perform our obligations as Masons, and even if we had nothing else left by him, but that golden admonition, with which this discourse commences, his memory ought to be sacred and dear to us as a Brother, because it is to our Order also, the keystone on which the whole superstructure is raised: Wisdom to find, Strength to bear, Beauty to ornament the temple on which we mutually are at work in honor of our great Architect. Hence, my Brethren, "do you really love one another?" has always appeared to me as the most proper and dignified salutation, with which true and upright Masons might greet one another on this our universal Masonic festival. I dare flatter myself with the approval of our M. W. superiors, and a friendly attention of my Brethren, while I try to represent this universal love to Brethren, as the chief law and pillar of Masonry, and while I briefly endeavor to deduce from it and unfold the duties which it imposes on us in regard to ourselves, as well as to those who are not initiated, but are still our Brethren.

If, as I have just mentioned, a universal love to our Brethren be the fundamental law of Masonry, we may justly consider the question with which I opened my discourse, as the aggregate of that Pythagorean self-examination, to which it is our duty to subject ourselves, if we wish to be true and worthy Masons. The more a Mason is able to answer that question to his satisfaction, the more perfectly and gloriously, has he been favored with the true spirit of our Order. It has often been asked, sometimes out of sneering carelessness, and sometimes out of cautious, over-anxious, short-sightedness, what can, what shall, what will, Masonry effect in our days? We may reply with both force and truth-it will extend and consolidate the kingdom of universal love on earth. And if we still are misunderstood; if this answer shall still appear an enigma to the multitude, and a folly to the ignorant, it becomes but another new, indisputable fact, how much Masonry is wanted at the present time; how beneficial true Masonry can and must be

* It will be seen that this is not strictly according to our scripture, but the sense of the author is given. --[ED.

Did we even find it the case to be but a folly or an enigma to many, to whom least of all it ought to be so,-calling and believing themselves Masons, it would offer still more evidence, alas! that all who wear our insignia and name, do not belong to our Order, in truth and spirit. All to whom the name of Mason is sacred, could not fail to perceive a new caution against taking it for vanity, by misconstruing its being and its worth; they could not fail to improve their zeal in examining those holy doctrines of our Order, which, in imposing that most essential duty, also renders it more and more easy to conform to it, by teaching them how to know and to remove the stumbling blocks that in the general course of life, obstruct its road.

I shall proceed, my beloved and honored Brethren, without further observation as to this universal love to our Brethren, constituting so important a part of the Masonic duty to which we solemnly agree at our initiation; nor need I remind you that, when during the endless chain we make our solemn farewell-the beautiful benediction is said over us, which all repeat three times, as the most perfect and excellent we can pray for, to our Grand Master in Heaven, it relates not merely to our neighbor on the right or on the left, nor even to that visible chain which begins and ends in the hands of our Master in the chair. As one of our first poets beautifully has told us:

To the Order's endless chain,

Charity its lustre lending,-

'Round the globe it winds, and then

In purest love and peace is blending.

The object of these brief remarks is but to develope what I have hinted at before, that our Order, in making the universal love to our Brethren a duty to its worthy sons, also facilitates the practice of said duty to all who truly seek for and zealously employ the light in the East, by faithfully performing in their daily dealings with man, the virtues of which they here have promised to set an example.

When He, who himself is love, created man after his own image, he created him to love and to be loved. The deeper man sinks beneath this original dignity, the more he lessens love; the more he rises from the dust and approaches it, the more ready and able will he be to love his Brethren and to deserve their love. Full of wisdom and meaning, my Brethren, is, in this as in all other cases, the symbol attached by our Order to that degree in which we hold our meeting to-day. The imperfect ashler is full of edges and inequalities; fits no where, closes no where, but projects and leaves holes and edges on all sides. To be sure they may be covered up and filled, but they reappear by the mere effect of time without mentioning what the least forcible agency may occasion. In like manner, a man who is corrupted and swayed by self-interest, vanity, pride, prejudices and passions, is at variance with all, and all with him. He may, indeed, at times and under peculiar circumstances, seem to assimilate perfectly with some one or other, to whom he is drawn by interest, pleasure or some other worldly bond. This means of connexion, however, vanishes insensibly under the heavy hand of time, or rends asunder by some violent commotion. The space which divided them, becomes visible, the friction gradually increases, and finally they separate altogether, each standing by himself. The perfect ashler, on the contrary, fits and adheres where and as it ought to do; mutually and by turns carrying, upholding and strengthening its neighbor, like Brethren who have formed themselves in ac'cordance with (squared by,) the rules and doctrines of our Order. Oh! may we always call to mind and acknowledge, on being fretful and easily annoyed, there is almost a certain presumption that the fault lies with ourselves; that whatever is unfit for our Grand Architect's temple of universal love, fails in what it ought to be; that when we are tempted to look upon one another, with uncharitable eyes, we stand most in need of self-examination, and seriously and sincerely of asking ourselves-is it not thy fault why thou dost not love thy Brother? Hast thou on taking the Masonic tie been aware of the sacred duty to ponder on and

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