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dinner. They sent him for answer that the character of Henry IV. have been they had private business to talk of, and dishonoured by so impertinent an anechad but a short dinner; they therefore } dote. begged that the stranger would excuse In a book, entitled Anecdotes Littéthem

raires, printed by Durand in 1752, avec Henry called his guards, and had the privilège, there appears the following guests outrageously beaten, to teach them, passage, (vol. 3, page 183.) “The says L'Etoile, to show more courtesy to } Amours of Louis XIV'. having been dragentlemen.

matised in England, that prince wished to Some authors of the present day, who have those of King William performed in have taken upon them to write the life of France. The Abbé Brueys was directed Henry VI., copy this anecdote from by M. de Torcy to compose the piece; L'Etoile without examination, and, which but though applauded, it was is worse, fail not to praise it as a fine ac- played, for the subject of it died in the tion in Henry.

mean time." The thing is, however, neither true nor There are almost as many absurd lies likely; and were it true, Henry would as there are words in these few lines. The have been guilty of an act at once the Amours of Louis XIV. were never played most ridiculous, the most cowardly, on the London stage. Louis XIV. never the most tyrannical, and the most im- lowered himself so far as to order a farce prudent.

to be written on the amours of King First, it is not likely that, in 1502, William. King William never had a Henry IV. whose physiognony was so {mistress ; no one accused him of weakremarkable, and who showed himself to ness of that sort. The Marquis de Torcy every body with so much affability, was never spoke to the Abbé Brueys; he was unknown at Creteil near Paris.

incapable of making to the Abbé, or any Secondly, L'Etoile, far from verifying one else, so indiscreet and childish a prohis impertinent story, says he had it from posal. The Abbé Brueys never wrote a man who had it from M. de Vitri; so the piece in question. So much for the that it is nothing more than an idle ru- ; faith to be placed in anecdotes. mour.

The same book says, that “ Louis XIV. Thirdly, it would have been very cow- was so much pleased with the opera of ardly, and very hateful, to inflict a shame- Isis, that he ordered a decree to be passed ful punishment on citizens, assembled } in council, by which men of rank were together on business, who certainly com- permitted to sing at the opera, and remitted no crime in refusing to share their } ceive a salary for so doing, without dedinner with a stranger (and, it must be meaning themselves. This decree was allowed, with an indiscreet one) who could registered in the Parliament of Paris." easily find something to eat in the same No such declaration was ever regisbouse.

tered in the Parliament of Paris. It is Fourthly, this action, so tyrannical, so true that Lulli obtained in 1672, long beunworthy not only of a king, but of a fore the opera of Isis was performed, letman, so liable to punishment by the laws ? ters permitting him to establish his opera, of every country, would have been as in which letters he got it inserted that, imprudent as ridiculous and criminal ; it“ ladies and gentlemen might sing in this would have drawn upon Henry IV. the theatre without degradation.” execrations of the whole commonality of declaration was ever registered. Paris, whose good opinion was then of so Of all the anas, that which deserves to much importance to him.

stand foremost in the ranks of printed Jistory, then, should not have been falsehood is the Segraisiana : it was comdisfigured by so stupid a story, nor should piled by the amanuensis of Segrais, ond

But no

Dont les vertus méritaient mieux

of his domestics, and was printed long says Yarico, wilt thou sell me, when I after the master's death.

am with child by thee? With child ! reThe Menugiana, revised by La Mon- plied the English merchant ; so much the noye, is the only one that contains any- better, I shall get more for thee ! thing instructive

And this is given us as a true story, Nothing is more cominon than to find and as the origin of a long war.

The in our new miscellanies old bon-mots at- { speech of a woman of Boston to her tributed to our contemporaries, or in- judges, who condemned her to the house scriptions and epigrams, written on cer- of correction, for the fifth time, for having tain princes, applied to others.

brought to bed a fifth child, was a pleaWe are told in the Histoire Philoso- santry of the illustrious Franklin ; yet it phique et Politique du Commerce dans les } is related in the same work as an authendeux Indes (the Philosophical and Politi- tic occurrence. How many tales have cal History of the Commerce of the embellished and disfigured every history? two Indies,) that the Dutch having driven An author, who has thought more corthe Portuguese from Malacca, the Dutch {rectly than he has quoted, asserts that the captain asked the Portuguese commander following epitaph was made for Cromwhen he should return; to which he replied, well : when your sins are greater thun ours. This answer had before been attributed to

Ci git le destructeur d'un pouvoir légitime,

Jusque a son dernier jour favorisé des cieux, an Englishman in the time of Charles

Qoe le sceptre acquis par un crime. VII. of France, and before them to a Par qoel destin faut-il, par quel étrange loi Saracen emir in Sicily; after all, it is the audcous ceux qui sont nous pour porter la couronne answer rather of a Capuchin than of a politi- L'exemple des vertus que doit avoir un Roi? cian; it was not because the French were Here lies the n an who trod on rightful power, greater sinners than the English, that the latter deprived them of Canada.

Than that of ruling criminally great. The author of this same history re

What wondrous destiny can so ordain,

That among all whose fo tune is to reign, lates, in a serious manner, a little story The usurper only to his sceptre brings invented by Steele, and inserted in the

The virues vainly sought in lanjul kings. Spectator ; and would make it pass for

These verses were never made for one of the real causes of war between the Cromwell, but for King William. They English and the savages. The tale which are not an epitaph ; but were written unSteele opposes to the much pleasanter der a portrait of that monarch. Instead story of the Widow of Ephesus, is as } of Ci git (Here lies), it was, follows. It is designed to prove that men are not more constant than women : but,

Tel ful le destructeur d'un pouvoir légitime.

Such rras the man who trod on rightful power. in Petronius, the Ephesian matron exhibits only an amusing and pardonable No one in France was ever so stupid weakness ; while the merchant Inkle, in as to say, that Cromwell had ever set an the Spectator, is guilty of the most fright- example of virtue. It is granted that he ful ingratitude.

had valour and genius; but the title of This yong traveller Inkle is on the virtuous was not his due. point of being taken by the Caribbees on A thousand stories—a thousand facetiæ, the continent of America, without it being have been travelling about the world for said at what place, or on what occasion. } the last thirty centuries. Our books are Yarico, a preity Caribbee, saves his life, stuffed with maxims which come forth as and at length Aies with him to Barba- new, but are to be found in Plutarch, in does. As soon as they arrive, Inkle goes Athenæus, in Seneca, in Plautus, in all and sells his benefactress in the slave- the ancients. market. Ungrateful and barbarous man ! These are only mistakes, as innocent us

Favoured by Heaven to his latest huur;
Whose virtues merited a nobler fate

they are common : but wilful falsehoods always kept him at a distance. Charles

- historical lies, which attack the glory VIII. did not resemble Louis XI., either of princes and the reputation of private in body or in mind; but dissimilarity beindividuals, are serious offences.

tween fathers and their children is still Of all the books that are swelled with less a proof of illegitimacy than resemfalse anecdotes, that in which the most blance is a proof of the contrary. That absurd and impudent lies are crowded to- Louis XI. hated Charles VIII. brings us gether, is the pretended Mémoires de Mu- to no conclusion ; so bad a son might dame de Maintenon. The foundation of well be a bad father. Though ten Du it was true : the author had several of that | Haillans should tell me that Charles VIII. lady's letters, which had been communi-sprung from some other than Louis XI., cated to him by a person of consequence {T ought not to believe him implicitly. Í at St. Cyr; but this small quantity of think a prudent reader should pronounce truth is lost in a romance of seven vo- as the judges do—Pater est is quem nuplumes.

tia demonstrant. In this work, the author slows us Did Charles V. intrigue with his sister Louis XIV. supplanted by one of his Margaret, who governed the Low Counvalets-de-chambre. It supposes letters tries?

Was it by her that he had Don from Malle. Mancini (afterwards Ma- John of Austria, the intrepid brother of dame Colonne) to Louis XIV., in one of} the prudent Philip II.? We have no which he makes this niece of Cardinal { more proof of this than we have of the Mazarin say to the king—“ You obey a secrets of Charlemagne's bed, who is said priest—you are unworthy of me if you to have made free with all his daughters. submit to serve another. I love you as I { If the Holy Scriptures did not assure me love the light of heaven, but I love your that Lot's daughters had children by their glory still better." Most certainly the own father, and Tamar by her father-inauthor had not the original of this letter. law, I should hesitate to accuse them of

“Mdlle. de la Vallière,” he says, in it: one cannot be too discreet. another place,“ bad thrown herself on a It has been written that the Duchess sofa, in a light dishabille her thoughts { De Montpensier bestowed her favours or employed on her lover. Often did the the monk Jacques Clement, in order to dawn of day find her still seated in a encourage him to assassinate his sovereign. chair, her arm resting on a table, het eye { It would have been more politic to have fixed, her soul constantly attached to the promised them than to have given them. same object, in the extacy of love. The But a fanatical or parricide priest is not king alone occupied her mind; perhaps incited in this way; heaven is held out to at that moment she was inwardly com- him, and not a woman. His prior Bourplaining of the vigilance of the spies of going had much greater power in deterHenriette, or the severity of the queen- mining him to any act, than the greatest mother. A slight noise aroused her from beauty upon earth. When he killed the her reverie-she shrunk back with sur-king, he had in his pocket no love-letters, prise and dread ;-Louis was at her feet but the stories of Judith and Ehud, quite ---she would have fled-he stopped her ; } dog-eared and worn out with thumbing. she threatened-he pacified; she wept- Jean Châtel and Ravaillac had no ache wiped away her tears." Such a de- complices; their crime was that of the scription would not now be tolerated in age; their only accomplice was the cry one of our most insipid novels.

of religion. It has been repeatedly asDu Haillan asserts, in one of his small {serted, that Ravaillac had taken a journey works, that Charles VIII. was not the son to Naples, and that the jesuit Alagona of Louis XI. This would account for had, in Naples, predicted the death of the Louis having neglected his education, and king. The jesuits never were prophets :

had they been so, they would have fore- } Another modern historian accu zes the told their own destination; but, on the Duke of Lerma of the murder of Henry contrary, they, poor men ! always posi- } IV: “ This,” says he, “is the best estatively declared, that they should endureblished opinion." This opinion is evito the end of time. We should never dently the worst established. It has never be too sure of anything.

been heard of in Spain ; and in France, It is in vain that the jesuit Daniel tells the continuator of De Thou is the only me, in his very dry and very defective one who has given any credit to these History of France, that Henry IV. was a vague and ridiculous suspicions. If the Catholic long before his abjuration. I Duke of Lerma, prime minister, emwill rather believe Henry IV. himself than ployed Ravaillac, he payed him very ill; the jesuit Daniel. His letter to La Belle for when the unfortunate man was seized, Gabrielle-" C'est demain que je fuis le he was almost without money. If the saut perilleur,(To-morrow I take the Duke of Larma either prompted him or fatal leap,) proves, at least, that something caused him to be prompted to the comdifferent from Catholicism was still in his mission of the act, by the promise of a heart. Had his great soul been long pe- reward proportioned to the attempt, Ranetrated by the efficacy of grace, he would { vaillac would assuredly have named both perhaps have said to his mistress, “ These him and his emissaries, if only to revenge bishops edify me;" but he says, Ces gens himself. He named the jesuit D'Aubigny, la m'ennuient, (These people weary me.) to whom he had only shown a knifeAre these the words of a good catechu- why, then, should he spare the Duke of men ?

Lerma ? It is very strange obstinacy not This great man's letters to Corisande to believe what Ravaillac himself declared d'Andouin, Countess of Grammont, are when put to the torture. Is a great Spanot a matter of doubt; they still exist in nish family to be insulted without the the originals. The author of the Essai į least shadow of proof ? sur les Maurs et l'Esprit des Nations, Et voila justement comme on écrit l'histoire. (Essay on the Manners and Spirit of Na-} (Yet thus is history written.) The Spations,) gives several of these interesting nish nation is not accustomed to resort 10 letters, in which there are the following shameful crimes; and the Spanish grancurious passages. Tous ces empoisonneurs dees have always possessed a generous sont tous Papistes. J'ai découvert un pride, which has prevented them from tueur pour moi.--Les prêcheurs Romains acting so basely. If Philip II. set a price préchent tout-haut qu'il n'y a plus qu'une on the head of the Prince of Orange, he mort à voir ; ils admonestent tout bon { had, at least, the pretext of punishing a Catholique de prendre eremple.— Et vous rebellious subject, as the parliament of êtes de cette religion! Si je n'étais Hu- } Paris had when they set fifty thousand guenot, je me ferais Turc. (These poi- crowns on the head of Admiral Coligni, soners are all Papists. I have discovered and afterwards on that of Cardinal Mazaan executioner for myself.— The Roman rin. These political proscriptions partook preachers exclaim aloud, that there is only { of the horror of the civil wars; but how one more death to be looked for; they can it be supposed that the Duke of admonish all good Catholics to profit by Lerma had secret communications with a the example (of the poisoning of the poor wretch like Ravaillac ? Prince of Condé.)-And you are of this The same author says, that Marshal religion! If I were not a Hugonot, I D'Ancre and his wife were struck, as it would turn Turk.) It is difficult, after were, by a thunderbolt. The truth is, seeing these testimonials in Henry IV.'s that the one was struck by pistol-balls, own hand, to become firmly persuaded and the other burned as a witch. An that he was a Catholic in his heart. assassination and a sentence of death

passed on the wife of a marshal of France, { nation. When a few sparks from the fire an attendant on the queen, as a reputed that keeps their superstitious heads asorceress, do very little honour either to { boiling, fall on some violent and wicked the chivalry or to the jurisprudence of that spirit—when some ignorant and furious day. But I know not why the historian man thinks he is iinitating Phineas, Ehud, makes use of these words :-“If these } Judith, and other such personages, he has two wretches were not accomplices in the more accomplices than he is aware of. king's death, they at least deserved the Many incite to murder without knowing most rigorous chastisement : it is certain it. Some individuals drop a few indisthat, even during the king's life, Concini creet and violent words; a servant reand his wife had connections with Spain peats them, with additions and embellishin opposition to the king's designs." ments; a Châtel, a Ravaillac, or a Da

This is not at all certain, nor is it even miens listens to them, while they who likely. They were Florentines; the pronounced them little think whát misGrand Duke of Florence was the first to chief they have done; they are involunacknowledge Henry IV., and feared no- tary accomplices, without there having thing so much as the power of Spain in been either plot or instigation. In short, Italy. Concini and his wife had no in- he knows little of the human mind, who fluence in the time of Henry IV.; if they { does not know that fanaticism renders the intrigued with the court of Madrid, it } populace capable of anything. could only be through the queen, who must, therefore, have betrayed her hus- The author of the Siècle de Louis XIV. bund. Besides, let it once more be ob- { (Age of Louis the Fourteenth), is the first served, that we are not at liberty to bring who has spoken of the MAN IN THE IRON forward such accusations without proofs. Mask, in any authentic history. He was What! shall a writer pronounce a defa- well acquainted with this circumstance, mation from his garret, which the most which is the astonishment of the present enlightened judges in the kingdom would } age, and will be that of posterity, but tremble to hear in a court of justice !-- which is only too true. He had been deWhy are a marshal of France and his { ceived respecting the time of the death of wife, one of the queen's attendants, to be this unknown and singularly unfortunate called two wretches? Does Marshal person, who was interred, at the church D'Ancre, who raised an army against the { of St. Paul, 3rd of March, 1703, and rebels at his own expense, merit an epi- } not in 1704. thet suitable only to Ravaillac or Car- He was first confined at Pignerol, betouche-to public robbers, or public ca- fore he was sent to the Isles of Ste. Marlumniators?

guerite, and afterwards to the Bastille, It is but too true, that one fanatic is always under the care of the same man, sufficient for the commission of a parri- that St. Marc, who saw him die. Father cide, without any accomplice. Damiens } Griffet, a jesuít, has communicated to the had none ; he repeated four times, in the public the journal of the Bastille, which course of his interrogatory, that he com- } certifies the dates. He had no difficulty mitted his crime solely through a principle in obtaining this journal, since he exerof religion. Having been in the way of cised the delicate office of confessor to knowing the convulsionaries, I may say the prisoners confined in the Bastille. that I have seen twenty of them capable The Man in the Iron Mask is an enigof any act equally horrid, so excessive has ma, which each one attempts to solve. been their infatuation Religion, ill-un- {Some have said that he was the Duke of derstood, is a fever, which the smallest Beaufort; but the Duke of Beaufort was occurrence raises to frenzy. It is the killed by the Turks in the detence of property of fanaticism to heat the imagi- } Candia, in 1669, and tne Man in the

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