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OF THE

CONSTITUTIONAL JURISPRUDENCE

OF THE

UNITED STATES;

DESIGNED AS A TEXT BOOK FOR LECTURES,

AS A CLASS BOOK FOR

ACADEMIES AND COMMON SCHOOLS,

AND AS A

MANUAL FOR POPULAR USE.

BY WILLIAM ALEXANDER DUER, L.L.D.

PRESIDENT OF COLUMBIA COLLEGE IN THE CITY

OF NEW-YORK.

Est omnibus necessarium, nosse rempublicam-Cic.

NEW-YORK:

PUBLISHED BY COLLINS AND HANNAY.

W. E. DEAN, PRINTER.

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Entered according to the Act of Congress, in the year One Thousand Eight

Hundred and Thirty-three, by WILLIAM ALEXANDER DUER, in the Clerk's Office of the Southern District of New-York.

TO

JAMES MADISON.

To you, Sir, as the surviving member of the august assembly that framed the Constitution, and of that illustrious triumvirate who, in vindicating it from the objections of its first assailants, succeeded in recommending it to the adoption of their country; to you, who, in discharging the highest duties of its administration, proved the stability and excellence of the Constitution, in war as well as in peace, and determined the experiment in favour of republican institutions and the right of self-government; to you, who in your retirements raised a warning voice against those heresies in the construction of that Constitution which for a moment threatened to impair it; to you, Sir, as alone amongst the earliest and the latest of its defenders,—this brief exposition of the organization and principles of the National Government, intended especially for the instruction of our American youth, is most respectfully, and, in reference to your public services, most properly inscrib

ed.

Columbia College, N. Y.

August 1st, 1833.

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PREFACE.

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This resolution avowedly originated from a conviction, on the part of the respectable body who adopted it, of the advantage and propriety of including the study of our political institutions in the system of general education; and the proposal seems to have been prompted by the opinion or experience of the individuals by whom it was brought forward, and who are practically engaged in the instruetion of youth, that none of the existing Treatises upon Constitutional Law, were of a sufficiently popular-character for the design contemplated; whilst the selection of the Author

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