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59. WHO proclaimed Queen of England immediately after the death of Edward VI.? How long was Lady Jane Grey allowed to be queen?
60. Who was proclaimed queen in her stead? What did MARY do to the ambitious Duke of Northumberland as soon as she became queen?
61. Whom else did she cruelly put to death?
62. To whom was Mary married?
63. Why did Mary marry Philip? What religion did she try to restore?
64. For what kind of cruelties was her reign remarkable? 65. Mention some of the principal martyrs.
66. What loss caused such grief to Mary that she almost broke her heart? In what year did she die?
67. When Queen ELIZABETH succeeded her sister Mary, to what important business did she at once apply herself?
68. By what wise counsellors was she assisted?
69. What title was given to Elizabeth because of her efforts to restore commerce?
70. What cruel act of Elizabeth greatly damaged her character? What is the only excuse that can be offered for this deed?
71. The anger of the Pope and the Roman Catholics against Elizabeth was so great that the
King of Spain fitted out a great fleet of vessels for the conquest of England-what was that fleet called?
72. Who commanded the English fleet, and what three great admirals assisted him?
73. How did Elizabeth behave on the occasion? What did she say to her army, and where did she address them?
74. Can you tell me any of the particulars of the battle with the Armada?
75. What effect did this victory have on the character of the English navy?
76. What daring exploits did the Earl of Essex, Sir Walter Raleigh, and others, perform?
77. Do you call such exploits good or bad deeds?
78. What nobleman grew into great favour with the queen about this time?
79. To what office was he appointed on the death of Lord Burleigh?
80. What failure was the beginning of the downfal of Essex?
81. What was his end?
82. What was the state of Elizabeth's mind after his death? 83. In what year did the queen die?
84. Mention several points in the character of Elizabeth.
85. Do you remember anything about her unwillingness to marry? What persons offered themselves to be her husband? 86. Tell me how it was that
Elizabeth was able so much to increase the power of the crown? 87. In whose reign did the sovereigns of England begin to acquire great power?
88. What circumstance arising from the Reformation created a greater reverence in the hearts of the people for the authority of the king?
89. What two courts of justice did Elizabeth particularly make use of to carry out her own will? Which was used for the purpose of religious persecutions?
90. There were certain people who could not approve of the doctrines taught in the English Church. They had been driven by persecution to Geneva, and had learned the doctrines of John Calvin; so that, when they returned to England, they thought they could render the Church even more pure than it was. What were those men called?
91. What was the name of the most celebrated puritan in Scotland?
92. What did Elizabeth do to compel these men to go to church?
93. You may remember, as an instance of the queen's great power, that she raised money by demanding benevolences, and
by granting monopolies. What is meant by these terms?
94. Mention some circumstances connected with the Hanse Towns of Germany, Newfoundland, and Spitzbergen, which improved the commerce of England.
95. How did the religious persecutions abroad lead to improvement of the English manufactures?
96. Mention a certain desire which was another source of prosperity in England. What important colonies were planted at this time?
97. There was a certain law which compelled the idle to work, and thus added to the prosperity of the nation;—what Act of Parliament do I mean?
98. What still higher feeling added to the glory, as well as the prosperity, of England? Mention the names of some of the celebrated men of her time?
99. Tell me something of the history of each. Who was the great writer of plays? Who were the great reformers? Who was a great merchant? Who were famous admirals? Who were famous astronomers?
100. What, after all, increased more than anything else England's glory and prosperity during Elizabeth's reign ?
Go, seek salvation, not by works but grace,
REV. T. SIMS.
THE ENGLISH TRAVELLER.
LONDON-THE NORTHERN SUBURBS.
"DEAR CHILDREN,-"Have you ever heard of John Gilpin?' said my friend, as we left the Barnsbury Road. Yes, to be sure,' I replied. "Then we are going the way that John Gilpin went.
But let us stop to notice this building. Here, in the Barnsbury Road, is the WHITE CONDUIT HOUSE, where there was once a famous conduit-a very useful place when there was no New River, and the people procured their supply of water from conduits. Until lately the tavern here was very large, and famous tea-gardens were attached; they were often visited by Oliver Goldsmith and other well-known men; but in 1849 the tavern was made smaller, and the gardens were diminished.
"Now let us proceed. Take the first turning to the left and the second to the right.' And, having walked down these turnings, we found ourselves at the ANGEL.
"This Angel is not a real one, it is only an inn. It is famous because it is situated at a point where five great roads meet. Here are the City Road, the New Road, Goswell Road, St. John Street Road, and the road to the great northern suburb, Islington. 'This is our road,' said my friend, 'pointing to the last-mentioned
We will go all through merry Islington, where "his gambols he did play."'
"But stop one minute,' I said; 'just look at the number of omnibuses. Some are going to Paddington, some to Oxford Street, some to Charing Cross, some to the Post-office and Elephant and Castle, and some to the Bank.'
Yes, the greater part are going to the Bank. Look at the opposite side of the road, at the inn called the "Peacock." A fresh omnibus arrives every two or three minutes, and it is filled directly it stops. Do you see the one stopping now? Count the people going in-one, two, five, seven-it is full, you see, already. Look, too, at the stream of "pedestrians" pouring down the City Road; they are nearly all clerks; they are the machinery of the mighty" City-to be set in motion, for making money, which is the principal business of the City men. You saw London waking up as we walked to Islington; now it is awake; the clerks are making haste; their masters will soon follow them; the shopmen are cleaning their windows, or are setting-out their goods; all seem preparing for a good day's work.'
"What is a good" day's work?'
"It is to work all day so as to please God. I wonder how many men of the City remember that God is over them all. They will all feel a pleasure in doing even very hard work if
they remember that God has given it them to do, for you know that His Providence appoints them their labours.'
into the side streets you will see where the clerks live; here are fine squares with nineroomed houses for the richer "Well! most of the people clerks, and others; here is a look very happy,' I said, 'and handsome square with elevenif they think of God so as to roomed houses for some of the be truthful and honest when richest clerks; here again are they are working, they will be eight and six-roomed houses happy all the day. Look at for the poorer clerks; here are that man, how pleased he several long streets of little seems! I dare say he is a faith-six-roomed houses-how com⚫ful clerk—a man may be faith-fortable and neat they all look!' ful in doing very little things.' "And what a number of 'Yes,' said my friend, only churches and chapels! I am those who are not faithful look sure that the clerks of this dull.' neighbourhood ought to member God-all the steeples they pass on their way to the City point to heaven, and say to them, God's up there.'
"And do such numbers of clerks pour into the City from the other suburbs?' I asked.
"But,' said my friend, 'we cannot visit all Islington. Get out the map of London. See how this enormous suburb is crammed with houses. There are not much less than 100,000
"Yes; and besides those travelling thither by omnibus or on foot, whole trainfuls are conveyed by the new railway, which has stations at the northern and eastern suburbs. There are also hundreds of clerks, and hundreds of mer-people living in this great pachants, who live at a greater distance from town, and come by the Brighton, Greenwich, and other railways.
"But we are not noticing "merry Islington," he continued, for we had now walked some distance. You see what a pleasant place this is. How broad the road is-how pleasant are the trees between the shops and the road-how pretty that queer old church spire looks above the houses! There is room for it to be seen, which you cannot say of the City churches.'
"Yet there are plenty of houses,' I said.
"Yes. Now we are getting
rish; it is like a second London.
"The most remarkable places here are-first, the old building called the CANONBURY TOWER. Oliver Goldsmith lodged here in 1764, and it is said that he wrote the Vicar of Wakefield in one of the rooms of the old tower.
"Here, in the lower road, is the place where the famous old public-house, the QUEEN'S HEAD, was situated. Good old Queen Elizabeth is said to have honoured this place with a visit, when Islington was a beautiful country village.
"Beyond Islington is a part called HIGHBURY, where there are fine mansions, and further
on are HORNSEY and HIGHGATE. Highgate Archway, the remains of a great tunnel, and Highgate Hill, are worth noticing. On this hill is the Whittington stone, where the poor boy Whittington is said to have sat when he listened to Bow bells. The beautiful Whittington Almshouses are also near here. "But we are to go where Mr. John Gilpin went, so let us travel through the Lower Road. Here is the NEW CATTLE MARKET, which Mr. John did not see. Here again is Ball's Pond. We are now in Kingsland, and are travelling in a north-eastern direction. Let us keep straight on in the Kingsland Road; this is John Gilpin's Road.'
"Are you going as far as Edmonton, to see the Bell, where his wife and children stopped?' I asked.
the Bell Inn. Over the doorway
To see how he did ride."'
"What places are beyond Edmonton?' I asked.
""This road,' said my friend, 'leads into Hertfordshire. Beyond Edmonton are PONDER'S END, ENFIELD HIGHWAY, WALTHAM CROSS (erected by Edward I., because the body of his beloved wife Eleanor rested there on its way to Westminster Abbey), CHEshunt, and so on, until you reach Hertford, which is on the river Lea, about 20 miles from town.
"But there is not time to see these places, as we have to visit the other suburbs to-day; so let us make haste in another
direction.' Accordingly my friend entered the railway station, and taking our places in one of the trains which run every
No; we will rest here at the railway station. I will tell you what places there are beyond. The next neighbourhood is STOKE NEWINGTON, Containing the beautiful Abney Park Cemetery, where there is a statue of Dr. Watts, and where many good men are buried. "The next place is STAM-quarter of an hour, we soon FORD HILL, where the famous found ourselves in London again. man of metal, Rothschild, lived. "Now for the southern Beyond is TOTTENHAM, or Tottenham High Cross, so called from the cross built here by Edward I. In this neigh-long letter, dear children, that bourhood is the fishing inn my pen seems very tired—it is Hughes Ferry, where the fa- sticking in the paper, and will mous fisherman, Mr. Isaac never get over that bridge toWalton, used to resort. night, so good-by "From your affectionate friend, "HENRY YOUNG."
"Next to Tottenham is Edmonton, where you may see
suburb,' said my friend. We must cross London Bridge.
"But I have written such a