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ants, to a spot, where they had a short opportunity of conversing, both under the impression that it was to be their last interview in this world, and each believing his wound to be mortal. Thus situated, we understand, Commodore Decatur said, " Barron, why did you not come home during the war?" "I could not," replied Barron, “ I even had not the means to pay for a passage, if an opportunity had offered." "If you had let me know this," said the lamented Decatur, " we should not have been here as we are now." They parted reconciled to each other.

They were immediately removed by their attend

Such, alas! is the sad iufatuation of the modera

code of honour! Two high-minded, valuable men, staked their lives, their reputation, the happiness of their families, for what? To a visionary, false, chivalric notion of honour!

Correspondence.

TO THE EDITOR.

SIR,-There is an evil under the sun I am most degistrate in a public manner, so that the parties inipit sirous should be represented to our worthy chief macated may have an opportunity of mending their manners before compelled. You will therefore oblige me by inserting the following.

would say, instead of insensibility, imagi- | is attended with great danger. While we a silver cased lead pencil.-The deadly arrangenation; if I again wrongly express myself, were at dinner, the enemy again commenced ment then proceeded, and on the word being given, you know what I mean, so read this accor-firing on us; but though some of their shot both fell, so simultaneous was the fire of the opposite parties. ding to your own fancy; but instead of en-passed us, they might fire for a whole day joying either the one or the other, I would without doing us any harm. We were, at one moment think the gun, close by however, alarmed by seeing a considerable which I was stretched, had broke her lash fire in the town. We at first dreaded that ing, and I was in danger of being crushed the inhabitants had set fire to it, but our to death by it; this is the way I spent my alarm soon ceased, by observing the house nights, how different to those 1 had while which was on fire was one of the most leewe were at anchor; they were nights I may ward, and under one of the batteries. The almost say of happiness. On the following fire was occasioned by the wad from one of morning, the moment the day broke, I was the guns falling on the roof of the house, roused by the band playing some heavenly which continued burning during the night. march, and the boatswain piping, "All At four o'clock on the following morning hands to grog." At seven o'clock in the we got into our boats, and as we gained on morning of the 15th, we weighed anchor, the shore, we expected every moment to be and about an hour after had a distant view fired on: not a word was to be heard; only of this town and its forts, all lying very had we not laughed a little and made low. By the time we had eaten our break- some remark, the silence would have been fast, we saw the Spanish flag flying on the awful; we never spoke above a whisper; fort. We soon got our three boats afloat, we expected this silence soon to be changed and every thing that was useless on deck for the roaring of guns, and cries of the stowed below; the drum beat to quarters, wounded in the boat. With me were Colobut why it did so I cannot say, for it was nel Montillo, Col. Stopford, Chief of the not, I believe, the Admiral's intention to Staff, and his Adjutant; Colonel Garsany fire on either the town, fort or batteries; and Colonel Jackson, Aides-de-Camp to the my reason for thinking so is, that he gave Admiral; Jackson is likewise Colonel of orders that we should anchor out of reach Marines: we laughed at the silence which of the enemy's guns; from what I after-surrounded us, and the thought of the con- and young women, who are so unfortunate as to be wards saw, I found it was not his intention | fusion we soon expected to be thrown into. to ruin the town or fortifications, but to try to get possession of it peaceably; or if not, to land the troops, and take it without the assistance of the heavy guns. We soon came to anchor; the Admiral's ship anchored first, and nearest the town; but scarcely had we let go the anchor, when the guns from the fortifications opened on us. Their shot at first fell short, but soon, by adding a little more powder, they drove several balls over us, many of them within a few yards of us. The Admiral's flag having been hoisted as soon as we anchored, all their fire was pointed on us, but we received no harm; and as it was thirty-two-pound shot they fired on us, the Admiral, after some time, gave orders for our warping out a little further, to prevent our being raked. catur said to his antagonist, "Commodore Barron, We then sent a flag of truce on shore, but this is a very foolish business we are about." Barthe governor refused to give up the town, ron replied, “ Very foolish indeed, Commodore Deso we prepared for landing the troops on catur, but it appears it cannot be avoided." Com- I do most earnestly complain of them as being comthat night; to do it sooner would be impos-modore Decatur then stated to his friend, (if friend mon nuisances; as being receptacles for some of the most depraved, irreligious set of men and women in he can be called,) "I wish to be stripped, to prove the town; and, therefore, most respectfully do request, sible; for during this month, every mornthat I have nothing to ward off a ball." An expla- that our worthy chief magistrate will use his utmost ing, about nine o'clock, it commences to nation took place: Commodore Decatur threw out exertions in the neighbourhoods of Tarleton-street, blow a complete gale of wind from the sea, some flints from bis waistcoat pocket, and Com-market, to eradicate the evil complained of by a Richmond-row, Sir Thomas's Buildings, and the Hay. which causes so heavy a surf, that landing modore Barron threw out some small change, and

(To be continued.)

DUELLING.

COMMODORES DECATUR AND BARRON.

(From the Philadelphia Gazette, April 29, 1820.)

After the fashion in London, some well-disposed persons have instituted for the reception of young men

turned out of public-houses when the inmates are about retiring to rest, what they choose to denominate SUFFS, or DIVING-SHOPS. These exquisite places you may have access to almost any hour in the morning.

They are so very commodious, and the female part of the company, so particularly fascinating, that I have frequently known gentlemen to walk in so early as eleven o'clock in the evenings, and make a muster for and five in the morning. going when it has been broad daylight; say, three, four,

The sole diversion, here, consists in treating your neighbours, and drinking as quickly as possible yourself; and yet to be drunk is an offence of such magnitude, that the modest landlord will take the liberty of It is always painful, in every view of the case, to setting you afloat with his commendation to the sharks:

recur to the late affair between Commodore Decatur
and Commodore Barron. It would perhaps, be better
that all its circumstances, together with its unfor-
tunate victim, should be buried in the silent grave.
But such is the keenness of public feeling, its eager
curiosity after every thing relating to the affair, that
we are constrained to state the following facts, de-
rived from the most unquestionable authority.

When these deluded men met on the field, (ab-
surdly called the field of honour,) Commodore De-

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and, on the contrary, if a man feels disposed to sup handsomely reminded by the delicate master of the

moderately, so as to keep himself sober, he is very ceremonies, that gentlemen are not allowed to sit without drinking.

intoxicated; and, after having done so, reward him Thus they compel a man to spend his money, get with kicks or abusive language. I do not mean to complain of this treatment; far from it. Indeed I hope every visitor of such places may experience a similar reward; but I do wish to complain of such haunts, as being highly injurious to the morals of young men ; as happiness of their domestic circles into the lasciviousbeing calculated to seduce them from the virtue and ness, dissipation, and impurity of a group of wretches too abandoned for any novice in the world to behold, without being very seriously in danger of contami nation.

REFORMED RAKE,

Poetry.

A NIGHT IN A STAGE COACH.

By Mr. Montgomery.

I travel all the irksome night,
By ways to me unknown:

I travel, like a bird in flight,
Onward, and all alone.

In vain I close my weary eyes,
They will not, cannot, sleep,

But like the watchers of the skies,
Their twinkling vigils keep.

My thoughts are wandering wild and far,
From earth to heaven they dart;
Now wing their flight from-star to star,
Now dive into my heart.
Backward they roll the tide of time,
And live through vanish'd years;
Or hold their "colloquy sublime"

With future hopes and fears ;-
Then passing joys and present woes
Chase through my troubled mind;
Repose still seeking,-but repose
Not for a moment find.

So yonder lone and lovely moon
Gleams on the clouds gone by,
Hlumines those around her noon,

Yet westward points her eye.
With anxious heart and throbbing brain,
Strength, patience, spirits gone,

Pulses of fire in every vein,

Thus, thus I journey on.

At length I reach my journey's end;
Welcome that well-known face!

I meet a brother and a friend;
I find a resting-place.

Just such a pilgrimage is life;

Hurried from stage to stage, Our wishes with our lot at strife,

Through childhood to old age. The world is seldom what it seems, To man who dimly sees,

Realities appear as dreams,

And dreams realitics.

The christian's years, though slow their flight, When he is call'd away,

Are but the watches of a night,

And Death the dawn of day.

STANZAS,

The lengthened tale of tedious years
Will not be that of jocund gladness.
No! sighs, and sobs, and streaming tears
Will scarcely picture all its sadness.
Gay now, and careless, light and free,
And beauteous as the blooming rose;
What sorrow 'tis, that joy to thee

Will soon so sadly, darkly close.
The wintry wind that sweeps the tree
And bears the last lone leaf away,

Is emblem of the bleak decree

That wills thee not with Mirth to stay.
Nor should'st thou wish it. Mirth! oh! why
In Folly's train would'st thou be seen?
Far better thou should'st shrouded lie,
Than be a tale of what has been.

But yet, laugh on! that darker hour
That will o'erstretch thee with its power

Is distant. Oh! then, while 'tis day,

Enjoy the blessings of the ray

That warms and glads thee; for the showers

Of winter's drearest, torpid hours

Cannot be colder, nor so cold,

As that stern fate which I have told.

BEAUTY.

Oh! think not, ye cold-hearted stoics, to banish
The ardent emotions that beauty can raise ;
For how swift would your soul-chilling theories vanish
Before one bright ray of my Catharine's gaze.
And ye, who have gained the eve-tide of feeling,
Whose heads are enwrapt in a mantle of snow,

In whose breasts the warm current of love is congealing,
And the tide of the passions is ceasing to flow.
Ye may tell us that youth is a vanishing dream,

That love is a transport that quickly is past;
And that beauty's a lucid, a heavenly beam,
That dazzles, bewitches, but's soon overcast.
Yes; this ye may tell us in grave admonition,
But do not expect it take root in the heart;
"Twill make us more eager to grasp at the vision,
And share all its rapture before it depart.
Oh! beauty, it rules with a high gifted power,
And a wizard-like charm in its empire the soul;
Its vassal is man; and behold him adore,
Or flying, tormented before its controul.

It is here and the throbbings of pleasure arise;
It smiles and how rapid those throbbings repeat.
Hush! it speaks-and, Oh! what a tumult of joys
Then rush through the soul to its innermost seat.
But, alas! when with frailty and folly 'tis join'd,
When virtue and modesty both are asleep;
Then those throbbings and transports we mournfully find,
Are by pity subdu'd, and we only can weep.
'Tis when mild intelligence beams in its eye,
"Tis when sensibility glows in its breast;
When failings are few, and when virtues are high,
Then beauty is loveliest, purest, and best.
Staffordshire Potteries,

June 9, 1820.

E. J.

LAW CONCERNING DOGS, IN NEW YORK.

The corporation of this city passed a law on the 1st instant, which prohibits hereafter any dog from going at large in the city of New York, under the penalty to the

Addressed to a young Lady, who was indulging rather owner of ten dollars for each offence. Owners of dogs freely in Laughter.

Laugh on! a few short years of woe
Will see the care-drawn wrinkles grow.
Laugh on! the cheeks those smiles that wear
Will soon be drenched by many a tear;
The lustre of those star-bright eyes
Will vanish, as the short-lived dyes,
Which tinge the fragrant summer flowers,
Recode before pale winter's powers.

are compelled to have them registered, and to pay annually the sum of three dollars for one dog, and for every dog they may keep over one, the sum of five dollars. Every person is at full liberty to kill any dog found at large in the city that shall bite or attempt to bite any person or animal. Every dog found at large may be killed by the register and collector, or such person or persons as he may appoint for the purpose; and any person who shall prevent the law from being carried into effect is liable to damages to the amount of 100 dollars.

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A Connecticut paper says, "Was dug from the garden of Mr. John Griffin, of East Haddam, Connecticut, this spring, a parsnip, which measured four feet three inches in length, exclusive of a part of it left in the ground.

"What soil has given, since the day of Adam,

Such beets and parsnips, as East Haddam." These lines partake of the spirit and patriotism of a couplet from an old correspondent, on seeing Colonel Cooke's famous beef cattle, some years since in this town (Boston). All Europe boasts of Leadenhall,

But Boston Market, beats them all."

A Frenchman has published in a pamphlet an account of the omens which in various parts of France indicated the death of the Duc de Berri! A lady in Paris mistook the Duke's coach for a hearse. The prince's fa vourite horse did nothing but neigh and start the whole night of the 13th of February. A woman of St. Denis dreamed that the King gave her a crown of white roses: and that, after picking off the flowers, she placed the thorns upon the head of the Duchess de Berri. In La Vendée, a peasant heard a cry of "To arms!" thrice, and jumped up to seize his sword. An officer of the royal guard dreamed that he saw the red cap of 93 on the top of the opera-house, and that the house and ap were destroyed by thunder. But the most tangible omen was a letter received by the Duke only an hour before he went to the opera, which warned him not to go out without an escort, as a poignard was raised against him that would prove fatal. The letter concluded, Distrust particularly fair men."

The extraordinary number of 1474 apricots were plucked from a tree lately at Colquit-farm, Dear Hearn, in Kent, in order to thin it of fruit, that the remainder, about the same number, might attain their full growth.

Literary Notices.

We give the following narrative, a place, because it is
well told, and because the public are so familiar with
the name and character of the narrator; at the same
time, utterly discrediting and disregarding ghosts in
any shape, as we do, we must observe, that we
should hardly have expected that a man of such emi-
Bence as Mr. Southey, would treat such a subject
with so much seriousness as pervades his editorial
somment upon the following supernatural pranks of
old Jeffrey.-Edit. Kal.
SUPERNATURAL VISIONS AND SOUNDS.

(From Southey's Life of Wesley.)

Samuel the eldest. The father, therefore, one night tions: the manner in which they were affected is
after several deep groans had been beard, adjured remarkable: when the noises began they appeared to
troubled the house; and upon this three distinct and they panted and trembled till the disturbance
it to speak if it had power, and tell him why it be frightened in their sleep, a sweat came over them,
knockings were made. He then questioned if it was so loud as to awaken them. Before it ceased,
were Samuel his son, bidding it, if it were, and could the family had become quite accustomed to it, and
not speak to knock again: but to their great comfort were tired with hearing or speaking of it.
"Send
there was no further knocking that night; and when me some news," said one of the sisters to her brother
they heard that Samuel and the two boys were safe Samuel, "for we are secluded from the sight or
and well, the vistations of the goblin became rather hearing of any versal thing, except Jeffery.”
a matter of curiosity and amusement than of alarm. An author who in this age relates such a story,
Emilia gave it the name of old Jeffrey, and by this and treats it as not utterly incredible and absurd,
name he was now kwowu as a harmless, though by must expect to be ridiculed; but the testimony up-
no means an agreeable inmate of the parsonage, ou which it rests is far too strong to be set aside be-
Jeffrey was not a malicious goblin, but he was easily cause of the strangeness of the relation. The letters
offended. Before Mrs. Wesley was satisfied that which passed at the time between Samuel Wesley
there was something supernatural in the noises, she and the family at Epwort, the journal which Mr.
recollected that one of her neighbours had frieght-Wesley kept of these remarkable transactions, and
ed the rats from his dwelling by blowing his horn the evidence concerning them which John afterwards
blown stoutly about the house for half a day, greatly were published by him as being perhaps the best
there: the horn, therefore, was borrowed and collected, fell into the hands of Dr. Priestley, and
against the judgment of one of the sisters, who authenticated and best told story of the kind that is
maintained that if it was any thing supernatural it any where extant."
would certainly be very angry and more troublesome.
Her opinion was verified by the event: Jeffery had
from that time he came by day as well as by night,
never till then begun his operations during the day:
and was louder than before. And he never entered
Mr. Wesley's study till the owner one day rebuked
trim sharply, called him a deaf and dumb devil, and
bade him cease to disturb the innocent children, and
come to him in his study, if he had any thing to say.
This was a sort of defiance, and Jeffrey therefore
took him at his word. No other person in the family
ever felt the goblin, but Mr. Wesley was thrice
pushed by it with considerable force.

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He observes in favour of the

While John was at school, certain disturbances eccurred in his father's house, so unaccountable. that every person by whom they were witnessed be heved them to be supernatural. At the latter end story, "that all the parties seem to have been sufof the year 1715, the maid servant was terrified by ficiently void of fear, and also free from credulity, hearing at the dining-room door several dismal grosas, as of a person at the point of death. The pernatural." But he argues, that where no good except the general belief that such things were sufamily gave little heed to her story, and endeavoured end was to be answered, we may safely conclude to laugh her out of her fears; but a few nights after that no miracle was wrought; and he supposes, as ward they began to hear strange knockings, usually the most probable solution, that it was a trick of three or four at a time, in different parts of the the servants, assisted by some of the neighbours, house; every person heard these noises except Mr. for the sake of amusing themselves and puzzling Wesley himself, and as, according to vulgar opinion, the family. In reply to this it may safely be assuch sounds were not audible by the individual serted, that many of the circumstances cannot be to whom they foreboded evil, they refrained from explained by any such supposition, nor by any legertelling him, lest he should suppose that it betokened his own death, as they indeed all apprehended. At deinain, nor by ventriloquism, uor by any secret of So he himself relates, and his evidence is clear acoustics. The former argument would be valid, if length, however, the disturbance became so great and distinct. He says also, that once or twice when the term miracle were applicable to the case: but by 2nd so frequent, that few or none of the family he spoke to it, he heard two or three feeble squeaks, miracle Dr. Priestly evidently intends a manifestadurst be alone, and Mrs. Wesley thought it better a little louder than the chirping of a bird, but not tion of divine power, and in the present instance no to inform her husband; for it was not possible that like the noise of rats. What is said of an actual ap- such manifestation is supposed, any more than in the matter could long be concealed from him; and pearance is not so well confirmed. Mrs. Wesley the appearance of a departed spirit. Such things moreover, as she says, she was minded he should thought she saw something run from under her bed, may be preternatural and yet not miraculous: they speak to it. The noises were now various as well and thought it most like a badger, but she could not may not be in the ordinary course of nature, and as strange, loud rumblings above stairs or below, a well say of what shape; and the man saw something yet imply no alteration of its laws. And with reclatter among a number of bottles, as if they had all like a white rabbit, which came from behind the gard to the good end which they may be supposed at once been dashed to pieces, footsteps as of a man oven, with its ears flat upon the neck, and its little to answer, it would be end sufficient if sometimes going up and down stairs at all hours of the night, scut stand straight up. sounds like dancing in an empty room the door of explain the first of these appearances; the other may the dim glass of infidelity, see nothing beyond this A shadow may possibly one of those unhappy persons, who, looking through which was locked, gobling like a turkey-cock, but be imputed to that proneness which ignoraut persons life, and the narrow sphere of mortal existence, most frequently a knocking about the beds at night, so commonly evince to exaggerate in all uncommon should, from the well-established truth of one suck and in different parts of the house, Mrs. Wesley cases. These circumstances, therefore, though ap-story, (trifling and objectless as it might otherwise would at first have persuaded the children and ser-parently silly in themselves, in no degree invalidate appear,) be led to a conclusion that there are more vants that it was occasioned by rats within doors, the other parts of the story, which rest upon the things in heaven and earth than are dreamt of is and mischievous persous without, and her husband concurrent testimony of many intelligent witnesses. their philosophy. kad recourse to the same ready solution: or some The door was once violently pushed against Emilia, of his daughters, he supposed, sate up late and made when there was no person on the outside; the lata noise; and a hiut that their lovers might have ches were frequently lifted up; the windows clat something to do with the mystery, made the young tered always before Jeffrey entered a room, and ladies heartily hope he might soon be convinced that whatever iron or brass was there, rung and jarred there was more in the matter than he was disposed exceedingly. It was observed also that the wind to believe. In this they were not disappointed, for commouly rose after any of his noises, and increased on the next night, a little after midnight, he was with it, and whistled loudly around the house. Mr. awakened by nine loud and distinet knocks, which Wesly's trencher (for it was before our potteries Jury as Scowring Half Wear them out or if Cloatess

ор

the Freeman's Journal-
The following singular advertisement appeared in

A Great Advantage.-Coats Pellecees Jock shawls Mantle Officers Clothes or Servants Livery be them in any State Whatsoever if only 2 months worn the Can be Cleansed in a Gentle manner and improved in the Look without Scowring or Doing, them the Least In

seemed to be in the next room, with a pause at every third stroke. He rose and went to see if he could discover the cause, but could perceive nothing; still be thought it might be some person out of doors, and relied upon a stout mastiff to rid them of this But the dog, which upon the first dis turbance had barked violently, was ever afterwards cowed by it, and seeming more terrified than any of the children, came whining hiruself to his master would have disturbed him. It was plainly a Jaco. and Cleaned and Dying in General Done cheap and

Duisance.

and mistress, as if to seek protection in a human
presence. And when the man-servant, Robin Brown,
took the mastiff at night into his room, to be at once
* guard and a companion, as soon as the latch be-
gan to jar as usual, the dog crept into bed, and
barked and bowled so as to alarm the house.
The fears of the family for Mr. Wesley's life being
removed as soon as be had heard the mysterious
noises, they began to apprehend that one of the sons
had met with a violent death, and more particularly

had pushed their ware into every village through past Wearing it will be nearly Repaired or Revived in be ever so faded Shabby Dirty Stained or Broken and out the kingdom) danced one day upon the table, its original colour even those fancy Mistures brought to his no small amazement; and the handle of Roto its actual Colour without Dying cloth provided to bin's hand-mill at another time, was turned round make Cuff and to match any Colour all Done at Little with great swiftness; unluckily Robin had just done Expense without ripping but if Turned a Grain Drawn grinding; nothing vexed him, he said, but that the on the Wrong side wont then be known from new and mill was empty; if there had been corn in it, Jef. and Melle Buttons if ever so black made equal to New frey might have ground his heart out before he Blankets cleaned and Stoved Furniture Dyed Glazed at 21 Little Strand St. and please to be particular to Expeditious Black Dyed Brown or Bottle Green apply Observe to the Messenger that its a Corner House where the Papiforte is taught by one of the most Rapid Performers in Europe Good Taylors to make fashional Alterations a Great Bargain of a Paniaforte alls Paniaforte Repaired and Tuned at 2s. 6d. mourning made Black

bite goblin, and seldom suffered Mr. Wesley to
pray for the King and the Prince of Wales without
disturbing the family prayers. Mr. Wesley was
sore upon this subject, and became angry, and
therefore repeated the prayer. But when Samuel
was informed of this, his remark "As to
the devil's being an enemy to King George, were
the King myself, I should rather Old Nick should
be my enemy than my friend." The children were
the only persons who were distressed by these visits

was,

There are now living in the town of Aylesbury, sever men, whose united ages amount to 567 years.—dix of -them live in one street.

Anecdotes.

Messire Barnabas, the Sovereign of Milan, having proposed four questions to an Abbot, which he was unable to answer, a Miller, replying to the same, obtains the Abbot's benefice.

Messire Barnabas, the Sovereign of Milan, was feared beyond any other prince of his time. Yet, though extremely cruel, he observed in his severities a species of justice, of which the following anecdote

may serve as an illustration.

A certain rich Abbot, who had the care of his dogs, having suffered two of them to get the mange, was fiued four florins for his negligence. He begged very hard to be let off, on which the Duke said to kim, "I will remit you the fine, on condition that you answer the four following questions:"

1. How far is it to the sky?

2. How much water is there in the sea?
3. What are they doing in Hell?
4. What am I worth?

The Abbot's heart sunk within him on hearing these propositions, and he saw that he was in worse case than before. However, to get rid of the matter for the present he begged time for consideration, and the Duke gave him the whole of the next day; but, desirous of seeing how he would get out of the difficulty, he compelled him to give security for his re-appearance.

teriug, and flaying, much as your Highness is doing
here. This I was told by a man who had been there;
the same from whom Dante, the Florentine, got his
disputes what I say, send for him.
information. He is now dead, but if your Highness

"Fourthly, you demanded, How much your
Highness was worth? I answer, nine and twenty
shillings."

When Messire Barnabas beard this, he flew into a furious passion, and said, "a murrain take you, do you hold me in no higher estimation than a pottagepot?" "Sire," replied the other, trembling all over, you know our Lord was sold for thirty pieces of silver, and I thought I must take you at one less

66

than him."

In Italy the three Manutti were more solicitous of correctness and illustrations, than of the beauty of their printing. It was the character of the scholar and not of the printer, of which they were ambitious.

TIGERS ON TREES.

(From the Madras Courier.)

SIR,-If the enclosed is considered worthy of insertion in your paper, I request it may find a cofuer in the next publication.

Whilst on a visit at Mangalore, and at a party now shown the spot where a cheeta of the largest kind and then given on a hill called the Cudry, I was had been killed about nine months back, by one or

two gentlemen and a peou.

The shrewdness of the man's replies, convinced the Duke that he was not the Abbot; and looking stedfastly at him, he charged him with being an impostor. The miller, terribly frightened, fell on his knees, and begged for mercy, stating that he was sides at the foot of the hill, reported that a tiger had The day after our return, the same peon who rea servant of the Abbot, and had undertaken the killed a cow and had carried more than half the scheme at his request, solely with a view to entertain his Highness. Messire Barnabas, hearing this, carcase up a large tree, lodging the remains across and a better one, by G-d, than ever he was, I conexclaimed, "Since he has himself made you an abbot, incredible, although numerous instances of tigers a forked branch. As explained, the fact appeared firm the appointment, and invest you with his bene-concealing themselves in trees have come to my fice: as you have taken his place, he shall take yours." This was actually done; and as long as he doubts, until the fourth day. knowledge. lived, the miller received the revenue of the abbey, I was prevented going to the spot, to clear up all and the Abbot was obliged to content himself with through a thick jungle in one of the beautiful delis After squeezing that of the mill. And so the abbot turned miller, which mark the picturesque scenery of Cudry, we and the miller abbot. came to the tree.

storm.

a

As the Abbot was returning home, in melancholy mood, he met a man who rented a mill under him. The novelist concludes with remarking, that notThe miller, seing him thus cast down, said, "What withstanding the miller's good fortune, it is seldom is the matter, Sir? what makes you sigh so?" "Isafe to take liberties with great men; that they are may weli sigh,” replied the Abbot, "for his High-like the sea, which if it gives the chance of great mess threatens to play the deuce with me if I do not wealth, exposes also to great peril; and that, how answer four questions, which neither Solomon nor ever a man may be favoured by the weather for a Aristotle could solve:" and he told the miller what time, he is always in danger of being wrecked by they were. The latter stood thoughtful a few minutes, and then said: "Well, if you have a mind, I will get you out of the scrape." "Would to bearen you could," exclaimed the Abbot, "there is nothing I have that I would not give you." "I am willing to leave that to you," said the miller, "but it will be necessary that you should lend me your myself as much like an abbot as I can." To this tunic and cowl: I must get myself shaved, and make his reverence joyfully consented, and the next morning, the miller, having transformed himself into a priest, set out for the palace.

The Duke, surprised that the Abbot should be ready so early, ordered him to be admitted; and the miller having made his reverence, placed himself as much in the dark as he could, and kept fumbling about his face with his hand, to prevent his being recognised. The Duke then asked him if he was ready to answer the queries he had put to him? to which he replied in the affirmative. "Your Highress's first question," said he, "was, How far is it from hence to the shy! I answer, thirty-six millions, eight hundred and fifty-four thousand, seventy-two miles and a half, and twenty-two yards." "You have made a nice calculation," said the Duke; "but how do you prove it?" "If you think it incorrect,” said the other, measure it yourself, and if you do not find it right hang me.

EARLY PRINTING.

It measured 18 feet to the branch where the cow had been lodged, for from its putrified state it had fallen into a thick bush below, where the head and legs and greater part of the skin lay suspended in its branches. The bark of the tree was perforated the deep rents in some parts clearly demonstrated with the animal's claws at regular distances; and the exertion it must have used, to secure its prey

in this singular method.

The fact of more than half the carcase being lodged on the tree, was satisfactorily ascertained from several of the ryots. The tiger did not retura during the interval from his lodging his prey, to my visit, having been disturbed by a Shickarry, who on the second morning effected a lodgement on an opclose to the tree, and it is not improbable the object posite tree, with the intent to shoot him. A whelp was however seen in the evening of the second day, of the tiger was to secure the cow from the rapacious cravings of her whelps, or from jackals.

When first the art of Printing was discovered, they only made use of one side of a page; they had When their editions were intended to be numerous, not yet found out the expedient of impressing the other. they omitted to print the first letter of a chapter, for which they left a blank space, that it might be painted or illuminated, at the option of the purchaser. Seve- I believe it is a received opinion, that tigers will ral ancient volumes of those early times have been not devour putrid flesh. What its ulterior object found, where these letters are wanting, as they neg-ble) in securing it as already stated, could be, others lected to have them painted. therefore (unless my conjecture be the most proba

When the art of printing was first established, it was the glory of the learned to be corrector of the press to the eminent printers. Physicians, lawyers, and bishops, occupied this department. The printers then added frequently to their names those of the correctors of the press; and editions were then valued according to the abilities of the corrector.

Robert Stephens, one of the early printers, surpassed in correctness those who exercised the same profession. His treasure of the Latin tongue is still a valuable work. It is said, that to render his editions imaculate he hung up proofs in public places, and generously recompensed those who were so fortunate as to detect any typographical errors.

"Your second question, How much water is there in the sea? has given me a good deal of trouble, because, as there is always some coming into it, or going out of it, it is scarcely possible to be exact; however, according to the nearest estimate I have been able to make, the sea holds twenty-five thouPlantin, though a learned man, is more famous as a sand, nine hundred and eighty-two millious of hogs- printer. His printing office claims our admiration; it heads, seven barrels, twelve quarts, two pints." was of the wonders of Europe. This grand building How can you possibly tell" said the Duke. "I was the chief ornament of the city of Antwerp. Maghave taken all the pains I could," replied the other; nificent in its structure, it presented to the spectator "but if you have any doubt about the matter, get a sufficient number of barrels, and you will then an infinite number of presses, characters of all figures and sizes, matrixes to cast letters, and all other print"To your third question, What are they doing ing materials; which Bailet assures us amounted to in hell? I reply, they are hanging, drawing, quer-{immense sums.

see.

their leisure to investigate and report.
of your sporting readers may consider it worthy of

breed peculiar to Canara.
It should be stated, that the cow is of a small

I am, Sir, your obedient servant,
Camp in the Western Ghauts,
A SUBSCRIBER,
October 4, 1819.

THE ENGLISH, A FOREIGN TONGUE.

«An etymologist has lately published the following We extract the following from a French paper :analysis of the English language. Its vocabulary, he says, is composed of 6621 words of Latin origin, 4361

of French, 2078 of Saxon, 1288 of Greek, 660 of of Spanish, 81 of Danish, 18 of Arabic, besides many Dutch, 229 of Italian, 117 of German, 11 of Gaelic, 83 others of ancient Teutonic, Hebrew, Swedish, Portu guese, Flemish, Russian, Egyptian, Persian, Cimbrian, Shakspeare, Pope, Swift, and Milton, there are not many and Chinese! The same etymologist pretends, that in more than 100 words purely English."

So that it would appear, says a western paper, that when we meet an acquaintance in the street, and accost plies, "Pretty well, I thank you," we are probably him with "How do you do this morning?" and he respeaking half a dozen languages at once.

Miscellanies.

EXTRACTS

America.

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bribed us to fetch him. I shall only observe farther, We copied into the Courier a few days since, from a that the noise occasioned by the trampling and bellow-paper printed in Carmarthen (Wales) an account of a From Bradbury's interesting Travels in the Interior of ing was far beyond description. In the evening, before mouse having been caught in the pantry of the White Lion inn, in that place, by an oyster. Yesterday afterwe encamped, another immense herd made its appear-noon, a friend brought to this office, in a segar-box, a ance, running along the bluffs at full speed, and although at least a mile from us, we could distinctly hear the sound of their feet, which resembled distant

WOOD PIGEONS DESCRIBED.

thunder.

THE WHIMS OF GENIUS.

RAT, nearly full grown, in custody of a muscle, which he had just discovered by his cries under his store, situated opposite to the Market-house in Boundarystreet, at the head of Gadsden's Wharf. It was caught by the toes of only one of its feet; and when brought to this office, was quite worn down with fatigue in his endeavours to extricate himself from his enemy, who held on upon him with the most unrelenting pertinacity; utterly regardless of his cries for fiberation, which would have moved the heart of any thing, except an oyster or a muscle.-Charleston Courier.

A CURE FOR A COLD.

An officer at Rochfort, wearied with having pursued for a long time without effect, the usual remedies for an obstinate cold, at last resumed his ordinary way of living. He soon began to spit blood, and his lungs were seriously affected, still he persisted in abstaining from his remedies. One day having bottled off a cask of wine in his cellar, he had half a pound of rosin, and half a pound of yellow wax, which he set about heating over a brahe spit more freely, and that his cough was less dry and tion having lasted an hour and a half, he thought that zier, to seal down the corks of the bottles. This opera

On arriving at the wintering houses, near the Naduct river, a branch of the Missouri, I proceeded to examine the neighbouring country, and soon discovered that pigeons were in the woods. I returned, and exchanged my rifle for a fowling-piece, and in a few hours "Haydn, when he sat down to compose, always dress. shot 271, when I desisted. I had an opportunity of ed himself with the utmost care; had his hair nicely powdered, and put on his best suit. Frederick II. had observing the manner in which they feed; it affords a given him a diamond ring, and Haydn declared, that most singular spectacle, and is also an example of the if he happened to begin without it, he cou'd not sumrigid discipline maintained by gregarious animals.— mon a single idea. He could write only on the finest This species of pigeon associates in prodigious flocks: paper; and was as particular in forming his notes as if he had been engraving them on a copperplate. After one of these flocks, when on the ground will cover an all these minute preparations, he began by choosing the ares of several acres in extent, and are so close to each theme of his subject, and fixing into what keys he wished to modulate, and he varied the action, as it were, of ether that the ground can scarcely be seen. This pha-his subject, by imagining to himself the incidents of lenx moves through the woods with considerable cesome little adventure or romance.- Gluck, when he felt lerity, picking up as it passes along, every thing that himself in a humour for composing, had his piano forte will serve for food. It is evident that the foremost carried into a beautiful meadow, and, with a bottle of ranks must be the most successful, and that nothing gination to Elysium.-Sarti, a man of gloomy imagiChampaigne on each side of him, transported his mawill remain for the hindermost. That all may have an nation, preferred the funeral stillness of a spacious room, It then occurred to him, that this might be equal chance, the instant that any rank becomes the dinily lighted by a single lamp.-Cimaroza delighted in last, they rise, and flying over the whole flock, they noise and mirth: surrounded by a party of gay friends, the effect of the fumigation, and he determined to renew alight exactly a-head of the foremost. They succeed themselves, he seized and embodied them. In this way in a cloud of smoke for four or five days successively he conceived his operas; and, as the ideas presented the experiment. He accordingly walked about his room each other with so much rapidity, that there is a con- he planned that beautiful comic opera, "Il Matrimonia and found himself perfectly recovered. He imparted tiaued stream of them in the air; and a side view of Segreto."-Paesiello composed his "Barbiere de Se- the discovery to the surgeon of the regiment, who, viglia," and "La Molinara," in bed-and Sacchini de. without having any great faith in its efficacy, tried the them exhibits the appearance of the segment of a large clared, that he never had moments of inspiration ex-experiment upon a soldier in the hospital, who seemed sircle, moving through the woods I observed that they cept his two favourite cats were sitting one on each dying of a pulmonary complaint. He made him, at cease to look for food a considerable time before they shoulder." intervals of four hours, undergo fumigations proportioned to his strength, for being in a very weak state, become the last rank, but strictly adhere to their regu he could not bear too strong a smoke. From the second lations, and never rise until there are none behind day the patient's cough began to abate, and in six weeks the patient was perfectly re-established.

them.

BATTLE OF THE BUFFALOES.

We passed the river L'eau qui Court, a branch of the Misouri, and on our return to the boats, as the wind had in some degree abated, we proceeded, and bad not gone more than five or six miles before we were surprised by a dull, hollow sound, the cause of which we could not possibly imagine. It seemed to be one or wwo miles below us; but, as our descent was very rapid, it increased every moment in loudness, and before we had proceeded far, our ears were able to catch some distinct tones, indicating the bellowing of buffaloes. When opposite to the place from whence it proceeded, we landed, ascended the bank, and entered a small skirting of trees and shrubs, that separated the river from an extensive plain. On gaining a view of it, such a scene opened to us as will fall to the lot of few tra vellers to witness. This plain was literally covered with buffaloes as far as we could see, and we soon discovered that it consisted in part of females. The males were fighting in every direction, with a fury which have never seen paralleled, each having singled out his antagonist. We judged that the number must have amounted to some thousands, and that there were Many hundreds of these battles going on at the same time, some not 80 yards from us. By attentively observing some of the combats nearest to us, I am persuaded that our domestic bull would almost invariably be worsted in a contest with this animal, as he is inferior to him both in strength and ferocity. A shot was fired amongst them, which they seemed not to Botice. Mr. Brackenridge joined me in preventing a volley being fired, as it would have been useless, and

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The San Carlos' Sale.-The sale of the Duke of San
Carlos' superb effects commenced on Wednesday, at the
mansion of the Embassy, in Portland-place, and every
room was thronged with persons of distinction. None
of the most superb or rare articles were brought for-
ward yesterday; and, as far as the sale proceeeded, they
went off at very reasonable prices; for instance, a very
laid with ivory and buhl, with a double set of admirably
beautiful rose and tulip-wood chess-board, curiously in-
carved ivory men, sold for the trifling sum of £7 10s.
The billiard-table, which was a most handsome and
substantial one, brought a somewhat better price; but,
day, certainly went at much less than their value.
on the whole, this, with every thing else sold on this

frequent.

Remarkable Phenomenon.-In this part of the country, and for a distance around, extending, as far as we have learned, about thirty miles, a shower of sulphur the ground, on smooth water, on the decks of vessels in fell during one of the nights of last week, and lay on the Frith, and in Loch Dochfour, &c. The persons who observed this singular circumstance, were first led to detect the nature of the substance, by the strong suiphureous smell which prevailed. We have not heard of

any person of science who observed the above-mentioned facts, and consequently have not yet learned in what The Tea plant, of Hyson species, is said to be grow-proportion the sulphur fell, or with what other subing in considerable quantities, at a settlement of the stance or substances it was mixed, or whether (as we Friends, on Blue River, in Jackson county, Indianna. reckon probable) it fell in vapour, and exposed the sulSome seeds were found by one of the society a few phureous deposit after a process of evaporation. The years since, in a lot of tea purchased of Louisville-subject is deserving the enquiry, and we hope to be were planted and succeeded so well, that some of the better informed before another week.-Inverness Courier families in the neighbourhood raise a sufficiency for their own consumption.-Freeman's Journal, 31st ult.

HAMMER-HEADED SHARK.

in our waters, was brought to Tuzo's wharf last Thurs-
Bermuda, April 15.-An odd fish, quite a stranger
day, by one of the fishing boats, and was viewed by
numbers of people. It is the squalus zygena, or the
hammer-headed shark. This one was about six or seven
feet; but the hammer-headed shark sometimes grows
to the length of sixteen feet. It inhabits the Mediter-
ranean Sea, and the Indian Ocean, and it is said to be
the most voracious of the whole genus. The head is
tremities of the elongated part are the eyes, which are
clongated on each side a foot or more, and at the ex-
not very large, and directed downwards. The Iris is of
a golden colour. Its mouth is not so large as that of
pointed, and serrated on both sides. The trunk is
the common shark of our seas, but its teeth are broad,
long and tapering. It is a viviparous animal, bring-
ing forth its young alive. The fish mentioned above,
was purchased, as we are informed by Capt. Dutton,
and taken it to Philadelphia, for Peale's Museum..
of the brig Junius, who has preserved the skin, &c
New York Adv. May ie,

ANECDOTE. *

In 1698, a cause of a singular nature was referred te the parliament of Paris from that of Metz. A gentlewife, whom he loved exceedingly, she soon beraie man having made over his estate by donation to his weary and desirous to get rid of him. Accordingly, one night she cut his throat, and having mangled and disfigured the body, she sewed it up in a sack, with a, weight in it, and prevailed on one of the servants t● throw it into the river. As the man was about to proceed with his burden, she pretended some further securing was necessary, and contrived to stitch the sack and of the only evidence that might be brought against her. part of his coat together, in order to secure the silence Every thing succeeded as she wished; the servant was drowned, and neither of the victims were afterwards sick, confessed this transaction to a priest, who believing found. Fifteen years afterwards, the woman, falling her in a short time to be dead, revealed the circumstance to a relation of the murdered husband, for a valuable consideration. The woman was then apprehended, but But at length the Ecclesiastic being discovered, the pros the priest not appearing against her, she was discharged. · ceas was instituted before the parliament as stated above

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