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With Tyranny then Superstition join'd,
As that the body, this enslav'd the mind;
Much was believ'd, but little understood,
And to be dull was constru'd to be good : 690
A second deluge Learning thus o'er-ran,
And the Monks finish'd what the Goths began.
At length Erasmus, that great injur'd name,
(The glory of the priesthood, and the shame!)
Stemm'd the wild torrent of a barb'rous age, 695
And drove those holy Vandals off the stage.
But see! each Muse in Leo's golden days Starts from her trance, and trims her wither'd bays; Rome's ancient Genius o'er its ruins spread, Shakes off the dust, and rears his rev'rend head. 700 Then Sculpture and her sister arts revive; Stones leap'd to form, and rocks began to live; With sweeter notes each rising temple rung; A Raphael painted, and a Vida sung: Immortal Vida! on whose honour'd brow 705 The poet's bays and critic's ivy grow! Cremona now shall ever boast thy name, As next in place to Mantua, next in fame!
But soon by impious arms from Latium chas'd, Their ancient bounds the banish'd Muses pass'd: 710 Thence arts o'er all the northern world advance, But critic learning flourish'd most in France :
The rules a nation born to serve obeys,
And Boileau still in right of Horace sways.
But we, brave Britons! foreign laws despis’d, 715
And kept unconquer'd and unciviliz'd;
Fierce for the liberties of wit, and bold,
We still defy'd the Romans, as of old.
Yet some there were, among the sounder few
Of those who less presum'd and better knew,
Who durst assert the juster ancient cause,
And here restor'd Wit's fundamental laws.
Such was the Muse whose rules and practice tell
Nature's chief masterpiece is writing well."
Such was Roscommon, not more learn'd than good,
With manners gen'rous as his noble blood; 726
To him the wit of Greece and Rome was known,
And ev'ry author's merit but his own.
Such late was Walsh....the Muse's judge and friend,
Who justly knew to blame or to commend;
To failings mild, but zealous for desert,
The clearest head, and the sincerest heart.
This humble praise, lamented shade! receive;
This praise at least a grateful Muse may give:
The Muse whose early voice you taught to sing, 735
Prescrib'd her heights, and prun'd her tender wing,
(Her guide now lost) no more attempts to rise,
But in low numbers short excursions tries;
Content if hence th' unlearn'd their wants may view,
The learn'd reflect on what before they knew : 740
Careless of censure, nor too fond of fame;
Still pleas'd to praise, yet not afraid to blame;
Averse alike to flatter or offend;
Not free from faults, nor yet too vain to mend. 744
BY THE DEATH OF MR. POPE.
OF the end and efficacy of Satire. The love of
glory, and fear of shame universal, v. 29. This pas.
sion, implanted in man as a spur to virtue, is gene-
rally perverted, v. 41; and thus becomes the occa-
sion of the greatest follies, vices, and miseries, v. 61.
It is the work of Satire to rectify this passion, to
reduce it to its proper channel, and to convert it into
an incentive to wisdom and virtue, v. 89. Hence it
appears that Satire may influence those who defy all
laws, human and divine, v. 99. An objection answer-
ed, v. 131.
Rules for the conduct of Satire. Justice and truth
its chief and essential property, v. 169. Prudence in
the application of wit and ridicule, whose province is
not to explore unknown but to enforce known truths,
v. 191. Proper subjects of Satire are the manners of
the present times, v. 239. Decency of Expression re.
commended, v. 255. The different methods in which
folly and vice ought to be chastised, v. 269. The va-
riety of style and manner which these two subjects
require, v. 277. The praise of virtue may be admit.
ted with propriety, v. 315. Caution with regard to
panegyric, v. 329. The dignity of true Satire, v. 341.
The history of Satire. Roman Satirists, Lucillus,
Horace, Persius, Juvenal, v. 357, &c. Causes of de.
cay of literature, particularly of Satire, v. 389. Revi.
val of Satire, v. 401. Erasmus one of its principal
restorers, v. 405. Donne, v.411. The abuse of Satire
in England during the licentious reign of Charles II.
v. 415. Dryden, v. 429. The true ends of Satire
pursued by Boilean in France, v. 439, and by Mr. Pope
in England, v. 445.