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Some true and genuine piety undoubtedly there is ; but with the surest conviction of the truth, and in the most solemn manner, I hesitate not to assert that by far the greatest part of it is to be found among those who have no connection with what is arrogantly called the only true church. The more spiritual and refined proofs of this assertion cannot, for obvious reasons be discussed in this place; But there are a few public tests by which the question may be fairly brought to an issue. The theatre-the masquerade, and the ball room have numerous votaries, but these lovers of pleasure more than lovers of God, seldom or ever profess to belong to any other communion than what is called the true and apostolic church. The numerous billiard tables, and race course,* and other places of public resort for gambling transactions, are frequented by persons of the same denomination, and by those who have solemnly vowed to renounce the pomps and vanities of this wicked world. . And then again the proprietors of nearly all the public houses, and beer shops, and other shops which are open for trade and commerce on the sabbath day, are legally, and in many
* The church of England newspaper called the Record, thus animadverts on the clergy, who attend the Canterbury races.
" It is a grieve ous spectacle to be presented by the apostolic church of England, and reflects upon her high dishonour. Neither Roman Catholic pr dissenting minister would so degrade themselves."
+ The Canterbury Jews seem to pay as little regard to the seventh day of the week, as many of the Canterbury Christians do to the first
cases, are professionally members of the established church.*
If these things are so in a city where the succession is seen in all its glory, what can be the use of it in promoting morality or religion? Never can I pretend to assert that conformity or nonconformity is an infallible test of religious character; but with regard to those great public nuisances which give to Canterbury an air of more than usual wickedness, I have given a statement of facts which cannot be denied, and facts which shew that the metropolis of the church, with all its antiquity-its orthodoxy, its princely revenues, its ecclesiastical buildings, and ecclesiastical dignitaries, its holy reliques and remarkable saints, cannot be appealed to, as an example of the blessings and advantages to be derived from the doctrine of apostolic succession.
But there are places in which the gospel has triumphed; but in which the succession was never known. The South-sea Islands have been the scene of moral revolutions,t that are mar
day of the week. One of them said to the writer, “ we can't afford to keep two sabbaths. Thus Moses and Christ are dishonored from the same cause.
* The number of houses and shops opened on the Sunday for the purposes of trade and commerce, is more than 300. Of this I can speak with certainty, having made a personal inspection, to prevent any mistake on the subject.
I might produce more striking illustrations of this contrast, and I might ask to what denomination do the inmates of our jails belong, and but I forbear.
+ Williams' Life by Prout.
vellous in our eyes. Men and women who were nothing better than hordes of murderers and cannibals, almost as insensible to the feelings of humanity, as to the nobler sentiments of religion, hateful and hating one another, have been converted from heathenism to christianity, not only in name, but in reality, and in such mighty power, that their religious character would not suffer, by a comparison with the choicest specimens of christian piety in our own native land. But John Williams was not in the succession: the Oxford party, in their monstrous charity would consign him to the abyss that swallowed up Korah Dathan and Abiram! But it signifies not-his record is on high, and without the succession he was enabled through the blessing of God to obtain victories over superstition, and ignorance, and sin, in most of their vilest forms, which all the mere nominal clergy in the world could never achieve, and by which his name will be had in everlasting remembrance.
Look at Jamaica, and there you will find that the darkness is past, and the true light now shineth.* Not fifty years ago, that island was sunk into the very depths of profligacy and vice. The decencies of life, and the sanctities of marriage were almost unknown and equally ridiculed by the master and the slave.
* Phillippo's Jamaica. A most important work.
Every estate on the island, - every hut was a brothel, every female a prostitute, and every man a libertine. Their songs, their amusements, their idolatries, and all their manners and customs were of the most revolting kind. Not only was the sabbath desecrated in buying and selling, but in dancing, yelling, wrestling, gambling, and in all the fearful exhibitions of immorality and vice.
But what is the state of the population now? In their dress, their cottages, and the correctness of their deportment they are equal, and in some respects, superior to the peasantry of England. Idolatry is abolished-slavery is no more, and scarcely a town is there in the island, that does not shew a far greater respect for the sabbath-day than the city of Canterbury. From the earliest dawn, thousands of men, women, and children, are seen thronging the streets and the roads, to the chapels and the sunday schools. One hundred thousand, quite one-third of the black population are now living in church fellowship, and 185,000 are under the religious or pastoral care of the missionaries; and within thirty years, it has been computed that 150,000 souls have been converted to God.
At all this we may exclaim, “What hath God wrought:" but we may also ask by what kind of ministry was it effected ?-by what means
was the desert made to rejoice and to blossom as the rose. All the world knows they were not what are called apostolic successors, who laboured so prayerfully, and so perseveringly in this field as to resemble the apostle's character, and to obtain the apostle's triumphant success. The clergy were in the island, and the island was divided into distinct parishes, long before the arrival of the great body of nonconformist missionaries. But in the year 1800, when the population was 400,000, there were not so many as three hundred church hearers in the whole island! And at a much later period, the clergy declared that the difficulties to the conversion of the negro were, and ever would be, insurmountable. These ministers had all that the succession could do for them, and all that money could do for them, and all that the state could do for them, and all that the planters could do for them. But with all these advantages, they were not equal to the despised missionary—they were not equal to the task of denouncing the horrors of slavery-of instructing the poor negro, and of teaching him how to live, and how to die. Then of what use is the succession ?
Again we ask by whom was this glorious transformation effected? By men totally unconnected with the succession, and by men whom the successionists cordially despise. But