图书图片
PDF
ePub

into the fire. That he baptized them with water Chapter Verring
to repentance; but a mightier was coming, who
would baptize them with the Holy Ghost, and
with fire. (I cannot discover that Jesus ever bap-
rized at all; and what is meant by baptizing with
fire, I know not; unless it be the inquisitorial me-
thod practised by the catholics upon the Jews at
their Auto de Fe's.) He adds- Whose fan is iii. 12.
' in his hand, and he will thoroughly purge his
6 floor, and gather his wheat into the garner :
' but he will burn up the chaff with unquench.

able fire.' Mark's record of John, is nearly the
same, but the exceptionable part of baptizing
with fire, is omitted : it says fimply And he
* fhall baptize you with the Holy Ghost.' Luke's
account of this matter is more copious; he tells
us the time when John began to teach and bap-
tize, ch. iii. y. I. ' Now in the fifteenth year of

the reign of Tiberius Cæsar, Pontius Pilate be‘ing governor of Judea, and Herod being testrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip ten

trarch of Ituria and of the region of Trachoni tis; and Lysanias the tetrarch of Abilene ; " Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests ; " the word of God came unto John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness. And he came

into all the country about Jordan, preaching the baptism of repentance for the remission of 'fins,' &c. Here is some additional matter which we have neither in Matthew or Mark,

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

the

Chapter Verse the people, publicans, and soldiers, ask him

questions which he answers : they being doubt. ful if he was the Christ or not; he sets them right in that matter--saying~ I indeed baptize you

with water : but one mightier than I cometh," • &c.-- he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost, • and with fire,' &c. St. John gives us new matter ch. i. v. 19. “And this is the record of • John (the Baptist) when the Jews sent priests • and Levites from Jerusalem, to ask hiin, Who · art thou? He confessed, and denied not, but ' confessed, I am not the Christ. And they asked ' him-What then ? Art thou Elias ? and he

faith, I am not. Art thou that prophet? and She answered, No. Then said they unto him

Who art thou?' John, after some other interrogatories, answers— I baptize with water : but “ there standeth one among you, whom ye know 'not; he it is who coming after me is preferred

before me,' &c. He says nothing of baptizing, with the Holy Ghost or with fire : nor doth it appear that they discovered or even made any enquiry about Jesus at that time; but the next day John pointed him out to the people. We return now to Matthew, and proceed with

his account of the baptism of Jesus by John. ii. 13 " Then cometh Jesus from Galilee to Jordan un14' to John to be baptized of him. But John for

bad him, saying', I have need to be baptized of thee, and comest thou to me? And Jesus anfwering,

n

now

« faid unto him, Suffer it to be so now : for thus Chapter Verse

15 it becometh us to fulfil all righteousness. Then ' he suffered him. And Jesus, when he was bap. • tized, went up straightway out of the water : • and lo, the Heavens were opened unto him, * and he saw the spirit of God descending like a • dove, and lighting upon him. And lo, a voice 17 • from Heaven, saying, This is my beloved son, s in whom I am well pleased.' Mark and Luke's account are, in substance, the same : John is more explicit, ch. i. V. 29. ' The next day John • seeth Jesus coming unto him, and faith, Be" hold the lamb of God which taketh away the

fin of the world : this is he of whom I said, ' after me cometh a man which is preferred before me; for he was before me : and I knew

him not; but that he should be made manifest ' to Ifrael; therefore I am come baptizing with water. And John bare record, saying, I saw

the spirit descending from Heaven, like a dove, ' and it abode upon him : and I knew him not : ' but he that sent me to baptize with water, the ' fame said unto me, upon whom thou shalt see the ' Spirit descending and remaining on him, the same ' is he which baptizeth with the Holy Ghost. And "I saw and bare record that this is the Son of

God.' If Tohn was fo well inforined, and so clear and explicit in his account of the matter as he here seems to be : how happened he, very soon after, to make the following enquiry of Je

sus

Chapter Verfe fus' Art thou he that should come, or do we

' look for another?' Matt. ch. xi. v. 2, 3*. We will now revert to Matthew's account of what followed the baptism. Then was Jesus « led up of the spirit into the wilderness, to be

tempted of the devil.' After fasting there forty days and forty nights, Satan endeavours, with various temptations, to seduce him : he takes

him up into an exceeding high mountain, and Ir. 8. Theweth him all the kingdoms of the world,

" and the glory of them : and faith unto him9. All these things will I give thee, if thou wilt 10 “ fall down and worship me. Then faith Jesus

4 unto him-Get thee hence, Satan : for it is in" written; Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, upon the ground, &c. but we never hear of his Chapter Veife taking them up into the air. Mark fays— And • immediately after the baptism) the spirit driv• eth him into the wilderness : and he was there s in the wilderness forty days tempted of Satan, ' and was with the wild beasts, and the angels • ministered unto him. Luke fays' much the fame as Matthew relative to the fasting and teniptations, but has this remarkable conclufion~ And when the devil had ended all the • temptation, he departed from him (Jesus) for a season. What Luke means by departing from him for a season, I know not. We hear of no more attacks made by the devil upon Jesus, unless that inay be construed as such, which was made in the person of St. Peter. Vide Matthew, ch. xvi. V. 22, 23. John says not a word of the wilderness, temptations, or the forty days spent in it. On the contrary, he proceeds to the election of two disciples upon the day following his baptism ; two others upon the following day; the marriage in Cana upon the third day; and so proceeds regularly with the history of Jesus. We will now go on' with St. Matthew's account.- Now when Jesus had heard that John iv. 12 ' was cast into prison, he departed into Galilee.' (Luke, who seems moft conversant with John's history, tells us that he was cast into prison for having reproached Herod the tetrarch with several enormities, particularly that of keeping

and him only shalt thou serve. Then the devil " leaveth him, and behold, angels came and mi

nistered unto him. This must have been a very ignorant devil : if there was any efficacy in baptisin, he chose an improper time; and how he attained the power of taking the Son of God up to a pinnacle of the temple, &c. I cannot conceive. From sacred history we learn, that he sometimes threw the unfortunate fons of men

* In the records of St. Matthew and St. John, we pere ceive a material difference. The former tells us that John the Baptist knew Jesus to be the Chrift, before he baptized him. But the latter tells us that he did not know Jesus till after he had baptized him that he saw • the spirit de. 'scending and remaining on him.?

upon

Herodias,

« 上一页继续 »