« 上一頁繼續 »
The roaring of the cannon shot, that makes the Thus Love, as victor of the field, triump
piece to shake, Or terror, such as mighty Jove from heaven And joys to see his subjects lie with livi. above can make:
in breast ; All these, in fine, may not compare, experience But dire Disdain lets drive a shaft, and
E so doth prove,
bragging fool, Unto the torments, sharp and strange, of such as He plucks his plumes, unbends his bow, be in love.
him new to school; Love looks aloft, and laughs to scorn all such as Whereby this boy that bragged late, as co griefs annoy,
over all, The more extreme their passions be, the greater Now yields himself unto Disdain, his vas is his joy ;
BARON BUCKHURST, AND EARL OF DORSET,
(Born, 1536. Died, April 19, 1608.)
Was the son of Sir Richard Sackville, and was compose the poetical history of Sackville born at Withyam, in Sussex, in 1536. He was The rest of it was political. He had been educated at both universities, and enjoyed an to parliament at the age of thirty. Six early reputation in Latin as well as in English afterwards, in the same year that his Inc poetry. While a student of the Inner Temple, and legend of Buckingham were publish he wrote his tragedy of Gorboduc, which was went abroad on his travels, and was, for played by the young students, as a part of a reason that is not mentioned, confined, for Christmas entertainment, and afterwards before as a prisoner at Rome ; but he returned Queen Elizabeth at Whitehall, in 1561. In a on the death of his father, in 1566, and wa subsequent edition of this piece it was entitled after promoted to the title of Baron Buclthe tragedy of Ferrex and Porrex. He is said Having entered at first with rather too to have been assisted in the composition of it by prodigality on the enjoyment of his patri Thomas Norton ; but to what extent does not he is said to have been reclaimed by the appear. T. Warton disputes the fact of his being nity of being kept in waiting by an alde at all indebted to Norton. The merit of the from whom he was borrowing money, a piece does not render the question of much have made a resolution of economy, from importance. This tragedy and his contribution he never departed. The queen employed of the Induction and Legend of the Duke of in the fourteenth year of her reign, in a Buckingham to the “Mirror for Magistrates*," bassy to Charles IX. of France. In 1587 he
as ambassador to the United Provinces, * The « Mirror for Magistrates" was intended to cele
their complaint against the Earl of Leica brate the chief unfortunate personages in English history, in a series of poetical legends spoken by the characters
but, though he performed his trust with themselves, with epilogues interspersed to connect the grity, the favourite had sufficient influence stories, in imitation of Boccaccio's Fall of Princes, him recalled ; and on his return, he was or which had been translated by Lydgate. The historian
to confinement in his own house, for nine of English poetry ascribes the plan of this work to Sackville, and seems to have supposed that his Induction and
months. On Leicester's death, however, h legend of Henry Duke of Buckingham appeared in the immediately reinstated in royal favour, and first edition : but Sir E. Brydges has shown that it was made knight of the garter, and chancello not until the second edition of the Mirror for Magistrates
Oxford. On the death of Burleigh he be that Sackville's contribution was published, viz. in 1563. Baldwin and Ferrers were the authors of the first edi.
lord high treasurer of England. At Q tion, in 1559. Higgins, Phayer, Churchyard, and a crowd Elizabeth's demise he was one of the privyo of inferior versifiers, contributed successive legends, not cillors on whom the administration of the 1 confining themselves to English history, .but treating
dom devolved, and he concurred in proclai the reader with the lamentations of Geta and Caracalla, Brennus, &c. &c. till the improvement of the drama
the scene, like Dante, in Hell, and makes his chara superseded those dreary monologues, by giving heroic
relate their history at the gates of Elysium, under history a more engaging air. Sackville's contribution to
guidance of Sorrow; while the authors of the other les " The Mirror for Magistrates," is the only part of it are generally contented with simply dreaming o that is tolerable. It is observable that his plan differs
unfortunate personages, and, by going to sleep, of materially from that of other contribu Helays
powerful inducement to follow their example.
King James. The new sovereign confirmed him Chamber. As a poet, his attempt to unite allein the office of high treasurer by a patent for gory with heroic narrative, and his giving our life, and on all occasions consulted him with con language its earliest regular tragedy, evince the fidence. In March 1604, he was created Earl of views and enterprise of no ordinary mind; but, Dorset. He died suddenly (1608) at the council though the induction to the Mirror for Magistrates table, in consequence of a dropsy on the brain. displays some potent sketches, it bears the comFew ministers, as Lord Orford remarks, have plexion of a saturnine genius, and resembles a left behind them so unblemished a character. bold and gloomy landscape on which the sun His family considered his memory so invulner never shines. As to Gorboduc, it is a piece of able, that when some partial aspersions were monotonous recitals, and cold and heavy accuthrown upon it, after his death, they disdained to mulation of incidents. As an imitation of classical answer them. He carried taste and elegance tragedy it is peculiarly unfortunate, in being even into his formal political functions, and for without even the unities of place and time, to his eloquence was styled the bell of the Star circumscribe its dulness.
FROM SACKVILLE'S INDUCTION TO THE COMPLAINT OF HENRY, DUKE
The wrathful Winter, 'proaching on apace,
And sorrowing I to see the Summer flowers,
The soil that erst so seemly was to seen,
Then looking upward to the Heaven's leams,
Hawthorn had lost his motley livery,
That musing on this worldly wealth in thought, The naked twigs were shivering all for cold, Which comes and goes more faster than we see And dropping down the tears abundantly ; The fleckering flame that with the fire is wrought, Each thing, methought, with weeping eye me told My busy mind presented unto me The cruel season, bidding me withhold
Such fall of Peers as in this realm had be", Myself within ; for I was gotten out
That oft I wish'd some would their woes descrive, Into the fields, whereas I walk'd about.
To warn the rest whom fortune left alive.
SORROW THEN ADDRESSES THE POET.
ALLEGORICAL PERSONAGES DE3CRIBED IN HELL.
His face was lean and some-deal pined aw.
And eke his handes consumed to the bone For forth she paced in her fearful tale :
But what his body was I cannot say ; Come, come," quoth she, “and see what I shall For on his carcass raiment had he none,
Save clouts and patches, pieced one by on
His chief defence against the winter's blas
His food, for most, was wild fruits of the t
Unless sometime some crumbs fell to his Come,come with me, thine eyes shall them behold.”
Which in his wallet long, God wot, kept h
As on the which full daintily would he far
To this poor life was Misery ybound.
Whose wretched state, when we had well E
With tender ruth on him and on his ferest,
In thoughtful cares forth then our pace we
His knuckles knob'd, his flesh deep dented
With tawed hands and hard ytanned skin.
To spread his light, even peeping in our eye
And let the night's black misty mantles rise
But hath his candles to prolong his toil.
Flat on the ground, and still as any stone,
A very corps, save yielding forth a breath ;
Things oft that tideh, and oft that never be ;
And next in order sad Old Age we found,
As on the place where Nature him assign'd
To rest, when that the sisters had entwined
Went on three feet, and sometime crept on fo
His scalp all pill'di, and he with eld forlore, When from my heart a sigh forthwith I fete, His wither'd fist still knocking at Death's doo Rewing, alas ! upon the woeful plight
Trembling and driv’ling as he draws his breat Of Misery, that next appear'd in sight.
For brief, the shape and messenger of Death. € Stopped. Astonished.
(Born, 1536. Died, 1577.)
Was born in 1536*, of an ancient family in turned to England, and resided generally at Essex, was bred at Cambridge, and entered at Walthamstow. In 1575 he accompanied Queen Gray's-Inn ; but being disinherited by his father Elizabeth in one of her stately progresses, and for extravagance, he repaired to Holland, and wrote for her amusement a mask, entitled the obtained a commission under the Prince of Princely Pleasures of Kenilworth Castle. He is Orange. A quarrel with his Colonel retarded generally said to have died at Stamford, in 1578; his promotion in that service ; and a circum but the registers of that place have been searched stance occurred which had nearly cost him his in vain for his name, by the writer of an article life. A lady at the Hague (the town being then in the Censura Literariat, who has corrected in the enemy's possession) sent him a letter, which some mistakes in former accounts of him. It is was intercepted in the camp, and a report against not probable, however, that he lived long after his loyalty was made by those who had seized it. 1576, as, from a manuscript in the British Gascoigne immediately laid the affair before the Museum, it appears that, in that year, he comPrince, who saw through the design of his ac plains of his infirmities, and nothing afterwards cusers, and gave him a passport for visiting his came from his pen. female friend. At the siege of Middleburgh he Gascoigne was one of the earliest contributors displayed so much bravery, that the Prince re to our drama. He wrote The Supposes, a warded him with 300 gilders above his pay; but comedy, translated from Ariosto, and Jocasta, he was soon after made prisoner by the Spaniards, a tragedy from Euripides, with some other and having spent four months in captivity, re pieces.
SWIFTNESS OF TIME.
Quoth Beauty, Well ; because I guess
Yea madam, quoth I, that I shall;
The heavens on high perpetually do move ;
THE VANITY OF THE BEAUTIFUL.
They course the glass, and let it take no rest;
spy who gazeth on their face ;
They darkly ask whose beauty seemeth best ; There is a grief in every kind of joy,
They hark and mark who marketh most their That is my theme, and that I mean to prove ;
grace ; And who were he which would not drink annoy, They stay their steps, and stalk a stately pace ; To taste thereby the lightest dram of love? They jealous are of every sight they see ;
They strive to seem, but never care to be.
Joax HARRINGTON, the father of the translator the few specimens of his father's poetry which of Ariosto, was imprisoned by Queen Mary for are found in the Nugæ Antiquæ may excite a his suspected attachment to Queen Elizabeth, by regret that he did not write more. His love whom he was afterwards rewarded with a grant verses have an elegance and terseness, more of lands. Nothing that the younger Harrington modern, by an hundred years, than those of his has written seems to be worth preserving : but i contemporaries.
VERSES ON A MOST STONY-HEARTED MAIDEN WHO DID SORELY BEGUILE THE NOBLE
KNIGHT, MY TRUE FRIEND.
Why didst thou raise such woeful wail,
Why, thank her then, not weep or moan ;