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reality, when she delivered the commisfion, knew not what it was.

The parliament then proceeded against the conspirators, and committed their trial to a council of war. Tomkyns and Chaloner were hanged near their own doors. Tomkyns, when he came to die, said it was a foolish business; and indeed there seems to have been no hope that it should escape discovery; for though never more than three met at a time, yet a design so extensive must, by neceffity, be communicated to many, who could not be expected to be all faithful, and all prudent. Chaloner was attended at this execution by Hugh Peters.

The. The earl of Northumberland being too great for prosecution, was only once examined before the Lords. The earl of Portland and lord Conway, persisting to deny the charge, and no testimony but Waller's yet appearing against them, were, after a long imprisonment, admitted to bail. Haffel, the king's messenger, who carried the letters to Oxford, died the night before his trial. Hampden was kept in prison to the end of his life. They whose names were inserted in the commiffion of array were not capitally punished, as it could not be proved that they had confented to their own nomination ; but they were confidered as malignants, and their estates were seized.

“ Waller, " Waller, though' confeffedly,” says Clarendon, “ the moft guilty, with in".credible dissimulation affected such:a .“ reinorse of conscience, that his 'trial .66 was put off, out of Christian compaf* fion, till he might recover his under“ standing.” · What usez be made of this interyal, with what liberality and .success he distributed flattery and me ney, and how, when he was brought (July: 4) before the house, he confeffed and lamented, and submitted and im.plored, may be read in the History of the Rebellion, (B. vii) The speech, to which Clarendon «ascribes the prefervation of his dear-boug hi life, is inserted rin his works. s: The great historian, however, seems to have been mistaken in " ,"

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relating that he prevailed in the principal part of his fupplication, not to be tried by a Council of War; for, according to Whitlock, he was by expulsion from the house abandoned to the tribunal which he so much dreaded, and being tried and condemned, was reprieved by Eflex; but, after a year's imprisonment; in which time resentment grew less acrimonious, paying a fine of ten thousand pounds, he was permitted to recollect bimself in another country.

Of his behaviour in this part of his life, it is not necessary to direct the reader's opinion. “Let us not,” says his last ingenious biographer, “ con“ demn him with untempered severity, 5 because he was not a prodigy which

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“ the world hath feldom feen, because “ his character included not the poet, “ the orator, and the hero."

For the place of his exile he chose France, and staid some time at Roan, where his daughter Margaret was born, who was afterwards his favourite, and his amanuensis. He then removed to Paris, where he lived with great splendour and hospitality; and from time to time amused himself with poetry, in which he sometimes speaks of the rebels, and their usurpation, in the natural language of an honest man.

At last it became necessary, for his support, to sell his wife's jewels; and being reduced, as he said, at last to the · yump-jewel, he solicited from Cromwell

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